Trip Report for Lima Pelagic and to Cusco Overland via Apurimac 2016-01-04¢  1 MANU...

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Transcript of Trip Report for Lima Pelagic and to Cusco Overland via Apurimac 2016-01-04¢  1 MANU...

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    NOVEMBER 22-24 2015

    Trip report and Redaction: Barry Walker

    This leg of the trip was a very good decision – a quick 3-day journey from Lima to Cusco overland – spectacular scenery and a whole suite of Peruvian endemic birds

    and range restricted species and some great general birding to boot. It was amazing how many special birds we recorded in just 3 days including around 12 true endemic and 18 range restricted species including some special pelagic birds.

    BIRDING LOCALITIES Callao Dock S 12 03 969 W 077 09 496 Pelagic at Chumming S 12 08 064 W 077 45 271 Nazca Fields 14°49'21.69"S 74°52'20.78"W 600 meters Puquio 14°41'32.07"S 74° 7'17.26"W 3200 meters One of the High lakes Above Puquio 14°37'52.34"S 73°56'49.35"W 4400 meters Birding spot above Abancay S 13 32 108 W 072 51 3682 meters Huanipaca Road S 10 01 017 W 072 53 071 3890 meters Cusco 13°30'59.40"S 71°58'37.80"W 3300 meters

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    DAY BY DAY ACTIVITIES November 22nd: The group assembled for this leg of the journey in Lima. We were joined by 2 other seafarers and headed to Callao dock and off we went into the morning past the tip of San Lorenzo Island – 35 nautical miles out to an underwater canyon where we did our chumming, saw what we saw, and returned via Cavinzase and El Fronton Islands on the way back. Quick departure for the long drive to our country hotel near Nazca (very brief stop at Villa Marshes), where Olivia graced us with a tasty dinner and beer. Night in Nazca. Departments of Lima and Ica. November 23rd: We awoke to the song of Slender-billed Finch and did some pre breakfast birding around the winery. After breakfast we drove the stretch from Nazca to just outside Chalhuanca where we stayed at the pleasant Tampumayu Country Hotel at 2580 meters. Stops were made Km. 22 -23.5 1400 meters, Km 38 2000 meters and Puqio at 3195 meters. We also stopped at he Pampas Galleras Reserve. Our highest altitudes were from 3775- 4350 meters. Departments of Ica, Ayacucho and Apurimac. November 24th: After breakfast birding it along a side track opposite the hotel at 2675 meters where we quickly picked up our target – the usheri race of Pale-tailed Canastero whence we started our journey to Ollantaytambo after breakfast but with important stops along the way after passing through Abancay. We first stopped at kilometer 803 at 3368 meters on the Abancay side of the pass and then took the side road to Huanipaca. Finishing here we made a quick stop at the Inca ruins of Tarawasi, an Incan ceremonial center built from precisely carved blocks of granite. Departments of Apurimac and Cusco. THE BIRDLIST * = Heard E = Peruvian endemic RR = Restricted-range species Conservation Status = follows Birdlife International (2014) Taxonomy = follows South American Check-list (2015) – mostly….. Family: ANATIDAE Andean (Ruddy) Duck – Oxyura (jamaicensis) ferruginea Quite a few on higher lakes and Villa Marshes. Oxyura ferruginea is split from O. jamaicensis (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001; Jaramillo 2003, Dickinson 2003); SACC does not (thus Clements!) Andean Goose - Ossochen melanoptera Commonly seen on the higher parts of the Andes. Now in a newly created genus along with Orinoco Goose Torrent Duck - Merganetta armata turneri Around 16 counted on the Chalhaunca River. How on earth does this species cope “acoustically” by living in such torrential waters? Crested Duck - Lophonetta specularioides 100’s on the lakes above Puquio Yellow-billed (Speckled) Teal - Anas flavirostris Common on the high Puna. Yellow-billed Pintail - Anas georgica Fairly common on lakes near Puquio. Puna Teal - Anas puna Common on lakes near Puquio

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    Torrent Duck male

    Family: PODICEPDIDAE White-tufted Grebe – Rollandia rolland Common on weedy lakes. Named for Master Gunner Rolland of the French Corvette L’Unite which circumnavigated the globe 1817-1820 Great Grebe Podiceps major Two on the ponds at Villa Marshes Silvery Grebe - Podiceps occipitalis Many on the high puna lakes Family: PHOENICOPTERIDAE Chilean Flamingo- Phoenicopterus chilensis 150+ on the high lakes above Puquio Family: SPHENISCUS RR Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humbolti Seen on the San Lorenzo islands but also swimming in the ocean. Only found in the Humboldt Current off the coast of Peru and Chile. Named for the impressive sounding Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt, Prussian geographer, naturalist, explorer, and influential proponent of romantic philosophy. VULNERABLE Family: DIOMEDEIDAE RR Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata About 10 of this rare Albatross - many seen well. It has an extremely small breeding range, essentially confined to one island, and evidence suggests that it has experienced a substantial recent population decline. It breeds on south Española Island in the Galápagos Islands, and (perhaps) on Isla de la Plata off Manabí province, Ecuador (Croxall and Gales 1998). Breeding adults travel to the Peruvian upwelling region to feed (Anderson and Cruz 1998, H. Vargas and F. Cruz in litt. 2000), and in the non-breeding season birds

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    move mainly east and southeast into the waters of the Ecuadorian and Peruvian continental shelf (Tickell 1996, Anderson and Cruz 1998,) CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

    Waved Albatross – Barry Walker

    Family: PROCELLARIDAE RR White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis Not many on this trip – around 8 VULNERABLE RR Pink-footed Shearwater Ardenna creatopus 20+ seen well. This species has a very small breeding range at only three known locations, which renders it susceptible to stochastic events and human impacts. If invasive species, harvesting of chicks, by catch in fisheries or other factors are found to be causing population declines, then the species would warrant up listing to Endangered VULNERABLE Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea Many 200+ at least RR Galapagos Shearwater Puffinus subalalaris It was quick and on the opposite tack but one for sure – black under tail coverts were the giveaway. Breeds exclusively on the Galapagos Islands but are relatively common dispersing north to Mexico and south to Peru especially in El Nino years. The taxon subalaris of the Galapagos Islands is traditionally treated as a subspecies of P. lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater. However, genetic data (Austin et al. 2004, Pyle et al. 2011) strongly indicate that subalaris is a species-level taxon closely related to P. nativitatis Christmas Island Shearwater and only distantly related to P. lherminieri. Murphy (1927) long ago noted the morphological distinctiveness of this taxon. Family: PELACANOIDIDAE RR Peruvian Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides garnotii In Peru, there were c.12,000-13,000 pairs on San Gallán and La Vieja Islands in 1995-1996; these numbers are supplemented by additional, though small, colonies off Chile. Named for M. Prosper Garnot (1794- 1838) French naturalist and collector. ENDANGERED

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    Family: HYDROBATIDAE Fuegian Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus chilensis Status unclear but fairly common in Peruvian waters in the austral winter RR Elliot’s (White-vented) Storm-Petrel Oceanites gracilis Common in Peruvian waters but so far not known to breed – we saw the nominate gracilis which so far is only known to breed on two islands off Chile. DATA DEFICIENT

    Elliot’s and Black Storm Petrel’s – David Fisher

    RR Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tethys This species can be found off the coast of North America and South America, from Baja California (Mexico) in the north to central Chile in the south. It breeds on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, and on Pescadores and San Gallan and San Lorenzo Islands, Peru. Two distinct subspecies we saw the kelsalli subspecies

    Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel

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    RR Markham’s Storm Petrel Oceanodroma markhami Well we may well have been misidentifying these for the most part erroneously off Callao in the past. We previously thought any large dark Storm Petrels were this species but recent publications by Steve Howell have made us rethink and appears bot this and Black Storm Petrel are present, the latter being more common and distributed more inshore, Markham’s being more highly pelagic. Breeds on the Paracas Peninsular in Peru and near Arica in Chile, in the Atacama Desert. We saw for sure one –others may have escaped. DATA DEFICIENT RR Ringed (Hornby’s) Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi Breeding grounds as yet unknown but captures in the city of Lima indicate breeding in the Atacama Desert or Andean Foothills. Fairly common on our pelagic 10-15 seen. Named for Admiral Phipps Hornby (1785- 1861) British naval officer and commander in the Pacific. DATA DEFICIENT

    Ringed (Hornby’s) Storm-Petrel

    Black Storm Petrel Oceanodroma melania 15-20 seen Family: PHAETHONTIDAE Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus Rare in Peru. One seen circling the boat high, and photographed. Family: SULIDAE Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii 4 on Cavinzase Island was a vagrant it being an El Nino year. Peruvian Booby Sula variegata Common Humboldt Current guano bird.

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    Brown Booby Sula leucogaster 1 immature on Cavinzase Island was a vagrant it being an El