A Future for Social Forestry in the Indonesia and ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)
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This presentation by Wiratno, Director of Social Forestry Development and chairperson of the ASFN Secretariat given during the Forests Asia Summit in the Discussion Forum "Social Forestry and Sustainable Value Chains for a Green Community in ASEAN" focuses on social forestry as a solution to forestry problems in Indonesia.
Transcript of A Future for Social Forestry in the Indonesia and ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)
- A Future for Social Forestry in the Indonesia and ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Wiratno, Director of Social Forestry Development Chairperson of ASFN Secretariat Discussion Forum on Social Forestry and Sustainable Value Chains for a Green Community in ASEAN Forest Asia Summit, 5 May 2014, Shangri-La Hotel, Jakarta
- FACT: Forest natural resources degradation are due to Poverty and Inappropriate Policies The 35-year experience of forest management model through concessions and plantations in Indonesia did not guarantee access of local communities on a sustainable manner. Cause of these failures in managing forests according to Handadari (2013) are: Over-logging and forest encroachments Forest and land fires Forest conversion to non-forest usage Weak law enforcement.
- SOCIAL FORESTRY as Solution to Forestry Problems in Indonesia Policy that provides access to the community in utilizing forest area for considerably long period of time that secure their tenurship and improves their livelihoods; Policy that provides solution to tenurial or land conflicts; in many situations, law enforcement requires strong leadership and high investment.
- Target up to end of 2014 2 Million Ha Evaluation + Proposals 823.237 Ha Working Area Designation IUPHKm/ HKm Management Permit 312.073 Ha 80.834 Ha 822 KTH/ Farmers Groups Association/ Cooperatives 510 KTH (Forest Farmers Groups)/ Farmers Groups Association/ Cooperatives 24 Prov 123 Districts/ Cities 77.555 Households 21.593 Households
- Target up to end of 2014 500.000 Ha Proposals 768.484 Ha Working Area Designation Village Forest Management Rights (HPHD) 266.701 Ha 67.737 Ha 36 Districts 182 Villages 61.885 Households 24 Villages 19 Provinces 69 Districts/ Cities
- SOCIAL FORESTRY PROGRAMME ACTIVITIES in IMPROVING COMMUNITY LIVELIHOODS: SOCIAL FORESTRY ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT: developing Non- Timber Forest Products business development centers (Sentras), UPSTREAM & DOWNSTREAM LINKAGE: cultivation technology, institutional development (cooperatives), post-harvest handling & products packaging and transporting technology, facilities, marketing, micro-financing.
- Multistakeholder Engagement for Bamboo in Social Forestry Development Indonesias Council on Bamboo Development, Indonesias Bamboo Foundation, APIKRI, as part of CSOs in Indonesia actively promoting bamboo development, Facilitation and Partnership with the Community in bamboo cultivation and enterprise development of bamboo products from forest areas.
- Multistakeholder Engagement for Natural Silk in Social Forestry Development Cross-Ministerial Partnership (Forestry, Industry, Trade, Small and Medium Enterprises, Tourism and Creative Economy), CV Kurnia, Kojasindo, Rumah Sutera Alam are some of Private Sector players in partnering with, and facilitating local community in cultivating & developing natural silk and by-products (i.e. dried mulberry tea & tea bags) from forest areas.
- Multistakeholder Engagement in Agarwood, Forest Honey, and Rattan Development Agarwood: APGINDO (Indonesian Agarwood Farmers Association) Forest Honey: JMHI (Indonesia Forest Honey Network), APDS Rattan: Advocacy for Trade Policy, among others with IFACS, NTFP-EP, WWF, and other CSOs promoting fair trade and fair cultivation & harvesting policy.
- RESEARCH COMMITMENT NEEDED FOR ENSURING SUSTAINABLE SOCIAL FORESTRY: SOCIAL FORESTRY VALUATION: research results that solidify the economic, environmental, and socio-cultural values of SF, RESEARCH ON THE RIGHT TREE FOR THE RIGHT PLACE: scientifically-proven recommendations for selection of trees in Social Forestry practices, RESEARCH ON MARKET DEMANDS: market potential, risks, and costs.
- INVESTMENT REQUIRED FOR SOCIAL FORESTRY & SUSTAINABLE VALUE CHAINS: Investment from central & local governments in Budget Allocation for Social Forestry Development, Investment from Private Sector through Focus Group Discussions, Multistakeholder processes, in determining relevant added-values to SF products, branding, marketing, benefit sharing, Investment from local community for developing ownership and skills.
- MULTISTAKEHOLDER DIALOGUE in strengthening and developing Social Forestry Practices: FACILITATION in developing institutional, land area, and business management is needed by Community Forest and Village Forest practitioners, PERMIT REQUEST & POST PERMIT ISSUANCE PROCESSES require multistakeholder support (local government, civil society organizations, research organization, and private sector).
- MANDATE from the 15th ASOF Meeting (July 2013): IN INDONESIA: to develop resilient and skilled local community and relevant stakeholders for the ASEAN Economic Integration, AT ASEAN LEVEL: to develop competitive social forestry products for both domestic and international markets to contribute to the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) & ASEAN Socio- Cultural Community (ASCC) Blueprints (ASEAN Community Roadmap for 2015).
- THANK YOU