Smiles At Every Age Interactive Guide... > 0-6 By 6 months babys front teeth prepare to emerge....

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Transcript of Smiles At Every Age Interactive Guide... > 0-6 By 6 months babys front teeth prepare to emerge....

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Slide 2 Smiles At Every Age Interactive Guide... > 0-6 By 6 months babys front teeth prepare to emerge. Teeth often appear in pairs. Lower teeth usually arrive sooner than upper. >>7-12 Babys front teeth, or incisors, start peeking through gums. Beneath the gum, permanent teeth begin to develop. >>>13-24 Babys molars- the rear teeth used for chewing-now emerge. >>>>2-5 Your childs first dental visit. The roots of your childs baby teeth begin to dissolve, creating room for his permanent teeth. Slide 3 How Do I Care For My Infants Teeth?! How Do I Care For My Babys Teeth? >Good oral care starts from the beginning of your childs life. Even before his or her first teeth emerge, certain factors can affect their future appearance and health. For instance, tetracycline, a common antibiotic, can cause tooth discoloration. For this reason, they should not be used by nursing mothers or by expecting mothers in the last half of PREGNANCY. Slide 4 Since baby teeth usually emerge around six months of age, standard oral health procedures like brushing and flossing arent required for infants. However, infants have special oral health needs that every new parent should know about. These include guarding against baby bottle decay and making sure your child is receiving enough fluoride. Slide 5 What Is Baby Bottle Decay And How Can I Prevent It? Baby bottle decay is caused by frequent exposure, over time, to liquids containing sugars. These include milk, formula, and fruit juices. The sugar liquids pool around the teeth for long periods of time as your baby sleeps, leading to CAVITIES that first develop in the upper and lower front teeth. For this reason, you shouldnt let your baby fall asleep with a bottle of juice or milk in his/her mouth. Instead, at naptime, give your child a bottle filled with water or a pacifier recommended by your dentist. If you breast-feed, avoid letting the baby nurse continuously. And after each feeding, wipe your babys teeth and gums with a clean, damp washcloth or a gauze pad. Slide 6 What Is Fluoride And How Do I Know If My Baby Is Getting The Right Amount? Fluoride is beneficial even before your childs teeth begin to erupt. It strengthens the tooth enamel as the teeth are forming. In many municipal water supplies, the right amount of fluoride, and how much, call your local water district. If your water supply does not contain any(or enough) fluoride, talk to your pediatrician or dentist about fluoride drops that can be given to your baby daily. If you use bottled water for drinking and cooking, be sure to tell your doctor or dentist. They may prescribe fluoride supplements for the baby. Slide 7 Slide 8 How Do I Care For My Toddlers Teeth? Passing on good oral habits to your child is one of the most important health lessons you can teach them. This means helping him or her BRUSH twice a day, showing the proper way to FLOSS, limiting between- meal snacks and seeing your dentist regularly. Slide 9 Most dentists recommend that children start their DENTAL VISITS by the age of two. In addition to giving your dentist a chance to monitor your childs dental growth and development, this is your chance to learn about TOOTH DEVELOPMENT, the need for fluoride, how to help your child maintain PROPER ORAL HYGIENE, how to deal with your childs oral habits (such as pacifier use), diet and NUTRITION, and how to prevent ORAL INJURIES. Slide 10 Always emphasize that a dental visit is a positive experience. Explain to your child that visiting the dentist helps maintain good oral health. By fostering a positive attitude, youll increase the chance that your child will see a dentist regularly throughout life. Slide 11 What Should I Do When My Toddlers Teeth Begin To Erupt? Teeth start to erupt at about 6 months and continue until age 3. This causes many children to have tender gums, which can make them irritable. It helps to rub the gum with your finger, a small cool spoon or a frozen teething ring thats been placed in the freezer. There are also pain relief gels and medications. If your child has a fever when teething, its best to contact physician to rule out the possibility of some other kind of condition. Slide 12 Whats The Proper Way To Brush My Toddlers Teeth? Its a good idea to supervise your childs brushing until the age of 6, following the guidelines below: >Use a pea-sized amount of an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. Take care that your child doesnt swallow the paste. >>Use a toothbrush with soft bristle, brush inside surface of all teeth first, where plaque accumulates most. Angle bristle toward the gumline. Brush gently back and forth. >>> Clean all outside surface of teeth. Angle bristle toward the gumline. Brush gently back and forth. >>>>Place brush so bristle are on the chewing surface of the teeth. Brush gently back and forth Slide 13 Is Thumb Or Finger Sucking A Problem And How Can I Treat It? The sucking reflex is normal and healthy in babies. However, a thumb or finger sucking habit can cause problems with the growth of the mouth and jaw, and position of teeth, if it continues after permanent teeth have erupted, between four and seven years of age. Front teeth that point outward (sometimes called buck teeth) and an open bite may result from habitual thumb or finger sucking. This can cause problems in adulthood that include premature tooth wear, increased dental decay and discomfort on biting. Sucking on pacifiers after permanent teeth have erupted may cause similar problems. Slide 14 The best way to deal with thumb or finger sucking is through positive reinforcement, not negative words or behavior. Your child is only doing what feels natural to him or her. Praise your child when he/she is not sucking his thumb/finger. You may also want to focus on correcting the anxiety thats causing your child to suck her/his thumb/finger. You can remind your child of the habit by bandaging the thumb/finger, or putting on a sock over his hand at night. Bitter-tasting medication to coat the thumb can also be prescribed by your dentist or pediatrician. Slide 15 Pregnancy/ Prenatal Care And Oral Health? Can Oral Health Have An Effect On Pregnancy? Growing evidence suggests a link between gum disease and premature, underweight births. Pregnant women who have gum disease may be likely to have a baby that is born too early and too small. Slide 16 More research is needed to confirm how gum disease affects pregnancy outcomes. But it appears that disease triggers increased levels of biological fluids that induce labor. Data also suggests that when gum disease worsens during pregnancy, theres a higher risk of having a premature baby. Slide 17 What Can I Do To Ensure I Have A Healthy Pregnancy? The best advice to women considering pregnancy is to visit their dentist for a checkup and to treat any oral problems before becoming pregnant. Slide 18 During your pregnancy, your teeth and gums need special attention. Regular brushing and flossing, eating a balanced diet and visiting your dentist regularly will help dental problems that accompany pregnancy. Slide 19 What Oral Problems Might Develop During My Pregnancy? Studies show that many pregnant women experience pregnancy gingivitis- When dental plaque builds up on the teeth and irritates the gum. Symptoms include red, inflamed and bleeding gums. Slide 20 Pregnancy gingivitis occurs more frequently during pregnancy because the increased level of hormones exaggerate the way gums react to the irritants in plaque. However, its still plaque- not hormones- that is the major cause of gingivitis. Slide 21 Keeping your teeth clean, especially near the gumline, will help dramatically reduce or even prevent gingivitis during your pregnancy. And substituting sweet with more wholesome foods such as cheese, fresh fruits or vegetables is better for your teeth. Slide 22 What Can I Expect When I Visit My Dentist During My Pregnancy? First, be sure to let your dentist know youre pregnant when you schedule your appointment. Its best to schedule your dental visit during the fourth to sixth month of your pregnancy. This is because the first three months of pregnancy are thought to be of greatest importance in your childs development. During the last trimester, stresses associated with dental visits can increase the incidence of prenatal complication. Slide 23 Typically, X-rays, dental anesthetics, pain medications and antibiotics (especially tetracycline) are not prescribed during the first trimester, unless its absolutely necessary. During the last three months of pregnancy, sitting for long periods of time in the dental chair can become uncomfortable. And there is evidence that pregnant women can be more prone to gagging. Your dentist, however, is prepared for this situation. Slide 24 If you need to schedule an emergency visit, let the office know about your pregnancy before you arrive. Discuss any stresses, past miscarriages and drugs you are taking as these can all have an influence on how your dentist attends your needs. Your dentist may also want to consult with your physician before any treatment is started. Slide 25 If you have any doubts or concern, insist that your dentist and physician discuss your particular needs. If your dentist prescribes medication, do not exceed the prescribed dosage. This includes aspirin. Slide 26 Finding A Dentist How Do I Look For A Dentist? A good place to start is by asking for a referral from people you trust-your friends, family, acquaintances, work associates, pharmacist or family doctor. Ask them how long theyve gone to their dentist, they how comfortable they feel asking questions, what type of dentist they go to (general or specialist). It is important that you find a dentist with whom you feel comfortable. Slide 27 Other Ways To Find A Dentist Include: >Calling your local dental society for a list of recommended dentists in your