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Transcript of Doors windows
A PRESENTATION ON DOORS
By Vyom Singh & Manish KumarBachelor of Architecture
MAULANA AZAD NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Doors may be defined as an openable barrier secured in a wall opening. It is provided to give an
access to inside of a room.It consists of two parts:-1. Door frame2. Door shutter
SOME TECHNICAL TERMSFRAME:- It is an assembly of horizontal and vertical members, forming an enclosure, to which the shutters are fixed
SHUTTER:-These are the openable parts of a door or window.
HEAD:-This is the top or uppermost horizontal part of frame
SILL:-This is the lowest or bottom horizontal part of a window frame, not provided in door frames.
HORN:- These are the horizontal projections of a frame..
The number of door should be kept minimum The location of door & window should meet functional
requirements of the room. The door should not be kept in the centre of the wall. The window should be located in opposite wall, facing a
door or another window, to achieve cross ventilation. From the point of view of fresh air, a window should be
located on the northern side of of a room. The sill should be located about 70 t0 80 cm about floor
level of the room.
LOCATION OF DOORS & WINDOWS
Types of doors mainly classified on the basis of-Arrangement of componentsMethod or manner of constructionWorking operationsMetal doorsOn the basis of arrangement of components:-This includes four types:-1. Battened & ledged doors2. Battened, ledged and braced doors3. Battened, ledged and framed doors4. Battened, ledged,braced and framed doors
TYPES OF DOORS
These doors consist of vertical boards called battens which are nailed or screwed to the horizontal members, called ledges . Often the battens are a-bout 15 to 18 cm wide and 2 to 3 cm thick. Doors made with narrow battens like these have a better appearance.
Battened & ledged doors
This is a ledged and battened door to which braces have been added to prevent sagging. These braces must slope upwards from the hinge edge of the door, and they are housed with a skew notch into the ledges.
Battened, ledged and braced doors
It is improved version of battened and ledged doors with provision of frame. Two vertical members known as styles are provided
Battened, Ledged & Framed Doors
Battened, Ledged , Braced & Framed Doors Same as above with extra braces.
These doors consist of a frame made up of stiles (a), a top rail (b), a bottom rail (c) and sometimes an intermediate rail (d). into this framework a plywood panel (e) is fitted. This panel may fit into a groove or a rebate.
Framed & Panelled Door
These are provided where the visibility of the interior of the room is required.
Glazed or Sash Doors
The flush door with a framed core is a type of door that we frequently make in Rural Building. This door consists of a frame which has stiles, top and bottom rails, and narrow intermediate rails. It is covered on each side by a sheet of plywood Plywood-covered flush doors cannot be used where they will be exposed to rain and sun.
These permit free ventilation through them and at the same time maintain the privacy of the room.
.Wire gauged doorsWire gauge or fly proof door shutters are fixed to provide free air circulation and prevent mosquitoes, flies, insects etc. from entering into the building
These are provided only at public places to provide entrance to one and exit to the other person.
A sliding door is a type of door which opens horizontally by sliding, whereby the door is either mounted on or suspended from a track
A door that swings on a double hinge; opens in either direction
Collapsible Steel DoorsMainly provided in godowns, workshop, public windows and etc.
A roller shutter, roller door or sectional overhead door is a type of door or window shutter consisting of many horizontal slat hinged together. The door is raised to open it and lowered to close it. On large doors, the action may be motorized. It provides protection against wind and rain.
Rolling Steel Shutter Door
Mainly provided in godowns, workshop, public windows and etc. It is quite strong.
Mild Steel Sheet Door
Corrugated Steel DoorsExactly same as the above type, except that corrugated steel sheets are welded to shutter frame instead of MI sheets.
These are composite doors of plywood and mild steel and are reasonably fire proof.
Metal Covered Plywood Door