Strategies That Enhance Critical Thinking

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    BSN 2D

    GROUP 2

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    As defined

    Critical thinking is that mode of thinking - about

    any subject, content, or problem - in which the

    thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking

    by skillfully taking charge of the structures

    inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual

    standards upon them

    is the intellectually disciplined process

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    IN COTRAST WITH THE

    UNCRITICAL THINKER

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    Critical Thinkers...

    "Are honest with themselves, acknowledgingwhat they don't know, recognizing their

    limitations, and being watchful of their own

    errors."

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Pretend they know more than they do,

    ignore their limitations, and assume their

    views are error-free."

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    Critical Thinkers...

    "Regard problems and controversial

    issues as exciting challenges."

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Regard problems and controversial

    issues as nuisances or threats to their

    ego."

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    Critical Thinkers...

    "Strive for understanding, keep

    curiosity alive, remain patient with

    complexity and ready to invest time to

    overcome confusion."

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Are impatient with complexity and thuswould rather remain confused than make

    the effort to understand."

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    Critical Thinkers...

    They revise judgments when new

    evidence reveals error."

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Base judgments on firstimpressions and gut reactions."

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    Critical Thinkers...

    "Are interested in other people's

    ideas"

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Are preoccupied with self and their

    own opinions

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    Critical Thinkers...

    Practice fair-mindedness, and seek a

    balanced view."

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Ignore the need for balance and give

    preference to views that support their

    established views."

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    Critical Thinkers...

    "Practice restraint and thinking before

    acting."

    UNcritical Thinkers...

    "Tend to follow their feelings and act

    impulsively."

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    Views Learning as

    A shared responsibility between teacher

    and learner

    Learners

    Empowered persons

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    Highest level of teaching

    Teacher serves as an observer

    Use of high-order level questioning

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    Answering a question by another

    question

    Interacting with the contents of the

    material

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    It utilizes a cooperative learning strategy

    where students argue on either two sides

    of an issue in hope of moving students

    from their advocacy position to a position

    that synthesizes all perspectives

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    Exposing the students to the real life

    problems

    Obtain the contents of learning as they

    go along solving the problem

    Teachers serve as expert resources