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Roles of Academicians in Implementing SDGs Jatna Supriatna Professor, Environment and Conservation Biology, Univ Indonesia Member, Indonesia Academy of Science Chairman, UN Sustainable Development Solutions Networks Indonesia Chapter (SDSN)

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  • Roles of Academicians in Implementing SDGs

    Jatna Supriatna Professor, Environment and Conservation Biology, Univ Indonesia

    Member, Indonesia Academy of Science Chairman, UN Sustainable Development Solutions Networks Indonesia

    Chapter (SDSN)

  • From MDGs to SDGs: from 8 to 17 goals

  • From MDGs to SDGs: An Ambitious Transformation

    From 60 indicators to 230 indicators (UNStats, March 2016)


    SDGs Issues

    Traditional Development Issues Emerging Development issues


    Multi Sectors Collaboration to Push Innovations

    Partnership and multi sector collaboration is the key to realization of sustainable development. Government as law and policy enforcer, private as economic and business doer, youth as campaigner, and academics as SDGs Center of Excellence.

  • Model Nested SDGs (Rockstrom dan Sukhdev, 2016)

    SDGs uses nested logic, not triple bottom line.

    With nested, the aims of SDGs cannot be separated

    Economy is part of society, both are part of biosphere.

    To fulfill the needs for both Economy and social, only can do on our planetary boundaries.

  • Each goal



    in itself

    And they

    are all


  • Central Government

    Local Government

    & Community

    Scientific community

    Private Sector/NGO

    Academi cians

    To Convince

    To Advocate

    To Encourage

    To Encourage

    Academicians can do more:

  • Academicians View on SDGs (IAP 2016) (1)

    1. Promoting the importance of the SDGs across all science and technology endeavours, and engaging (sensitising) their own members, governments, parliaments, civil society, the public, academia and the private sector through open lectures, discussion and outreach programes

    2. Providing advice to goverments directly or through other appropriate sources, helping them to interpret, prioritize and implement the SDGs and their targets locally, nationally and regionally;

    3. Nominating experts to serve on advisory/other committees within public and private sectors;

  • Academicians View on SDGs (IAP 2016) (2)

    4. Encouraging Govt to implement coherent research policies 5. Acting as interlocuters between policy makers and academia/research

    communities 6. Convening different institutions through workshop/symposia etc 7. Preparing policy briefs, position statement, summaries etc 8. Integrating different scientific perpectives ad enggaging different disciplines 9. Exploring trade offs and complementaries 10. Monitoring and evaluating progress including indicators. 11. Working together with senior and yunior scientists 12. Identify common challenges, share best practices and promote innovative


  • Input Sciences into SDGs (IAP 2017)

    Every 4 years

  • Science advice in SDG at National Level

  • Voluntary National Reviews (VNR)

    More than 110 countries to present VNR (2016-2019) to HLPF (High-level Political Forum)

    HLPF central platform for follow up and review SDGs with all member states, specialized agencies and stakeholders

    Supported by TFM( Technology Facilitation Mechanism) to enhance the effective use of STI-Science, Technology and Innovation (technology needs and gaps)

  • The Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars

    Based on Sachs, 2012, 2015a, 2015b and ADB, 2011:

    Shared focus and urgency on economic, social and environmental goals to address global sustainability issues

    Global Sustainability Issues:

    Environmental and Climate Change Issues: Global economic growth with its consequences on Planetary Boundaries

    (Anthropocene human driven age of the planet) Global and local pressures carbon, nitrogen, water cycles Many overlapping crises of environmental sustainability: climate change, the

    acidification of the oceans, unsustainable use of natural resources (renewable and non-renewable)


  • The Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars (2)

    Unsustainable conversion of forests loss of biodiversity Unsustainable depletion of key fossil resources Impact on food production

    Population Issues: Population growth (9 billion in 2035) uneven population growth and issues China and India population size and growth Impact on global food demand and change in consumption pattern

    Social Inclusion Issues: Inequality across and within countries Caused by low human capital (education, health, skill level) Socio-economic factors on inequality Gender bias


  • The Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars (3)

    Youth youth unemployment

    Access and availability of good jobs

    Economic Issues: Almost all developing (including least developed) countries by 2030 will

    become middle income countries

    Classic sources of economic growth: Capital, Labor and Productivity (technological progress)

    New sources of transformative growth: young and productive population, the growing middle class, ICT, Climate Change and Environmental Issues

    Could further enhance inequality if not properly addressed


  • Seeking an Integrated Approach and Synergy

    Based on Le Blanc, 2015:

    The proposed SDGs Goals and Targets as a network (Simple Network Analysis Techniques)

    Political mapping results of negotiations in intergovernmental context (not purely based on natural and social science insights about how the system works)

    Focus on links between thematic areas

    Links among goals through targets may facilitate anchoring certain Goals in the system such as Sustainable Consumption and Production


  • Source: Le Blanc, 2015

  • UN SDSN (Sustainable Development Solution Network) Created by UN Secretary General to help SDGs; 700 institutions (Universities,

    NGOs and Research org)

    SDG Academy and SDG edu (on line) SDSN Global Research: DDPP (Deep Decarbonization Parthway), FABLE

    (Food, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Landuse and Energy), etc SDG index-Dashboard

  • What is SDSN Objectives of the Solutions Network

    1. Support the High-Level Political Forum, Secretary General

    and other post-2015 processes

    2. Thematic Groups to identify long-term pathways to

    sustainable development

    3. Promote testing, demonstration, development of

    promising new solutions

    4. Build a global Knowledge Center Network for local and

    regional problem solving

  • Current SDSN Network (> 700 organizations, more than 70 countries)

  • As of October 2013, 24 institutions and organizations have committed to joining SDSN Indonesia to contribute their expertise (applications to

    UN SDSN in progress), they are:

    1. Andalas University 2. Bandung Institute of Technology 3. Bogor Agricultural University 4. Cenderawasih University 5. Center for Strategic & International Studies 6. Conservation International Indonesia 7. Gajah Mada University 8. Hasanuddin University 9. Indonesian Alliance of Independent Journalists 10. Indonesian Chamber of Commerce 11. Mulawarman University 12. Partnership for Governance Reform in Indonesia 13. Research Center for Biotechnology, Indonesian Institute

    of Sciences 14. Surya University 15. Sustainable Management Group 16. Syiah Kuala University 17. The Nature Conservancy Indonesia 18. Trisakti University 19. Udayana University 20. University of Palangkaraya 21. Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia 22. WWF Indonesia (World Wildlife Funds Indonesia) 23. Kehati Foundation 24. Yayasan Upaya Indonesia Damai


    UN-SDSN Indonesia

  • FABLE (Food, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Land-use and Energy)

    Integrated global pathways towards sustainable food systems and land use that are supported by relevant epistemic communities and the national FABLE teams.

    - Transfer of modeling expertise and tools to national teams to enable them to undertake national FABLE pathways.

    - National pathways, developed by trusted national institutions, that are consistent with the global objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement and the SDGs.

    - Macroeconomic frameworks and investment plans for the implementation of national pathways.

    - Engagement of governments and the international community on the translation of long-term pathways into national policies and international processes, including the implementation of Art. 4.19 under the Paris Climate Agreement (e.g. 2050 Pathways Platform) and the SDGs.

    - Publication of findings in the policy and peer-reviewed literature.

    - Business solutions and improved national policies through work streams 2 and 3 under FOLU.

    SDSN Major Programs:


    Renewable Scenario (H_R), Carbon Capture and Storage (H_CCC) and Economic Structural Change Scenario (H_RSC; Siagian et al. 2015)

  • Green Gold (SDGs 14 and 15)








    Termination of pregnancy



  • Rainfall type in Indonesia


    Variety of rainfall types, tropical climates, volcanic lands,

    transitional area between Asia and Australia suggest that

    microbes in Indonesia should be very diverse.

    Ring of Fire

    Indonesia SDSN: Focus as Unique Place for Microbes

  • Marine and future of Bio-Industry Researchers develop bio-adhesives inspired by barnacles By Tina Shah, Tech Times | July 31, 11:04 AM

    Researchers at Clemson University develop strong adhesive material for medical and industrial applications while improving anti-fouling coatings on naval ships after understanding the mechanisms used by immensely sticky barnacles. (Photo : Port of San Diego)

    A team of researchers studied biofouling, or the accumulation of organisms on wet surfaces, to design heavy-duty bio-adhesives for medical devices and advance anti-fouling for the naval industry.

    12/09/2018 International Conference on Marine Biodiversity

    and Biotechnology, Research Center for Oceanography LIPI, 24 - 25 October 2017

  • In recent years plastic pollution in the ocean has become a significant environmental concern








    Six years research of Gyres Institute estimated that 5.25 trillion plastic particles weighing some 269,000 tons are floating on the surface of the sea.

  • Global Technology Revolution 2020, In-Depth Analyses Bio/Nano/Materials/Information Trends, Drivers, Barriers, and Social Implications

    RAND National Security Reseach, 2006

    Countries are color coded by their S&T

    capacity: scientifically advanced (blue),

    scientifically proficient (green),

    scientifically developing (yellow), and

    scientifically lagging (red). TA numbers are

    according to the list presented in text

    above. D signifies driver and B barrier,

    and a through j identify drivers and

    barriers according to the following: (a)

    cost/financing; (b) laws/policies; (c) social

    values, public opinions, politics; (d)

    infrastructure; (e) privacy concerns; (f)

    resource use and environmental health;

    (g) investment in research and

    development; (h) education and literacy;

    (i) population and demographics; (j)

    governance and stability.

  • Conclusion

    Each country specific framework and analysis

    Build appropriate commitments supported by key policies and strategies involving all stakeholders

    Utilizing global development cooperation opportunities on elements of SDGs (funding, capacity building, technology transfer, trade)

    Utilization of Knowledge Sharing Platform

    Contributing to development national STI roadmap/action plans

    Participating in international research, monitoring and evaluation

    Engaging UN Regional Commissions through regional academy networks




    Institute for Sustainable Earth and Resources, Universitas Indonesoa Gedung Multidisiplin FMIPA Depok 16421