Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms

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Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms by Pepa Mut

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comparative and superlative formation in English

Transcript of Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms

  • 1.Adjectives:comparative and superlative forms
    by Pepa Mut

2. 1-Adjectives: definition
Adjectives are words used to describe or give more information about a noun (a tall man). They describe attributes of nouns. Words like green, hungry, impossible, which are used when we describe people, things, events, are adjectives. They are used in connection with nouns and pronouns:
a greenapple
shes hungry
3. 2-Adjective order
According to their meaning adjectives follow this order:
An attractive tall well-built blond Spanish man.
Shes hot long curly fair hair.
Hes got short wavy dark hair.
A warm large old dark Russian wooden house.
5-design -colour
4. 3-Comparison degrees:
Positive form: tall
Comparative form: taller than, as tall as
Superlative form: the tallest
5. 4-Comparative and Superlative formation:We use er than / the est for:
Short adjectives (one syllable):
cheap, cheaper than, the cheapest
Two-syllable adjectives ending in -y:
pretty, prettier, the prettiest
-most of two-syllable adjectives can take both kinds of comparison (-er, more)
6. longer adjectives:
intelligent, more intelligent than, the most intelligent
two-syllable adjectives ending in ful, -ous:
more doubtful / numerous,
-adjectives of participle form:
tiring, wounded.
Adverbs that end in ly:
more slowly
You can use er / more with some two-syllable adjectives:
quieter / more quietsimpler / more simple
cleverer / more clevernarrower / more narrow
5-Comparative and Superlative formation:We use more than / the most for:
7. 6-Spelling
Adjectives ending in a single short vowel followed by a single consonant double the final consonant:
big, bigger
Adjectives ending in mute e drop it:
brave, braver
2-syllable adjectives endingy change it to i:
funny, funnier
8. 7-Irregular comparisons
-We can use both farther/further with distance:the station is further / farther than I thought.Further but not farther can also mean more or additional.-The comparative of old is older, but we can use elder when talking about people in a family (my elder brother / sister / cousin). We do not say somebody is elder than me we use older than.
9. 8-Equality
asas, not as as:
Peter is as tall as Jack.
Im not as tall as my sister.
This cow is as big as an elephant.
10. 9-Too /enough
My soup is too hot.
Too + adjective
My soup isnt cold enough.
Not +Adjective + enough