Motion and Time Study Presentation Mayra Calderon

download Motion and Time Study Presentation Mayra Calderon

of 24

  • date post

    19-Nov-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    522
  • download

    4

Embed Size (px)

description

time and motion study

Transcript of Motion and Time Study Presentation Mayra Calderon

Motion and Time StudyTime study is the one element in scientific management beyond all others making possible the transfer of skill from management to men.. Frederick W. Taylor men..

Operations Management 345 Mayra Calderon Dr. FosterMay 2003

Overview Motion and Time Study Defined History

Details about Motion and Time Study Motion and Time Study in your organization Real World Example Summary of Presentation Reading List

What is Motion and Time Study Motion Study is designed to determine to best way to complete a repetitive job Time Study measures how long it takes an average worker to complete a task at a normal pace

History of Motion and Time Study Frank B. Gilbreth, Lillian M Gilbreth-1885, he begun to develop motion study

Frederick W. Taylor-1881, he started to develop time study

History of Motion and Time Study Used Separately Became interrelated

History of Motion Study Bricklaying Tools Used Motion camera

History of Time Study Started at a machine shop home with his family Tools Stopwatch & Clipboard

Tools Used Today. Today. Computers Bar codes Accustudy Software

Details of Motion and Time Study Motion Study Improve methods It measures distance, or how much you move to do a job, and how much you get done in a period of time

Time study Establish standards Looked at the average time it took an average worker

Computing Standards Estimating Performance records Stopwatch time study Standard data Time study formulas Work sampling schedules Queuing theory

How to use Motion and Time Study in your Organization

Manufacturing Office Banks Department Stores Hospitals

How do you decide if you need to do a Motion and Time Study Are costs too high(is there a problem)? Why is there a problem? How can it be solved? Which alternative is better? Choose the best alternative

Real World Example A Company Using Time StudyCooper Hospital/University Medical Center Problem HR Personnel was not very accessible to employees at the hospital Hard to reach the right person to answer questions Inefficient voice-mail system voice-

Real World Example A Company Using Time StudyCooper Hospital/University Medical Center Tools Used Bar-coding system Bar Computer

Other Determining the busiest time of the day Establishing categories

Real World Example A Company Using Time StudyCooper Hospital/University Medical Center Discoveries Majority of calls were for appointments Many calls from outside sources for job verification

Results Continued.. Continued Implementations New systems New positions Improving service and costs

Motion and Time Study Problem There is a group of students stuffing envelopes. They have to put three different color-coded colorpages in the envelopes(red, white, orange).

Motion and Time Study ProblemOperation inserting the color page

1 cycle

2 cycle

3 cycle

T (min)

RF

NT

Color Red

0.02

0.06

0.03

0.036

1.15

0.0414

Color White

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

1.05

0.0315

Color Orange

0.02

0.05

0.07

0.046

1.00

0.046

Motion and Time Study Problem Compute the standard time Compute number of envelopes stuffed in one hour

Solution To compute the standard timeAdjust the normal cycle with an allowance factor of 10 percent ST= (NT)(1-AF) (NT)(1= (.1189)(1-.10) (.1189)(1=.1070 min

To compute number of envelopes in one hour60 min/.1070min/envelope= 560 envelopes an hour

Summary of Presentation This presentation looks at Motion and Time Study as a method to reduce costs and increase productivity. The history of Motion and Time Study Details of Motion and Time Study

Summary of Presentation Reasons to implement Motion and Time Study in your organization The use of Motion and Time Study at Cooper Hospital/University Center An Exercise

Reading List Aharonson-Daniel, L.; Fung, H.;Hedley, A.J., Time studies in A&E Aharonsondepartmentsdepartments- a useful tool for management, Journal of management, Management in Medicine, Hong Kong. 1996. Vol. 10, Issue 3. Medicine, Anonymous, Program boosts efficiency of time-&-motion studies, timestudies, Plastics Engineering, Brookfield Center. April 2002. Vol. 58, Engineering, Issue 4. Barnes, Ralph Mosser, Motion and Time Study, John Wiley & Study, Sons, Inc., Los Angeles,CA.1980. Dossett, Royal J., Work-measured labor standards- The state of Workstandardsthe art, Industrial Engineering, Norcross. April 1995. Vol. 27, art, Engineering, Issue 4. Hayes, John R., Memo busters, Forbes, New York. April 1995. Vol. busters, Forbes, 155, Issue 9.

Reading List Continued. Continued Koepfer, Chris, Automating time studies, Modern Machine Shop, studies, Shop, Cincinnati. September 2002. Vol. 75, Issue 4. Niebel, Benjamin W., Motion and Time Study, Richard D. Irwin, Study, Inc., Homewood, Ill. 1988. Russell, Roberta S.; Taylor, Bernard W., Operations Management, Management, Prentice Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.2003. Stevens, Larry, Time Study Prompts New HR Efficiencies, Efficiencies, Personnel Journal, Santa Monica. April 1994. Vol. 73, Issue 4.