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CHAPTER 1TITLE OF THE PROJECT:
Study of Performance Appraisal System and ItsEffectiveness in an Organization
The history of performance appraisal is quite brief.
Its roots in the early 20th century can be traced to Taylor's pioneering Time
and Motion studies. But this is not very helpful, for the same may be said
about almost everything in the field of modern human resources management.
As a distinct and formal management procedure used in the evaluation of work
performance, appraisal really dates from the time of the Second World War -
not more than 60 years ago.
Yet in a broader sense, the practice of appraisal is a very ancient art. In the
scale of things historical, it might well lay claim to being the world's second
There is, says Dulewicz (1989), "... a basic human tendency to make judgments
about those one is working with, as well as about oneself." Appraisal, it seems,
is both inevitable and universal. In the absence of a carefully structured system
of appraisal, people will tend to judge the work performance of others,
including subordinates, naturally, informally and arbitrarily.
The human inclination to judge can create serious motivational, ethical and
legal problems in the workplace. Without a structured appraisal system, there
is little chance of ensuring that the judgments made will be lawful, fair,
defensible and accurate.
Performance appraisal systems began as simple methods of income
justification. That is, appraisal was used to decide whether or not the salary or
wage of an individual employee was justified.
The process was firmly linked to material outcomes. If an employee's
performance was found to be less than ideal, a cut in pay would follow. On the
other hand, if their performance was better than the supervisor expected, a pay
rise was in order.
Little consideration, if any, was given to the developmental possibilities of
appraisal. If was felt that a cut in pay, or a rise, should provide the only
required impetus for an employee to either improve or continue to perform
Sometimes this basic system succeeded in getting the results that were
intended; but more often than not, it failed.
For example, early motivational researchers were aware that different people
with roughly equal work abilities could be paid the same amount of money
and yet have quite different levels of motivation and performance.
These observations were confirmed in empirical studies. Pay rates were
important, yes; but they were not the only element that had an impact on
employee performance. It was found that other issues, such as morale and self-
esteem, could also have a major influence.
As a result, the traditional emphasis on reward outcomes was progressively
rejected. In the 1950s in the United States, the potential usefulness of appraisal
as tool for motivation and development was gradually recognized. The general
model of performance appraisal, as it is known today, began from that time.
Performance appraisal may be defined as a structured formal interaction
between a subordinate and supervisor, that usually takes the form of a periodic
interview (annual or in which the work performance of the subordinate is
examined and discussed, with a view to identifying weaknesses and strengths
as well as opportunities for improvement and skills development.
In many organizations -but not all -appraisal results are used, either directly or
indirectly, to help determine reward outcomes. That is, the appraisal results are
used to identify the better performing employees who should get the majority
of available merit pay increases, bonuses and promotions.
By the same token, appraisal results are used to identify the poorer performers
who may require some form of counseling, or in extreme cases, demotion,
dismissal or decreases in pay. (Organizations need to be aware of laws in their
country that might restrict their capacity to dismiss employees or decrease
Whether this is an appropriate use of performance appraisal -the assignment
and justification of rewards and penalties -is a very uncertain and contentious
Few issues in management stir up more controversy than performance
There are many reputable sources -researchers, management commentators,
and psychometricians -who have expressed doubts about the validity and
reliability of the performance appraisal process. Some have even suggested
that the process is so inherently flawed that it may be impossible to perfect it
(see Derven, 1990, for example). At the other extreme, there are many strong
advocates of performance appraisal. Some view it as potentially "... the most
crucial aspect of organizational life" (Lawrie, 1990).
Between these two extremes lie various schools of belief. While all endorse
the use of performance appraisal, there are many different opinions on how
and when to apply it,
There are those, for instance, who believe that performance appraisal has
many important employee development uses, but scorn any attempt to link the
process to reward outcomes -such as pay rises and promotions. This group
believes that the linkage to reward outcomes reduces or eliminates the
developmental value of appraisals. Rather than an opportunity for
constructive review and encouragement, the reward- linked process is
perceived as judgmental, punitive and harrowing. For example, how many
people would gladly admit their work problems if, at the same time, they
knew that their next pay rise or a much-wanted promotion was riding on an
appraisal result? Very likely, in that situation, many people would deny or
downplay their weaknesses.
Nor is the desire to distort or deny the truth confined to the person being
appraised. Many appraisers feel uncomfortable with the combined role of
judge and executioner.
Such reluctance is not difficult to understand. Appraisers often know their
appraises well, and are typically in a direct subordinate-supervisor
relationship. They work together on a daily basis and may, at times, mix
socially. Suggesting that a subordinate needs to brush up on certain work
skills is one thing; giving an appraisal result that has the direct effect of
negating a promotion is another.
The result can be resentment and serious morale damage, leading to
workplace disruption, soured relationships and productivity declines.
On the other hand, there is a strong rival argument which claims that
performance appraisal must unequivocally be linked to reward outcomes. The
advocates of this approach say that organizations must have a process by
which rewards -which are not an unlimited resource -may be openly and fairly
distributed to those most deserving on the basis of merit, effort and results.
There is a critical need for remunerative justice in organizations. Performance
appraisal -whatever its practical flaws -is the only process available to help
achieve fair, decent and consistent reward outcomes. It has also been claimed
that appraises themselves are inclined to believe that appraisal results should
be linked directly to reward outcomes -and are suspicious and disappointed
when told this is not the case. Rather than feeling relieved; appraises may
suspect that they are not being told the whole truth, or that the appraisal
process is a sham and waste of time.
The Link to Rewards
Recent research (Bannister & Balkin, 1990) has reported that appraises seem
to have greater acceptance of the appraisal process, and feel more satisfied
with it, when the process is directly linked to rewards. Such findings are a
serious challenge to those who feel that appraisal results and reward outcomes
must be strictly isolated from each other. There is also a group who argues that
the evaluation of employees for reward purposes, and frank communication
with them about their performance, are part of the basic responsibilities of
management. The practice of not discussing reward issues while appraising
performance is, say critics, based on inconsistent and muddled ideas of
In many organizations, this inconsistency is aggravated by the practice of
having separate wage and salary reviews, in which merit rises and bonuses are
decided arbitrarily, and often secretly, by supervisors and managers.
There are basically three purposes to which performance appraisal can be put.
First, it can be used as a basis for reward allocation. Decision as to who gets
salary increase, promotion, and other rewards are determined by their
performance evaluation. Second, these appraisals can be used for identifying
areas where development efforts are needed. The performance appraisal is a
major tool for identifying deficiencies in individuals. Finally it can be used as
a criterion against which selection devices and development programs are
validated. As a key input into management's reward and punishment decision,
performance appraisals can motivate or de-motivate employees.
Three different approaches exist for doing appraisals. Employees can be
1. Absolute standards
2. Relative standards
Since organizations exits to achieve goals, the degree of success that individual
employees have in reaching their individual goals is important in determining
Performance system is fundamentally, a feed back process, which require
sustained commitment. The cost of failure to provide such feedback may result
in a loss of key professional employees, the continued poor performance of
employees who are not meeting performance standards and a loss of
commitment by employees, in sum, the myth that the employee know what.
they are doing without adequate feedback from management can be an
THE APPRAISAL PROCESS
1. Establishing Performance Standard
2. Communicate Performance expectations to employees
3. Measure actual performance
4. Compare actual performance with standards
5. Discussion with the employees and identification development programs
to bridge the gap.
6. Initiate action
THE PURPOSE OF APPRAISING PERFORMANCE
In general the appraisal systems serve a two fold purpose
1. To improve the work performance of employees by helping them realize
and use their full potential in carrying out their firm’s mission.
2. To provide information to employees and managers for use in making,
work related decisions.
More specifically appraisals serve the following purposes.
a) Appraisals provide feedback to employees and help the. "' management
identify the areas where development efforts are "' needed to bridge the
gaps thereby serving as vehicles for personal “and career development.
b) It helps management spot individuals who have specific skills so that
their promotions/transfer are in line with organizational requirements.
c) Appraisal serve as a key input for administering a formal organization
reward and punishment system.
d) The performance system can be used as a criterion against which
selection devices and development programs are validated.
REQUIREMENT OF THE PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
Reliability: The foremost requirement of a sound system is reliability. In this
contact it refers to consistency of judgment. For any given employee,
appraisals made by raters working independently of one another should agree
closely. But raters with different perspective (e.g. supervisors, peers,
subordinates) may see the same individuals job performance very differently.
To provide reliable data, each rater must have an adequate opportunity to
observe what the employee has done and the condition under which he or she
has done it. By making appraisal system relevant, sensitive and reliable we
assume the resulting judgment are valid as well.
Acceptability: In practice, acceptability is the most important requirement of
all, for it is true that human resources program must have the support of.
those who will use them. Unfortunately, many organizations do not put much
effort into garnering the front end support and participation of those who will
use the appraisal system. Ultimately it is management's responsibility to
define as clearly as possible the type and level of job behaviour desired of
It is important to enlist the active support and cooperation of subordinates by
making explicit what aspects of job performance they will be evaluated on.
Practicality: This implies that appraisal instruments are easy for managers
and employees to understand and to use.
For years, personnel specialists have searched for the 'Perfect; appraisal
method as if it were some kind of miraculous cure for many pitfalls that
plague organizations. Such a method does not exist. In tomorrow’s world of
work far more emphasis needs to be placed on process issues. Factors such as
timing and frequency are no less important. In sum performance appraisal is
a dialogue involving people and data. Both technical and human issues are
involved. Neither can be overemphasized at the expense of the other.
WHO SHOULD EVALUATE PERFORMANCE?
The most fundamental requirement for any rater is that he or she has an.
adequate opportunity to observe the rates job performance over a reasonable
period of time. This suggests several possible raters.
The immediate supervisor: Generally appraisal is done by this person. He
is probably the most familiar with the individual's performance and in most
jobs has had the best opportunity to observe actual job performance. Further
more, the immediate supervisor is probably best able to relate the individual's
performing to department and organizational objectives.
In some jobs such as outside sales, law enforcement and teaching, the
immediate supervisor may observe a subordinate's actual job perfoformance
(and indirectly thru written reports). Here judgment of peers play important
role. However, there is a danger of potential bias.
Subordinates: Appraisal by subordinates can be useful input to the
immediate development. Subordinates know first hand the extent to which the
supervisor actually delegates, how well he communicates, the type of
leadership he has and the extent to which he or she plans and orgasms.
Self appraisal: On one hand it improves the rate's motivation and moral, on
the other it tends to be more lenient, less variable and biased. The evidence on
the accuracy of self assessment is fairly complex.
In industry it is seen that feed back/ input is taken from various sources -Peers,
subordinates, superiors etc. Some companies have gone step ahead in taking
feedback from the customers and integrating it into the performance
APPROACHES TO PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
The traditional approach: The one dimensional model
The Job Define what results Performance contacthave to e achieved
Define a set of keyObjectives against the accountabilities
Review performance against the key
In this model job expectations are defined in terms of what results have to be
achieved. This model doesn't have a long term focus and can't be used for
employee development and career path planning,
A satisfactory performance implies doing a job effectively and efficiently, with
a minimum degree of employee -created disruptions. Employees are
performing well when they are productive. Yet productivity itself implies both
concern for effectiveness and efficiency. Effectiveness refers to goal
accomplishment. Efficiency evaluates the ratio of inputs consumed to outputs
achieved. The greater the output for a given input, the more efficient the
employees. Similarly, if output is a given, consumed to get that output results
in greater efficiency.
There are basically three purposes to which performance appraisal can be put.
First, it can be used as a basis for reward allocations. Decisions as to who gets
salary increases, promotions, and other rewards are determined by their
performance evaluation. Second, these appraisals can be used for identifying
areas where development efforts are needed. Management needs to spot those
individuals who have specific skill or knowledge deficiencies. The
performance appraisal is a major tool for identifying these deficiencies. Finally,
the performance appraisal can be used as a criterion against which selection
Devices and develop programs are valis
OBJECTIVE & METHODOLOGY
1. Objective of the study
This project aims at studying the system of performance appraisal and its
effectiveness in an organization. Performance appraisal is the most significant
and indispensable tool for the management as it provide useful information for
decision making in area of promotion and compensation reviews.
Thus broad objectives of the study includes:
To know the present system of performance appraisal
To know the extent of effectiveness of the appraisal system
To identify and know the area for improvement system
2. Sample of the study
The population covered for the present study consisted of employee belonging
to supervisory and the level above. For the purpose of this study, survey
covered the employee of SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDIA PVT LTD. falling
under supervisor and the level above.
The study covered a sample of 100 employees belonging to supervisory level
3. Methodology of the project
The project work has been carried out in three stages, a structured
questionnaire with objective and question was communicated tested and
finalize. During the second stage, the questionnaire was administered to the
employees at Schneider Electric India Pvt Ltd. by contacting them. The work
relating to data entry compilation, data analysis and report writing constituted
the third stage. Interview index was also used at some places to get
information on the project subject.
The details of the methodology adopted are presented below:
Keeping in view the objective of the study, questionnaire was designed and
tested on few employees. After getting the proper response and sanction from
the concerned department the questionnaire was finalized.
Response to Questionnaire
In all 00questionnaire were given to employees falling in the category of
supervisors and above. Out of which 00 could be collected back duly
completed. The researcher individually contacted the employees to get
response on the questionnaire.
Data entry and analysis
It has been an uphill task to enter the enormous data received through the
questionnaire which consisted nearly 20 questions. Response to the descriptive
questions though very few but was valuable for the purpose of study. Hence
these were further structured in time with the system adopted for compilation
and data analysis.
Many employees gave guarded answers to some crucial questions.
Some of them did not fill the questionnaire due to lack of time
Response could not be collected from the total sample selected.
Some of the questionnaire could not be completed due to reasons other
than time factor.
The confidentiality of the system created some problem in getting
Chapter 3ORGANISATION PROFILE
Schneider Electric India Pvt. Ltd (SEI) is a 100% subsidiary of Schneider Electric Industries SAS, a global specialist in energy management. With a strong force of over 5,000 employees, the company is well known for its unique vision, progressive management and above all, its exemplary Quality.
Schneider Electric entered India in 1963 through a first joint venture with Tata group.
In 1995 Schneider Electric established a 100% fully owned subsidiary Schneider Electric India Pvt. Ltd.
In the year 2000 Schneider Electric further consolidated its position in the Indian market by acquiring S&S Switchgear and Crompton Greaves LV division.
Year 2007 saw Critical Power & Cooling Solutions major APC – MGE ‘s acquisition by Schneider Electric
1935 A.J. "Al" Schneider used the proceeds from the sale of the family car to buy his first truck.
1938 Bought Bins Transfer &Storage, incorporated the company (June 6) and changed the name to Schneider Transport & Storage. Moved offices to a building once used as a stable.
1944 Schneider discontinued storing household goods, although "Storage" wasn't dropped from the name until the 1960s.
1958 Schneider was granted its first interstate authority by the ICC. The first shipment was for Procter & Gamble (P&G) from its plant in Green Bay, Wis., to another P&G facility in Cheboygan, Mich.
1961 Don Schneider, Al's oldest son, joined the company as manager, bringing the office staff to five.
1962 Schneider Transport logo adopted.
1964 Schneider Transport merged with Packer City Transport.
1968 Garrison Transport merged into Schneider Transport Inc. and was added to Schneider's operating authority.
1969 Purchased Kampo Transit, a 50-truck regional milk and fuel oil hauler.
1970 Milestone grant of authority from the ICC to haul paper and paper products. Paper remains a significant part of the Schneider portfolio.
1971 Purchased Transnational Truck (TNT) of Amarillo, Texas. Departing from previous practice of incorporating all acquisitions into Schneider Transport, TNT remained a separate business unit.
1974 Purchased National Refrigerated Transport (NRT) of Tulsa, Okla.
1975 Installed a state-of-the-art computerized control system. Move was light-years ahead of system employed by the competition. Employed the first field sales representative.
1976 Don Schneider named president of the company.
1976 Teamsters called a "wildcat" strike on Schneider Transport.
1976 Purchased National Bulk Transport and changed the name to Schneider Bulk Carriers. The acquisition expanded the company's portfolio to include national tanker service.
1976 The holding company, Schneider National, Inc., formed.
1977 The first bulk fuel site was installed at the Wise Garage in Dayton, Ohio. Christensen Oil was purchased to provide sufficient fuel of the appropriate quality.
1979 The second OPEC fuel crisis caused gas rationing and fuel shortages. Schneider Transport responded with a national miles-per-gallon campaign through the Schneider Fuel School, teaching 2,000 drivers to drive 55 miles per hour to conserve fuel.
1980 Congress passed the Motor Carrier Act of 1980, which provided for sweeping deregulation of the trucking industry.
1981 ICC granted Schneider 48-state authority to carry all commodities except explosives and bulk.
1982 To leverage the long-distance network needed for the growing number of drivers, Schneider formed Schneider Communications to provide long-distance telephone service to customers in the Midwest.
1982 Schneider National established its charitable arm, the Schneider National Foundation, to create a positive force for change in the communities where its associates live and work.
1983 Schneider Family Fitness Event initiated in Green Bay, Wis.
1983 Founder Al Schneider died.
1984 Purchased International Transport, Inc. of Rochester, Minn., the largest flatbed and heavy-haul Products Company in the United States.
1985 Schneider National Carriers (SNC) formed by joining all of the separate business units purchased through the 70s and 80s. SNC is non-union, but Schneider Transport remained a union carrier under agreement with the Teamsters.
1986 Schneider became the first carrier to install two-way satellite communication systems in all 6,000 over-the-road trucks. Introduced EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) transactions.
1988 Schneider Moving & Storage sold.
1989 Schneider National Carriers obtained authority to haul in the Canadian provinces of Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia.
1990 Opened Canadian office.
1990 International Transport's name changed to Schneider Specialized Carriers.
1992 Company achieved $1 billion in annual revenue for the first time. Corporate headquarters moved to the Customer Service and Corporate Business Center at 3101 South Packer land Drive in Green Bay, Wis.
1993 Schneider Logistics, Inc. created.
1994 Schneider Logistics awarded the General Motors Service Parts Operation contract. This is the largest logistics industry contract ever awarded.
1995 Schneider Communications sold to Frontier Communications.
1995 Schneider Dedicated conducted largest-ever private fleet conversion for Kimberly-Clark.
1996 Schneider National surpassed $2 billion in annual revenue.
1997 Opened Mexico office.
1997 Opened office in Venlo, the Netherlands.
1998 Purchased Highway Carrier Corporation, Builders Transport and Land star Poole.
2000 Purchased Tranzact Payment Service.
2002 Christopher Lofgren named president and CEO on August 2, 2002, succeeding Don Schneider.
2004 Schneider National surpassed $3 billion in annual revenue.
2005 Schneider Logistics acquired American Port Services and Powers Transportation Services.
2006 Schneider Logistics opened office in Shanghai, China and began offering supply chain consulting services.
2006 Schneider Logistics acquired American Overseas Air Freight to become the first truckload carrier to offer door-to-door international logistics services.
2006 Schneider Payment Services sold to US Bank.
2006 Schneider Specialized sold to Maverick USA.
2006 Schneider introduced dedicated intermodal service in the Ohio Valley. The new service is a collaboration between Schneider, CSX Intermodal, Inc., the Kansas City Southern railroad and the Marion, Ohio Industrial Center.
2006 Schneider introduced Mexico Express Intermodal service, providing unprecedented access to Mexico's prime industrial center. Innovative rail solution brings greater capacity, expedited customs clearance and enhanced freight security to cross-border shipments.
2007 Schneider National granted authority to operate as a domestic carrier and logistics services provider in the People's Republic of China. Schneider Logistics (Tianjin) Co., Ltd. established under the new authority to provide these services in
China. License makes Schneider the first North American truckload provider to establish a domestic business in China.
2007 Schneider Logistics acquired the key operating assets of Bayoun Logistics in the People's Republic of China. Bayoun is ranked in the top 100 of all logistics enterprises in China, and is one of the country's top 30 private logistics enterprises. The combined offering now includes transportation, warehousing, cross-docking, third-party logistics and consulting services focused on the domestic Chinese market.
2007 Schneider National earned its second consecutive Environmental Excellence Award from the EPA. The award, earned by Schneider for demonstrating leadership in conserving energy and for lowering greenhouse gas emissions from its transportation and freight activities, is given by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Smart Way Transport Partnership. Of Smart Way’s 600-plus partners, Schneider was one of just 34 companies to receive this distinction.
2007 Schneider National Foundation reached charitable milestone, donating $1 million in cash, equipment, in-kind transportation services and other contributions internationally.
2008 Schneider rolled out Western Regional service to meet growing customer demand for short-haul service. Seven-state service area includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Washington.
2008 Schneider National Bulk launches fuel hauling service.
2008 Schneider National becomes most energy-efficient fleet in the industry when it reduces its fleet of 10,600 company drivers to 60 mph.
2008 United States Environmental Protection Agency recognizes Schneider Logistics as a SmartWay Transport Partner
Products and Services
Schneider Electric Hyderanad Plant operations are into assembling of the following products:
Low Voltage Products : Masterpact Air Circuit BreakersMedium Voltage Products : Ring Master Units (RN2C, and RM6)Industrial Controls : Tesys and Activa, Harmony range of products, pilot lamps, push buttons, and KIWI2 contactors
As a global specialist in energy management & with an integrated portfolio of innovative products you can look forward to us to make our energy : Safe Productive Reliable Efficient Green In 2009 they would work more closely than ever, with OEMs, Channel Partners, End Users & Consultants and reveal exciting strategies & business plans to jointly help our Customer to “make the most their Energy”. As always, this issue provides us a glimpse of their r expertise in the wide ranging application of their customer. The newspaper front page photograph few days back of Antarctica’s dwindling Ice line frightening and we are all responsible for the same! So, let’s partner to create “A World where we can achieve more while using less of our common Planet.” We are delighted to help you to make the most of your Energy.
2009 is still full of business opportunities and this is always during the difficult period that we see the stronger companies.
Since organisation exist to achieve goals, the degree of success that individual
employees have in reaching their individuals goals is important in determining
organizational effectiveness. The assessment of how successful employees have
been at meeting their individual goals, therefore, becomes a critical part of HRM.
This leads us to the topic of performance appraisal.
There are basically three purposes to which performance appraisal can be put.
First, it can be used as a basis for reward allocations. Decisions as to who
gets salary jncreases, promotions, and other rewards are determined by their
Second, these appraisals can be used for identifying areas where
development efforts are needed. Management needs to spot those individuals
who have specific skill or knowledge deficiencies. The performance
appraisals is a major tool for identifying these deficiencies.
Finally the performance appraisal can be used as a criterion against which
selection devices and development programs are validated. It is one thing to
say, for example, that our selection process is successful in differentiating
satisfactory performers from unsatisfactory performers.
THE APPRAISAL PROCESS
Established performance standard
Communicate performance expectations to employee
Measure actual performance
Compare actual performance with standards
Discuss the appraisal with the employees.
If necessary, initiate the corrective action
The appraisal process begins with the establishment of performance standards.
These should have evolved out of job analysis and the job description discussed
under human resource planning. These performance standards should also be clear
and objective enough to be understood and measured. Too often, these standards are
articulated in some such phrase as "a full day's work" or "a good job".
Communication only takes place when the transference has taken place and has been
received and understood by the subordinate. Therefore feedback is necessary from
the subordinate to the manager. Satisfactory feedback censures that the information
communicated by the manager has been received and understood in the way it was
The third step in the appraisal in the measurement of performance. To determine
what actual performance. To determine what actual performance is, it is necessary to
acquire information about it. We should be concerned with how we measure and
what we measure.
What we measure is probably more critical to the evaluation process than how we
measure, since the selection of the wrong criteria can result in serious dysfunctional
consequences. And what we measure determines, to a great extent, what people in
the organization will attempt to excel at.
One of the most challenging tasks facing managers is to present an . accurate
appraisal to the subordinate and then have the subordinate accept the appraisal in a
constructive manner. Appraising performance touches on one of the most
emotionally charged activities the assessment of another individual's contribution
and ability. The impression that subordinates receive about their assessment has a
strong impact on their self-esteem and, very important, on their subsequent
The final step in the appraisal is the initiation of corrective action when necessary.
Corrective action can, be of two types. One is immediate and deals predominantly
with symptoms. The other is basic and delves into causes. Immediate corrective
action often described as "putting out fires," whereas basic corrective action gets to
the source of deviation and seeks to adjust the difference permanently.
Immediate action corrects something right now and gets things back on track.
PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC
INDIA PVT LTD
PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDIA PVT LIMITED
In Schneider Electric India Pvt Limited they have the system of performance
appraisal of their employees. The main objective of this performance appraisal
system is to evaluate the performance, promote their employees and to arrange for
their various training programmes if they require for enhancing their skills in their
respective areas and in contribution enhancement..
Employees are evaluated by how well they accomplish a specific set of objectives
that have been determined to be critical in the successful completion of their job.
This approach is frequently referred to as. Management by objectives.
Management by objectives is a process that converts organizational objectives into
individual objectives. It can be thought of as consisting of four steps: goal setting,
action planning, self- control, and periodic reviews. In goal setting, the
organization's overall objectives are used as guidelines from which departmental
and individual objectives are set. In action planning, the means are determined for
achieving the ends established in goal setting. That is, realistic plans are developed
to attain the objectives. Self-control refers to the systematic monitoring and
measuring of performance. Finally, with periodic progress reviews, corrective
action is initiated when behavior deviates from the standards established in the
goal-setting phase. Schneider Electric uses very constructive performance appraisal
Process while evaluating its employees. Its evaluation is based on quantitative and
Company set goals to its employee by properly reporting with its employees and
then evaluating them up to what extent it has been achieved and if there is failure in
reaching the target what are the causes or reasons behind it.
Every evaluator has his or her own value system which acts as a standard against
which appraisals are made. Relative to the true or actual performance an individual
exhibits, some evaluator~ mark high and others low. The former is referred to as
positive leniency error and the latter as negative leniency error. When evaluators are
positively lenient in their appraisal, an individual's performance becomes over-
stated; that is, rated higher than it actually should. Similarly, a negative leniency
error understates performance, giving the individual a lower appraisal. As such there
is no scope of error as far as the Schneider electric company is concerned, but
sometimes over estimation of target brings about a description in the evaluating
Thus, though chances are less, positive leniency errors have been stated to be