WRITERS AND TERMS TWENTIETH CENTURY BRITISH LIT. Siegfried Sassoon Wilifred Owen WWI Trench Poets.

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Transcript of WRITERS AND TERMS TWENTIETH CENTURY BRITISH LIT. Siegfried Sassoon Wilifred Owen WWI Trench Poets.

  • Slide 1
  • WRITERS AND TERMS TWENTIETH CENTURY BRITISH LIT
  • Slide 2
  • Siegfried Sassoon Wilifred Owen WWI Trench Poets
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  • Believed in Became Disillusioned by The glory and honor of war and serving ones country Enlisted with pride Very romanticized view of war Sassoon had a breakdown; almost went AWOL The two met in a hospital The carnage The suffering The lack of progress The lack of support The hopelessness Owen was killed a few days before the war ended; died young Trench Poets
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  • From Nigeria Social Novelist Wrote Things Fall Apart, the most widely read African novel Wanted to educate everyone about the noble qualities of Africa Reacted against Josephs Conrads version of the black man as a foolish loyal servant in Heart of Darkness Chinua Achebe 1930-
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  • Nnaemeka- The son of Okeke. A man who is engaged to Nene. He is an Ibo. 2. Nene- She is engage to Nnaemeka. Grew up in the big city of Lagos, she follows modern ways; she is a good Christian, and a teacher in a girls' school in Lagos. 3. Okeke- The father of Nnaemeka. An Ibo. 4. Madubogwu- A highly practical man. 5. Ugoye Nweke- An Ibo woman. The woman that Okeke wants to marry his son. 6. The Children- The sons of Nnaemeka and Nene. Is marriage a private affair? The clash between traditional and modern culture is the conflict in the story. In the end Okeke learns that in order to survive, he must adapt to change.
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  • Nadine Gordimer 1923- 1991 Nobel Prize Winner From Johannesburg, South Africa Parents were immigrants from Lithuania & England Grew up in conventional society Wrote about effects of apartheid, legal until 1991 She understood the black mans burden in her country; treats SA from a literary perspective Activist for AIDS Believed short story was literary form of our time Very sensitive to discrimination of any kind 6
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  • 1976 Riot in Soweto Sharpsville Massacre Police fired into backs of crowd of people who were protesting law that made all blacks carry a pass book to travel in and out of the city; employers could write negative things to prevent them from entering. Laws stated black could not hold a post higher than the lowest white Soweto protested policy that required classes to be taught in Afrikaans, the language spoken by white SAs More than 600 blacks were killed. This spurred Gordimers interest in apartheid South African Apartheid
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  • Idioms An expression that does not literally mean what the words say British idiom is different from American idiom Round the neighborhood In a wax Honor Bright
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  • DH Lawrence 1885-1930 Brilliant, imaginative, and emotional Suffered from censorship and public condemnation Portrays characters as victims of a restrictive society Portrays nature as symbolic of what is vital in life Wrote Sons and Lovers, Lady Chatterleys Lover, and Women in Love: all dealt with relationships Felt the source of all knowledge in life was in man and woman Felt there was a conflict between instinct, which he saw as good, and education, which he saw as bad
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  • Traveled with his German wife Frieda Lived in New Mexico, England, Italy, and Australia Died of tuberculosis Influenced by Freudian psychology
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  • His collected works represent an extended reflection upon the dehumanizing effects of modernity and industrialization. In them, Lawrence confronts issues relating to emotional health and vitality, spontaneity, and instinct. Lawrence is now valued by many as a visionary thinker and significant representative of modernism in English literature.
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  • The Rocking Horse Winner Deals with conflict between instincts and education Paul rides his horse to find a winner Whispering increases after his mother gets money Bassett is his first partner He loses on his first bet Wins on Malabar, his final pick His mothers heart is a little stone She thinks about her son; her instincts start to kick in Conflict between materialism and nature
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  • Snake Set in Italy Speaker goes to water trough and meets a snake He becomes intrigued by it and watches it The voices of his education tell him to kill it His instinct tells him to admire it He listens to his education and throws something at it He says he has something to expiatea pettiness.
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  • George Orwell (Eric Blair) 1903- 1950 Born in India; from England An English novelist and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism,a passion for clarity in language and a belief in democratic socialism. Orwell's influence on popular and political culture endures, and several of his neologisms along with the term Orwellian a byword for totalitarian or manipulative social practices have entered the vernacular
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  • F irst published in the literary magazine New Writing in the autumn of 1936 and broadcast by the BBC Home Service on 12 October 1948.BBC Home Service Orwell, the narrator writes of his experience as a police officer in Burma. He shoots an elephant, even though he knows he should not, in order to avoid being laughed at. He regrets his action. The essay is also a condemnation of imperialism: When the white man turns tyrant it is his own freedom that he destroys. A narrative essay: his first famous piece.
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  • Irish poet and playwright; revived Irish theatre The Lake Isle of Innisfree Represents an escape from the stress of reality. Portrays the countryside as an idyllic refuge. Uses assonance and alliteration. Based on his grandparents farm in Ireland William Butler Yeats 1865-1939
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  • William Butler Yeats Reading http://youtu.be/cy4gFQwDfic I will arise and go now, and go to Innisfree, And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made; Nine bean rows will I have there, a hive for the honeybee, And live alone in the bee-loud glade. And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow, Dropping from the veils of the morning to where the cricket sings; There midnight's all a-glimmer, and noon a purple glow, And evening full of the linnet's wings. I will arise and go now, for always night and day I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore; While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements gray, I hear it in the deep heart's core. 1892
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  • 1888-1923 From New Zealand Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp Murry (14 October 1888 9 January 1923) was a prominent modernist writer of short fiction who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield. Mansfield left for Great Britain in 1908 where she encountered Modernist writers such as D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf with whom she became close friends. Her stories often focus on moments of disruption and frequently open rather abruptly. Among her most well-known stories are "The Garden Party, "The Daughters of the Late Colonel," and "The Fly." During the First War Mansfield contracted extra pulmonary tuberculosis, which rendered any return or visit to New Zealand impossible and led to her death at the age of 34. Katherine Mansfield
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  • The light is central symbol Conflicts: 1)Class vs Humanity 2)Rich vs Poor 3) Power I seen [sic] the little lamp.
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  • James Joyce 1182-1941 Famous novelist and short story writer Dublin, Ireland Works: Dubliners Ulysses A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Finnegans Wake Known for his stream-of-consciousness style. Considered to be one of the most influential Writers of the twentieth century Araby is a carnival or bazaar that the narrator wants to attend in order to purchase a gift for Mangans sister whom he barely knows. He has an epiphany at the end: realizes the futility of his mission.
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  • Araby Everyone needs to escape The priest: his books Mangans sister: her religious retreats His uncle: alcohol The boy: his fantasies Coping with the dreariness of reality is a theme. The boy goes on a quest. His views himself as a gallant knight on a noble quest. Mangans sister is described with images of light and white. The Quest
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  • Born Michael ODonovan Famous Short Story Writer Proud of being Irish Member of Irish Republican Army Prolific short story writer Over 70 dealt with Irish family life Frank OConnor 1903-1966 OConnor knew education was way our of his horrific family life. His dad was an alcoholic and cruel; called him a sissy because he liked to read.
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  • My Oedipus Complex Larry: unreliable narrator Story relies on dramatic irony Larry wants to get rid of his dad because he competes with him for his mothers attention Humorous Tone Uses British idiom: in a wax In resolution Larry and his father unite against Sonny, the new baby
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  • Dylan Thomas 1914-1953 From Wales but mostly lived in London. Wrote first volume of poetry at 20. Gave lectures and did readings in the U.S. Died in NYC at 39 of alcoholism. Flamboyant and popular figure. Famous relationship with his wife Caitlin
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  • Do Not go Gentle into That Good Night http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g2cgcx- GJTQ&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNvujNd1gLw &feature=related A villanelle (a 19-line lyric poem) Written for his father