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Paul Box & Laura Kostanski UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL SERVICES THEME CSIRO Australia 31 July 9 August 2012 10th Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names (UNCSGN)
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  • Paul Box & Laura Kostanski

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia

    GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL SERVICES THEME

    CSIRO Australia

    31 July – 9 August 2012

    10th Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names (UNCSGN)

  • Australia’s national science agency

    Revenue $1.2bn 2010-11

    6500+ staff over 55 locations

    CSIRO

    160+ active licences of CSIRO innovation

    20+ spin-off companies in six years

    Ranked in top 1% in 14 research fields

    One of the largest & most diverse in the world

    Building national prosperity and wellbeing

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 2

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 3

    Wireless and broadband

    Inventors of WiFi and research into remote and regional access to wireless broadband

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 3

  • Project context

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 4

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 5

    Multi-sectoral information Accurate

    Uptodate

    Timely

    Integrated

    Presented in meaningful ways

    Formal and informal

    Social Protection

    “preventing, managing, and overcoming situations that adversely affect people’s well being.[1] “

    Project drivers – coordinated response

    1United Nations Research Institute For Social Development

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 5

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_protectionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Research_Institute_For_Social_Developmenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Research_Institute_For_Social_Development

  • The realities - Information silos

    System 1

    System 2

    System 3

    System 5

    System 4

    System n

    System 7

    $ $

    $ $ $

    $ $

    Discover Access Understand Extract, Transform, Load

    Use

    Time and effort

    Everything

    Happens

    Somewhere

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 6

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 7

    Explicitly geospatial

    Everything Happens Somewhere

    Gazetteers

    UNSTATS Name GRP’08 $

    IND03 NTB 8,080

    IND05 NTT 4,769

    BPS-ID Name GER ‘08 Tpop’10

    003 Nusa Tenggara Barat 111.08 1,318,840

    005 Nusa Tenggara Timur 112.09 335,805

    Implicitly geospatial

    (geo-codeable)

    One real world feature - Multiple representations

    identities, versions Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 7

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 8

    Discover Access Understand Extract, Transform, Load

    Use

    Time and effort

    Project goals

    fundamental, systemic improvement in information integration capability that enables more effective and cost-efficient sustained service delivery

    Discover Access,

    Understand

    Extract Transform Load Use

    Develop gazetteer framework - enable place names used in different systems to be registered and accessed through common mechanisms

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 8

  • Supporting Indonesia

    Ina-SDI recognised as a pilot node of UNSDI

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 9

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 10

    Project phases

    • Technical framework - demonstrator for stakeholder engagement

    • Institutional framework - establish collaboration and agreements

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 10

  • Why Gazetteers? The interoperability perspective

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 12

    Gazetteers – currently Authoritative/offiicial list of names & location

    Map labels and maps lookup index (toponymic)

    Explicitly geospatial - geography and attributes

    Implicitly geospatial - includes spatial references e.g. Ind, Jakarta,

    Gazetteers - potentially 1. Set of indexes to spatial data in SDI

    2. Mechanism to link geospatial and statistical information

    The role of gazetteers

    Gazetteers

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 12

  • GAZETTEER

    (ie system)

    DATA

    (ie information)

    INFORMAL

    Developed by teams or

    organisations for internal

    information purposes only

    Not intended to be cross-

    referenced or utilised by

    external agencies

    UNOFFICIAL

    Non-Legislated

    Not used for official

    government reporting purposes

    OFFICIAL

    Legislated

    Recognised by Government

    AUTHORITATIVE

    Accurately reflects information from the perspective of

    an agency

    Regular maintenance

    regime for the data

    NON-AUTHORITATIVE

    Provides a snapshot of information which has not

    necessarily been quality assured or

    approved by organisation or

    group to which it refers

    Not regularly maintained

    FORMAL

    Developed by agency for

    specific project purposes and with oversight

    Collated for specific purposes

    Formality, authority & official

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 13

  • Gazetteers as spatial identifiers

    • 80% of information has a geospatial dimension

    • ‘spatial identifiers’ used distinguish between real world features described by data (ISO 19112 Spatial Referencing by Identifier)

    • Gazetteers are indexes of spatial identifiers

    • Gazetteers can be used to link information in disparate systems

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 14

  • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in

    Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 15

    Issues with gazetteers

    Management Heterogeneity

    Gazetteers and underlying spatial feature disconnected

    Official, slow process

    Power of the crowd is fragmented

    Poor access mechanisms

    Use Multiple overlapping gazetteers in use – Duplication

    Unclear provenance/authority

    Lack of standardisation – need customised tools

    No usage info - who is using what gazetteer

    Does not service real needs of users

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 15

  • How will it work?

    The Gazetteer Framework

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 16

  • Gazetteer framework

    User

    Naming

    Core gazetteer business

    Delivery

    • Publish, register and subscribe to gazetteers

    • Indexing, identity & integrate gazetteers

    • Use gazetteers to link to applications

    • Leveraging the crowd

    +

    Mapping

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 17

  • One real world feature: a bus station

    Represented in multiple systems using different names, and classified

    and represented in different ways

    Merak Terminus Dataset

    Merak, Stasiun Bis Gazetir Indeonesia

    GAZETTER FRAMEWORK

    Links gazetteers (based on same feature in different gazetteers)

    used in web applications and other online resources.

    Passenger Travel Stats Application Linked Resource

    Merak (Gazetteer Entry)

    Terminus Dataset (Gazetteer)

    Merak, Stasiun Bis (Gazetteer Entry)

    Gazetir Indonesia (Gazetteer)

    Online Public Transport Map Linked Resource

    Same as

    Navigation application Linked Resource

    Used in

    BIG

    National Gazetteer of Indonesia Department of Transport

    Gazetteer of Bus Terminals

    Currently systems are disconnected and difficult to integrate

    Identifier Merak, Stasiun Bis

    Identifier Merak

    Feature Type Transport

    Feature Type Terminal

    Footprint Point

    Footprint Polygon

    Used in

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 18

  • Architecture

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 19

  • Architecture

    CSIRO. UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in Indonesia

    System 1

    Name search

    function Spatial

    (WFS-G)

    1 access common

    Gazetteer

    System n

    2 Use returned information

    to access source data

    Common

    Gazetteer

    Index

    Gazetteer

    Data Sources

    Harvest

    User

    Web Feature Service

    (WFS) and WFS-G

    Network View

    Gazetteer framework

    Portal

    Register App.

    Cross-walk

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 20

  • Infrastructure agnostic

    Data Custodian

    Data

    Gazetteers

    WFS (G)

    User

    Discovery Access and use

    Infrastructure

    INASDI

    UNSDI Global

    infrastructures

    Framework Admin

    Gazetteer

    framework

    portal ArcGIS

    Applications

    User

    The gazetteer framework – set of integrated index to spatial data across SDIs

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 21

  • • An infrastructure – system of systems

    • Improved process and management – identity, change

    • Standardised data structures - multiple names, status, representations for one real world feature

    • Standardised data access – web services and models

    • Reusable tools and applications

    • Leverage the crowd – tagging and extending gazetteers

    • Links from index to source systems

    Key Features

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 22

  • The “game changers”

    • Linked Data (using the Web better)

    • Governance: UN-OICT, INSPIRE etc

    • Cloud Computing

    • Locally relevant global data sets

    • Crowd-sourcing

    UNSDI Gazetteer Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia | Paul Box | Page 23

  • Thank you CSIRO Paul Box Project Leader

    t +61 2 9325 3122 e [email protected]

    CSIRO Laura Kostanski Gazetteer Expert

    t +61 425 711094 e [email protected]

    www.csiro.au/gazetteer