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  • Overview of CO2 emissions in the Arab

    Region: National versus Sectoral

    Emissions

    Hammamet

    December, 2013

    Economic Development and Globalisation Division

  • 1. Introduction

    2. World Regions and CO2 Emissions

    3. Arab MDG Report: Goal 7

    4. Performance of Arab Countries

    – Total CO2 emissions

    – CO2 emissions growth

    – CO2 emissions from transport

    – Sectoral CO2 emissions

    5. Arab Survey on INLAND TRANSPORT CO2 EMISSIONS

    6. Conclusions

    Outline

  • Introduction

     Climate change has emerged as an important threat to

    economic development, environment, and public health

     The transport sector contributes 13% of global GHG and

    23% of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions

     Three-fourths of transportation-related emissions are

    from road traffic.

     Emissions from transportation are rising faster than from

    other energy-using sectors and are predicted to grow

    globally by 80% from 2007 and 2030.

     Empirical analysis suggests that national commitment

    is significantly affected by the national government’s

    incentives

  • Sectoral Radiative Forcing due to perpetual constant

    year 2000 emissions

    An assessment

    of total climate

    impact due to

    emissions from

    major sectors –

    Power and On-

    road

    transportation are

    estimated to

    exert the largest

    net positive

    radiative forcing

    effect on the

    climate

  • Share of transport CO2 emissions in world regions

    and countries

    Share of

    transport CO2

    emissions in the

    Middle East

    resemble the

    world share

    Approximately

    double shares of

    biggest growing

    economies such

    as China, India

    and Russia

  • Growth of CO2 Emissions 1990-2009

    (Transport and Total)

    Middle East has

    shown a growth

    of over 100% in

    CO2 emissions

    (both total and

    transport)

    Ranks 2nd after

    China in growth

    during the period

    1990-2009

  • ARAB MDG 2013: Goal 7: CO2 Emissions

  • CO2 Emissions (KT) 2000 -2010

    0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 500,000

    Algeria

    Bahrain

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Libya

    Lebanon

    Kuwait

    Morocco

    Oman

    Qatar

    Saudi Arabia

    Sudan

    Syrian Arab Republic

    Tunisia

    United Arab Emirates

    Yemen, Rep.

    West Bank and Gaza

    2010

    2000

  • CO2 Emissions (KT) 2000 -2010

    Growth

    40%

    30%

    45%

    58%

    34%

    25%

    33%

    70%

    49%

    161%

    103%

    56%

    156%

    21%

    30%

    49%

    49%

    199%

    Algeria

    Bahrain

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Libya

    Lebanon

    Kuwait

    Morocco

    Oman

    Qatar

    Saudi Arabia

    Sudan

    Syrian Arab Republic

    Tunisia

    United Arab Emirates

    Yemen, Rep.

    West Bank and Gaza

  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 2000-2010

    0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

    Algeria

    Bahrain

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Libya

    Lebanon

    Kuwait

    Morocco

    Oman

    Qatar

    Saudi Arabia

    Syrian Arab Republic

    Sudan

    Tunisia

    United Arab Emirates

    Yemen, Rep.

    West Bank and Gaza

    2010

    2000

  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 2000-2010

    Growth

  • CO2 emissions (kg per 2005 US$ of GDP)

    0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

    Algeria

    Bahrain

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Libya

    Lebanon

    Kuwait

    Morocco

    Oman

    Qatar

    Saudi Arabia

    Sudan

    Syrian Arab Republic

    Tunisia

    United Arab Emirates

    Yemen, Rep.

    West Bank and Gaza

    2010

    2000

  • CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons)

    0 20 40 60 80 100 120

    Algeria

    Bahrain

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Libya

    Lebanon

    Kuwait

    Morocco

    Oman

    Qatar

    Saudi Arabia

    Syrian Arab Republic

    Sudan

    Tunisia

    United Arab Emirates

    Yemen, Rep.

    2010

    2000

  • CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons)

    Growth

  • Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage

    (current 1000 US$)

    - 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 3,500,000 4,000,000

    Algeria

    Bahrain

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Libya

    Lebanon

    Kuwait

    Morocco

    Oman

    Qatar

    Saudi Arabia

    Syrian Arab Republic

    Sudan

    Tunisia

    United Arab Emirates

    Yemen, Rep.

    West Bank and Gaza

    2010

    2000

  • Co2 Emissions per Sector (% of total fuel combustion)

    MAGHREB 2010

    Transport 36%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    17%

    Other sectors 9%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    23%

    Electricity and heat

    production 15%

    MOROCCO

    Transport 34%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    24%

    Other sectors 10%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    27%

    Electricity and heat

    production 5%

    TUNISIA

    Transport 37%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    13%

    Other sectors

    13%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    34%

    Electricity and heat

    production 3%

    ALGERIA

    Transport 60%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    12%

    Other sectors 4%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    24%

    Electricity and heat

    production 0%

    LIBYA

  • Co2 Emissions per Sector (% of total fuel combustion)

    MASHREQ 2010

    Transport 28%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    12%

    Other sectors 0%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    8%

    Electricity and heat

    production 52%

    IRAQ

    Transport 28%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    10% Other sectors 2%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    12%

    Electricity and heat

    production 48%

    JORDAN

    Transport 27% Residential

    buildings and commercial and public services

    6% Other

    sectors 0% Manufacturing

    industries and construction

    7%

    Electricity and heat

    production 60%

    LEBANON

    Transport 21%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    10% Other

    sectors 4% Manufacturing

    industries and construction

    15%

    Electricity and heat

    production 50%

    SYRIA

  • Co2 Emissions per Sector (% of total fuel combustion)

    GCC 2010

    Transport 13%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    1%

    Other sectors

    0%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    17% Electricity and heat

    production 69%

    KUWAIT

    Transport 17%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    0% Other sectors 0%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    44%

    Electricity and heat

    production 39%

    UAE

    Transport 14%

    Residential buildings and commercial and public services

    0% Other sectors

    0%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    33%

    Electricity and heat

    production 53%

    QATAR

    Transport 24%

    Residential buildings

    and commercial and public services

    1%

    Other sectors

    0%

    Manufacturing industries and construction

    19%

    Electricity and heat

    production 56%

    SAUDI ARABIA

  • QUESTIONNAIRE ON INLAND TRANSPORT CO2

    EMISSIONS

    71%

    57% 57%

    43%

    57%

    Do you have a strategy or a target?

    If yes, is this strategy or target consistent with your

    country's international obligations?

    Have you implemented legal instrument(s)?

    Have you had effective or positive results?

    Do you have policy measures in preparation?

    A. To reduce inland transport CO2 emissions in your country or region

  • QUESTIONNAIRE ON INLAND