SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM - SCHOOL CURRICULUM Vol 1 Main Subjects Effective from the academic...

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Transcript of SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM - SCHOOL CURRICULUM Vol 1 Main Subjects Effective from the academic...

  • SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM

    Vol 1Main Subjects

    Effective from the academic session 2006-2007 of Class IXand for the Board Examination (Class X) to be held in 2008

    CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATIONShiksha Kendra, 2-Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Vikas Marg,

    DELHI-110 092

  • CBSE, Delhi - 110092

    March 2006

    Copies : 10,000

    Price : Rs.

    Note : The Board reserves the right to amend Syllabi and Courses as and when it deems necessary.The Schools are required to strictly follow the Syllabi and text books prescribed by theBoard for the academic sessions and examinations concerned. No deviation is permissible.

    Published by Secretary, C.B.S.E, Shiksha Kendra, 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi - 110092and Printed at

  • CONTENTSPage

    PART I : ELIGIBILITY AND SCHEME OF STUDIES1. Eligibility of Candidates 1

    2. Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria 7

    3. Scheme of Studies 12

    PART II : COURSES OF STUDIES

    1. fgUnh ikB~;e & ,* 19

    fgUnh ikB~;e&ch* 27

    2. English - Communicative 33

    English - Language and Literature 46

    3. Mathematics 54

    4. Science and Technology 64

    5. Social Science 72

    6. Additional Subjects 87

    7. Subjects of Internal Assessment 110

    8. Pre-Vocational Education 1109. Work Education 112

    10. Art Education 123

    11. Physical and Health Education 130

    12. Framework for Special Adult Literacy Drive 136

    Other Information 139-140

  • Curriculum updating is a continuous process, and hence the Board brings outthe revised curricula every year. It is obligatory for the Schools and the studentspreparing for the Board's examination of a particular year to follow the syllabi,courses and the books prescribed by it for that year. No deviation from the onesprescribed is permissible. All concerned are, therefore, strongly advised topurchase the curriculum prescribed for the year concerned from the CBSEHeadquarters or its Regional Offices for their information and use. Orders withthe required price and postage can be placed with the Store Keeper (Publications)at the Headquarters or with the Regional Officer of the Zone as the case may be.Readers are also advised to refer to the details given at the end of this publication.The syllabi and courses in Regional and Foreign Languages have been providedin the Volume II printed separately which is also a priced publication.

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  • THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

    PREAMBLE

    WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a1SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to allits citizens :

    JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

    LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

    EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all

    FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the 2 [unity and integrity ofthe Nation];

    IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, doHEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

    1. Subs, by the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act. 1976, sec. 2, for "Sovereign Democratic Republic(w.e.f. 3.1.1977)

    2. Subs, by the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act. 1976, sec. 2, for "unity of the Nation (w.e.f.3.1.1977)

    THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIAChapter IV A

    Fundamental Duties

    ARTICLE 51A

    Fundamental Duties - It shall be the duty of every citizen of India-

    (a) to abide the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag andthe National Anthem;

    (b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

    (c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

    (d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

    (e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people ofIndia transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renouncepractices derogatory to the dignity of women;

    (f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

    (g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wild lifeand to have compassion for living creatures;

    (h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

    (i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

    (j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that thenation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.

  • 1

    1. ELIGIBILITY OF CANDIDATES

    Admission of students to a School, Transfer/Migration of Students.

    1. ADMISSION-GENERAL CONDITIONS

    1.1 A student seeking admission to any class in a School will be eligible for admission to that classonly if he:-

    (i) has been studying in a school recognised by or affiliated to this Board or any other recognised Boardof Secondary Education in India;

    (ii) has passed qualifying or equivalent qualifying examination making him eligible foradmission to that class;

    (iii) satisfies the requirements of age limits ( minimum & maximum ) as determinedby the Sate/U.T. Government and applicable to the place where the School is located;

    (iv) produces :-(a) the School Leaving Certificate/Transfer Certificate signed by the Head of the Institution last

    attended and countersigned ;(b) document(s) in support of his having passed the qualifying or equivalent qualifying

    examination, and(c) The Date of Birth Certificate issued by the Registrar of Births and Deaths wherever existing

    as proof of date of birth.

    Explanation:-

    (a) A person who has been studying in an institution, which is not recognisedby this Board or by any other recognised Board of Secondary Education orby the State/U.T. Government of the concerned place, shall not be admitted to anyclass of a School on the basis of Certificate(s) of such unrecognised institution(s)attended by him earlier.

    (b) Qualifying Examination means an examination -the passing of which makes a student eligiblefor admission to a particular class and equivalent examination means-an examinationconducted by any recognised Board of Secondary Education/Indian University or aninstitution recognised by or affiliated to such Board/University and is recognised by thisBoard equivalent to the corresponding examination conducted by this Board or conductedby a School affiliated to/recognised by this Board.

    1.2 No student migrating from a school in a foreign country other than the school affiliated to this Board shall beeligible for admission unless an eligibility certificate in respect of such a student has been obtained from thisBoard. For obtaining eligibility certificate from the Board, the Principal of the School to which admission isbeing sought will submit to the Board full details of the case and relevant documents with his own remarks/recommendations. The eligibility certificate will be issued by the Board only after the Boardis satisfied that the course of study undergone and examination passed is equivalent to thecorresponding class of this Board.

    1.3 No person who is under the sentence of rustication or is expelled from any Board/University/

  • 2

    School or is debarred from appearing in the examination for whatever reason by any Board/University shall be admitted to any class in a School affiliated to this Board.

    1.4 No student shall be admitted or promoted to any subsequent higher class in any school unless he hascompleted the regular course of study of the class to which he was admitted at the beginning of the academicsession and has passed the examination at the end of the concerned academic session qualifying him forpromotion to the next higher class.

    1.5 No student shall be admitted in Class IX and above in a school affiliated with the Board after 31st day ofAugust of the year except with prior permission of the Chairman, CBSE/ Competent Authority as may havebeen defined in the State/Union Territory Education Acts. The application for permission to grant admissionafter 31st of August shall be routed through the Principal of the school specifying the reasons which areunavoidable. The candidate shall complete the required percentage of attendance (75%) for Class IX & Xas per Examination Bye-Laws of the Board to make him/her eligible for the examinations. In such caseswhere the admission by the candidate could not be taken in a higher class by the stipulated date because ofthe late declaration of result by the Board such permission would not be required, provided the candidateapplied for admission within a fortnight of the declaration of the result.

    2. ADMISSION : SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

    2.1 Admission upto Class VIII (i.e. class VIII and below) shall be regulated by the rules, regulations, orders ofthe State/U.T. Governments applicable to the place where the