What isinclusion

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What is Inclusion in Sport and Physical Activity for People with Disability is all about creating new opportunities in sport and physical activity for people with disability. The 70 page e-book discusses the concept of inclusion from a practical and a theoretical perspective. Four world experts give their views on what 'inclusion' is all about. If sport and disability interests you then visit http://theinclusionclub.com

Transcript of What isinclusion

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  • This e-book has been written and produced by Peter Downs andKen Black for The Inclusion Club.We would like to thank the contributors to this e-book, MartinMansell, Eli Wolff, Steffi de Jong and Hamish Macdonald. Theircontribution not only helps the production of this e-book but alsocontributes significantly to the ongoing success of The InclusionClub.Giveaway RightsYou may give this e-book away to your friends and colleaguesyou think would be interested in the ideas here. Please encouragethem to check out The Inclusion Club (http://theinclusionclub.com) if you do. The only restriction is that youmay not modify this e-book or any of its contents in any way.Legal DisclaimerThe author and contributors has strived to be as accurate andcomplete as possible in the creation of this e-book,notwithstanding the fact that he does not warrant or represent atany time that the contents within are accurate due to the rapidlychanging nature of the world around us. The author andcontributors will not be responsible for any losses or damages ofany kind incurred by the reader whether directly or indirectlyarising from the use of the information found in this e-book.Reader assumes responsibility for use of information containedherein. The author reserves the right to make changes withoutnotice. The author assumes no responsibility or liabilitywhatsoever on the behalf of the reader of this report.For general enquiries please contact:admin@theinclusionclub.com The Inclusion Club 2012 2
  • W h a t Is I n c l us ion?In this book we are going to explore the concept of inclusionrelated to the provision of opportunities in sport and physicalactivity for people with disability.Over the years the term inclusion has been used acrossgovernments world wide to describe practices that include, or atleast attempt to include, all people regardless of ability, race,culture, age, gender and a variety of other characteristics that areoften regarded as being disadvantaged when it comes to gainingaccess to regular services, including sport.Taken in isolation the term itself is simple enough to understand.Wikipedia, the font of all knowledge in 2012, describes it from adisability rights perspective:Inclusion is a term used by people with disabilities and otherdisability rights advocates for the idea that all people shouldfreely, openly and without pity accommodate any person with adisability without restrictions or limitations of any kind. 3
  • Inclusion has certainly been used in relation to sport for sometime and has superseded terms such as mainstreaming andintegration in recent years. We are not going to dene the wordinclusion here or get stuck on semantics.Its only when you start to discuss and probe a bit deeper intohow inclusion works that you discover it can be quite complex. Itbecomes complex because it involves things like attitudes,technical skills, ideas of equal opportunity and human rights.In What is Inclusion? we are simply going to explore whatinclusion in sport means in a practical way by asking four veryexperienced and knowledgeable people. We are sure they maynot like being called world experts but, between us, they are!This book is divided into four chapters. Each chapter is atranscript of an interview conducted with each of our fourexperts. There is a short biography of each expert at the start oftheir chapter, so youll know a little about their background andexperience.The chapters are direct transcripts of the interviews with a fewgrammatical improvements here and there. We have not changedthe content or tried to make these perfect English. 4
  • Our hope is that these interviews stimulate your thoughts andhelp your understanding of inclusion in sport and physicalactivity for people with disability. Wed like to say a big thanks toour contributors to this book - Martin, Eli, Stef and Hamish.Please continue to make a dent in the world.This is an Inclusion Club production. If you are not a member ofThe Inclusion Club you can join for free by simply going to ourwebsite at http://theinclusionclub.com. The Inclusion Club is allabout sharing best practice in sport, physical activity anddisability. Wed love to have you on board. Enjoy.Peter Downs and Ken BlackDirectors and Founders of The Inclusion Club 5
  • ! Martin Mansell 6
  • Martin Mansell has been involved in disability sportsince 1975. First as a competitor with 2 ParalympicGames, two World, two European championships and 15other international competitions (last games 1998 Seoul,1 gold 2 sliver 1 bronze, swimming) and later as a coach.In 1990, as a result of the sports ministers reportBuilding on Ability which was an outcome from the 1988Seoul Paralympic Games, he was appointed as one of therst professional Sports Development Ofcers for Peoplewith Disabilities within a Local Education Authority inEngland.In 1989 has was elected Chairperson of the BritishParalympic Association Athletes Committee and later asChairperson of the International Paralympic CommitteeAthletes Commission and was a Director of the BritishParalympic Association till January 2005 when he stooddown. He has been working with Paralympics GB ontheir work on their Schools Education program calledAbility v Ability. He also works for a number oforganizations and in 1998 set up MJM Associates asadvisers on disability sport. He works with organizationssuch as the Youth Sport Trust, Paralympics GB, EnglishFederation of Disability Sports and NASUWT as a 7
  • consultant to name just a few. In addition to this he hasbeen involved in a number of other projects such asFloatsation (www.oatsation.com) that is now one of hiscompanies as well as working in a self-employedcapacity. 8
  • PeterIn a broad sense what do you understand by inclusion?MartinI think in a very broad sense Peter, we are looking atmaking sure that people with disabilities have equalopportunity to take part in sport, physical activity andphysical education or whatever environment peoplechose to do it in. I think that historically we tend to thinkof inclusion as sport that is done by the disabledalongside the non-disabled people, but that in reality itsabout creating the opportunity to do whatever peoplechoose and where they feel the most comfortableparticipating and whatever level they choose.PeterDoes that include then disability specic type activities?MartinI think it would, yes. We can look at disability sport intwo ways. We can look at it as a sport that is played onlyby disabled people or we can look at disability sport asjust a form of sport that is played by disabled and non- 9
  • disabled. But I think that historically we have this issueabout non-disabled people looking at disability sport asonly sports for disabled people and therefore it excludesthem. So youve almost got a concept of reverseexclusion in a way.I think the time is now that we can allow thoseindividuals, whoever they are, to take up sports such asboccia, goalball, wheelchair basketball, wheelchairrugby, sitting volleyball it doesnt matter. The real issueis what the competition structure allows. So as anexample of that I would advocate that hypothetically, tocompete in the Paralympic Games or a Disabled WorldChampionships you have to have a disability in the sameway as if you want to compete in the under 15schampionships and you are 16, therefore you are noteligible.PeterWhat about have parallel activities for example, in PElessons having separate sessions for children withdisabilities. Is that still inclusion? 10
  • MartinI think some people would see it as not being inclusion.They might see it as not being with their other peerstherefore it is not inclusive. But I think inclusion is moreabout how you plan and structure the lesson and I think ifyou want to segregate for want of a better word children with disabilities in a PE lesson to facilitate skilldevelopment then I think thats ne whether they aredisabled or non-disabled kids.The real issue is whether you bring them back togethersocially within that lesson so they have the opportunity toexchange and interact with their peers. So yes, if a kidwith a particular disability or a kid with a coordination orobesity issue is struggling then why not take that kidaside and spend some time with them on an individualbasis as you would in a coaching environment.PeterWhat would you say then to people who would say that itis separation and the best choice for people withdisability is to be with people who do not have adisability. 11
  • MartinMaybe we have become a society then, that says isinclusion for everyone, not just for some disabledpeople and therefore weve either always been inclusiveor we have never really been inclusive because workingwith non-disabled people we segregate them out as wellby their height, their sex, their age and, in some cases,their skills so we segregate them out to try to get thebest out of them thats how I would look at it.PeterSo does it come down to wha