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Why does open matter?

Tracey P. Lauriault

Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre Carleton University


bailiwick 2012: focus on open acces

Information Services and Systems

University of New Brunswick

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Grand Hall, Saint John, New Brunswick

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Blue Marble

Joseph Campbell “the society of the Planet” from the Power of the Myth in reference to the Blue Marble Image released by NASA in 1972

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Open Access Scenarios

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Citizen - Participation Budget Plateau

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Citizen - Recreation

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Citizen - Accountability

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Citizen – Dining and Health

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Citizen - Access

Catherine Roy: [email protected]

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Citizen - Health

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Citizen – Transparency

Les appels d’offres et certain contrats octroyés de la Ville de Montréal et la province du Québec (version détaillée ici)

Le registre des entreprises du Canada

Les dons au partis politiques du Canada

Les dons aux partis politiques du Québec

Le registre des lobbyistes du gouvernment fédéral(aussi registre et journal)

Licenses restreintes dans l'industrie de la construction

Les contrats octroyés par la Ville de Laval depuis 2007

Les contrats octroyés par la Ville de Montréal depuis 2006

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Citizen - Hackathons

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Citizen - Entrepreneur

All 10,000 public and private foundations.

Exhaustive list of federal and provincial funding programs specifically for non-profits (over 700).

Corporate funders (500 and growing).

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Citizen – Inuit Sea Ice Use and Occupancy

Data & Software

- Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD)

- Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use)

- Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights)

- More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentally sensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only

- Data will become part of IPY Canada

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Community - Place Names

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Territory – Treaty Process

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Past & Present

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Citizen Science

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NGO, City, University

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Municipal Official

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Chief Medical Officer of Health

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Chief Medical Officer of Health

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Social Determinants of Health

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Transportation planner

Données sources Au niveau municipal, les données sont accessibles indirectement sur le site de la ville de Montréal. En d'autres termes, ces données n'ont pas été prévues pour être utilisées de manière directe mais sont affichées sur une carte dans la section Info-Travaux. Au niveau provinciale, les données viennent du Ministère des transports du Québec et de son service Québec 511. Là aussi le MTQ se démarque de ses homologues canadiens en étant a priori le premier à proposer des données GPS pour la localisation des chantiers.

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Transportation planner;jsessionid=1361AFFCF2C4E5B4D8071E5D489026EF

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Disaster monitoring

Safecast is a global sensor network for collecting and sharing radiation measurements to empower people with data about their environments

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Remote Sensing & Human Rights AAAS Scientific Responsibility, Human Rights and Law Program

Satellite Imagery Analysis for Urban Conflict Documentation: Aleppo, Syria

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Where to get data

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Open Data Cities

• OpenData Framework; Municipal Open Government Framework

• City of Burlington (ON), Pilot

• City of Calgary (AB)

• City of Edmonton (AB)

• City of Fredericton (NB)

• Gatineau Ouverte – Citizen Led

• City of Guelph (ON), Guelph Coffee and Code – Citizen Led

• City of Hamilton (Transit Feed) (ON), Open Data Hamilton – Citizen Led

• OpenHalton (ON) – Citizen Led

• City of London (ON), OpenData London – Citizen Led

• Township of Langley (BC)

• City of Mississauga – Mississauga Data (ON)

• Ville de Montréal Portails données ouvertes

(QC), Montréal Ouvert – Citizen Led

• City of Nanaimo (BC)

• City of Niagara Falls (ON)

• District of North Vancouver (BC) GeoWeb

• City of Ottawa (ON), Citizens’ APP Group – OpenData Ottawa; Apps

• Region of Peel (ON)

• Ville de Québec Catalogue de données, / Capitale Ouverte (QC)- Citizen Led in Ville de Québec

• City of Prince George (BC) catalog

• City of Regina (SK) Open Gov & Open Data site

• City of Surrey (BC) GIS Catalog

• City of Toronto (ON); DataTO – Citizen Group

• City of Vancouver (BC); Open Data Wiki

• Region of Waterloo (ON) – Citizen Led

• City of Windsor (ON) Open Data Catalog

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Open Data Federal Project

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Open Aid

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Open Data Provinces

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Community Data Portal

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Data advocacy

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Data Negotiation

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Open Data NGOs

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Equal Right to be Counted /

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Public Consultations

2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

National Data Archive Consultation (SSHRC)

Stewardship of Research Data in

Canada: A Gap Analysis

Open Government Consultations (TBS)

Mapping the Data Landscape: Report of the 2011 Canadian

Research Data Summit


GeoConnections study on Archiving, Management and Preservation of Geospatial


National Consultation on Access to Scientific Data Final Report (NCASRD)

Toward a National Digital Information Strategy: Mapping the Current Situation in Canada (LAC)

Canadian Digital Information Strategy (CDIS) (LAC)

Digital Economy Consultation, Industry Canada (IC)

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Data Policy

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Geo Research Data

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Health Data

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Research Data

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Open Gov. Resolution

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Policy Primers & Guidelines

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Open Government Partnership

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Law and Policy

Mapping the Legal and Policy

Boundaries of Digital Cartography

(SSHRC Partnership Project)

- Centre for Law, Technology and Society

- Natural Resources Canada

- Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre

Ethics and Consent in Arctic Digital


- Interdisciplinary, historical & cultural study of consent

- Examine Consent Models in the North

- Consult w/ northern data contributors

- Consult w/ researchers & officials

- GCRC & CLTS will Develop a data consent model

- GCRC to Build a data collection consent framework into data collection technology

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GCRC – Guiding Principles

• Products produced w/public funds belong to the public

Whenever possible open access comes first

BSD License

Use data from open access sources

Creative Commons

Share as much as possible

Publish in Open Access Journals

Create and use open source software, tools, widgets, etc.

Design for open source browsers

Participate in open access, open data, open source for a

Build in consent and data access protocols into data collection tools

Conduct research on access to data, consent, law and policy

Encourage these principles in public consultations

Education & Capacity building

Adhere to interoperability standards and specifications

Data Preservation

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Can open lead to business opportunities?

What will scholarly communication look like in the future?

Can New Brunswick join existing infrastructures such as

Scholars Portals?

Open data journalism?