Superlative adjectives nb
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Transcript of Superlative adjectives nb
Al is tall, Joe is taller than Al but Ed is the tallest
A tortoise is slow, a worm is slower
but a snail is the slowest
TV,cinema, theatre. TV is the most popular. The cinema is more popular than the theatre.
Major, captain , sergeant. A major is the most important. A captain is more important than a sergeant
Platinum, gold, silver.Platinum is the most precious. Gold is more precious than silver
HOW DO WE USE THE SUPERLATIVE IN ENGLISH?
The comparative is used between two things or people:Joe is TALLER THAN Al
However, the superlative is the extreme between 3 or more:Joe,Al,Ed Ed is THE TALLEST
There are two ways to form a superlative adjective in English: 1.- SHORT ADJECTIVES add “ the .........-est”:TALL-THE TALLEST; SHORT-THE SHORTEST 2.- LONG ADJECTIVES use “the most ..........”:
EXPENSIVE- THE MOST EXPENSIVEINTERESTING- THE MOST INTERESTING
1 SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES SHORT, TALL, SLIM,… 2 SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES ending in –Y HAPPY, FRIENDLY, FUNNY,… These adjectives add THE......_EST : THE SHORTEST , THE HAPPIEST Note the pronunciation of the final –est: shortest /So;tist/ happiest /h&pi@st/
If the adjective ends in “-e” , it only adds “-ST”:
LATE- THE LATEST If the adjective ends in consonant+vowel+consonant,
it doubles the last consonant:
HOT- THE HOTTEST If the adjective ends in –y , it changes to –I+EST
if preceded by a consonant:
HAPPY- THE HAPPIEST
2 SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES not ending in –y:
PLEASANT, MODERNALL OTHER ADJECTIVES OF MORE
THAN 2 SYLLABLES: COMFORTABLE, INTERESTINGThese adjectives use THE MOST .......:
PLEASANT- THE MOST PLEASANT COMFORTABLE –THE MOST COMFORTABLE
With some 2 syllable adjectives, we can use both “-est” or “ the most”:
QUIET CLEVER NARROW SIMPLE
There are also some irregular forms:
GOOD- THE BEST
FAR- THE FURTHEST/THE FARTHEST
Complete the sentences using IN or OF:
• Everest is the highest mountain …. the world. • I think spring is the best time …. the year. • The Nile is the longest river ….. Africa. • Anick is the youngest girl …. the class.
• My wedding day was the happiest day … my life.
• Sunday is the most boring day …. the week.
With superlatives we normally use “IN” with
places and groups of people: She’s the most beautiful girl in the
In most other cases we use “OF”: That’s the most interesting match of the