Virtualization Strategies: Virtualization Strategies:
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- 1. Virtualization Strategies: Virtual Technology Real ResultsBryan Von AxelsonIT Pro EvangelistMicrosoft
2. What this session covers IT ChallengesVirtualization Market TrendsScenarios for Server VirtualizationScenarios for Application VirtualizationPlanning for Hardware Virtualization 3. IT Challenges 4. IT Challenges Simplify Management Information and organizational growth Patching and software updates Increase availability System deployment Regulatory complianceReduce Costs Server sprawl System and application maintenance Infrastructure costsIncrease Security AV & Spam Threat protection 5. Virtualization BenefitsReduces administrative efforts Lowers operational costs Fewer servers to manage Speeds deployment Now 1-6 weeks (requisition, setup, software, test) Virtual reduces this to hours Reduced hardware and infrastructure costs Improves resource utilization Increases availability Tools to enhance security 6. Virtualization Trends 7. Virtual Server Growth Tremendous growth in virtual servers 1M servers by 2009 WinHec Bob Muglia Virtualization will bethe norm All workloads will bevirtualized in 2-4 yearsIDC Server Virtualization September 2005 8. Virtualization Market Growth 5 fold growth in virtualization market place More expensive servers Virtualization managementIDC Server Virtualization September 2005 9. Server Virtualization ScenariosServer consolidation Multiple OS & application support Lab and deployment testing Training Help desk Disaster recovery Application isolation Intrusion detection Security 10. Server SprawlNew application = new server 11. Problems Server Sprawl Hardware Increased hardware acquisition costs Increased infrastructure requirements Increased hardware maintenance costs Increased hardware replacement costs 12. Problems of Server Sprawl Administration Patch management Backup and recovery Server management and troubleshooting 13. Servers DeployedLess than 101%10 - 258%26 - 9913%100 - 249 26%250 - 49913%500 - 999 9%1,000 - 4,999 6%5,000 or more 6%Don't know 18%0%10% 20% 30% IDG Server Consolidation Research July 2006 14. Multiple Vendor Support1 vendor 6% 2 17% 3 29% 4 14% 513% 64% 7 2% 81% 91% 10 - 25 2% Over 25 vendors 2%Don't know9%0% 10%20% 30% IDG Server Consolidation Research July 2006 15. Biggest Challenges Patch management 63% Resource utilization60% Maintenance costs 44% Server sprawl42% Interoperability 27%Downtime 25% Other6% Don't know2% 0% 10% 20%30% 40% 50% 60% 70% IDG Server Consolidation Research July 2006 16. Server Consolidation Strategy No Yes 28% 70% Dont know2% IDG Server Consolidation Research July 2006 17. Server Consolidation Increase hardwareutilizationReduced costs Fewer systems Less power Less cooling Lower IT resourcesReduced Infrastructure Fewer racks Fewer switches 18. Multiple O/S & ApplicationsLinux Interoperability Shared hardwareLegacy OS Support Windows NT 4.0 Limited support for modern hardwareISV Applications Restricted platform support 19. OS Support 40%32% 30%24% 21% 20% 14%10% 6% 3% 0% 5 or more4321Don't know IDG Server Consolidation Research July 2006 20. Types of OS Deployed 100%90% 83% 80%72% 70% 64% 59% 60%50% 48%40% 32% 30%28%20%11% 10% 1%0%Windows Unix (AIX, Linux (Red Windows Proprietary Windows NetWare Other Don't know serverSolaris, Hat, 2000(S/390,NTSCO)Caldera, OS/400,Debian, VMS) SUSE)IDG Server Consolidation Research July 2006 21. TrainingPresent and reset training image Just reset the VM No need to reimage the systems Network isolation 22. TrainingMicrosoft Virtual Labs www.microsoft.com/technet/traincert/virtuallab/default.mspxSet of preconfigured environmentsMicrosoft tools and current products Vista, Exchange 2007, SQL Server 2005, Windows Server 2007, Office 2007 23. Help Desk Increase ability to represent multiple productenvironmentsReduced infrastructure Physical systems Space requirements Power CablingEnhanced test system accessibilityAbility to rollback test system state 24. Lab and Deployment TestingBuild a test virtual network infrastructure Duplicate physical model Same domain structure and system names Virtual network clients Reduced physical system requirements No need for 1-1 physical systems Virtual networking Connects virtual systems Isolated from production network 25. Lab and Deployment Testing Use the virtual network to test Active Directory, networking, policy changes Patch testing Application deploymentRoll out change to production after successfultests in the virtual environment 26. Demo: Virtual ServerUsing Undo Disks 27. Disaster Recovery Fewer servers to manage and recover/restore Reduces costsServer VMs are hardware independent Can be restored to other platforms No need to match primary site and secondary site hardwareVMs are encapsulated Faster Can be replicated between sites No need for bare-metal installs 28. Disaster Recovery Physical-to-VM recovery Restore physical backup to running VM Lower costs no need for 1-to-1 physical serversVM-to-VM recovery Protects against operating system/application failure Recover failed VM on another server 29. High Availability for Hosts Primary Site Recovery Site 30. Clustering Guest to Guest Host to HostSAN oriSCSI iSCSIconnectionconnectionClusterClusterstoragestorage 31. Application Isolation Sandboxing Use browser in VM Isolated from host Discard changes when finished 32. Application Isolation VMware Browser Appliance VMPlayer Runs any VM (VMware or Microsoft) www.vmware.com/download/player/ Browser Appliance Ubuntu 5.1 & Firefoxwww.vmware.com/vmtn/appliances/directory/browserapp.html Other Virtual Appliances 300 Prebuilt Virtual Applianceswww.vmware.com/vmtn/appliances/directory/ 33. Intrusion Detection Honeypotting Create a production look alike Logging sensors to record attack activity Microsoft Honeymonkey http://research.microsoft.com/HoneyMonkey/ VM Honeypots are recongnizable 34. Security Forensic AnalysisDuplicate a compromised system P2V makes an exact working copy Offsite analysisSnapshots Point-in-time copies 35. Application Virtualization Scenarios 36. Running Incompatible ApplicationsDifferent versions of Microsoft Office Running beta software Running multiple Java virtual machines 37. No Touch Application DeploymentSoftGrid SoftGrid client is deployed Application is sequenced Stored on application server User is added to AD SoftGrid group Application is streamed from server to client Partial app streaming results in fast code delivery Altiris AppStream 38. Application Reliability SoftGrid Application Reset Overwrites malfunctioning applications User controlled Application restreamed Altris Layer Reset User controlled Restores original layer 39. Demo: Application Virtualization 40. Hardware Virtualization Technology 41. Hardware VirtualizationWhy? Performance No direct virtualization for older x86 & x64 Virtual Machine Additions Change the guest OS allowing the VM kernel mode to run onthe processor Hardware Virtualization Enables VM code to run on processor in virtualized mode No significant difference for VM Additions Big difference for unsupported operating systems 42. Windows Server 2007 Hypervisor Hardware assistedvirtualization Intel Virtualization Technology(VT) AMD Virtualization Technology(AMD-V)Windows Server 2007Hypervisor 180 days after RTMCompatible with MS VMImagesCompatible with XEN-enabledLinux 43. Virtualization Gottchas You still need licenses OS & any CALs Windows Server 2003 Datacenter R2 is the exceptionPerformance Shared hardware resources VMM overheadCan result in more server sprawl 44. Server Consolidation Resources Mixed Workload Consolidation Guidewww.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=0F70695E-5D0B-4781-8966-84BE43216F9E&displaylang=enConsolidating SQL Serverwww.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/sql/2000/deploy/32bitconsolidation.mspxConsolidating Domain Controllerswww.microsoft.com/technet/itsolutions/ucs/ds/dmcnmgsa.mspxConsolidating File and Print Servershttp://www.microsoft.com/technet/itsolutions/ucs/fp/cmfp/cmfpwnt4.mspxConsolidating Web-based applicationswww.microsoft.com/windowsserversystem/overview/benefits/consolidation/bestpractices.mspx 45. Additional Resources Test Lab Virtualization wwwvmblog.com/archive/2006/06/13/773.aspxDisaster Recovery VMware http://www.vmware.com/solutions/continuity/disasterrecovery.html VMware Clustering VMs http://www.vmware.com/support/esx25/doc/admin/esx25admin_cluster_setup_esx.html Microsoft White Paper on VS2005 R2 Clustering http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=09cc042b-154f-4eba-a548-89282d6eb1b3&displaylang=en 46. Thank You!