Why and how librarians should engage with Wikipedia

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Slides for a talk on "Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia" given by Brian Kelly, Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton at the CILIPS Autumn Gathering 2014 event in Edinburgh on 30 October 2014. See http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/why-and-how-librarians-should-engage-with-wikipedia/

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  • 1. Event hashtag:#CILIPSAG14Why and How Librarians ShouldEngage With WikipediaPresentation by Brian Kelly, UKOLN on 25 October 2012for an Open Access Week event at the University of Exeter1Talk by Brian Kelly, Cetis on 30 October 2014 at theCILIPS Autumn Gathering in Edinburgh

2. Event hashtag: #CILIPSAG14Why and How Librarians ShouldEngage With WikipediaBrian KellyInnovation AdvocateCetisUniversity of BoltonBolton, UKContact DetailsEmail: ukwebfocus@gmail.comTwitter: @briankellyCetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/Blog: http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/Slides and further information available athttp://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/why-and-how-librarians-should-engage-with-wikipedia/ 3. 3Source cited!3You are free to:Idea from Cameron Neyloncopy, share, adapt, or re-mix;photograph, film, or broadcast;blog, live-blog, or post video ofthis presentation provided that:You attribute the work to its author and respect the rightsand licences associated with its components.Slide Concept by Cameron Neylon, who has waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights. This slide only CCZero.Social Media Icons adapted with permission from originals by Christopher Ross. Original images are available under GPL at:http://www.thisismyurl.com/free-downloads/15-free-speech-bubble-icons-for-popular-websites 4. About MeBrian Kelly: Innovation Advocate at Cetis, Bolton UniversityInvolvement in Wikipedia and Wikimedia UK: Created first article in 2004 and involved in training / edit-a-thonssince 2013 as an accredited Wikipedia trainer Recent talks on: Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments inthe UK, Eduwiki Serbia 2014 Editing Wikipedia: Why You Should and How You Can Support YourUsers, CILIP Wales 2014 Wikipedia Editing Workshop In a Nutshell, LILAC 2014 Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond, Cetis 2014 Poster display on Wikimedia & Metrics at 1:AM Alt.metrics conferenceRegard Wikipedia as: An example of an Open Educational Practice Of particular importance to library sectorIntroduction4 5. About This TalkAbstractIt's a popular information resource: it's one of thefive most popular websites in the world, clockingover 21 billion hits every month.So why wouldn't librarians engage withWikipedia?Don't librarians and information professionalshave responsibilities to ensure that not only arethey able to evaluate Wikipedia articles andadvise their users but also for improvingWikipedia articles and helping their users to dothis? 5 6. Your ApproachesWhich aspect of followingspectrum best summarises yourlibrarys approaches to use ofWikipedia by your users:A. Against: Warn against itB. Neutral, but negative:Accept it will be used, butbegrudginglyC. Neutral, but positive:Accept it will be used, andcontent with this approachD. Positive & pro-active:Welcome its use and adviseon its strengths andweaknesses (courses,posters, etc.)6Poster on teaching Wikipedia to schoolpupils at University of Birmingham 7. About YouWho has: Used Wikipedia? Has a Wikipedia account? Has edited Wikipediaarticles? Has taught or advised theirusers on use of WikipediaWho would: Like to create an account? Create a user profile? Perhaps even update anarticle?Feel free to do this during thistalk!7Is the article accurate?Can it be improved? 8. Wikipedia's Purpose and Key PrinciplesWikipedia's purpose is:to benefit readers by acting as anencyclopedia, a comprehensive writtencompendium that contains informationon all branches of knowledge.As described by Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia's founder:Imagine a world in which every single person on theplanet is given free access to the sum of all humanknowledge. That's what we're doing.8 9. Wikipedia's Key PrinciplesWikipedia seeks to achieve its goal by its five pillars:1. Wikipedia is an encyclopedia: Wikipedia is not, for example, a soapbox,an advertising platform, a vanity press, an indiscriminate collection ofinformation, or a web directory.2. Wikipedia is written from a neutral point of view: Wikipedia strives forarticles that document & explain the major points of view, giving due weightwith respect to their prominence in an impartial tone. It avoids advocacyand we characterize information and issues rather than debate them.3. Wikipedia is free content that anyone can use, edit, and distribute:Since all editors freely licence their work to the public, no editor owns anarticle and any contributions can and will be freely edited and redistributed.4. Editors should treat each other with respect and civility: Contributorsare expected to respect fellow Wikipedians, even when you disagree.Apply Wikipedia etiquette, and don't engage in personal attacks.5. Wikipedia has no firm rules: Wikipedia has policies and guidelines, butthey are not carved in stone; their content and interpretation can evolveover time. Their principles and spirit matter more than their literal wording,and sometimes improving Wikipedia requires making an exception.9 10. Characteristics of LibrariansAccording to LibraryScienceList.com key characteristicsof librarians include: A love of knowledge and learning A desire to work around people Broad overall knowledge of life and the world Strong organisational skills Good with numbers Friendly Ethical Personable Affinity for working with large volumes of information Computer skills10In addition, IMHO, a desire to: Share these interests & passionswith others Enhance the information literacy ofothers Encourage others to adopt ethicalapproaches in use of informationSee http://librarysciencelist.com/core-competencies-of-librarianship/ 11. Librarians and Wikipedia An Ideal Match!zz11Librarian Characteristics Relevance to WikipediaA love of knowledge andlearningAligned with Wikipedia's goal of "a world in which every singleperson on the planet is given free access to the sum of allhuman knowledge".A desire to work aroundpeopleThere is a strong Wikipedia community: in October 2013 therewere 31,000 active editors with about half of the activeeditors spending at least one hour a day editing.Broad overall knowledge oflife and the worldWikipedia provides access to broad knowledge of life and theworld and the ability to share such knowledge with others.Strong organizational skills In order to help manage the 4,616,531+ articles there will be aneed to have good organisation skills.Friendly and personable Aligned with Wikipedia principle that Editors should treateach other with respect and civility.Ethical Ethical considerations underpin the five pillars.Affinity for working withThis is of direct relevance to Wikipedia.large amount of informationComputer skills This is of direct relevance to Wikipedia. 12. Wikipedia and Librarians An Ideal Match!How do Wikipedias five pillars relate to librarians:1. Wikipedia is an encyclopedia: Librarians are familiar with encyclopedias,including their strengths and weaknesses.2. Wikipedia is written from a neutral point of view: Librarians will warnagainst personalisation features of Google, which can act as an echochamber and not provide neutral answers to queries.3. Wikipedia is free content that anyone can use, edit, and distribute:Librarians have been pro-active in encouraging open access policies, tominimise costs of journal subscriptions and maximise access to research.4. Editors should treat each other with respect and civility: Librarians willhave similar rules regarding use of library space.5. Wikipedia has no firm rules: Hmm12Ranganathans Five Laws of Library Science (1931):And growth due to technological developments!5: The library is a growing organismThis law focused on the need for internal change than on changes in the environment itself.Ranganathan argued that library organizations must accommodate growth in staff, the physicalcollection and patron use. This involved allowing for growth in the physical building, readingareas, shelving, and in space for the catalog. 13. Creating A Wikipedia AccountWho would: Like to create an account? Create a user profile?Feel free to do this during thistalk. Note: Creating a user accounttakes ~ a minute! Creating / updating a userprofile takes ~ 1 - 5 minutes!13Click here from any Wikipedia pageIf you create a Wikipedia account or create/ update a profile page, feel free to: Send a Twitter message that you have done so. Say how long it took 14. Is Wikipedia Relevant?Is Wikipedia: Relevant to your engagement with youruser community? A problem for your engagement with youruser community?Wikipedia in the library - the elephant in the(reading) room? Nancy Graham and AndrewGray, LILAC 201414 15. Is Wikipedia Relevant?Is Wikipedia: Relevant to your engagement with youruser community? A problem for your engagement with youruser community?Wikipedia in the library - the elephant in the(reading) room? Nancy Graham and AndrewGray, LILAC 201415 16. Why Wikipedia is ImportantFrom Wikimedia UKhttps://wiki.wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Expert_outreach 17. Top TipsNo. 1: Understand why Wikipedia is important to librarians17 18. Eduwiki (UK) 2013Eduwiki 2013 conference: Held in Cardiff on 1-2 Dec2013 Second EduWiki UKconferenceCovered: Case studies from highereducation and schools Broader considerations18NoteEduwiki 2014 conference to beheld in St Leonard's Hall,Edinburgh tomorrow (fully booked) 19. Two Case StudiesSummary of two case studies presented at EduWiki 2013: Safe Use of Wikipedia in the Transition from Schoolto University, Lisa Anderson and Nancy Graham,University of Birmingham (now Roehampton) Introducing Students to Independent Researchthrough Editing Wikipedia Articles on EnglishVillages, Humphrey Southall, University ofPortsmouth19EduWiki 2013 20. Outreach work by Universityof Birmingham Library Demonstrate informationliteracy approaches toschool pupils Students surprised thatWikipedia was shown20 21. Introducing Students to Independent Researchthrough Editing Wikipedia Articles on English VillagesThis was the assignment (see Telling the stories of ruralEng