Teachng mthds &strategies

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Q:WHAT IS THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE IN FRONT OF YOU WHEN YOU ARE IN THE CLASS?

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

OBJECTIVES:By the end of the session ,the participants will be

able to:explain various methodologiesdescribe merits and demerits of some common

methods use innovative strategies according to the given

situations. plan methodology and strategies in a lesson plan present the plan

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Approach refers to the theory about the concept(ASUMPTION)

Method is the realization of an approach(PLAN)

A strategy is the realization of method+objectives

(TACTIC)It does not follow a single track as it changes

according to the demand of situation, interest,level,need and age.

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

TASK SHEET :1Questionnaire (10mins)

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Classroom Climate

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LECTURE Advantages

Allows maximum teacher control

Presents minimal threats to students or teacher

Able to accommodate larger numbers of students

Cost effective

Economy of time

Disadvantages Attempt to cover too much

material in given time

An easy teaching method but a far less effective learning strategy

Creates passive learners

Provides little feedforward to learners

May be boring One way communication Students are less motivated

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Group Discussion

Advantages: Excellent vehicle for affective

content Allows less experienced learners

to benefit from more experienced ones

Can stimulate critical thinking The most democratic way of

teaching. Grooms higher order thinking. Develops language and social

skills. Students are highly motivated. Students become active

participants. Teaches tolerance and respect

towards different point-of-views. Worthy for abstract ideas.

Disadvantages: Teacher may not feel in

control (20 sec pass) Sometimes difficult to keep

on track May be difficult to deal

with emotions that arise

Takes a great deal of preparation if done correctly

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Discovery Method

MeritsReal life experience boosts

motivation among learners.Fosters observational and

analytical skills. It develops understanding of

learning process among the learners.

Students learn problem solving Discovered concepts are easy to

remember.Discovery method is essentially

student-centered

DemeritsMethod is time consumingRequires highly skilled

teacherDemands intense planningNot-effective in big classes

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PROJECT/ASSIGNMENT METHOD Merits Practical Work Sense of Ownership Creativity involvement

Demerits Time Consumption

Difficult to assess individual performance in case of group project

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Games

Determination, explanation, and strict adherence to the rules of the game

Try out the game on friends before using it in class

Gather all necessary equipment ahead of class

Token prizes

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VIDEO TAPES / SLIDES

Strengths:interesting and

entertainingkeep students attentivelooks very professionalstimulates discussion

Limitations:can raise too much issues.expensive waydiscussion may not have

full participationIs really effective if the

facilitator prepares questions to discuss during the show or after the show

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ROLE PLAY

Strengths:Introduces problem

situation dramatically.Allows for exploration of

solutions.Provides opportunities to

practice skillsProvides opportunity to

assume roles of others and thus appreciate another point of view

Limitations:Not appropriate for

large groupsVery little number of

students can participate

Students may be too self-conscious

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Concept Mapping

Requires active participation of learnersStudents are able to access their own

thinking and find new associationsRequires critical thinkingBegins with a core concept Students are then to connect all other

concepts that they know are related to the core concept

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Concept Mapping

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TEACHING METHODS OF THE PROPHET(PBUH)

Repetition and enforcement Memorization Presentation Questions and answers Explanations and description Dialogue Discussion Debate Dictation Analogy Story telling Action and imitation Demonstration Examples Use of intellect Problem solving Individualization

•Preaching and reminders• Punishment• Play and leisure• Practice (inculcating habits)• Rhetorical questions• Persuasion and discouragement• Indications and physical movements• Drawing and demonstration• Similarities and contrasts• Competition• Experimentation and observation• Motivation• Enjoying the morally right and forbidding the morally wrong

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

STRATEGIES:•Pre/while/post Reading questioning strategy•Pre/while/post Writing questioning strategy •Skimming•Skanning•Simulation•Effective questioning•Kwl chart

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Pretest& post testsPresentationsDebatesLibrary researchFlash cardsFlow chartsInterviewsJigsaw puzzle Maps• Drama

• Timelines• Graphs,diagrams & charts• STT/TTT• Case study• Role play• Non examples• Story telling• Activity based/inquiry based strategies

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

STRATEGIES:Brainstorming

Approaches

Think, pair, share

Mix ability, same ability and random

groupsPictionary

Elicitation

peer checking

ICQs

CCQs

Hot seating

Lead in activity

Gallery walk

Wrap up techniques

Video/slides/tapes

Warmers/Energizers

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Task Sheet #2Group WorkRed.yellow blue,green,orange

Q: Discuss the following scenarios and brainstorm possible strategies as a group.(10 mins)

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METHODS AND STRATEGIES

TASK SHEET #3Group jigsaw 1,2,3,4,5

Select a topic and plan the methodology part in your lesson while incorporating innovative strategies with realistic time management.(15mins)

Presentations (10mins)Feed forward session

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THANK YOU !