Sketching 365

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Packed with insightful, easy-to-follow tips and featuring a refreshingly diverse range of work from contemporary artists, Sketching 365 is a comprehensive, highly accessible guide that is guaranteed to appeal to aspiring artists of all levels.

Transcript of Sketching 365

  • CONTENTSINTRODUCTION BUILD YOUR CONFIDENCE ............. 06

    CHAPTER 1DRAWING BASICS............................ 12

    Learn ten new habits .............................. 14Learn how to see .....................................18How to draw what we see ........................22Mark-making .........................................24Measuring .............................................26Shape, form and volume .........................28Space and proportion .............................30Perspective ............................................32Lines and edges ................................... 34Light, shade and tonal values ..................38Identifying tonal values ...................... 40

    Working in monochrome ....................... 43Working in color .................................... 46Texture ..................................................49Working with reference photographs .......50

    Ways of drawing pictures ....................... 52Format and crop .................................... 54Emphasis, focus and contrast ..................56Balance and harmony ............................ 58Unity and variety ....................................60Rhythm, repetition and pattern ...............62Movement .............................................63Accuracy vs. creativity............................ 64How to progress .....................................66Self-assessment and improvement ......66Peer assessment ................................67Develop your drawing ..........................68Advanced drawing practice ..................69

    Preparing to frame .................................70

    Sketching Media by Liz Steel (Pen, ink and watercolor)

  • CHAPTER 2DECIDING WHAT TO DRAW ...............72

    Drawing from life ................................... 74Still life .............................................. 74People ............................................... 78Drawing the head ...............................80Life drawing .......................................82The clothed figure ..............................85Groups of people ................................86

    The natural world ...................................88Domestic animals ...............................88Wildlife ...............................................91Plants and flowers ..............................94

    Drawing places: Interiors ........................98Homes and rooms with a view .............98Cafs and restaurants ....................... 100Art galleries and museums ................ 102Queues and waiting rooms ................ 104Travel ............................................... 105

    Drawing places: Exteriors .......................106Buildings and streetscapes ................ 107Landscapes ...................................... 110Trees and vegetation .......................... 112Water and boats ................................ 116Skies and clouds ............................... 118Topographical drawing .......................120

    CHAPTER 3

    MIX UP YOUR MEDIA .................... 122

    Dry media ............................................124Graphite pencils, sticks and powder ...124Other types of pencils .......................126Colored pencils ................................128Pastels .............................................132Charcoal ..........................................136

    Wet media ...........................................138

    Pen and ink .....................................138Brushes ........................................... 141Watercolor ....................................... 142

    Digital media ...................................... 144Mixed media ........................................146Unusual supports for drawing ...............147

    Art paper and sketchbooks .................. 148Paper storage ...................................152Sketchbooks ....................................153

    Tools for drawing ..................................156Sharpeners ......................................156Scale drawing ................................... 157Erasers and masking fluid .................158Blending tools ..................................160Burnishing and indenting tools ...........161Studio and plein air equipment .........162

    Be confident! .......................................164

    DRAWING RESOURCES .................. 166

    Contributor index ..................................170Glossary ...............................................172

    Index ....................................................174Acknowledgments .................................176

  • 6INTRODUCTION BUILD YOUR CONFIDENCE

    USING THIS BOOKWhen I started to write this book, I was minded to create the type of book I wish Id had when I first started to draw. Over time you learn so muchso many tips, so many techniquesand its always good to share!

    Ive been reminded while writing of all the things that seem difficult to start with, many of which get easier with practice. You dont need to read this book from front to back; however, I do recommend you complete this section before deciding what to read next.

    Courtyard Outside Burlington House, London, England by Katherine Tyrrell (Pen, ink and colored pencil)

    WHAT IS DRAWING?Freehand drawing is an activity that is enjoyed by people of all ages. Its a natural, almost instinctive activity, but while its not unusual to see children and young people drawing, adults tend to give it up. Yet many look back on it with fondness, as something they enjoyed doing and want to be able to revisit.

    Do not fail, as you go on, to draw something every day, for no matter how little it is, it will be well worthwhile, and it will

    do you a world of good. Cennino Cennini (c.1370c.1440)

  • 7WHAT DO YOU THINK OF WHEN YOU THINK OF A DRAWING

    Drawings can be about a number of things. They can be observational, acting as a record of the things we see, and perhaps done in a cool and analytical style. They can also be imaginative, reinterpreting things and even presenting them as we think they should look. Lastly, they can draw on our emotions, reflecting the way we feel about a particular subject.

    There are various approaches we can take when drawing. For example, a realistic style would typically involve presenting an accurate and faithful record of our observations, whereas an impressionistic approach might offer a more fluid, instant impression of a moment in time. Expressionistic drawings, which present a subjective, sometimes emotional, response to objects or events.

    Drawing is, in fact, a basic foundation for all visual art, and this book touches on every aspect, from specific skills and techniques to practical tips.

    Barn Owl Feather by Sarah Morrish (Acrylic ink)

    Life Drawing by Katherine Tyrrell (Pen and ink)

    Chapter 1 introduces some of the more important concepts and skills associated with drawing, and Chapter 2 applies to these different subjects, providing further practical tips to help you develop.

    All the techniques and all the subject matter in this book can be drawn and sketched using ANY drawing media. You may be surprised what can be used for drawing. You can find out more about different types of drawing media and related tools and equipment in Chapter 3. Youll also see them demonstrated in the images throughout the book.

  • 21

    14

    Draw frequently so that drawing

    becomes instinctiveDrawing involves the brain as well as the hand. It requires you to make decisions and put thought into your work. Drawing every day, or as often as you can, is the very best way to improve your drawing ability. Once you have learned how to draw, practice is the key to improvement, as with any other activity, whether its playing the piano or driving a car. The more you draw, the more instinctive the process will become, and in time you will find yourself making decisions about a drawings development on an almost subconscious level.

    Start with a five-minute drawing

    Drawing from observationrather than from photosis a skill that takes time and practice to develop. You can practice by doing a quick five-minute drawing every day. It is a great exercise for all artists to do, regardless of their circumstanceseverybody has five minutes free each day, and it doesnt have to be a masterpiece. You dont need to show anyone.

    Once youve done this for a while, see if you can find time to expand this to ten minutes.

    LEARN TEN NEW HABITS

    Cosmo by Katherine Tyrrell (Top image: Graphite pencil; bottom image: Digital

    drawing); Two 30-second sketches of my cat Cosmo, who I often use for a quick

    visual workout. The second digital image was completed in one continuous line.

    Tea at the Orangery by Katherine Tyrrell (Colored pencil); Just time for a ten-minute sketch over a cup of tea.

    Quick Contour Sketch by Katherine Tyrrell

    (Pen and ink); Drawn in three minutes after two years of weekly classes.

  • 43

    DRAWING BASICS

    15

    Carry a small sketchbook with you all the time

    Keep making lots of quick drawings, wherever you happen to be. The easiest way to do this is to start carrying a sketchbook and something to draw with. Youll find you draw much more without ever having to make time.

    Indulge yourself! Give yourself the space and time to draw what you enjoyIf you draw what you enjoy, youll always find time for drawing. Make time for longer sessions dedicated to drawing what you enjoy the most.

    Syon Vista Summer by Katherine Tyrrell (Colored pencil); Im now starting to draw in less detail and with more color. This drawing was developed following a sketching

    trip to one of my favorite places, Kew Gardens in London, England.

    A spread