Shams ppt 3940

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Presented to : Dr Munazza Ambreen

Presented by: Shams ud din


Individualized instructionis a method ofinstructionin which content,instructional technology(such as materials) and pace oflearningare based upon the abilities and interests of each individuallearner. One to one instruction to meet the particular students needs

Cont.Individualized instruction involves promoting student choice, curriculum integration, differentiated learning, and self-assessment that engage students deeply in learning. (Brown, 2002).

ContIndividual method provides for an individual child, facilities of instructions, keeping in view his need, intelligence, and motivation ,rate of learning, capacity and aim of life.It would bring confidence, self respect and self-reliance in children.

CharacteristicsIt is a method of individualized instructionInstructional material is logically sequencedIt has adequate provision for feed-backInteraction between the learner and the learning material is very importantProvides self-pacing to the learnerProvides continuous evaluation

Individual differenceIntroductionThe psychology of individual differences is concerned with the systematic study of intelligence and abilities associated with personality of learner, learning styles and needs and interests of learnerIt is these differences that are entitled as individual differences in the languages of sociology and psychology.

ContiLearning is most effective when differences in learners language, cultural, and social behaviour are taken into account.

A teacher should be sensitive to individual differences.

A teachers challenge is to acknowledge and celebrate the differences among children and work to maximize the growth in each child Authentic

Nature of Individual Differences Inter-personal differences

Intra-personal differences

Inter-group differences

Intra-group differences

Types or varieties of individual differencesPhysical or physiological differences

Psychological differences

Cooperative learning.Cooperative learningis an instructional strategy in which students are placed in heterogeneous groups. In my opinion, cooperative learning is one of the best researched educational innovations of the last two decades. When implemented properly, it can have dramatic effects on student achievement.

Learning-Styles Even the slowest and more reluctant reader can learn to read well when taught according to their individual learning styles (Mariacarbo,2003)According to this learners differ in their styles of learning, those styles are assessed and that knowledge of styles help both learner and teacher.

MASTERY LEARNINGMastery Learning.A strategy for dealing with individual differences among students is to change the system within which instruction is provided. This is the strategy used bymastery learning

Mastery learningML includes the following six steps:Clearly specified learning objectivesShort and valid assessment proceduresSpecific mastery standardsSequence of learning procedureProvision of feedbackProvision of extra time and help on errors.

individualizing instructionsThe size of the class or section should be as small as possible.The teacher should try to pay individual attention the group under instruction.The teacher should keep in view the individual differences of his students while engaging them in drill or practice work in classroom or assigning home taskIn case ability grouping is not possible and more specifically under the prevalent system of class teaching, special coaching and guidance programme for both the dull and gifted children is most helpful

Conclusionindividualized instruction is logically the best way to deal with individual differences, in practice it is very difficult to accomplishIndividual Differences in learning

ReferencesAbbass M, Nadeem M, Naseem Z.Module II: LEARNERS PSYCHOLOGY . Professional Competency Enhancement Program for Teachers (PCEPT). NATIONAL ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION (NAHE). Learning Innovation Division Higher Education Commission (HEC).IslamabadEducation Psychology. Canadian association. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd.Ormrod J.E. Educational psychology : Developing learners. Fourth edition; Upper Saddle River. Merrill Prentice Hall: 2003Retrieved from on 19th November 2013.