Teachng mthds &strategies

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Transcript of Teachng mthds &strategies

Slide 1

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Q:WHAT IS THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE IN FRONT OF YOU WHEN YOU ARE IN THE CLASS?

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

OBJECTIVES:

By the end of the session ,the participants will be able to:

explain various methodologies

describe merits and demerits of some common methods

use innovative strategies according to the given situations.

plan methodology and strategies in a lesson plan

present the plan

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Approach refers to the theory about the concept(ASUMPTION)

Method is the realization of an approach(PLAN)

A strategy is the realization of method+objectives

(TACTIC)

It does not follow a single track as it changes according to the demand of situation, interest,level,need and age.

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

TASK SHEET :1

Questionnaire (10mins)

Classroom Climate

LECTURE

Advantages

Allows maximum teacher control

Presents minimal threats to students or teacher

Able to accommodate larger numbers of students

Cost effective

Economy of time

Disadvantages

Attempt to cover too much material in given time

An easy teaching method but a far less effective learning strategy

Creates passive learners

Provides little feedforward to learners

May be boring

One way communication

Students are less motivated

Group Discussion

Advantages:

Excellent vehicle for affective content

Allows less experienced learners to benefit from more experienced ones

Can stimulate critical thinking

The most democratic way of teaching.

Grooms higher order thinking.

Develops language and social skills.

Students are highly motivated.

Students become active participants.

Teaches tolerance and respect towards different point-of-views.

Worthy for abstract ideas.

Disadvantages:

Teacher may not feel in control (20 sec pass)

Sometimes difficult to keep on track

May be difficult to deal with emotions that arise

Takes a great deal of preparation if done correctly

Discovery Method

Merits

Real life experience boosts motivation among learners.

Fosters observational and analytical skills.

It develops understanding of learning process among the learners.

Students learn problem solving

Discovered concepts are easy to remember.

Discovery method is essentially student-centered

Demerits

Method is time consuming

Requires highly skilled teacher

Demands intense planning

Not-effective in big classes

PROJECT/ASSIGNMENT METHOD

Merits

Practical Work

Sense of Ownership

Creativity

involvement

Demerits

Time Consumption

Difficult to assess individual performance in case of group project

Games

Determination, explanation, and strict adherence to the rules of the game

Try out the game on friends before using it in class

Gather all necessary equipment ahead of class

Token prizes

VIDEO TAPES / SLIDES

Strengths:

interesting and entertaining

keep students attentive

looks very professional

stimulates discussion

Limitations:

can raise too much issues.

expensive way

discussion may not have full participation

Is really effective if the facilitator prepares questions to discuss during the show or after the show

ROLE PLAY

Strengths:

Introduces problem situation dramatically.

Allows for exploration of solutions.

Provides opportunities to practice skills

Provides opportunity to assume roles of others and thus appreciate another point of view

Limitations:

Not appropriate for large groups

Very little number of students can participate

Students may be too self-conscious

Concept Mapping

Requires active participation of learners

Students are able to access their own thinking and find new associations

Requires critical thinking

Begins with a core concept

Students are then to connect all other concepts that they know are related to the core concept

Concept Mapping

TEACHING METHODS OF THE PROPHET(PBUH)

Repetition and enforcement

Memorization

Presentation

Questions and answers

Explanations and description

Dialogue

Discussion

Debate

Dictation

Analogy

Story telling

Action and imitation

Demonstration

Examples

Use of intellect

Problem solving

Individualization

Preaching and reminders

Punishment

Play and leisure

Practice (inculcating habits)

Rhetorical questions

Persuasion and discouragement

Indications and physical movements

Drawing and demonstration

Similarities and contrasts

Competition

Experimentation and observation

Motivation

Enjoying the morally right and forbidding the morally wrong

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

STRATEGIES:

Pre/while/post Reading questioning strategy

Pre/while/post Writing questioning strategy

Skimming

Skanning

Simulation

Effective questioning

Kwl chart

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Pretest& post tests

Presentations

Debates

Library research

Flash cards

Flow charts

Interviews

Jigsaw puzzle Maps

Drama

Timelines

Graphs,diagrams & charts

STT/TTT

Case study

Role play

Non examples

Story telling

Activity based/inquiry based strategies

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

STRATEGIES:

Brainstorming ApproachesThink, pair, share Mix ability, same ability and random groupsPictionaryElicitation peer checkingICQsCCQsHot seatingLead in activityGallery walkWrap up techniquesVideo/slides/tapesWarmers/Energizers

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

Task Sheet #2

Group Work

Red.yellow blue,green,orange

Q: Discuss the following scenarios and brainstorm possible strategies as a group.(10 mins)

METHODS AND STRATEGIES

TASK SHEET #3

Group jigsaw 1,2,3,4,5

Select a topic and plan the methodology part in your lesson while incorporating innovative strategies with realistic time management.(15mins)

Presentations (10mins)

Feed forward session

THANK YOU !