THE ZEN DEFINITION ¢â‚¬â€œ A GUIDELINE FOR THE ZEN PILOT AREAS...

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  • THE ZEN DEFINITION – A GUIDELINE FOR THE ZEN

    PILOT AREAS VERSION 1.0

    ZEN REPORT No. 11 – 2018

    Wiik, Fufa, Baer, Sartori and Andresen | SINTEF / NTNU

  • ZEN REPORT No. 11 ZEN Research Centre 2018

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    ZEN REPORT No. 10 ZEN Research Centre 2018

    ZEN Report No. 11 Marianne Kjendseth Wiik1), Selamawit Mamo Fufa1), Daniela Baer1), Igor Sartori1) and Inger Andresen2) 1) SINTEF Building and Infrastructure 2) Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU THE ZEN DEFINITION – A GUIDELINE FOR THE ZEN PILOT AREAS. Version 1.0 Keywords: GHG Emissions, Energy, Power, Mobility, Economy, Spatial qualities ISBN 978-82-536-1608-7 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) | www.ntnu.no SINTEF Building and Infrastructure | www.sintef.no https://fmezen.no

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    Preface Acknowledgements This report has been written within the Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities (FME ZEN). The authors gratefully acknowledge the support from the Research Council of Norway, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), SINTEF, the municipalities of Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Bodø, Bærum, Elverum and Steinkjer, Trøndelag county, Norwegian Directorate for Public Construction and Property Management, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Norwegian Building Authority, ByBo, Elverum Tomteselskap, TOBB, Snøhetta, Tegn_3 , Asplan Viak, Multiconsult, Sweco, Civitas, FutureBuilt, Hunton, Moelven, Norcem, Skanska, GK, Caverion, Nord-Trøndelag Elektrisitetsverk (NTE), Smart Grid Services Cluster, Statkraft Varme, Energy Norway and Norsk Fjernvarme. The Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods (ZEN) in Smart Cities The ZEN Research Centre develops solutions for future buildings and neighbourhoods with no greenhouse gas emissions and thereby contributes to a low carbon society. Researchers, municipalities, industry and governmental organizations work together in the ZEN Research Centre in order to plan, develop and run neighbourhoods with zero greenhouse gas emissions. The ZEN Centre has nine pilot projects spread over all of Norway that encompass an area of more than 1 million m2 and more than 30 000 inhabitants in total. In order to achieve its high ambitions, the Centre will, together with its partners:

    • Develop neighbourhood design and planning instruments while integrating science-based knowledge on greenhouse gas emissions;

    • Create new business models, roles, and services that address the lack of flexibility towards markets and catalyse the development of innovations for a broader public use; This includes studies of political instruments and market design;

    • Create cost effective and resource and energy efficient buildings by developing low carbon technologies and construction systems based on lifecycle design strategies;

    • Develop technologies and solutions for the design and operation of energy flexible neighbourhoods;

    • Develop a decision-support tool for optimising local energy systems and their interaction with the larger system;

    • Create and manage a series of neighbourhood-scale living labs, which will act as innovation hubs and a testing ground for the solutions developed in the ZEN Research Centre. The pilot projects are Furuset in Oslo, Fornebu in Bærum, Sluppen and Campus NTNU in Trondheim, an NRK-site in Steinkjer, Ydalir in Elverum, Campus Evenstad, NyBy Bodø, and Zero Village Bergen.

    The ZEN Research Centre will last for eight years (2017-2024), and the budget is approximately 380 million Norwegian kroners, funded by the Research Council of Norway, the research partners NTNU and SINTEF, and the user partners from the private and public sector. The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is the host and leads the Centre together with SINTEF.

    https://fmezen.no @ZENcentre FME ZEN (page)

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    The editors would like to thank all practitioners and researchers for their contributions. The list below includes the names of the authors that have contributed the most to the various fields: GHG Emissions: Marianne Kjendseth Wiik (SINTEF) and Selamawit Mamo Fufa (SINTEF). Energy: Igor Sartori (SINTEF) and Inger Andresen (NTNU). Power/Load: Igor Sartori and Inger Andresen. Mobility: Selamawit Mamo Fufa, Michael Klinski (SINTEF) and Daniela Baer (SINTEF). Economy: Selamawit Mamo Fufa, Michael Klinski and Marianne Kjendseth Wiik. Spatial Qualities: Daniela Baer, Brita Fladvad Nielsen (NTNU), and Taru Uusinoka (NTNU). In addition, the ZEN definition guideline was sent for internal hearing to ZEN researchers and all ZEN partners. The editors would like to thank all ZEN partners for their contributions.

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    Sammendrag Hensikten med denne rapporten er å gi en veiledning til hvordan de ulike vurderingskriteriene og nøkkelindikatorene i ZEN definisjonen (klimagassutslipp, energi, effekt, mobilitet, økonomi, og stedskvaliteter) kan vurderes og følges opp i ZEN pilotprosjekter. Rapporten gir en beskrivelse av relevante evalueringsmetoder, og gir en oversikt over data som er nødvendig for å gjøre evalueringene. Videre gir rapporten en kort beskrivelse av pilotområdene i ZEN, med tilhørende hovedutfordringer. Målgruppen for veilederen er aktører som er involvert i planlegging og utvikling av ZEN pilotområder, samt andre som er interessert i dette området. Denne første versjonen av en veileder for ZEN pilotområder viser også begrensninger og utfordringer mht. til videre arbeid, som vil bli adressert i fremtidige utgaver av rapporten.

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    Abstract The objective of this report is to provide a guideline for how the assessment criteria and key performance indicators (KPIs) covered under each category of the ZEN definition (GHG emissions, energy, power/load, mobility, economy and spatial qualities) may be assessed and followed up in ZEN pilot projects. The guidelines explain relevant evaluation methodologies, focusing on what types of data that could be used to access the criteria and KPIs, how these data could be collected, and how the fulfilment of the KPIs could be documented. Furthermore, the guidelines illustrate briefly the ZEN pilot projects and main challenges identified in their development. The target group of the ZEN definition guideline is the different actors involved in ZEN pilot projects and other interested parties in the field. This first version of the ZEN guideline report highlights the limitations and scope for further work, which will be addressed in future editions of the ZEN definition report.

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    Contents Preface ..................................................................................................................................................... 3

    Sammendrag ............................................................................................................................................ 5

    Abstract ................................................................................................................................................... 6

    1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 8

    1.1 Sustainability assessment of neighbourhoods ..................................................................... 9

    1.2 Experiences from the research centre on zero emission buildings ................................... 10

    1.3 The ZEN definition guideline report................................................................................. 13

    2 Definitons .................................................................................................................................... 15

    2.1 Definition of ZEN ............................................................................................................. 15

    2.2 What makes up a neighbourhood? .................................................................................... 16

    2.3 Assessment criteria and key performance indicators ........................................................ 17

    2.4 Pilot projects ..................................................................................................................... 18

    2.5 Project phases ................................................................................................................... 19

    2.6 Phases of development ...................................................................................................... 23

    2.7 Reference project and reference values ............................................................................ 23

    3 ZEN definition categories ........................................................................................................... 25

    3.1 GHG emissions ................................................................................................................. 26

    3.2 Energy ............................................................................................................................... 37

    3.3 Power / Load ..................................................................................................................... 44

    3.4 Mobility .