Music video

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A music video is a short video for marketing merchandise to promote the artist and sell its product. For example

The origins of music go back into the 1980s. The term music video first came into usage

in the early 1980s at that time this type of video was known as

Filmed insert Promotional film

Film clip

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The purpose ofn a music video is: Sell the song and invoke a reaction so it leaves

you remembering the song. To give the listener a better understanding of the

song. To entertain the audience To sell CDs and DVDs to create a

memorable visual for the song which increases its chances to sell.

Marketing for the purpose ofexposure and expansion of the artist’s profile.

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“Musicals” was a new film genre which came out in the very early 1930s.

It is where several songs were interworn into the plotline of the story and are performed in line with the narrative.

Some of the first ever musicals are The Vegabond King

Golden Dawn

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These were an early version of the music video

They were three minute musical produced in New York,Chicago and Hollywood in the 1940s.

Soundies were displayed on the Panoram– a coin operated film jukebox in nightclubs,bars and amusement centers e.t.c.

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The first short musical film in the USA which was made precisely for television was the Snader Telescriptions over 1000 musical films were produced and filmed for television between 1950 – 54.

In 1956 Tony Bennett was filmed walking along The Serpentine in Hyde Park London in his recording of “Stranger in Paradise”.This film was distributed and played in the USA and UK television stations thus Bennett claiming he made the first ever music video.

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Music videos began to gain attention ton a wider audience which then lead videos to be made for specific programmes such as Top of the Pops in UK and Hallubaloi in USA.

The Beatles as their music video “a hard days night” was the first major motion picture which was released in 1964.

The Beatles further work such as “Strawberry Fields Foreever”and “penny lane” were made in 1967 and were successful films which enhanced the music videos scene as they used film techniques,effects,lighting and unusual camera angles.

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The modern era of music videos is in all the rebirth of music and videos as the audience have been introduced to colour screening and many more effects.

The equipment became more precise and easier to use such as hand held cameras .and this made it easier for artists to produce , release and market their videos more quickly and swifttly.

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In 1981 America launched a music channel called MTV which was a 24 hour a day music station for all to view.This allowe anyone to see and watch a music video any time os the day.

The first music video on the channel was Buggles”Video killed the radio star”.

In the 1980s artists started to use more storylines and plots to their music videos an example being Michael Jackson as he was the first artist to create a concept of a short film

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Music videos are now central for the marketing of an artist.MTV continues to be a force on the television as more than 230 million Tv sets in 90 countries over 5 continents tune in to watch music.

Now music videos can be see on youtube,mobiles and game consoles e.t.c

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Performance Narrative Thematic Symbolic Cameo

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In a performance based music video there is a performance of the artists as part of the video.

It was from clips of performances that music videos developed.

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These screen shots have been taken from “Saving Aimee”. This is a performance based music video in which all the band members are performing.

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In a narrative based music videos there is a story which is either featured in the lyrics or is suggested in the lyrics.

The narrative can be like a mini film with a beggining,middle and end.

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These screenshots have been taken from “Sad beautiful Tragic” music video and the narrative of this video is of a girl who is extremely sad and depressed because her boyfriend left him and she is recalling all the past memories spent with him.

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In a thematic based music video there is a certain theme which is being represented in the music video.

The theme depends on the genre of the film.

For example; Heavy metal bands are used for

performance dominated clips, Rap has lots of street images.

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A music video in which animations are used to tell the story behind the music video.

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. The 3D video “HEY” by Eatliz is described as a “Sci-Fi Fantasy journey of a little girl with a special pet friend, a huge toad. Once the girl loses her pet, which drifts in the sky in a form of a balloon, she is going through different adventurous scenarios by chasing it

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The symbolic element uses alot of symbols to buil up meaning e.g rain is a symbol of sorrow.

There is a lot of use of montage -- lots ofr images to creat meaning .

Lighting is often used to suggest mood.

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In this music video by “Somebody that I used to know” is a symbolic based music video in which they have tried to represent the various experiences Gotye had in his life e.g relationships breaking up and the memory of those relationships what they were and how they broke up.

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In cameo the musician features in the narrative but is not part of the storyline and doesnot perform in it.

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This is a screen shot of Rupert grint’s music video in which Ed Sheran appears as a cameo at the end of the video

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This means that the performer looks directly at the audience

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In both these screenshots the performers or singers are directly looking at the audience which gives a sense to the audience that the singer is directly addressing them.