China Lesson 2 - Economics and Achievements

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  • WARM-UP (page A) Write out the whole clue and answer. A. Woodblock Printing C. Gunpowder B. Compass D. Calligraphy 1. A type of art. 2. Example: Stamp 3. Very important to sailors and explorers.
  • Economics How was Chinas natural resources different from Mesopotamia? What is Jade? Which resource of China provided the greatest economic benefit? Natural Resources: Chinas diverse geography provided an abundance of natural resources. Jade (a green stone used in jewelry and art) Silver Iron Silk (most valuable resource) Spices (Ginger, Cinnamon)
  • Economics The Silk Road: When did the Silk Road begin? The Silk Road began during the Han Dynasty. It was not a single trade route, but instead many smaller ones linked together from China to the Mediterranean. What was the Silk Road made up of? Where did the Silk Road stretch to?
  • Economics What three ways did the Silk Road impact world history? Global Effects of the Silk Road: 1. Economic a) Made China wealthy b) Provided jobs to lower class Chinese; silk production Which religion spread to China on the Silk Road? 2. Diffusion of Ideas a) Buddhism spread to China from the silk road 3. Disease a) Bubonic Plague (Black Death)
  • Achievements What is isolation? The Great Wall of China: China valued its isolation, or being separate, from the rest of the world. Who first began building the Great Wall? Trying to stop invaders (Mongolians), the Qin Dynasty were the first to build a wall. Was the Great Wall built all at once? Later, the Han and Ming Dynasties would rebuild and lengthen the wall.
  • Achievements What was the purpose of the Civil Service Exam? What other invention was similar to paper? Han Dynasty: 1. Civil Service Exam: This was a test you had to pass if you wanted to work in the government. The exam improved the effectiveness of government. 2. Paper : A thin sheet for writing 3. Seismograph: A device that can measure earthquakes.
  • Achievements The Four Great Inventions: What are the 4 greatest inventions of ancient China? 1. 2. 3. 4. Woodblock Printing Paper Gunpowder Compass These 4 Chinese inventions had the greatest impact on human history.
  • Achievements What was porcelain? A Chinese painting was most likely to have was kind of image? Art and Literature: 1. Poetry / Paintings 2. Porcelain: a hard, white substance that only the Chinese could make for more than a 1,000 years. 3. Calligraphy Chinese art focused on nature, the family, and Buddhist themes.