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Transcript of The Adventures of Huck Finn - Northwestern High · PDF fileThe Adventures of Huck Finn. Mark...

  • The Adventures of

    Huck Finn

  • Mark Twain

    Real Name: Samuel Langhorne Clemens

    Mark Twain: a phrase Mississippi riverboat

    crews used to signify that the water was 2

    fathoms deep, and thus passable for the boat. (How many feet is that? Remember, you learned that during Old Man and the Sea)

    Born 1835 in Florida, Missouri

    Moved to Hannibal, Missouri, at age 4; lived

    there, along the banks of the Mississippi River

    until age 18.

  • Mark Twain

    Born to a slave-holding family

    Became a printers apprentice at age 17

    Returned to Missouri at age 21 for his

    dream job as a Mississippi riverboat

    pilot, the most desirable job he could


    Career cut short by Civil War. He

    enlisted in Confederate Army; deserted

    2 weeks later

  • Mark Twain

    Went west and worked as a writer,

    reporter (Nevada, California)

    In 1866, he traveled to Europe and

    Middle East, wrote Innocents Abroad.

    Married in 1870 into an abolitionist


  • Mark Twain

    Received honorary degrees from Yale &


    Died 1910

    Halleys Comet

    In 1835, the year Samuel Clemens was born,

    Halley's Comet passed over. Twain vowed that

    he would not die until he saw the famous comet

    again. Then, just before Twain died, Halley's

    Comet passed over. He died the next day--April

    10th, 1910 at 6:30 P.M.

  • Mark Twain The Humanist

    Though born into a slave-holding family, Twain became a vocal activist against all forms of racism.

    Wrote about the persecution of Chinese laborers in San Francisco.

    In 1885, wrote a letter to the Yale Law School dean explaining why he wanted to pay the tuition for Warner McGuinn, one of the first African Americans admitted to Yale Law School.

  • We have ground the

    manhood out of them and the

    shame is ours, not theirs,

    and we should pay for it.-Mark Twain

  • Damn these human

    beings. If I had invented

    them, I would go hide my

    head in a bag.

    -Mark Twain

  • Often it does seem a pity

    that Noah and his party did

    not miss the boat.

    -Mark Twain

  • When I was a boy of fourteen my father was so ignorant I could hardly stand to have the old man around. But when I got to be twenty-one, I was astonished at how much the old man had learned in seven years.

    -Mark Twain

  • Let us endeavor so to live

    that when we come to die

    even the undertaker will be


    -Mark Twain

  • It is better to keep your

    mouth shut and appear

    stupid than to open it and

    remove all doubt.

    -Mark Twain

  • Mark Twain

    Other Famous Works:

    Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County

    Innocents Abroad

    Roughing It

    Prince and the Pauper

    Life on the Mississippi

  • Mark Twain

    First major writer to:

    Use real American speech (and not only in dialogue)

    Deal with themes and topics that were

    important to Americans

    Treat the concerns of Americans seriously

  • Mark Twain

    Detested the hypocrisy of the world which insisted on the importance of conventional manners while ignoring inner corruption. (appearance vs. reality)

    Believed the dictates of conscience should take precedence over the dictates of society. (conscience vs. conformity)

    Glorified the individual who escapes contamination by society. (individuality vs. conformity)

    Considered the peak period of nobility in a persons life to occur during youth. (youth = noble vs. age = immoral)

  • All American literature comes

    from one book by Mark

    Twain called The Adventures

    of Huckleberry Finn.-Ernest Hemingway

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Is on all the suggested reading lists for allcolleges in Indiana

    1st real American book departs from the sophisticated English novel tradition.

    Introduces American Regionalism focuses on the characters, dialect, customs, and other features of a particular region.

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Twain researched southwestern dialects

    for authenticity in his story.

    Dialect = the version of language

    spoken by the people of a particular

    region or social group.

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Is written in the vernacular

    Vernacular = the everyday spoken language of a particular locality/group, as distinguished from its formal, literary language

    Huck the narrator uses the vernacular of a poor, Southern boy (about age 14)

    Jim uses the vernacular of an adult male Southern slave

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Uses many idioms (very American)

    Examples: break a leg, kick the bucket, wild goose chase, bark up the wrong tree, keep tabs on

    Differs from slang - idioms use known words for new meanings, not new words.

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Published in 1885; story takes place in 1830s or 1840s. The Civil War occurs after the story takes place, but before it is published. Therefore

    He is writing about slavery, but after it has been abolished.

    He employs zeitgeist - the spirit of the time; general trend of thought or feeling characteristic of a particular period of time.

    American audiences after the Civil War wanted Realism, not Romanticism; he gave it to them.

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    After writing approximately half of the book, Twain returned to the Mississippi River in the early 1880s and traveled down the river for inspiration.

    He was appalled by the post-Civil War era treatment of former slaves.

    The second half of book takes on darker tone.

  • Huckleberry Finn is a book

    of mine where a sound

    heart and a deformed

    conscience come into a

    collision and conscience

    suffers defeat.

    -Mark Twain

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Twain, a lifelong humorist and satirist, uses satirethroughout the novel

    Satire = a humorous form of social criticism. Poking fun at human vices and follies with the intent of bringing about social change.

    Modern examples include: Saturday Night Live, The Daily Show, Scary Movie, Weird Al Yankovich, Mad TV

    Look for satire when Huck is highly complimentary of people

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Controversy: HF is the most frequently challenged/banned book in American high schools

    Uses the N-word 215 times; it appears on nearly every page.

    Use of the N-word is jarring, shocking, appalling. Makes readers uncomfortable. Did Twain intend that?

  • Exploring the Controversy:

    The N Word

    nigger derives from the French negre, the Spanish negro, and the Latin niger. All mean black.

    First recorded in 1587 as negar, a dialectal pronunciation of negro in northern England and Ireland.

    -Anti-Bias Study Guide, Anti-Defamation League, 1998

  • Exploring the Controversy:

    The N Word

    In the U.S., nigger was first used as a

    derogatory way of distinguishing a black

    man who shared the same first name as

    a white man.

    Considered an abusive slur when used

    by a white person.

  • Exploring the Controversy:

    The N WordUsed rightly or wrongly, ironically or seriously, of necessity for the sake of realism, or impishly for the sake of comedy, it doesnt matter. Negroes do not like it in any book or play whatsoever, be the book or play ever so sympathetic in its treatment of the basic problems of the race. Even though the book or play is written by a Negro, they still do not like it. The word nigger, you see, sums up for us who are colored all the bitter years of insult and struggle in America.

    -Langston Hughes in The Big Sea

  • Exploring the Controversy:

    The N Word

    In recent years, a belief is present that

    the word can be defused and reclaimed

    by its use in youth culture through song

    lyrics and comedy.

    However, most adults continue to view

    the word as offensive and harmful.

  • Exploring the Controversy:

    The N Word In general, who can or cant say the word?

    When, if ever, can it be said?

    How do you feel about the use of the word?

    Is the use of the word in the classroom different from its use outside the classroom?

    Is it different to read a text by an African American who uses it than it is to read it in a text by a white person? Why or why not?

    Does the use of the word in a classic literary work give students authority to use the word outside of the classroom?

  • 60 Minutes tackles the N-word in Huck Finn.(12 min video)

  • Is this controversy still relevant?

    Yes! Colts Cheerleader vs ignorance

    Yes! Classic Books [TKAM & Huck Finn]

    Yanked From Virginia County Schools after

    Parent Complaint December 1, 2016

    Yes! Virginia school board unanimously

    rejects mothers request to pull literary

    American classics December 7, 2016