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    Chapter 8 ResourcesTimesaving Tools

    Interactive Teacher Edition Access your Teacher Wraparound Edition andyour classroom resources with a few easy clicks.

    Interactive Lesson Planner Planning has never been easier! Organize yourweek, month, semester, or year with all the lesson helps you need to maketeaching creative, timely, and relevant.

    Use GlencoesPresentation Plus!multimedia teacher tool to easily present

    dynamic lessons that visually excite your stu-dents. Using Microsoft PowerPoint you can customize the presentations to create your ownpersonalized lessons.

    The following videotape programs are availablefrom Glencoe as supplements to Chapter 8:

    Marco Polo: Journey to the East(ISBN 1565016688)

    Genghis Khan: Terror and Conquest(ISBN 1565015789)

    To order, call Glencoe at 18003347344. To findclassroom resources to accompany many of thesevideos, check the following home pages:A&E Television: www.aande.comThe History Channel: www.historychannel.com

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    TEACHING TRANSPARENCIESTEACHING TRANSPARENCIESChapter Transparency 8 L2

    Graphic Organizer StudentActivity 8 Transparency L2

    Graphic Organizer 4:

    Tree Diagram CHAPTER TRANSPARENCY 8

    The Asian World (4001500)

    Map OverlayTransparency 8 L2

    Asia Under the Mongols

    0 600 1200 Miles

    0 600 1200 1800 Kilometers

    POLAND

    HUNGARY

    CAUCASUSGEORGIA

    SYRIAARMENIA

    A F R I C AA R A B I A I N D I A

    AFGHANISTAN

    KASHMIR

    SUMATRA

    JAVA

    BURMAVIETNAM

    JAPAN

    S I B E R I A

    CEYLON

    M O N G O L I A

    WU-T'AISHAN

    KANSU

    MALAYPENIN.

    CoromandelCoast

    Venice

    Constantinople

    Hormuz

    Baghdad

    Bokhara

    SamarkandKashgar

    CalicutCochin

    Palembang

    Mandalay

    Canton

    Quanzhou

    Hangzhou

    Khanbaliq(Beijing)

    Karakorum

    Mecca

    Aden

    Moscow

    Kiev

    R.

    Medi terranean Se aBrahmaputra R.

    Volg

    a

    R.

    I n d i a n

    O c e a n

    Caspian

    Sea

    S ou

    t he r

    nS

    ea

    GrandCanal

    Ya

    ngtze R

    .

    H ua

    n g

    KerulenR.

    Indu

    s

    Danube R. Black Sea

    A r a b i a nS e a

    B a y o fB e n g a l

    Nile

    R.

    R.MESOPOTAMIA

    Map Overlay Transparency 8

    Enrichment Activity 8 L3

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    Name Date Class

    In the United States, we measure yearsofficially by recording how long it takesfor the earth to revolve once around thesun. This method is called a solar calen-dar, and it corresponds accurately withthe seasons of the year. However, in order

    Enrichment Activity 8

    to calculate the solar year, a scientistneeds instruments to measure the angleof the sun as it shines on the earth. Sincemany ancient cultures lacked these instru-ments, they relied on a lunar calendarinstead.

    Happy New Year! Chinese Style

    DIRECTIONS: Answer the questions below in the space provided.

    1. What is the difference in length between a solar year (365 days) and a non-leap lunaryear? __________________________________________________________________________

    2. How long is an average solar month, one-twelfth of a solar year? ___________________

    3. What is the difference between the length of an average solar month and the length ofa lunar month?__________________________________________________________________

    4. Considering this difference, how many lunar months would pass before the lunar calen-dar was 30 days (approximately a lunar month) behind the solar calendar? Based on this,after how many lunar months should a leap month be added to the lunar calendar?

    5. Although the Chinese calendar is still used for calculating the timing of holidays, the solarcalendar is the official one used by government and commerce. Why do you think this is so?

    Alunar calendar is based on the cycle of the moons phases, which can be observed withoutthe use of scientific instruments. According to the traditional Chinese calendar, the year ismade up of 12 lunar months. A lunar month is about 29.5 days long. This is the time it takes forthe moon to pass through a complete cycle of phases, from full moon to new moon to fullmoon.

    A year made up of 12 lunar months is shorter than a solar year. After a few years, lunar andsolar calendars are out of synchronization. To correct this, a leap month is periodically addedto the Chinese lunar calendar. Even so, Chinese holidays do not fall on the same solar-calendardates each year. For example, Chinese New Year can occur anytime between January 21 andFebruary 19 on the solar calendar. By contrast, New Years Day on the solar calendar is alwaysJanuary 1.

    Primary Source Reading 8 L2

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    Buddhism and Everyday Life

    Buddhism spread quickly throughout southern and eastern Asia in thecenturies following the Buddhas death. Monks and disciples from Indiataught the ethical and religious messages of the Buddha to people inChina, Japan, and Korea. In time, disputes over the nature of the Buddha him-self led to the separation of Buddhism into Theraveda and Mahayana. Thefollowing excerpt is taken from a Theraveda text, which viewed the Buddhanot as a divine being but as an inspired human teacher.

    Guided Reading In this selection, read to learn how Buddha counseled his followers to lead virtuous lives.

    Once when the Lord [the Buddha] was stay-ing in the Bamboo Grove at Rajagaha, Singala, ahouseholders son, got up early, went out fromRajagaha, and, with his clothes and hair still wetfrom his morning ablutions [bathing], joined hishands in reverence and worshiped the severalquarters of earth and skyeast, south, west,north, above, and below. Now early that samemorning the Lord dressed himself, and withbowl and robe went into Rajagaha to beg hisfood. He saw Singala worshiping the quarters,and asked him why he did so.

    When my father lay dying, Singalareplied, he told me to worship the quartersthus. I honor my fathers words, and respect andrevere them, and so I always get up early andworship the quarters in this way.

    But to worship the six quarters thus is notin accordance with noble conduct.

    How then, Sir, should they be worshiped inaccordance with noble conduct? Will the Lord beso good as to tell me?

    Listen then, said the Lord, and Ill tellyou. Mark well what I say!

    I will, Sir, Singaala replied. And the Lordspoke as follows:

    If the noble lay-disciple has given up thefour vices of action, if he does no evil deed fromany of the four motives, if he doesnt follow thesix ways of squandering his wealth, if he avoidsall these fourteen evilsthen he embraces thesix quarters, he is ready for the conquest of bothworlds, he is fortunate both in this world andthe next, and when his body breaks up on hisdeath he is reborn to bliss in heaven.

    What are the four vices of action that hegives up? They are injury to life, taking what is

    not given, base conduct in sexual matters, andfalse speech. . . .

    What are the four motives of evil deedswhich he avoids? Evil deeds are committed frompartiality, enmity, stupidity, and fear.

    And what are the six ways of squanderingwealth? They are addiction to drink, the cause ofcarelessness; roaming the streets at impropertimes; frequenting fairs; gambling; keeping badcompany; and idleness. . . .

    There are four types who should be lookedon as enemies in the guise of friends: a graspingman; a smooth-spoken man; a man who onlysays what you want to hear; and a man whohelps you waste your money.

    The grasping man is an enemy on fourgrounds: he is grasping; when he gives a little heexpects a lot in return; what duty he performs hedoes out of fear; and he only serves his owninterests.

    The smooth-spoken man is an enemy onfour grounds: he speaks you fair about the past;he speaks you fair about the future; he tries towin you over by empty promises; but whentheres something to be done he shows his short-comings.

    The man who only says what you want tohear is an enemy on four grounds: he consentsto an evil deed; he doesnt consent to a goodone; he praises you to your face; but he runs youdown behind your back.

    The wastrel is an enemy on four grounds:he is your companion when you drink; whenyou roam the streets at improper times; whenyou go to fairs; and when you gamble.

    But their are four types who should belooked on as friends true of heart: a man who

    P R I M A R Y S O U R C E R E A D I N G 8

    APPLICATION AND ENRICHMENTAPPLICATION AND ENRICHMENTHistory SimulationActivity 8 L1

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    HANDOUT MATERIAL

    Territorial TracksClue Sheet

    Sample Clue:

    A city located on a harbor and facing the Yellow Sea.

    Answer:

    Seoul, Korea

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    8H I S T O R YS I M U L A T I O NAC T I V I T Y

    Historical SignificanceActivity 8 L2

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    Islam was the driving force behind many nationalist movements in the Middle Eastand also led to a split