Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission TVEC...

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1 TVEC NEws March, 2012 ISSN 2012 - 5054 Terary and Vocaonal Educaon Commission Research Convention - 2011 TVEC undertook a research program in 2011 in association with DTET and VTA where 09 research studies were conducted related to a range of issues by the Researchers of the TVET sector. The research studies were on the thematic areas of tracer surveys, linkages between TVET and general education, effectiveness of SEPI (Self Employment Promotion Initiative) loan scheme, gender participation of training, NVQ implementation issues and provision of TVET for vulnerable persons. Findings and recommendations of the studies were presented to a wide gathering of TVET stakeholders at the Research Convention held on 22nd December 2011 at the NVTI auditorium, Narahenpita. The occasion was graced by the Secretary, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Skills Development (MYASD) and was attended by senior officials of the Ministry, TVEC and other training organisations, academia and private sector training institutions. The photograph depicts below the inauguration took place in the presence of Secretary of the Ministry, Chairman and Director General and Deputy Director General of the TVEC. n,h ,;a ksmqK;d mdol we.hSïlrejka m;aflf¾ cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï l%uh ms<sn`oj fufyhqï w;afmdf;ys i`oyka jk wdldrhg cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï m%Þdkh lsrSu i`oyd l< hq;= we.hSï lghq;= j, fhoS ta ms<sn`oj w;aoelSï ,o we.hSïlrejka f;dard TjqkA n,h ,;a we.hSïlrejka f,i ;D;Shsl yd jD;a;Sh wOHdmk fldñIka iNdj úiska m;al, hq;=j we;' 2005 jif¾ werUqKq fuu cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï msßkeófï jevms<sfj, hgf;a fï jk úg iy;sl m;a 50"000 lg jeä m%udKhla ksl=;a lr we;s w;r" wod, we.hSï lghq;= isÿlsÍu msKsi ksmqK;d mdol we.hSïlrejka oyilg jeä m%udKhla ,shdmosxÑ ù we;' ksl=;a fldg we;s cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï ms<sn`oj ;D;Shsl yd jD;a;Sh wOHdmk fldñIka iNdfõ we;s o;a;j,g wkQj lrk ,o we.hSï w;ßka jeäu we.hSï ixLHdjla lr we;s ksmqK;d mdol we.hSïlrejka 150 fofkl= f;dard Tjqkaf.ka b,a¨ï m;a le`ojk ,oS' f;dard .;a we.hSïlrejka w;ßka 109 fofkl= m%;spdr olajk ,o w;r bka 92 fofkl= fï ms<sn`oj jQ ,sÅ; mÍlaIKhlg fmkS isák ,oS' bka wk;=rej mej;s iïuqL mÍlaIKj,g fudjqka fhduq lrk ,o w;r iïuqL mÍlaIK i`oyd fmkS isá we.hSïlrejka w;ßka 76 fofkl= fj; n,m;a ,ndoSug fldñiu úiska ;SrKh lrk ,oS' contd.....to page 05 contd.....to page 05
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  • 1

    TVEC NEws

    March, 2012

    ISSN 2012 - 5054

    Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission

    Research Convention - 2011

    TVEC undertook a research program in 2011 in association with DTET and VTA where 09 research studies were conducted related to a range of issues by the Researchers of the TVET sector. The research studies were on the thematic areas of tracer surveys, linkages between TVET and general education, effectiveness of SEPI (Self Employment Promotion Initiative) loan scheme, gender participation of training, NVQ implementation issues and provision of TVET for vulnerable persons.

    Findings and recommendations of the studies were presented to a wide gathering of TVET stakeholders at the Research Convention held on 22nd December 2011 at the NVTI auditorium, Narahenpita. The occasion was graced by the Secretary, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Skills Development (MYASD) and was attended by senior officialsof the Ministry, TVEC and other training organisations, academia and private sector training institutions. The photograph depicts below the inauguration took place in the presence of Secretary of the Ministry, Chairman and Director General and Deputy Director General of the TVEC.

    n,h ,;a ksmqK;d mdol we.hSïlrejka

    m;aflf¾

    cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï l%uh ms

  • 2

    Southern VET Plan ready for implementation

    Bhutan officials trained by TVEC

    Development of Southern VET Plan has been completed and available for implementation. It is a comprehensive document that analyses demand for and supply of skills in the province. Southern province is subjected to a rapid development drive with the development of a seaport in Hambantota and an international airport in Mattala. Number of industries are to be established around the seaport and the airport that would create employment at various levels. It is the responsibility of the TVET sector to train youth who could find employment in these industries. In order to facilitate this task, the Southern VET Plan estimated the persons to be trained at various occupa-tions. Training institutes are expected to refer the VET Plan and prepare their action plans in line with the recom-mendations given in the VET Plan.

    The TVEC intends implementing the VET Plan in the province with the cooperation of the Provincial Council and District Secretaries of the 3 Districts - Galle, Matara and Hambantota, with effect from 1st quarter 2012.

    TVET Guide 2012 now available at the TVEC Library…

    The “TVET Guide 2012” which contains vocational and technical training programmes in TVEC registered public sector and accredited training programmes in private sector in 2012 is now available at the TVEC Library. This publication is prepared with the intention of assisting students, career guidance and counselling services for youth in selecting vocational training opportunities.

    Labour Market Information Bulletin, June-2011

    unemployment information of the country. The informa-tion presented in this bulletin is vital for stakeholders in understanding the current demand and supply situation for skilled labour and in identifying the current trends in the job market.

    Labour Market Infor-mation Bulletin for the 1st half 2011 is now available at the TVEC. The data collected through primary and secondary sources on demand for and supply of labour is analysed and pre-sented in this publica-tion. It also provides employment and

    TVET has conducted a two - week training programme on Development and Implementation of Quality Assurance System in TVET Sector for a team of senior officials of Bhutan from 12th -23rd December 2011. Another two - week training Programme on NVQ Qualification Develop-ment and Competency Based Assessment for another team of officers of the same Ministry was also conducted from 09th -20th January 2012.The photo depicts below a session in progress.

    "The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet."

  • 3

    QMS Established in CoTs

    Colleges of Technology in Kandy and Anuradhapura awarded QMS Certificates upon successful establish-ment of QMS at respective College of Technology. The TVEC has developed QMS as a “Process approach” based on ISO 9001:2008 and as per SLS IWA 2:2007 guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 in the Education Sec-tor. Meanwhile, the Kurunegala and Badulla CoTs also are preparing their documents to establish QMS.

    NVTI-Narahenpita and the other two organisations from private sector are also preparing QMS documents to es-tablish QMS in their colleges.

    oehg lsre< cd;sl ixj¾Ok m%o¾Ykh 2012

    úfYaIfhka cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï l%uh úoyd oelaùu i|yd

    m%o¾Yk l=áhla bosrsm;a lrk ,os' 2012 fmnrjdß ui mj;ajkq

    ,enQ oehg lsre< ixj¾Ok m%o¾Ykhg iuÕdój wkqrdOmqrh

    iy fmdfk wmøjH fufyhqï

    iydhl˜ kï NVQ iy;slh" fmroekqu we.hSfï l%ufhka m%Odkh lrk ,È'

    OrganisationNo. of Registered

    Institutes up to 31st December 2011

    No. of Accredited Courses up to

    December 2011

    Public Sector Training Institutes 345 652

    Private Sector Institutes/ Non Government Organizations

    456 303

    Total 801 955

    Status of Registration and Accreditation

    Figure 2: Distribution of Accredited Courses by Organisation type

    "Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school."

    New Appointments

    Seven new Development Officers were appointed to TVEC Team since 2nd January, 2012.

    Mr.D.N.I.D.De Silva

    Mrs. P. M. Chandani Mr. P. G. Ananda

    Miss.B.S.J.Vipulsi

    Mr.Y.L.A.S.R.Liyanaarachchi Mr.H.S.Abeygunathilaka

    Miss.H.M.A.D.K.Herath

    Recruitments

    Promotions

    68%

    32%

    Public Sector Training Institutes

    Private Sector Institutes/ Non Government Organizations

  • 4

    wdOqksl;aj yd /lshdia: mqyqKqfõoS (On the Job Training) oskfmd;la ,súh hq;af;a [email protected] î'tÉ'tia' iqrùr, ksfhdacH wOË ckrd,a, [email protected]

    wdOqksl;aj yd /lshdia: mqyqKqfõoS jevlsÍu ;=,ska bf.kSu

    wfmalaId lrhs' jev lsÍfïos tla tla wh tla tla m%udKfhka

    bf.kSu ,nhs' jevlsÍfïos Bg wod, yelshdj yd oekqu

    ,efí'fuysoS ,nk oekqu my; i`oyka mßoS uÜgï follska

    isÿfõ'

    1 Habitual Skills Knowledge - ksrka;rj mqreoq jQ yelshdjka ms

  • 5

    we.hSï lghq;= j, ix>;Ndjh ;yjqre

    lr,Sfï ;j;a jevuq¿ fm,la'

    cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqoqiqlï m%odkh lsrSfï wruqKska ksmqK;d mdol

    we.hsï lrejka w;ska isÿjk we.hsï lghq;=j, ix>;Ndjh

    ;yjqre lsrSfï wruqKska tla tla jD;a;Skays we.hSï lghq;= lsrSu

    i`oyd ,shdmosxÑ ù we;s we.hsïlrejkaf.a iyNd.S;ajfhka

    jevuq¿ meje;aùu óg jir 3 lg muK fmr ;D;Shsl yd

    jD;a;Sh wOHdmk fldñIka iNdj úiska wdrïN lrk ,oS'

    tu jevuq¿ fmf,ys ;j;a jevuq¿ lsysmhla .;jQ jifrys

    foieïn¾ udih ;=,oS mj;ajk ,oS' boslsÍï Ys,amS ^fmof¾re&"

    oej ;dlaIK Ys,amS ^f.dvke.s,s&"fyo iyldr" rEm,djkH

    Ys,amS yd ysiflia fudaia;r Ys,amS hk jD;a;Skag wod,j fuu

    jevuq`M my ^5& meje;aúKs' tu jevuq`M w;ßka fyo iyldr

    jD;a;sh i`oyd mej;s jevuq`Mj i`oyd tu jD;a;Sh i`oyd jk

    cd;sl jD;a;Sh iqÿiqlï m%odkh lsÍu i`oyd ;D;Shsl yd jD;a;Sh

    wOHdmk fldñIu úiska m%;S;kh lrk ,o mdGud,d mj;ajk

    y,dj; —fgla ú;dksld˜" l=,shdmsáh —ishdis˜ yd .ïmy —SMI˜ hk wdh;khkays m%OdkSka we;=¨j tu mdGud,dj Ndr m%Odk

    mqyqKqlreo iyNd.sùu olakg ;snQ úfYaI ,laIKhla úh'

    iEu jevuq`Mjlgu mdfya tlajq ksmqK;d mdol we.hsïlrejka

    ish¨fokdu b;du;a Wkkaÿfjka jevuq`Mj, lghq;= j,g

    iyNd.s jQ w;r tysoS jeo.;a ;SrK lSmhlau .ekSug yelsúh'

    tfia .kakd ,o ;SrK wod< ish¨u we.hsïlrejka fj; okajd

    heùug lghq;= lrk ,o w;r tu ;SrK wkQj bosß we.hSï

    lghq;= isÿlsÍug ;D;Shsl yd jD;a;Sh wOHdmk fldñIka

    iNdj woyia lrhs'

    wm rfgys ;D;Shsl yd jD;a;Sh wOHdmk yd mqyqKq fËa;%h

    ;=, m%:u j;djg isÿjQ fuu n,m;a ,ndoSu ft;sydisl f,i

    jeo.;a mshjrla úh' fuu n,m;a ,ndoSu fh!jk lghq;= yd

    ksmqK;d ixj¾Ok wud;H .re v,ia w,ymafmreu ue;s;=udf.a

    m%Odk;ajfhka bl=;a foieïn¾ ui 26 jk osk ksmqK;d msh-

    fiys msysá —mshfiak .uf.a˜ Y%jKd.drfhaoS W;aijdldrfhka

    isÿ lrk ,oS' fuu W;aijh i`oyd fh!jk lghq;= yd

    ksmqK;d ixj¾Ok wud;HxYfha f,alï iQ'fia' fyajdm;srK"

    w;sf¾l f,alï ^jD;a;Sh mqyqKq& ta' wd¾'foaYm%sh we;=¨ tu

    wud;HxYfha fcaHIaG ks

  • 6

    Migration from NCICT to ICT Technician NVQ Level 4 Course

    The subcomponent “IT for Rural Youth” was added to Skills Development Project (SDP) in 2000, and was arranged to construct a National Center for IT for five regional and 45 rural IT centers to improve access to IT skills-training programs, particularly for rural communities. As a result, access to IT facilities and training programs has been in-creased. As the outcome of the project, one national, five regional, and 59 rural IT centers were made fully opera-tional. Staff has been trained, and two conventional pro-grams were developed for the National Certificate in In-formation and Communication Technology (NCICT) and a National Diploma in Information and Communication Tech-nology (NDICT). At the time, when NCICT started, NVQ system was not finalized and to match with the current demand for IT courses, NCICT and NDICT courses were started with the funding of ADB.

    Content of NCICT ( 720 Hrs)

    1. Office Automation - Microsoft Word2. Office Automation - Microsoft Excel3. Office Automation - Microsoft PowerPoint4. Office Automation - Microsoft Access5. Internet and WWW6. Basic Data Communication Concepts7. MS-DOS8. Windows9. Photoshop10. HTML Programming11. System Analysis and Design12. Programming Techniques & Data Structures13. Visual Basic

    In 2003 when the NVQ was implemented, measures have been taken to implement following ICT courses under Competency Based Training (CBT) mode.

    Computer Application Assistant(L2&3) – 3 Months Computer Hardware Technician(L4) – 6 Months Computer Network Technician(L4) – 6 Months Computer Graphic Designer(L4) – 6 Months Desktop Publisher(L4) – 6 Months

    But there was no training course for general IT content in CBT mode and the need of the industry has been arisen to match with competency requirement in “all round person” in the ICT area. Responding to the rising demand for ICT skills in the industry, TVEC has decided to develop “ICT Technician” as a NVQ level 4 course. The unit content of the ICT Technician is as follows.

    ICT Technician (720 Hrs)List of Units Unit No. Level 1. Use the computer and manage files within K72S004U01 2 standard operating systems2. Perform Word Processing K72S004U02 3 3. Prepare Spreadsheets K72S004U03 3 4. Prepare presentation resources K72S004U04 3 5. Manage databases K72S004U05 3 6. Perform Internet and Electronic mail operations K72S004U06 2 7. Install configure, operate and maintain operating K72S004U07 4 systems and network services8. Develop Graphics for web and print product K72S004U08 49. Analyze , design and develop information systems K72S004U09 4

    It is evident that the ICT Technician is more updated and developed to deliver in CBT mode rather than the NCICT. Therefore TVEC has decided to replace NCICT with ICT Technician course and to convert the existing NCICT courses into ICT Technician level 4 courses. Also, it is planned to conduct common theory test to assess knowledge component followed by competency based assessment who are successful in the skills component.

    In this regard, few refresher trainer awareness programs were conducted at the institutional level. It is required to ap-ply for the accreditation of ICT Technician course and once the accreditation obtained, students are eligible to obtain NVQ certificates through common test and competency based assessments.

    "It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it."

  • 7

    Temasek Foundation and Nanyang Polytechnic Assisted to Train 160 TVET Professionals in Singapore.

    The trainer training programs are the key to build qualified trainers to deliver quality training programs in TVET sector. Therefore it is necessary to equip the staff with necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes. To fulfill this need, a series of trainer training programs have been successfully conducted by Nanyang Polytechnic International (NYPi), Singapore with the financial assistance of Temasek Foundation (TF), Singapore, under the leadership of Ministry of Youth Affairs and Skills Development to train 160 staff members in TVET sector in different categories.

    This grant was provided by Singapore Government based Temasek Foundation on the request and the proposal made by Mr. Janaka Jayalath, Director/Information Systems of TVEC. The focused centers and the groups were selected based on the data collected in fact finding mission and criteria proposed by the officials of TF, NYPi and Ministry in March 2011.

    The programmes were conducted according to the following schedule.

    Dat

    e

    No.

    of

    part

    icip

    ants

    Gro

    up

    Subj

    ect

    Dur

    atio

    n

    a. 15 – 19 Aug 20Senior Management

    leadership Training

    One week

    b. 22 Aug – 2 Sep 15Principals’ Training

    re-scheduled

    Two weeks

    c. 5 Sep – 16 Sep 15Principals’ Training

    Two weeks

    d. 5 Sep – 14 Oct 15Specialists Training

    Mechatron-ics

    Six weeks

    e. 5 Sep – 14 Oct 15Specialists Training Electronics

    Six weeks

    f. 31Oct – 18 Nov 20HOD Execu-tive Training

    Mechatron-ics

    Three weeks

    g. 21 Nov – 9 Dec 20HOD Execu-tive Training Electronics

    Three weeks

    h. 3 – 20 Jan 20HOD Execu-tive Training

    Precision Engineering

    Three weeks

    i. 6 - 24 Feb 20HOD Execu-tive Training Electronics

    Three weeks

    This training helped TVET sector staff to obtain necessary competencies and exposure to foreign system to enhance the TVET system in Sri Lanka. It is believed that foreign exposure will immensely assist to enhance the training delivery of their respective areas. Thereby it is expected to uplift the TVET sector of Sri Lanka through this staff development program. Also the kind of skills upgrading as a result of this program will benefit selected participating organizations under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Skills Development.

    The photo shows above a training session in progressParticipated Institutions

    1. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Skills Development2. Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission (TVEC) 3. University of Vocational Technology (Univotec) 4. Department of Technical Education and Training (DTET)5. National Apprentice and Industrial Training Authority (NAITA)6. Vocational Training Authority of Sri Lanka (VTA) 7. National Youth Services Council (NYSC) 8. Ceylon German Technical Training Institute (CGTTI)

    Furthermore it is expected that this capacity building program, designed with foreign exposure will be a turning point of recipient’s career and personnel life as this will bring unique lifetime advantage to the person and benefit to TVET sector in Sri Lanka. Also it is expected to launch benefit monitoring and evaluation through onsite programme review by the officials to evaluate the multiple effect after the training. Also a media event in this regard is arranged to be held in March 2012 under the patronage of Hon. Minister of Youth Affairs & Skills Development and senior officials of Temasek Foundation and Nanyang Poytechnic Singapore.

    The future belongs to those who prepare for it."

  • 8

    Guidance: B.H.S Suraweera (Actg. Director General)Editorial Committee: B.H.S Suraweera, J.A.D.J Jayalath, Ajith Polwatte, Vajira Perera, S.U.K Rubasinghe, Sunil Kapuge, Laksara Edirisooriya, Anura Weerakoon, Dilrukshi Herath.Translation Work : T. Senthuran

    Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission,‘Nipunatha Piyasa’, 354/2, Elvitigala Mawatha,Colombo 05, Sri Lanka.Phone:+94 (0)11 5849291Fax: +94 (0)11 2555007E- mail: [email protected], Web :www.tvec.gov.lk

    To:

    Second surveillance audit of ISO certification

    TVEC was successful at the second surveillance audit of ISO 9001:2008 certification, conducted by the Sri Lanka Standards Institution. TVEC was initially awarded the ISO certification by the SLSI in 2009. This time, the scope for ISO certification of TVEC has been expanded by incorporating the process for certifying of Quality Manage-ment Systems of Training Providers. Certifying process is one of the key Quality Assurance activities monitored by TVEC towards vocational training centers. Just after the success of the audit Mr. B.H.S.Suraweera, Act. Director General in his admirable speech to the staff expressed his gratitude on efforts made by the members and Management Representative, Mr. Vajira Perera in particular in achieving this success.

    nra;jpfs;

    3. njd; khfhzj;jpw;fhd tho;f;ifj;njhopy; fy;tp> gapw;rp (VET) jpl;lk; mKyhf;fYj; jahu;njd; khfhzj;jpw;fhd VET jpl;lk; jw;NghJ G+u;j;jpnra;ag;gl;L mKyhf;fYf;F jahuha; cs;sJ. jpl;lj;jpd; gupe;Jiufis khfhz rig kw;Wk; khtl;l nrayfq;fspd; xj;Jiog;G mKy;gLj;Jtjw;F ,t;thizf;FO cj;Njrpj;Js;sJ.

    4. TVET topfhl;b 2012 Mizf;FO E}yfj;jpy;........TVET topfhl;b 2012 Mtzj;jpy; Mizf;FOtpy; gjpTnra;ag;gl;Ls;s mur Jiw gapw;rp epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; jdpahu; Jiw gapw;rp epWtdq;fshy; elhj;jg;gLk; ew;rhd;Wg;gLj;jg;gl;l ghlnewpfs; gw;wpa tpguk; ,jpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,t;topfhl;bia Mizf;FO E}yfj;jpy; ngw;Wf;nfhs;syhk;.

    5. njhopw;re;ijj; jfty; gUtntspaPL (LMI) [{d; 20112011 Mk; Mz;bd; Kjy; miuahz;bw;fhd LMI gUtntspaPl;il jw;NghJ Mizf;FO mYtyfj;jpy; ngw;Wf;nfhs;syhk;.

    6. 2011 Mk; Mz;L jpnrk;gu; tiuapy; 895 gapw;rp epWtdq;fs; ,t;thizf;FOthy; gjpTnra;ag;gl;lJld; mtw;why; elhj;jg;gLk; 955 ghlnewpfs; ew;rhd;Wg;gLj;jg;gl;ld. ,tw;wpd; tpguk; ml;ltizapy; jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

    7. njhopy;El;gtpay; fy;Y}upfspy; (CoTs) ju Kfhikj;Jt Kiwik (QMS) jhgpg;G fz;b kw;Wk; mEuhjGuk; njhopy;El;gtpay; fy;Y}upfspy; QMS ntw;wpfukhf jhgpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJld; mtw;wpw;F rhd;wpjo;fSk; mspf;fg;gl;ld. mj;Jld; FUehfy; kw;Wk; gJis njhopy;El;gtpay; fy;Y}upfs; QMS I jhgpg;gjw;Fj; Njitahd mYty;fis Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;wd. NkYk; ehuN`z;gpl;l kw;Wk; ,U jdpahu; gapw;rp epWtdq;fSk; QMS I jhgpg;gjw;fhd mYty;fis Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;wd.

    8. Njrj;jpw;F kFlk; 2012 Njrpa mgptpUj;jp fz;fhl;rpnjhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tho;f;ifj;njhopy; fy;tpia nghJkf;fspilNa njupag;gLj;Jtij Fwpf;Nfhshff;nfhz;L fz;fhl;rpapy; ,t;thizf;FO jdJ gq;fspg;ig ey;fpaJ.

    9. njhopypd;Nghjhd gapw;rpay; (OJT) gapYeu;fs; jpdf;Fwpg; Ngl;il (Daily Diary) gad;gLj;Jtjd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; gw;wp jpU.gp.vr;.v];.RutPu> gpujp gzpg;ghsu; ehafk; mtu;fs; tpsf;fk;......

    10. ghlnewp njhopy;El;gtpahsu; kl;lk; 04 ,w;F ,lk;ngau;T.......

    11. 160 TVET njhopy;rhu;ghsu;fSf;F rpq;fg;G+upy; gapw;rp

    12. fzpg;gPl;L mYty;fspy; gf;frhu;gpd;ikia cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd nrayku;Tfs;

    13. Gjpjhf VO (07) mgptpUj;jp mYtyu;fs; epakdk;,t;thizf;FOtpw;F Gjpjhf 07 mgptpUj;jp mYtyu;fs; Nru;f;fg;gl;ldu;.

    14. ISO rhd;wpjOf;fhd ,uz;lhk; fz;fhzpg;G fzf;fha;T ,yq;if fl;lisfs; epWtdj;jhy; elhj;jg;gl;lJ.

    1. mDkjpg;gj;jpuk; ngw;w Nju;r;rprhu; fzpg;gPl;lhsu;fs;

    epakdk;

    mDkjpg;gj;jpuk; ngw;w Nju;r;rprhu; fzpg;gPl;lhsu;fSf;F

    epakdk; toq;Fk; itgtk; ,isQu; mYty;fs; kw;Wk;

    jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jp mikr;ru; nfsut jpU. ly];

    mofg;ngUk mtu;fspd; jiyikapy; 2011 Mk; Mz;L

    jpnrk;gu; khjk; 26 Me; jpfjp mikr;R tshfj;jpYs;s

    'gpaNrd fkNf" Nfl;Nghu; $lj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;wJ.

    ,t;itgtj;jpy; 76 fzpg;gPl;lhsu;fSf;F mDkjpg;gj;jpuk;

    toq;fg;gl;lJld; mikr;rpd; nrayhsu;> Nkyjpfr; nrayh-

    su;> epWtdj; jiytu;fs;> Mizf;FOtpd; jiytu;>

    Mizf;FOtpd; Kd;dhs; gzpg;ghsu; ehafk; kw;Wk; gjpy;

    gzpg;ghsu; ehafk; MfpNahUk; fye;Jnfhz;ldu;.

    2. Muha;r;rp khehL 2011

    ,t; Muha;r;rp khehL 2011 Mk; Mz;L jpnrk;gu; khjk; 22 Me;

    jpfjp ,isQu; mYty;fs; kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp mikr;rpd;

    nrayhsupd; jiyikapy; eilngw;wJ. khehl;by; xd;gJ

    (09) Muha;r;rpf; fw;iffspd; Njly;fSk; gupe;JiufSk;

    rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;ld. ,k;khehl;by; TVET JiwapYs;s mur kw;Wk; jdpahu; Jiw epWtdj;ijr; rhu;e;j mYtyu;fs;

    fye;Jnfhz;ldu;.