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Superstitions and Beliefs

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Superstitions and Beliefs

Warm Up

Tell something about this


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Superstitions are not based on rationale and practical thought. They’ve evolved from ancient religious or supernatural genres, a huge resource

that includes belief in specific events (Halloween), apparitions (vampires,

werewolves and ghost), charms and incantations (salt over the shoulder),

avoiding pavement cracks) and predicting the future (horoscopes, palm


Superstitions and Beliefs


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Just My Luck People believe that some things bring good luck. Which ones are common in your country?

Plants Objects Numbers

Animals Stones and Crystals Events

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Opening an umbrella

indoors causes bad luck.

Walking under the ladder

causes bad luck.

Broken mirrors lead to

seven years of bad luck

Knock on wood to

prevent disappointment.

Finding a four leaf clover

is lucky.

Seeing the bride before

the wedding will call it off.

Discussion - Common Superstitions

Superstitions and Beliefs


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Critical Thinking

Where will you swing the scale?

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Effects of Superstitions Many of superstitions can dramatically affect a person's life.

Friday the 13th is thought of as the most unlucky day of the year. Some

people take it so seriously they develop a morbid irrational fear called

Paraskevidekatriaphobia. There are over 21 million people affected by this in

the United States alone. Many people will avoid driving and ships will not

sail. Others won't even go to work or eat in restaurants, and you wouldn't

dare schedule a wedding on any Friday at all. Everybody knows about Friday

the 13th and the story of it being cursed, but some will let it get in the way

of their normal everyday functions.

Superstitions and Beliefs

Do you believe that Friday the 13th is a very unlucky day?


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Yesterday was Friday the 13th. Many people believe that Friday the

13th is a very unlucky day. I, myself, didn’t think so…until yesterday.

Yesterday, I burned my self while

I was cooking. My wife cut herself while

opening a package. My son poked himself

in the eye while he was putting on his

eyeglasses. Our daughter spilt milk all

over herself while she was eating lunch.

Both our children fell and hurt

themselves while they were

rollerblading. And we got wet all

over ourselves when we were sitting on a bench in a park.

I’m not very superstitious but yesterday was a very unlucky day. So next time it’s Friday the 13th, do you yourself a favor, take care of yourself!

Reading Exercise

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Which word is correct?

1. He _______ himself while he was cooking.

a. burned b. cut c. poked

2. His daughter spilt ________.

a. Paint b. package c. milk

3. His son poked himself in the _______.

a. Eye b. finger c. glasses

4. His children fell and hurt ________.

a. Themselves b. ourselves c. their selves

5. We got wet paint all over ________.

a. Themselves b. Ourselves c. their selves

Reading Comprehension

1. Does anything happen to you on Friday the 13th?

2. Do you do anything different on this day?

3. What do most people in your country do when it’s Friday the 13th?

What about you?

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Aside from the CRYSTAL BALL,

what other mediums do you

know fortune tellers use do tell

our fortunes?

What would you like to

know about your future?

Ask the Madame!

(Madam: teacher)

The Future FORTUNE TELLER – is a person who tells you what that person thinks will

happen to you in the future

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The Future Jack is visited Madame Andrea, the famous fortune teller. She told you what is going to happen next year. Which ones

do you think will most likely to happen to you?

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1 2 3

4 5 6

Supernatural World

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What do you know about the following? Do you believe in any of them?

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1. A ________ is a kind of alien life that lives on Mars

2. Do you think we should try to ________ aliens? Should we try to

communicate with them?

3. A) What kind of movies do you like to watch?

B) I love ________ movies about aliens.

4. You can see things far away with a ________.

5. An ________ is a kind of life form that lives on another planet, not

on Earth.

6. Earth is a ________. Mars is, too.

7. A ________ is any unidentified flying object. Some people think

they are alien spaceships.

8. I saw a ________ in the sky last night! It was large and round. I’m

sure it was an alien spaceship!

9. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune

are planets in our ________.

10. The ________ is very big. It means all the space, stars and planets

that exist.

Complete the 10 sentences with the words on the left.

Vocabulary Building

Superstitions and Beliefs

A. universe

B. planet

C. science fiction

D. Martian

E. contact


G. solar system

H. extraterrestrial

I. telescope

J. flying saucer


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• First Conditional

Grammar Chunk

The first conditional is a structure we use when we want to talk about possibilities in the present

or in the future.

A superstition is a general truth or belief that is based on fear or misunderstanding, rather than

facts or knowledge. Thus, many superstations can be written and said using this grammar:

If you break a mirror, you will have seven years of bad luck.

If you open an umbrella in the house, you’ll have bad luck

You can also put the if clause at the end of the sentence:

You will have bad luck if you walk under a ladder. You will have bad luck if a black cat crosses your path

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• Complete the Sentences

Grammar Chunk

1. If you make a wish when you see a

shooting star, ….. 2. If you put salt on the doorstep of a

house, ….. 3. If you catch a falling leaf on the first day

of fall, ….. 4. If you blow out the all of the candles on

your birthday cake in one breath, ….. 5. If you carry a rabbit’s foot in your

pocket, ….. 6. You will stay healthy ….. 7. When we wish for something good, you

will get it ….. 8. You will have bad luck …..

a. you will not catch a cold all


b. it will keep evil away.

c. if you eat an apple every day.

d. it will bring luck and protect you

from bad spirits.

e. if you kill a ladybug.

f. if you knock on wood.

g. it will come true.

h. your wish will come true.

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If you push your

luck, you try to get

more than what you

have already

obtained and risk

spoiling the situation.

If you strike gold, you

find exactly what you

need : satisfaction,

wealth, happiness, etc.

Someone who

is sitting pretty is in a

good or fortunate

situation, especially

compared to others

who are not so lucky.

Use these idioms in your own sentence.

Idiomatic Expressions

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1. How do you feel about superstitions? Why? Are you superstitious?

2. Why do you think people continue to believe in superstitions?

3. Do you know anyone who is very superstitious?

4. Have you ever met anyone who has seen a ghost? Where did they see


5. What numbers are lucky and unlucky in your country? Why?

6. What lucky things have happened to you recently?

7. What unlucky things have happened to you recently?

8. In some western countries a rabbit’s foot or a horseshoe is considered

to be a lucky charm. What things are considered to be lucky charms in

your country?

Speaking Drill

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I wish you were a fish in my dish.

She stood on the balcony, inexplicably mimicking

him hiccuping, and amicably welcoming him in.

Mo mi mo me send me a toe,

Me me mo mi get me a mole,

Mo mi mo me send me a toe,

Fe me mo mi get me a mole,

Mister kister feet so sweet,

Mister kister where will I eat !?

Pronunciation Drills Tongue Twisters

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Pronunciation Drills Minimal Pairs


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The End