The following types of muscle tissue and nervous tissue are covered in this activity: 1.Skeletal...

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Transcript of The following types of muscle tissue and nervous tissue are covered in this activity: 1.Skeletal...

  • Slide 1
  • The following types of muscle tissue and nervous tissue are covered in this activity: 1.Skeletal muscle (muscles attached to the skeleton) 2.Smooth muscle (muscles lining hollow organs) 3.Cardiac muscle (heart) 4.Nervous tissue (nervous system)
  • Slide 2
  • Various membranes are also covered: 1.Cutaneous membranes 2.Mucous membranes 3.Serous membranes (parietal and visceral layers) a. Peritoneum abdominal organs b. Pericardium heart c. Pleura lungs
  • Slide 3
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.10a Muscle tissues. (a) Skeletal muscle Description: Long, cylindrical, multinucleate cells; obvious striations. Function: Voluntary movement; locomotion; manipulation of the environment; facial expression; voluntary control. Location: In skeletal muscles attached to bones or occasionally to skin. Photomicrograph: Skeletal muscle (approx. 460x). Notice the obvious banding pattern and the fact that these large cells are multinucleate. Nuclei Striations Part of muscle fiber (cell)
  • Slide 4
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.10b Muscle tissues. (b) Cardiac muscle Description: Branching, striated, generally uninucleate cells that interdigitate at specialized junctions (intercalated discs). Function: As it contracts, it propels blood into the circulation; involuntary control. Location: The walls of the heart. Photomicrograph: Cardiac muscle (500X); notice the striations, branching of cells, and the intercalated discs. Intercalated discs Striations Nucleus
  • Slide 5
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. (c) Smooth muscle Description: Spindle-shaped cells with central nuclei; no striations; cells arranged closely to form sheets. Function: Propels substances or objects (foodstuffs, urine, a baby) along internal passage- ways; involuntary control. Location: Mostly in the walls of hollow organs. Photomicrograph: Sheet of smooth muscle (200x). Smooth muscle cell Nuclei Figure 4.10c Muscle tissues.
  • Slide 6
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.9 Nervous tissue. Photomicrograph: Neurons (350x) Function: Transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors and to effectors (muscles and glands) which control their activity. Location: Brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Description: Neurons are branching cells; cell processes that may be quite long extend from the nucleus-containing cell body; also contributing to nervous tissue are nonirritable supporting cells (not illustrated). Dendrites Neuron processes Cell body Axon Nuclei of supporting cells Cell body of a neuron Neuron processes Nervous tissue
  • Slide 7
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11 Classes of membranes. Cutaneous membrane ( skin Mucosa of nasal cavity Mucosa of lung bronchi Mucosa of mouth Esophagus lining Parietal pericardium Visceral pericardium (a) Cutaneous membrane (the skin) covers the body surface. (b) Mucous membranes line body cavities open to the exterior. (c) Serous membranes line body cavities closed to the exterior. Parietal peritoneum Visceral peritoneum Parietal pleura Visceral pleura
  • Slide 8
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11a Classes of membranes. Cutaneous membrane (skin) (a) Cutaneous membrane (the skin) covers the body surface
  • Slide 9
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11b Classes of membranes. Mucosa of nasal cavity Mucosa of lung bronchi Mucosa of mouth Esophagus lining (b) Mucous membranes line body cavities open to the exterior
  • Slide 10
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11c Classes of membranes. Parietal pericardium Visceral pericardium (c) Serous membranes line body cavities closed to the exterior Parietal peritoneum Visceral peritoneum Parietal pleura Visceral pleura
  • Slide 11
  • What kind of tissue does this represent? Where in the body can you find this tissue? Skeletal muscle muscles attached to the skeleton
  • Slide 12
  • What kind of tissue does this represent? Where in the body can you find this tissue? Smooth muscle muscles lining hollow organs
  • Slide 13
  • What kind of tissue does this represent? Where in the body can you find this tissue? Cardiac muscle heart
  • Slide 14
  • What kind of tissue does this represent? Where in the body can you find this tissue? Nervous tissue nervous system
  • Slide 15
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11a Classes of membranes. Membrane covers the body surface Cutaneous membrane (skin)
  • Slide 16
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11b Classes of membranes. Membranes line body cavities open to the exterior Mucosa of nasal cavity Mucosa of lung bronchi Mucosa of mouth Esophagus lining
  • Slide 17
  • Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 4.11c Classes of membranes. Membranes line body cavities closed to the exterior Parietal pericardium Visceral pericardium Parietal peritoneum Visceral peritoneum Parietal pleura Visceral pleura