Ap reformation

The Reform ation in Europe A Sea Change in World History



Transcript of Ap reformation

The Reformation in EuropeA Sea Change in World History

Why did it start?

Corruption of the Catholic Church (Part I)


favors for friends


sexual relations

material vs spiritual goals“As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs.”

Why else did it start?

• Crusades

• Black Plague

• Humanism and the temporal world

• European exploration

Leader of the Reformation: Martin Luther

• anger about indulgences

• 95 Theses (1517)

• salvation only through faith

• interpreting the Bible*

• opposed professional priesthood

• the printing press

• his goals

I’m a monk and a professor

Impact of his Ideas• big picture: religious revolutions throughout Europe!

• creation of new faiths

• Church services delivered in vernacular

• Bible is translated

• congregations sings

• peasant revolts!

• Counter Reformation

Consequences for Luther

• recant or else!


• friends in high places...

Reformation Part II (late 1520s)

Why did it start?• “Defender of the Faith”

• political instead of theological

• King Henry VIII and Catharine

• the Pope and Charles V

• Act of Supremacy

Effects of the English Reformation

• creation of the Church of England

• guess who is the leader?


• key similarities/differences with Catholicism

• economic and political impact (cha ching!)

It’s good to be the king!

Henry’s Wives

• king of divorce

• irony

Henry VIII on the dating scene

imprisoned beheaded child birth

outlived the king!beheadedannulment