Soccer Fitness

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  1. 1. SOCCER FITNESS A SCIENCE BASED APPROACH MikeYoung, PhD Athletic Lab - Cary, NC Vancouver Whitecaps -Vancouver, BC
  2. 2. Opening Thoughts Assume nothing Question everything Common sense? Science is fundamental
  3. 3. GAME REQUIREMENTS
  4. 4. FITNESSTRAINING
  5. 5. YEARLYPLANNING
  6. 6. REDUCING INJURY
  7. 7. ATHLETEMO NITO RING
  8. 8. FATIGUE MANAGEMENT
  9. 9. GAME REQUIREMENTS
  10. 10. Technical REQUIREMENTS OFTHE GAME
  11. 11. Technical Tactical REQUIREMENTS OFTHE GAME
  12. 12. Technical TacticalPsychological REQUIREMENTS OFTHE GAME
  13. 13. Technical TacticalPsychological Physical REQUIREMENTS OFTHE GAME
  14. 14. Technical TacticalPsychological Physical REQUIREMENTS OFTHE GAME
  15. 15. Players cover average of 10-12km in a game (~6 miles) Game is 80-90 minutes of continuous activity 10-12km / 80-90 min = average pace of ~7km / hr (roughly 13 mile pace)
  16. 16. Players cover average of 10-12km in a game (~6 miles) Game is 80-90 minutes of continuous activity 10-12km / 80-90 min = average pace of ~7km / hr (roughly 13 mile pace) Logical conclusion.... run, run, run (slow & steady)
  17. 17. BUT....
  18. 18. Flaw of Averages
  19. 19. JUST THE FACTS, MAAM
  20. 20. FITNESS DEMANDS ANALYSIS OF MOTOR ACTIVITIES OF PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERSMARCIN ANDRZEJEWSKI,1,2 JAN CHMURA,3 BEATA PLUTA,1 AND ANDRZEJ KASPRZAK2 1 Faculty of Methodology and Recreation, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland; 2 KKS Lech Poznan S.A, Football Club, Poznan, Poznan, Poland; and 3 Faculty of Players Motor Activity, University School of Physical Education, Wrocaw, PolandABSTRACT Andrzejewski, M, Chmura, J, Pluta, B, and Kasprzak, A. Analysis of motor activities of professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 26(6): 14811488, 2012The objective of this study was to determine the distance covered by professional soccer players during matches with the use of the computer- ized match analysis system Amisco Pro (version 1.0.2, Nice, France). Kinematic examination included the specication of the distance covered by 31 players participating in 4 matches in the Union of European Football Association during the 200 tactical, and mental preparation from the players (23). Recently, much attention has been paid to the selection of players possessing proper anthropometric and efciency proles, thus providing for the possibility of systematic workouts that allow players to achieve optimum perfor- mance. The preparation of a player is frequently focused on the improvement of technical or tactical skills at the expense of developing motor abilities (2,3,17,22,27). Lik team sports, soccer als
  21. 21. ANALYSIS OF MOTOR ACTIVITIES OF PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERSMARCIN ANDRZEJEWSKI,1,2 JAN CHMURA,3 BEATA PLUTA,1 AND ANDRZEJ KASPRZAK2 1 Faculty of Methodology and Recreation, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland; 2 KKS Lech Poznan S.A, Football Club, Poznan, Poznan, Poland; and 3 Faculty of Players Motor Activity, University School of Physical Education, Wrocaw, PolandABSTRACT Andrzejewski, M, Chmura, J, Pluta, B, and Kasprzak, A. Analysis of motor activities of professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 26(6): 14811488, 2012The objective of this study was to determine the distance covered by professional soccer players during matches with the use of the computer- ized match analysis system Amisco Pro (version 1.0.2, Nice, France). Kinematic examination included the specication of the distance covered by 31 players participating in 4 matches in the Union of European Football Association during the 200 tactical, and mental preparation from the players (23). Recently, much attention has been paid to the selection of players possessing proper anthropometric and efciency proles, thus providing for the possibility of systematic workouts that allow players to achieve optimum perfor- mance. The preparation of a player is frequently focused on the improvement of technical or tactical skills at the expense of developing motor abilities (2,3,17,22,27). Lik team sports, soccer als Aerobic capacity is EXTREMELY important Average intensity approaches lactate threshold Mid-Fielders run the most
  22. 22. FITNESS DEMANDS MATCH ACTIVITIES OF ELITE WOMEN SOCCER PLAYERS AT DIFFERENT PERFORMANCE LEVELS MAGNI MOHR,1 PETER KRUSTRUP,1 HELENA ANDERSSON,2 DONALD KIRKENDAL,3 AND JENS BANGSBO 1 1 Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Department of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; 2 Department of Health Sciences, Orebro University, Sweden; 3 Center for Human Movement Science, Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina ABSTRACT We sought to study the physical demands and match per- formance of women soccer players. Nineteen top-class and 15 high-level players were individually videotaped in competitive matches, and time-motion analysis were performed. The players ity .1,300 times in a game correspond- total. The top- INTRODUCTION T he physical aspects of elite soccer players have been studied extensively in men (1,2,10,12,14 18,22,25). Less information exists regarding the physical demands in women soccer players (5,6,7, 11,19,24). Body dimensions (8) and maximum aerobic power (6,8,11,23) of women players have been determined in several studies. In addition, some studies have examined the activity atch play (2,24). However, the main focus hich is believed to be
  23. 23. MATCH ACTIVITIES OF ELITE WOMEN SOCCER PLAYERS AT DIFFERENT PERFORMANCE LEVELS MAGNI MOHR,1 PETER KRUSTRUP,1 HELENA ANDERSSON,2 DONALD KIRKENDAL,3 AND JENS BANGSBO 1 1 Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Department of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; 2 Department of Health Sciences, Orebro University, Sweden; 3 Center for Human Movement Science, Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina ABSTRACT We sought to study the physical demands and match per- formance of women soccer players. Nineteen top-class and 15 high-level players were individually videotaped in competitive matches, and time-motion analysis were performed. The players ity .1,300 times in a game correspond- total. The top- INTRODUCTION T he physical aspects of elite soccer players have been studied extensively in men (1,2,10,12,14 18,22,25). Less information exists regarding the physical demands in women soccer players (5,6,7, 11,19,24). Body dimensions (8) and maximum aerobic power (6,8,11,23) of women players have been determined in several studies. In addition, some studies have examined the activity atch play (2,24). However, the main focus hich is believed to be Top-class players perform more high intensity runs than lesser peers Fatigue develops temporarily & towards the end of a game Defenders have lower work rates than mid-elders & attackers
  24. 24. FITNESS DEMANDS
  25. 25. Straight sprints are the most dominant powerful action in decisive offensive situations in elite soccer Most decisive powerful movements ending in goals are made without the ball
  26. 26. POSITIONAL DEMANDS Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007) 6, 63-70 http://www.jssm.org Physical demands of different positions in FA Premier League soccer Jonathan Bloomfield 1 , Remco Polman 2 and Peter O'Donoghue 3 1 Sports Institute of Northern Ireland, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK, 2 Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, The University of Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, UK, 3 School of Sport, University of Wales Insti- tute Cardiff, Cardiff, UK Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical demands of English Football Association (FA) Premier League soccer of three different positional classifications (defender, midfielder and striker). Computerised time-motion video-analysis using the Bloomfield Movement Classification was undertaken on the purposeful movement (PM) performed by 55 players. Recogni- tion of PM had a good inter-tester reliability strength of agree- ment ( = 0.7277). Players spent 40.6 10.0% of the match performing PM. Position had a significant influence o time spent sprinting, running, shu still (p < 0.0 age, stature, body mass and body mass index have been recently identified between elite players of different posi- tions suggesting that players of particular size and shape may be suitable for the demands of the various playing positions (Bloomfield et al., 2005). In this respect, posi- tional role appears to have an influence on total energy expenditure in a match, suggesting different physical, physiological and bioenergetic requ enced by play Research article
  27. 27. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007) 6, 63-70 http://www.jssm.org Physical demands of different positions in FA Premier League soccer Jonathan Bloomfield 1 , Remco Polman 2 and Peter O'Donoghue 3 1 Sports Institute of Northern Ireland, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK, 2 Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, The University of Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, UK, 3 School of Sport, University of Wales Insti- tute Cardiff, Cardiff, UK Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical demands of English Football Association (FA) Premier League soccer of three different positional classifications (defender, midfielder and striker). Computerised time-motion video-analysis using the Bloomfield Movement Classification was undertaken on the purposeful movement (PM) performed by 55 players. Recogni- tion of PM had a good inter-tester reliability strength of agree- ment ( = 0.7277). Players spent 40.6 10.0% of the match performing PM. Position had a significant influence o time spent sprinting, running, shu still (p < 0.0 age, stature, body mass and body mass index have been recently identif