Why, What, How Green Building

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Why, What, How Green Building - Ir Hadjar Seti Adji, MEngSc, IP-U - Jakarta Branch Manager PT. PP (Persero)

Transcript of Why, What, How Green Building

Ir Hadjar Seti Adji, MEngSc, IP-UJakarta Branch Manager PT. PP (Persero)

List of countries by populationRank1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Country / Territory China India United States Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Bangladesh Nigeria Russia Japan

Population

Date Last Updated Oct 12, 2009 Oct 12, 2009 Oct 12, 2009 July 1, 2009 Oct 12, 2009 Oct 12, 2009

% of World Population

1,333,480,000 1,170,100,000 307,682,000 240,271,000 191,986,000 167,667,500 162,221,000 154,729,000 141,882,000 127,540,000

19.64% 17.23% 4.53% 3.39% 2.83% 2.47% 2.39% 2.28%

Oct 12, 2009 Sept 1, 2009

2.09% 1.88%

58,73%Figures indicated by "UN estimate" are based on the July 1, 2009 estimate by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division

28.2

14.8

27.8

2020

McCarty Glacier, Alaska

Kilimanjaro1970 2005

Global warming has become the most important environmental issue due to its detrimental health effects.

Heat waves and periods of unusually warm weather Ocean warming, sea-level rise and coastal flooding Glaciers melting Arctic and Antarctic warming Spreading disease Plant and animal range shifts and population changes Coral reef bleaching Droughts and fires

Based on recent data, there are lot of health care facilities in Indonesia which need the policy to apply the Green concept into management

Building consume about 40% of the world energy, 16% of the drinking water, 25% of the forests woods (UNCHS, 1993) They are responsible for the 50% of the CO2 emission. (Petrocian, 2001) They consume 30-40% of the countries total energy demand

Cooking, 2%

Refrigeration, 3%

Ventilation, 5%Office Equipment, 6% Lighting, 31% Other, 6% Water Heating, 7%

Space Cooling, 18%

Space Heating, 22%Total Quads = 14.6

Source : Business opportunities in indonesia el;ectricity sector Bambang Ptraptono PT. PLN

2004 : Becoming net oil importer

Net Export

Start Import

Sumber : PII

MATERIAL KONSTRUKSIPenggunaan material mempertimbangkan sisa yang terdekat, yang tersedia dan 3 R

Reduce Recycle Reuse

350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0

Years left

WHAT IS THE GREEN BUILDINGDesign & Construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and occupants Sustainable site planning Safeguarding water and water efficiency Energy efficiency and renewable energy Conservation of materials and resources Indoor environmental quality

DESIGN GUIDEThe LEED Rating System for Healthcare and The Green Guide for Healthcare are two specific documents designed for healthcare organizations to guide these unique facilities toward the goal of being Green.

Green Building strategies: Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy and Atmosphere Materials and Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation and Design Process

DESIGN REQUIREMENTSLAHAN YANG RAMAH LINGKUNGAN Hindari lahan pertanian, lahan basah, lahan rawan banjir, lahan sensitif dan lahan yang mengandung substansi yg berbahaya Merehabilitasi area penduduk yg perlu Menyisihkan lahan utk parkir/ infrastruktur transportasi Meminimalisasi panas daratan (perbedaan gradiasi thermal antara area yg dibangun dgn yg tidak dibangun Memberdayakan transit, air & infrastruktur enerji yg tlh ada di komunitas tsb Melindungi habitat lokal, lahan hijau, & sumber daya alam

DESIGN REQUIREMENTSDESAIN BANGUNAN YANG EFISIEN & BERKESINAMBUNGAN Mengutamakan lajur hijau, jalur sepeda motor ke RS. Shading / pergola yg mencukupi Pertimbangan untuk menggunakan bangunan2 yg sdh ada, termasuk struktur, rangka, dll Desain untuk pembiayaan siklus masa ketahanan/ strategi value engineering utk finishing & sistem pengurangan limbah Menyediakan area utk mengumpulkan brg2 yg dpt didaur ulang & gudang Memaksimalisasi penerangan sinar matahari & celah pemandangan keluar. menyediakan kapasitas utk memonitor kualitas udara dlm ruangan untuk jangka panjang Memperhatikan kesehatan & kenyamanan (sensor karbondioksida yg terintegrasi dgn sistem automatisasi gedung/ BAS)

DESIGN REQUIREMENTSEnerji Arahkan Gedung utk memanfaatkan panas dan penerangan sinar matahari & mendukung ventilasi alam & penyejukan yg pasif Mempertimbangkan sistem pemulihan/pengurangan panas dimana diperlukan Menggunakan model dgn simulasi komputer utk membantu memaksimalisasi energi Memasang alat ventilasi mekanik Memasang pemanas & alat pendingin yang efisien Memasang sistem kontrol pencahayaan Memasang penerangan yg sgt efisien, fasilitas peralatan dgn sensor gerak dimana diperlukan

DESIGN REQUIREMENTSEnerji Mempertimbangkan pemanasan/pendinginan & energi dr sumber daya yg diperbaharui seperti tenaga surya, angin, masabio, panas bumi, bio gas, dll) Meminimalisasi penerangan berlebih dgn iluminasi/penerangan yg tepat & cukup mendesain gedung dgn peralatan utk Lebih meminimalisasikan kebutuhan mengukur kinerja air & energi insulasi utk tembok, langit2, dll Mempertimbangkan penggunaan cahaya Memasang & memelihara sistem monitor dgn teknologi opening window otomatis suhu & kelembaban agar dpt beradaptasi dan sistem HVAC bawah lantai dgn dgn kondisi gedung secara otomatis & individual diffussers memliki sistem yg menghubungkannya dgn BAS Mempergunakan sistem monitor & lacak utk semua energi yg masuk dgn review jadwal utk memastikan terjadinya efisiensi.

Air

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS

Mengevaluasi strategi penghematan utk mendaur ulang limbah air kotor utk tujuan lainnya Membatasi hambatan arus genangan air dgn meminimalisasi jalur pembuangan, meningkatkan lahan penyerapan, mengurangi penggenangan melalui lahan basah buatan, sumur bio, dll mempertimbangkan penggunaan pengumpulan jalur pembuangan air kotor utk sistem irigasi lahan.

Pertimbangkan penggunaan air asupan yang bersifat RO terhadap mesin uap di instalsi catudaya guna mengurangi penggunaan kimia yang dibutuhkan, menghasilkan uap yang lebih bersih, meningkatkan siklus, dan mengurangi dampak mesin terhadap lingkungan. Lanskap dengan tanaman yang tahan kering dan pelapis tanah perenial Situasikan bangunan sehingga berdaya imbas pada vegetasi yang ada Gunakan keran arus-rendah, selang dan toilet

DESIGN REQUIREMENTSMutu Udara Dalam Ruangan/Kimiawi Hindari penggunaan bahan kimia yang bersifat mengurangi ozon pada insulasi dan peralatan mekanik (toleransi nol terhadap pendingin berbasis CFC) Hindari material yang mengeluarkan Tentukan system penekan api/pendingin yang polutan gas, seperti adesif dan larutan tidak menggunakan halon atau HCFC finishing berbasis solven, Posisikan masukan udara jauh dari kendaraan pengkarpetan dan papan partikel yang dan sumber sumber polusi lainnya untuk mengeluarkan formaldehyde. menghindari pencemaran udara dalam Lakukan audit terhadap system ruangan. bangunan yang ada yang Adopsi rencana manajemen udara dalam menggunakan pendingin dan bahan ruangan berkualitas guna melindungi system kimia penekan api serta ganti HCFCs HVAC selama masa konstruksi, kendalikan dan halon. sumber polutan, dan potong jalur kontaminasi

DESIGN REQUIREMENTSLimbah Mendukung manajemen pemeliharaan hutan dgn material kayu yang bersertifikat Penggunaan material yg didesain untuk dpt dibongkar & dirakit ulang & didaur/digunakan ulang pd saat fungsi2 terakhirnya. Memastikan ruangan gudang yg memadai utk limbah berbahaya seperti limbah biomedis, kimia, radioaktif, dll

LEED-NC Point DistributionWater Efficiency 7%Sustainable Sites 20% Energy & Atmosphere 26%PLUS Innovation in Design Process 7%

Indoor Environmental Quality 22%

Materials & Resources 19%

5 CORE LEED-NC Credit Categories(Point Distribution By Percentage)

Diverse Owners & Buildings Examples of Certified Projects

Project Name: University of California, Santa Barbara Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management Location: Santa Barbara, CA

Rating: Platinum 1.0Year: 2002

Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management Interior Const."The carpets, lab casework, rubber flooring, fabrics, wallboard, tiles, ceiling tiles and grids, furniture, and insulation are all made with high recycled content. Cleaned and redyed carpet tiles were used, saving 14 tons of carpet from landfill. Wood paneling and cork flooring in the building comes from certified sustainable harvests. Restroom stall partitions are made of 90% recycled plastics; countertops are made of recycled tumbled glass. Linoleum, a biodegradable natural product made from linseed oil, limestone, cork flour, rosin, wood flour, and natural pigments, is used as one of the main flooring materials. "Altogether, Bren Hall is composed of 40% recycled materials." ... "The toilets on the first floor use reclaimed water, and the urinals are waterless. It is estimated that each waterless urinal will save approximately 45,000 gallons of water per year. All toilets have automatic flush valves, all sinks have automatic water sensors, and low-flow fixtures have been used throughout the building. ....

Donald Bren School, 'About Donald Bren Hall' "Wood paneling from certified sustainably managed forest. 24% of all materials (by cost) contain at least 20% post-consumer or 40% post-industrial recycled content. Specific materials contain 35% to 100% recycled content, including window frames, insulation, lab caseowrk, ceramic tile, acoustic ceilings and wall panels, toilet partitions, and carpet. Structural steel contains 77% post-consumer and 18% post-industrial recycled content." USGBC LEED certification summary

PPS GREEN ACTIVITIES ON PROJECT SITE

PPS GREEN ACTIVITIES ON P