Triumphal Arches Arch of Titus & Arch of Constantine.

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Triumphal Arches Arch of Titus & Arch of Constantine Slide 2 Arch of Titus: Sketch Slide 3 History: Arch of Titus Roman Emperor ordered it to honor his brother, Titus Via Sacra, Rome Finished in 85 AD Less than 4 years to make 13.50 m wide, 15.40 m high, and 4.75 m deep Slide 4 Form: Arch of Titus Corinthian order, with Ionic volutes -a composite order that mixes both Barrel vault to add stability Has Roman arch order Several huge engaged columns (attached to wall) Minor Frieze on the entablature depicts many military officials, civil officials and sacrificial animals Includes a complete entablature (architrave, cornice and frieze) Above the entablature rests an attic that extends the height of the arch Spandrels also include relief sculpture Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 The Roman Senate and People (dedicate this) to the divine Titus Vespasianus Augustus, son of the divine Vespasian Slide 8 Arch of Constantine: Sketch Slide 9 History: Arch of Constantine Roman Senate ordered it to honor Constantine Is victories Located between the Colosseum and Palatine Hill Finished 315 AD Took less than 3 years to complete 21 m high, 25.9 m wide and 7.4 m deep Last Roman arch that still exist today Slide 10 Form: Arch of Constantine Three barrel vaults Roman arch order Above the entablature is an attic Images of Romans and barbarians are depicted Columns are of the Corinthian order Above each side archway scenes of sacrifice and hunting are depicted All reliefs and sculptures are from the four different times of Trajan, Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, or Constantine Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14