History and Trends in Children’s Literature
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Transcript of History and Trends in Children’s Literature
History and Trends in Childrens Literature
History and Trends in Childrens LiteratureHow can we know how we got here- if we dont know where weve been? Chapter 51484______ fables published by William Caxton1697Tales of ______ _____ retold by Charles Perrault1744 A Pretty Little Pocketbook published by John ________1835Fairy Tales told for Children by Hans ________ _________1865Alices Adventure in Wonderland by _____ ______1876The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by ____ _____1883The Merry Adventures of _____ ____ of Great Renown by Howard PyleLandmarks in Childrens Literature1400-18001484Aesops fables published by William Caxton1697Tales of Mother Goose retold by Charles Perrault1744 A Pretty Little Pocketbook published by John Newberry1835Fairy Tales told for Children by Hans Christian Anderson1865Alices Adventure in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll1876The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain1883The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood of Great Renown by Howard PyleLandmarks in Childrens Literature1400-1800Children were treated like little ______ No child labor laws in England or America until early ____ century1693- John Locke wrote Some Thoughts concerning Education and urged for ______ ways of raising children and books specifically for childrenMainly _______ families had books, especially for childrenOld ParadigmChildren were treated like little adults No child labor laws in England or America until early 20th century1693- John Locke wrote Some Thoughts concerning Education and urged for gentler ways of raising children and books specifically for childrenMainly wealthy families had books, especially for childrenOld ParadigmThe beginning of this century brought in some of the influential, honest, and lasting childrens stories into print.Grimms Brothers and Hans Christian Anderson wrote - _____ _____ and _______.Robert Louis Stevenson- poetry collectionEdward Lear- ________collectionStories about contemporary life were very preachy and dull until ______ _____ (1868) by Louisa May Alcott.
1800s- Childrens Books come of AgeIllustrations became part of the childrens books during this century.
________ _________ was the first illustrator credited with showing action in his pictures.
Used color printing.
1800sChildrens picture book firmly established in the early 1900s.Mainly in the UK: Peter Rabbit, Wizard of Oz, Winnie the Pooh, Peter Pan1928Millions of Cats by Wanda Gag- credited as Americas first picture book.1937Dr. Seusss first book published: To Think That I saw it on Mulberry Street.1940s-1950s Series Books: Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew- publishers saw a way to make money 1900-19491900The W________ W_____ of __ by Frank Baum1902The Tale of _____ ______ by Beatrix Potter1906_____ ___ in Kensington Garden by JM Barrie1922John ________ Award established for adolescent novels1928Millions of Cats by Wanda Gag1938Randolph _________ Medal established for childrens literature1941Make Way for _________ by Robert McCloskey
1900- 19491900The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by Frank Baum1902The Tale of Peter Rabbit by Beatrix Potter1906Peter Pan in Kensington Garden by JM Barrie1922John Newberry Award established for adolescent novels1928Millions of Cats by Wanda Gag1938Randolph Caldecott Medal established for childrens literature1941Make Way for Ducklings by Robert McCloskey
1900- 1949Stable times in childrens literaturePlots were predictableUpheld basic decency, societal norms and restrained good fun- adult approvedMore series books for children
19501950The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe by __ _____1952Charlottes Web by __ _____1956Hans Christian Anderson Award established for _____________recognition in childrens books.1957The Cat in the Hat by __ _____19501950The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe by CS Lewis1952Charlottes Web by EB White1956Hans Christian Anderson Award established for international recognition in childrens books.1957The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss1950Social Revolution brought down restraints on authors and illustrators to write about taboo subjects such as death, divorce, abuse, and alcoholism.Where the Wild Things Are- boy venting his anger at his parents through his fantasyHarriet the Spy- child is neglected and needs psychotherapyFinancial Boom brought an increase in salesMore diversity- first black protagonist in The Snowy Day
1960s1962The _____ Day by Ezra Jack Keats1963Where the ____ ______Are by Maurice Sendak1964Harriet the Spy by Fitzhugh1964The Book of Three by Lloyd Alexander1969Coretta Scott King Award established to recognize a Black author/illustrator1960s1962The Snowy Day by Ezra Jack Keats1963Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak1964Harriet the Spy by Fitzhugh1964The Book of Three by Lloyd Alexander1969Coretta Scott King Award established to recognize a Black author/illustrator1960sContinue expanding new realism of 1960sBooks dealing with sexuality- Judy BlumeNew perspectives offered in historical novelsMore minority authors and illustratorsMore emphasis on multi-cultural literatureConsumer based and consumer gimmicks- touch/feel, pop-up- more for bookstores than libraries (less federal money at this time)More non-fiction booksExpanded illustrations such as photography1970s1970Are you There God? Its Me, Margaret by Judy Blume1972Push, Pull; Empty, Full: A Book of Opposites by Tana Hoban1974My Brother Sam is Dead by Lincoln and Collier1976Why Mosquitos Buzz in Peoples Ears by Aardema (illustrated by Leo and Diane Dillon)1970sRevolution in printing leads to better quality illustrationsIllustrations become even more important to the picture bookTeachers embraced a trade book literature based reading program (before FCAT)Poetry on the increaseBooks with minority characters increaseEstablishment of the Pura Belpre Award established to recognize Hispanic authors and illustratorsPublishing conglomerates turn childrens literature into big business/ movie making/ gamesIn-school marketing with Trumpet, Scholastic and Troll1980s- 1990sThe Polar ______ by Chris Van AllsburgWheres _____ by Martin HanfordAnamalia by Graham BaseBerenstain Bears by Jan and Stan BerenstainAmelia _______ by Peggy ParishMercer Mayer (Little Critter series)If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff
Best Selling Books of the 1980sThe Polar Express by Chris Van AllsburgWheres Waldo by Martin HanfordAnamalia by Graham BaseBerenstain Bears by Jan and Stan BerenstainAmelia Bedelia by Peggy ParishMercer Mayer (Little Critter series)If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff
Best Selling Books of the 1980sHarry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone by JK Rowlings (1998)Rainbow Fish by Marcus PfisterGoosebump series by RL StineBarney storiesOh The Places Youll Go by Dr. SeussArthur Goes to School by Marc BrownThomas and the Freight Train by Rev. Awdry
Best Selling Books of the 1990sHarry Potter books are the first to appear on the Childrens and Adults Best Seller Lists at the same time.Huge increase in the amount of book published each year.Revived old titles from the 30s, 40s, and 50sPolitical correctness can strengthen and weaken a book- can be preachy and unrealistic (p. 53)Celebrity author picture books published
2000sHarry Potter series- highest sales ever!! Revived the fantasy genre.Magic Treehouse seriesJunie B Jones seriesAll the Caldecott Winners and Honors sell well.Youll find out more when you take a trip to the bookstore!Best Selling Books of 2000