SAP_BOOK FOR BEGINNERS AND LEARNERS

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APPEALThis is my maiden effort to ink my experience and knowledge in the form of a book. It is writeen by keeping the readers of a little knowledge and no knowledge in sap.It, I hope meet the requireemnts of Beginners and Learners, who wanted to start their carreer with sap environment.thnaks.

Transcript of SAP_BOOK FOR BEGINNERS AND LEARNERS

APPEALAfter completion my certification, I practiced very consistently and studied various books on ERP Projects and implementation activities in depth. I have gone through the Project methodology adopted in my previous project implementation; I tried to make a black and white for the customization activities of a general project. The activities are more or less similar in ERP implementation projects. The small specific requests from the organizations have to deal independently. In India, there is a lacuna in the supply of books for the learners and beginners to understand the product module of this nature. The available books are useful for the senior consultants. Hence I made an attempt to compile the configurations and other relevant information exclusively for the junior consultants who are in the beginning of their profession. I have tried to compile most of the configurations, as a gist of implementation activities. I tried to satisfy the requirements of end to end project in respect of fico module. While preparing this book, I tried to write in my own style, not to reproduce the extracts as it is.

I personally extend my gratitude to my family members, who have given me a good support for this cause. I am thankful to my friends and co consultants who have extended their warmth support to complete this task with in a short span of time.

Author & Consultant.

Hand Book on SAP FICO Module for Beginners / Learners - NN Satya

CONTENTS. Particulars Page nos.

CHAPTER 11.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 Introduction ........................................................................... 1 ASAP Methodology .............................................................. 3 R/3 Architecture .................................................................... 7 Customization-introduction tings ....................................... 12 Easy access screen .............................................................. 14 General settings-country ..................................................... 16 General settings-currency ................................................... 18 Define company .................................................................. 19 Define company code .................................................... 20-21 Define business area ........................................................... 24 Assignments ........................................................................ 25 Fiscal year definition........................................................... 26 Define posting period variant ............................................. 30 Define field status variant ................................................... 33 Document types and number ranges ................................... 38 Define posting keys............................................................. 40 Define chart of accounts ..................................................... 41 Define account group .......................................................... 42 Define retained earnings account ........................................ 43 Creation general ledger account.......................................... 44 List of general ledger accounts ........................................... 47 Define tolerances ................................................................ 53 Creation of sample documents-recurring document ........... 55 Creation account assignment model template doc .............. 59 General ledger enjoy screen ................................................ 62 Parked document................................................................. 63 Reversal document .............................................................. 64 Accrual/deferral document ................................................. 67 Clearing function ................................................................ 69 Foreign exchange transactions ............................................ 72 Valuation of foreign exchanges transactions....................... 76 Interest calculations ............................................................ 78 Deletion of GL accounts ..................................................... 85 Different methods of creation of GL accounts .................... 86

Hand Book on SAP FICO Module for Beginners / Learners - NN Satya

1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45

Creation of sample accounts- .............................................. 87 Creation of text ids and sort keys........................................ 88 Creation of work lists .......................................................... 89 Cross company code transactions ....................................... 90 Setting up of Global parameters ......................................... 91 Parallel valuations and multiple currencies ........................ 93 Taxes on sales and purchases .............................................. 95 General ledger planning .................................................... 102 Period end closing and GL reports .................................... 104 Integration of general ledger component to other components .............................................................. 105 Miscellaneous activities ...................................................... 78

CHAPTER 22.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Accounts payables Introduction and creation of vendor groups ....................... 111 Creation of number ranges for vendor groups .................. 112 Creation of vendor master records ................................... 114 Define sensitive fields ....................................................... 118 Define tolerances for vendors/customers .......................... 119 Define document type and number ranges ........................ 122 Down payments ................................................................ 123 Payment terms configurations........................................... 125 Automatic determinations-payment diff &other accounts ................................................................ 125 End user activities ............................................................. 128

CHAPTER 33.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 Bank Accounting Introduction ....................................................................... 133 Define house banks ........................................................... 133 Maintenance of cheque ..................................................... 134 Other check related activities and void of checks ............. 135 Automatic payment programme ....................................... 136 Execution of APP run........................................................ 143 Bill of exchange payable ................................................... 146 Accommodation bill of exchanges ................................... 148 Bank statement processing................................................ 151 Lock box configurations ................................................... 161

Hand Book on SAP FICO Module for Beginners / Learners - NN Satya

CHAPTER 44.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 Accounts receivables Creation of account groups ............................................... 167 Define no.ranges&screen layouts ..................................... 168 Create master record for customers .................................. 171 Define document types and number ranges ...................... 174 End user activities ............................................................. 174 Incoming payment with assignment mode........................ 175 Down payments ................................................................ 176 Bill of exchange transactions ............................................ 178 Interest calculation on open items .................................... 182 Dunning ............................................................................ 187 Define condition types & access keys............................... 192 Define tax codes ............................................................... 197 Withholding tax calculations ............................................ 200 Financial statement versions ............................................. 206 Integration with material management and sales and distribution Introduction &MM organizational units ........................... 208 Define plant and locations ................................................ 210 Define storage locations.................................................... 210 Organizational units in sales and distributions ................. 212 Valuation and account assignments mm flow ................... 216 Mm transaction keys ......................................................... 217 Define accounts for material transactions ......................... 218 Creation of material master record ................................... 222 Creation of purchase order ................................................ 223 Goods receipt & invoice receipt ...................................... 223 Sales flow .......................................................................... 226 Assignment of pricing procedure ...................................... 226 Define accounts for revenue determination ...................... 227 Creation of sales order ...................................................... 231 Out bound deliveries ......................................................... 232 Billing document............................................................... 233 Payment by cards .............................................................. 242

4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31

Hand Book on