Trần Văn Thái-DH8D

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WRITING SKILL. Trần Văn Thái-DH8D. CONTENTS. THREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITING Vietnamese-English translation Grammar Styles II. GUIDELINES. VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION. Translating word by word from Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Trần Văn Thái-DH8D

  • Trn Vn Thi-DH8D

  • CONTENTSTHREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITINGVietnamese-English translationGrammarStylesII. GUIDELINES

  • VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATIONTranslating word by word from Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)This causes grammar and vocabulary mistakesReaders cannot understand

  • 1. He is difficult.Difficult unsociable (strict)2. We took a bath in the sea when we went to Ha Tien Beach.Took a bath swam EXAMPLES OF WORD BY WORD TRANSLATION

  • COMMON GRAMMAR MISTAKES Wrong verb tenses Misuse of confusing structures Adjective order Position of adverbs Run-on sentences Fragment sentences Subject-verb agreement Using articles

  • TENSES OF VERBEX: Before the Second Word War Einstein has discovered his famous formula E=MC2Has discovered had discovered

  • CONFUSING STRUCTURESEX: USE TO / TO BE USE TO- Men are used to believing in their superiority over women- Men used to believe in their superiority over women Writers misuse grammar structures that have similar forms but different meanings

  • ADJECTIVE ORDERA large old oval painting5. COLOR (green/black/red) A small square black and white photograph6. WHERE FROM (French/Russia/Vietnamese) An ugly modern American car7. MATERIAL MADE OF (silver/paper/plastic) A pink Japanese silk blouse1. OPINION (enjoyable/horrible/boring) An enjoyable film2. DIMENSION (SIZE) (large/tiny/heavy) A disgusting little insect3. AGE (old/young/modern) A beautiful tall young woman4. SHAPE (round/square/rectangular)NOTE: do not use more than three adjectives before a noun

  • ADVERB ORDER1. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of TIMZ I go for a walk round the park every day 2. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of TIME I go for a walk round the park very slowly every day 3.Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of FREQUENCY + Adv. TIME I go for a walk round the park very slowly twice every day

  • FRAGMENTSWrong: He was very happy. Because he had passed the examRight: He was very happy because heSPLITTING OF INFINITIVESPoor: I told him to carefully drive on slippery street.Better: I told him to drive carefully on slippery street.PLURAL / SINGULAR NOUNSWrong: If a pupil studies hard, they will pass the examRight: If a pupil studies hard, he or she will pass the exam Or If pupils study hard, they will pass the examCOMMON MISTAKES IN SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

  • MISTAKES OF WRITING STYLES1. Formal Informal writing style2. Directness

  • Express your ideas clearly Write good sentences which show UnityCoherenceEmphasis

  • VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION Use sentence patterns Think in english as much as possible Reduce the use bilingual dictionary Write drafts Check & correct mistakes

  • Organise your ideas carefully Learn and practice grammar structures Do not write over three lines each sentence! Read a lot Writing journal

  • GUIDELINES1. VARY SENTENCE LENGTH AND PATTERNSEX: I have a little brother. His name is Tom. Hes now in the eighth form. His fovourite subject at school is English. I have a little brother whose name is Tom. He is now in the eighth form and his favourite subject is English.

  • GUIDELINES2. USE COORDINATION, COMPOUNDING, SUBORDINATION, REDUCTIONEX: Poor: He is not a good pupil. He passed the examination successfully.Better: He is not a good pupil, but he passed the examination successfully.Weak: He got good marks in the exam. His parents rewarded him.Clear: His parent rewarded him when he got good mark in the exam.

  • On-line resources for writers http:// owl. trc. purdue. edu/ by-topic.html http://www.coe.uncc.edu/~brmattin/adds.htmlhttp://webserver.maclab.comp.uvic.ca/ writersguide/Essay/ EssaysTOC. html http:// sti.larc. nasa. gov/ html/Chapt3/Chapt3-TOC.htmlhttp://www. hut. fi. / ~rvilmi / LangHelp/ Writing/

  • www.themegallery.com

  • TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT STUDY THE CORRECT SPELLING OF A NEW WORD CAREFULLYLOOK AT IT ATTENTIVELYPRONOUNCE IT ALOUDSYLLABLE BY SYLLABLETRY TO SEE THE PRINTED WORD IN YOUR MINDALLOW YOURSELF TO CHECK THE SPEELING THAT YOU ARE UNSURE.

  • TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT MASTER A LIST OF MISSPELLED WORDSPractice writing these troublesome words several times.

  • TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENTMASTER THE RULES OF SPELLING. IN SPITE OF EXEPTIONS, THOSE RULES ARE TRUE MOST OF THE TIMETHE FINAL Y RULETHE FINAL E RULERULE FOR DOUBLING A FINAL CONSONANTRULES FOR FORMING PLURALSTHE IE-EI RULE

  • 4Rule for Forming Pluralsin generaladd -sroad roadsending in -s, -ss, -z, -sh, -chadd -esdish dishedending in consonant+"y"change "y""i"+"-es"skyskiesending in vowel+"y"keep "y"+"-s"monkey monkeysending in "f" change "f""v"+"-es"leaf leavesending in "o"add "-es"tomato tomatoes

  • HAIRCOLOR, HAIRSTYLE, FACE, DISTINGUISHING FEATURES, PERSONALITY, DRESS, ACCESSORIES, MOOD/FEEL, HOBBIES, FAMILY BACKGROUNDDISCRIBING PEOPLE

  • PERSONALITYaggressiveamusingcalmneatfashionableshytalkativerefinedoptimisticpessimisticmouseyreliableelegantspunky