2014 north american folk traditions music

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  • 1.Week 23/2 American Folk Traditions n Final essay end of term. n Test. n Final Workshop Folk.

2. North American Folk Music n Long tradition of folk music of the European populations of North America. Field Holler. n Seen as often purer in form due to isolation than European traditions. Thus Cecil Sharpe went to the Appalachians (1916-18) to hear traditional English ballads as they might have been performed in pre-industrial Britain. n Published his English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians (1919). E.g Streets of Laredo and The unfortunate Rake 3. Early 20th century American Revival n In response to what was happening in Britain under Cecil Sharp. n National organisations for preserving song and dance traditions overwhelming white to begin with and about saving songs. n By 1920s lots of competing organisations. n Library of Congress archive. 4. Music of Appalachian Mountains n Dance tunes of early settlers. n Family harmony singing n A musical fossil. n Dialect, speech and song all relate to pre-19th century Britain. n Instruments - fiddle, dulcimer, guitar and mandolin. E.g Jenny Lind Polka - from Virginia 1851/Jonny Get Your Hair Cut n Artists - Doc Watson, Jean Ritchie 5. Jenny Lind Polka 6. Vaudeville and Music Hall Entertainmentn Minstrel Shows the most common factor. n Spirituals. n Development of banjo and later guitar styles. n All developed in imitation of black genres. n Eg 1843 De Boatmens n Dance 7. Cowboy Songs n Both aurally transmitted and manufactured by songwriters. n Songs of the trials and troubles of the frontiers folk of the 19th century. n Developed into parlour music traditions n Archive collection of Folk Song at the Library of Congress - gave rise to famous anthology Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads by John Lomax 1910. 8. Marching Bands n A great 19th century tradition across white America. n Belonging to societies and clubs that would field a marching band. n On gala days the bands would march though town in costume. n Philip Souzas Marches a world wide phenomena. 9. Black Traditions n Culminated in the Blues. Across black America in many forms. n Best known through early recordings of Delta Blues artists. n Robert Johnson and Mississippi John Hurt. n Alternative tradition of Leadbelly. 10. White Folk Traditions n With the development of radio and recording the regional styles cohered around the Country Style and country music centred on Nashville, Tennesse. n Huge national following after its live broadcasts from the Grand ole Opre every Saturday night. n Arguable the distinctive style of American popular music and the correlate of Blues and Jazz. n Characterised by ballads of great sadness and personal misery and dance music. n While the blues style is at the root of Global popular music today country music does not export so easily. 11. 1930s and 40s n Experience of the depression produced a generation of folk singers with a political edge and strong social message. n Pete Seger, Woody Guthrie, 12. Woody Guthrie 13. Iconic Figure for America Folk 14. Clancy Brothers Irish American influence. 15. New Lost City Ramblers Early professional popular folk group many recordings. 16. With Pete Seeger 17. Bob Dylan 18. Skifle Lonnie Donnegan 19. Revivalist Traditions n Urban songs with politically and socially relevant messages in the 1930s and 40s. n Pete Seeger in 1940 formed the Almanac Singers - n Woodie Guthrie - commited communist and activitist. n The Weavers a 1950s phenomena - hit by McCarthyism and investigated. n Lead to 60s singer songwriters - Joan Baez, Bob Dylan and Arlo Guthrie. 20. Bluegrass n A style of banjo playing developed in the 30s and 40s involving very fast finger picking and exploting the re-entrant tuning of the 5-string banjo. n Associated with Earl Scruggs. Become associated with a style of playing that involved influence of blues in bent notes but also fast fingerplucking on guitar and banjo. 21. Earl Scruggs 22. Honky Tonk n A more aggressive style of urban countrymusic. n With amlification and use of electric guitars and hawayan guitars. n Up tempo and influenced by early rhythm and blues. 23. summary n Many regional styles e.g. Cajun in Louisianna;Tex Mex along Southern border; Eastern European dance forms in prairie states; etc n National popular styles dominated by influence of Blues (including Gospel) and Country which came together to cross ethnic/cultural divides in the 50s and 60s and provide bases for Global pop style that developed out Rhythm and Blues and then Rock. 24. Impact on British Folk Music n Huge the influx of American traditions in the years up to and after 1960 is great. n Guitar song writing tradition epitomised by Dylan still going to today. n 1960s folk club movement across Britain. n Big cross over with rock - genre of folk rock. 25. Sources n New Grove under Americas and Amerindian n Charles Hamm, Music in the New World (Norton, 1983) n Sarah Lifton, The Listeners Guide to Folk Music (1983)