Plenary1 ivar tallo

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  • 1. 28.09.2011e-Estonia:strategic decisions for success Ivar Tallo Just to remind you . We are a very small country in a cold Nordic neighborhood! Population: 1.4 mil people Area: 45.000 km2 Member of the European Union and NATO as of 2004 Regained independence from the USSR in 1991 Adopted euro in 2011 1
  • 2. 28.09.2011 Rank=19 Rank=12 Rank=28 Rank=34 Rank=47 Rank=12 Rank=25 Rank=28 Rank=24 The Global Competitiveness Raport 2011 - 2012 World Economic Forum Internet penetration 2011 (%) 100% 97 92 90% 86 85 80 80% 76 69 68 70% 66 60 58 58 60% 50% 48 43 40% 34 30% 20% 10% 0%Internet penetration, 31th Mar 2011Source: http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats4.htm#europe 2
  • 3. 28.09.2011 GDP per capita in PPS (2009)30025020015010050 0 EUROSTAT Why Estonia? Internet penetration 76 % 98% of under 35s are frequent internet users Fully functional e-government infrastructure 7 years experience of complex e-service provision 92% of Personal Income Tax Declarations submitted on-line i-Voting on all elections since 2005 First evercyber-riots Cradle of Skype 9/28/2011 3
  • 4. 28.09.2011 How did we get there? Tiger Leap Foundation Come Along, computer usageto support ICT in schools courses for 100 000 citizens 2009 1997 2002 2010 Computer and Internet usage courses for 100 000 citizens look@world project 729 Public Internet Access Points 4
  • 5. 28.09.2011 Some landmarks An intriguing question Why did Estonia differ from its Baltic neighbours? 74 2000 71 Estonia 53 64 2002 42 29 2004 68 63 2006 54 Latvia 39 22 2008 6 2010 62 55 44Lithuania 31 : ITU World Telecommunication / ICT Indicators Database 18 6 : ITU World Telecommunication / ICT Indicators Database Internet penetra on rate as measured by Emor 5
  • 6. 28.09.2011 Politics mattersSimilar sizeSimilar geographical locationSimilar social and political experienceEstonia prioritized the ICT development and backed itup by real government resources ~ 1% of budget everyyear between 1994 and 2004The total sum not as important as continuity The reasons for successGeneral consensus among main forcesin Estonian societyCommitment of political elitesRight mix of private and public initiativeActive role of governmentProject based developmentLittle baggage of previous practices 6
  • 7. 28.09.2011 E-cabinet2000 2011 e-Estonia as a political project. E-Government infrastructure Access citizens: PIAPs, Look@World offices village road 1, 2, 3 Digitalized information Information systems and databases in all levels of government Formalized exchange x- Road - the connection of government databases by a data exchange service layer Electronic Identity Authentication of a user by digital certificate imbedded in the ID card or SIM card 7
  • 8. 28.09.2011 e-Factorye-Energy e-Parlament e-Banking x-Road Center e-Health e-School e-Identity 8
  • 9. 28.09.2011 Databases / information systems Banks Document hispank National Pension DocumentsPopulation repository InsuranceRegister Insurance Register Hansapank Register record Document Register Vehicle Health Document managem