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Introduction: The Impact of the Digital Revolution on Consumer Behavior

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  • Introduction: The Impact of the Digital Revolution on Consumer Behavior

  • OpeningVignette

  • Objectives of One-to-One MarketingTo attain customersSell them more productsMake a profit

  • Digital Revolution in the MarketplaceAllows customization of products, services, and promotional messages like never beforeEnhances relationships with customers more effectively and efficiently

  • Changes in the Business EnvironmentIncreased consumer powerAccess to informationMore products and servicesInteractive and instant exchangesAccess to customer patterns and preferencesEvolution to other -Web connectionPDAsHDTVMobile phones

  • The behavior that consumers display in searching for, purchasing, using, evaluating, and disposing of products and services that they expect will satisfy their needs.

    Consumer Behavior

  • Personal ConsumerThe individual who buys goods and services for his or her own use, for household use, for the use of a family member, or for a friend.

  • Organizational ConsumerA business, government agency, or other institution (profit or nonprofit) that buys the goods, services, and/or equipment necessary for the organization to function.

  • Development of the Marketing ConceptProduction ConceptSelling ConceptProduct ConceptMarketing Concept

  • The Production ConceptAssumes that consumers are interested primarily in product availability at low pricesMarketing objectives:Cheap, efficient productionIntensive distributionMarket expansion

  • The Product ConceptAssumes that consumers will buy the product that offers them the highest quality, the best performance, and the most featuresMarketing objectives:Quality improvementAddition of featuresTendency toward Marketing Myopia

  • The Selling ConceptAssumes that consumers are unlikely to buy a product unless they are aggressively persuaded to do soMarketing objectives:Sell, sell, sellLack of concern for customer needs and satisfaction

  • The Marketing ConceptAssumes that to be successful, a company must determine the needs and wants of specific target markets and deliver the desired satisfactions better than the competitionMarketing objectives:Profits through customer satisfaction

  • 71AMA Definition of MarketingMarketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating, and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders.Marketing

  • Business Leaders Who Understood Consumer BehaviorAlfred Sloan, General MotorsColonel Sanders, KFCRay Kroc, McDonalds

  • The Marketing ConceptA consumer-oriented philosophy that suggests that satisfaction of consumer needs provides the focus for product development and marketing strategy to enable the firm to meet its own organizational goals.

  • Implementing the Marketing ConceptConsumer ResearchSegmentationTargetingPositioning

  • Consumer ResearchThe process and tools used to study consumer behavior. Two perspectives:Positivist approachInterpretivist approach

  • Segmentation, Targeting, and PositioningSegmentation: process of dividing the market into subsets of consumers with common needs or characteristicsTargeting: selecting one ore more of the segments to pursuePositioning: developing a distinct image for the product in the mind of the consumer

  • Successful PositioningCommunicating the benefits of the product, rather than its featuresCommunicating a Unique Selling Proposition for the product

  • The Marketing MixProductPricePlacePromotion

  • Successful RelationshipsCustomer ValueCustomer SatisfactionCustomer Retention

  • Types of CustomersLoyalistsApostlesDefectorsTerroristsHostagesMercenaries

  • Customer Profitability-Focused MarketingTier 1: PlatinumTier 2: GoldTier 3: IronTier 4: Lead

  • Societal Marketing ConceptA revision of the traditional marketing concept that suggests that marketers adhere to principles of social responsibility in the marketing of their goods and services; that is, they must endeavor to satisfy the needs and wants of their target markets in ways that preserve and enhance the well-being of consumers and society as a whole.

  • The Societal Marketing ConceptAll companies prosper when society prospers.Companies, as well as individuals, would be better off if social responsibility was an integral component of every marketing decision.Requires all marketers adhere to principles of social responsibility.

  • Firms Marketing Efforts1. Product2. Promotion3. Price4. Channels of distributionSociocultural Environment1. Family2. Informal sources3. Other noncommercial sources4. Social class5. Subculture and cultureOutputProcessInputExternal InfluenceConsumer Decision MakingPost-Decision BehaviorPostpurchase EvaluationPurchase1. Trial2. Repeat purchaseNeed Recognition

    Prepurchase Search

    Evaluation of AlternativesPsychological Field1. Motivation2. Perception3. Learning4. Personality5. AttitudesExperienceFigure 1-1: A Model of Consumer Decision Making