What is Plumbing Tool and work of Plumbing Tools
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Whats in a Plumbers Tool Kit?
There are many different tools that a plumber can use. Depending on the job and the location the tools can range from very small to very large. The types of tools depend on whether your installing or repairing as well.In this presentation we will look at a typical plumbers tool kit. What you should have on hand for most basic jobs.
Measuring TapesMost plumbers (and other tradespeople) will carry a steel measuring tape. They are convenient with automatic retractable blades. These come in different sizes from 1cm 2.5 cm wide and 2 metres 8 metres long. Longer tapes are available up to about 100 metres long. These are usually have steel or fibreglass blades and have a winding mechanism for retracting the blades.Tapes should be kept clean, dry and free from kinks. This can cause the tapes to breakdown and not lie straight. As well the numbers can be worn away with dirt.Measuring and Layout Tools
SquaresFraming Square: used for measuring, squaring, and marking cuts or holes on walls and partitionsTry Square: used for marking and measuring a piece of wood or pipe and for keeping things square.Combination square: used for multiple purposes in woodworking and metalworking
Layout ToolsLevel A tool used to determine if something is horizontal (level) or vertical (plumb)There are a variety of sizes of these. They can be small line levels which hang from a string to transfer heights from one area to another. Torpedo levels which are small (about 8 12 inches); 2 and 4 foot levels, transits which level things over long distances and laser levels which project a beam of light to determine alignment.
Some other layout tools:Plumb Bob a string with a weight at the end. When the line is allowed to hang freely it shows an exact vertical point.Compass and Dividers Just like those in your geometry set. The compass is used to draw arcs and circles. Dividers have two sharp metal points and is used to divide spaces into equal parts and to scratch the surfaces of harder materials.Chalk Line Marking tool with a string coated with chalk used to layout straight lines
Cutting ToolsSaws: Saber Saw (Jig Saw) an electric saw used to cut openings in most soft materials. It can make straight or curved cuts. Cuts material less than 1 inches thick.A reciprocating saw works similar to a saber saw but has a longer blade for cutting larger material. With both these saws, there are different blades for different materials. Be sure to use the correct type of blade.The compass saw is a handsaw with a tapered blade that is used when the electrical saws are not practical.
Hacksaw: A manual metal cutting saw. It has replaceable blades. The plumber will use this saw for cutting metal pipe and it can be used for cutting plastic pipe as well. It is not usually used for precision cutting.Jab Saw Is used to fit into tight spaces that a hacksaw cannot. This saw uses a hacksaw blade inserted into a handle.A backsaw or specialty saw (ie. ABS saw) can be used for cutting plastic pipe. Along with a mitre box you will ensure square cuts for fitting
Files are used for shaping metal, wood or other material. They have cutting teeth that remove small bits of material. There are a variety of types of files that are used for different purposes. Files are designated by their coarseness as well. Generally you would have a 10 12 file with second-cut teeth.Wood chisels are used to trim openings and make notches for pipes. A chisel with a solid steel shank that extends through the handle is best. This provides a surface for striking with a mallet if necessary The cold chisel is used for cutting metal. There are a variety of styles: flat, cape, round nose, and diamond point. The plumber will generally have a flat chisel which can be used to cut cast iron pipe.
Pipe CuttersThe pipe cutter is something no plumber is without. They are used for, you guessed it, cutting pipe. Different sizes and types of pipe require different cutters. A general pipe cutter has four moveable parts: a cutter wheel, two guide wheels and an adjusting screw. You insert the pipe between the cutter and the guide wheels. Next adjust the screw until the cutter is snug on the pipe. Then, twist the cutter around the pipe tightening the adjusting screw slightly with each turn until the pipe is cut through.A soil pipe cutter is used for cutting larger cast iron pipe. It has a chain with cutters and a mechanism to draw the cutter tight.An Internal Pipe Cutter is used for cutting pipe that is below the surface of a concrete floor so a closet or toilet flange can be installed .
There are many general use wrenches that the plumber will use. Some of these are:Open-end, Box-end and Combination wrenches: These come in a wide variety of sizes in both metric and imperial measurements.Adjustable wrenches are popular since they can replace several different sizes of open-end wrenches. Force is always applied in the direction of the moveable jaw.In cramped work spaces a plumber can use a basin wrench to loosen and tighten nuts that secure faucets and other plumbing to vanities, kitchen counter tops, sinks etc.
For joining copper pipe or putting on fittings, you will need a good soldering torch. Typically, this consists of a 1lb. Propane tank and a flame head. To light it you can use a spark lighter . You will also need flux and solder as well as some emery cloth. Professional plumbers may have variations of the torch but the premise is the same.
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