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SAFETY

Greater Pine Island Water Association, Inc.

General Safety Manual

Dated: November 6, 2017Table of Contents

Safety Mission Statement3

Safety Responsibilities4-5

General Safety Policies6-7

Disciplinary Policies & Procedures8

Hazard Communication Program9-18

Bloodborne Pathogen Program19-28

PPE program / Assessments29-39

Confined Space Program40-50

Lockout/Tagout Program (LOTO)51-56

Excavation Program57-62

Fall Protection Program63-68

Fire Safety Plan69-73

Emergency Evacuation Plan74-75

Respirable Crystalline Silica Program76-88

Forms89-97

· New employee orientation (77)

· Accident investigation (78-80)

· Hepatitis B Vaccine Declination (81)

· Post Exposure Evaluation Form (82)

· BBP Exposure – Release Medical Records (83)

· BBP Exposure – Release Medical Records to Authorized Representative (84)

·

Safety Mission Statement

Greater Pine Island Water Association considers the safety and health of all employees, subcontractors and general public to be of utmost importance. We all agree that we want to work in a place where our health and safety will not be compromised. As a company, we can do what needs to be done to insure your good health. However, this is a group effort of all to maintain a safe workplace.

This safety manual is a comprehensive manual of all safety programs for our company. The material will help you better understand how you can ensure that all of us can contribute to the safety goals. Take an active role in this process; don’t only read the material – live by it.

Working together we can maintain a safe workplace. I greatly appreciate and expect your cooperation and participation in this program.

Sincerely,

Laurie Adams

Greater Pine Island Water Association

Safety Responsibilities

General Responsibilities:

Greater Pine Island Water Association recognizes the need for incorporating safe working practices within every job. It promotes the advancement of safety in the design of the building, equipment, tools, and other work devices. Managers will have the additional duty of administering the safety program by communicating support and actively promoting safety throughout the Greater Pine Island Water Association. Managers are accountable for safety performance and providing the incentive for maintaining safe work practices.

Managers and Supervisors:

1. Responsibilities:

Managers and supervisors must consider it an essential part of their job to incorporate safety within their function to maintain an efficient operation. Job performance should include not only production or quality control, but the effectiveness of safety activities conducted within the jobsite. Job performance reviews should include safety performance.

2. Specific Duties of Managers and Supervisors:

Management recognizes supervisors as key persons in the safety program. An efficient operation can be achieved only with effective control of accidents. Management expects supervisors to be responsible for the prevention of accidents on an equal basis with production and quality. Job success depends on maintaining a safe, efficient department. Supervisors’ other responsibilities are as follows:

A. Stress to new employees that the Greater Pine Island Water Association operates under a safety program and reviews the general safety rules.

B. Properly train and instruct all employees as to the hazards of their work and safe work practices by the use of safety meetings, printed rules, and verbal instruction. Each supervisor should develop a list that covers specific exposures of operations within the scope of the job.

C. Follow all sanitation guidelines.

D. Be responsible for housekeeping and conducting regular inspections of work areas for unsafe conditions and unsafe acts.

E. Ensure that all equipment is properly guarded and that guards are in place when equipment is in operation.

F. Set an example for employees by wearing all required personal protective equipment and enforcing use of this equipment by their employees.

G. Enforce all safety rules that apply to the operation.

H. Pay special attention to proper lifting techniques; all management personnel should be trained in proper lifting so they know what to look for. Mechanical lifting aids should be used whenever possible.

I. Require employees to report all incidents and or injuries immediately.

J. Investigate all incidents and submit a report to management for their review. Since supervisors are the most familiar with the operation and responsible for the conduct of employees, it is their responsibility to conduct investigations and take action to prevent recurrence of similar incidents.

3. Manager & Supervisor Accountability:

Compliance in these areas will be included in job appraisals/performance reviews.

Employees:

1. Responsibilities:

All employees are required, as a condition of employment, to follow established safety practices, wear required personal protective equipment, and follow the direction and rules established by their supervisors. All accidents must be reported immediately and suggestions to improve safety related areas are expected.

2. Specific Duties of Employees:

Cooperation and active participation in the safety effort is expected of each individual employee as a condition of employment. This responsibility includes the following areas:

A. Perform their assigned job in a safe manner by following prescribed rules and use necessary safety equipment and guards.

B. Use their knowledge and influence in the prevention of accidents.

C. Become involved in inspecting, detecting, and correcting unsafe acts/conditions in their areas. Contribute ideas, suggestions and recommendations for improvement of the safety effort.

D. Wear personal protective equipment required for the job as a condition of employment.

E. Maintain good housekeeping; trash and other tripping hazards should be picked up and disposed of / put away.

F. Report all work incurred injuries or sicknesses to the supervisor IMMEDIATELY. Property damage should also be reported.

G. Assist in the investigation of accidents with the objective of introducing measures to prevent a recurrence of a similar incident.

3. Employee Accountability:

Compliance in these areas will be included in job appraisals/performance reviews.

General Safety Policies

Purpose:

The Greater Pine Island Water Association’s primary objectives are to ensure the safety and health of our employees and to protect company property. Our goal is to provide safe and healthy working conditions for all company employees and subcontractors.

Everyone should become familiar with, and follow, these General Safety Rules. Supervisors must enforce safe work practices through adherence to safety rules.

Most accidents can be prevented if everyone uses assigned safety equipment and follows the established safety rules. To operate a safe and successful business, we must work as a team to:

1. Communicate the General Safety Rules published in this Manual;

2. Conduct On-the-Spot corrections and reinforcement by supervisors;

3. Post General Safety Rules in job trailers or other designated areas on-site.

THINK SAFE, WORK SAFE,

AND BE SAFE

GENERAL SAFETY RULES - To Be Posted

1. Report all work injuries and illnesses immediately to your Supervisor.

2. Report all unsafe acts or unsafe conditions to your Supervisor.

3. Use seat belts on any vehicles equipped with seat belts, including but not limited to, rough terrain vehicles.

4. Firearms, weapons, or explosives are not permitted on Company Property, except when stored in an employee’s personal vehicle with appropriate permits.

5. Use, possession, sale or being under the influence of illegal drugs, misuse of prescription drugs and/or alcohol is not permitted on Company Property or while "on duty".

6. Only authorized and trained employees may repair or adjust machinery and equipment. Lockout & Tagout procedures must be followed before removing any machine guards or working on powered machinery and equipment. Replace all guards when the job is completed.

7. Only qualified and trained employees may work on or near “exposed energized electrical parts” or “electrical equipment”. Follow Electrical Safety Rules when working with electrically powered machinery and equipment.

8. Only authorized and trained Employees may enter a posted “confined space”. All confined spaces will be posted Confined Space - Permit Required. Entry is allowed only after permits are properly issued.

9. Only authorized and trained employees may dispense or use chemicals. It is your responsibility to know where SDS's are located and that they are available for your use and review.

10. Keep work areas clean and aisles clear. Do not block emergency equipment or exits.

11. Appropriate safety footwear will be worn as deemed necessary and outlined in the PPE assessments.

12. Eye protection shall be worn when sledging, hammering, and sawing on metal or concrete, chipping, welding, grinding, working in dusty places, handling chemicals or other operations where eye injuries may result. Never watch welding operations without proper eye protection. Face shield, with safety glasses, are mandatory for all deck saw work.

13. Lift heavy objects correctly (secure footing, firm grip, back straight and lift with legs). Get help when load is greater than 70 pounds.

14. Smoking is permitted only in the designated "Smoking Areas".

15. Good housekeeping practices must be followed at all times.

16. The operation of any equipment without proper authorization is prohibited

17. Do not operate any machine, equipment or tool, unless you are qualified to do so. Maintain all tools in a clean manner.

18. Do not use ladders with missing or broken parts, too low a weight rating, too short for purpose. Do not using metal ladders near electrical wires or as a working platform. Be cautious of objects falling from ladders. Inspect ladders before each use. All rungs and steps are to be free of oil, grease, dirt, etc. Spreaders or other locking devices and non-skid safety feet must be in place. Never stand on the top two rungs of a ladder or use a stepladder that is not fully extended. Always tie off extension/straight ladders for support.

19. No structural defects, all support braces intact.

20. Failure to follow the above rules may cause serious injury and/or illness. Disciplinary Action, up to and including Termination, will be used to assure rule enforcement. Please use common sense and think before you act. If you are not sure how to complete a job or task safely or have any questions, ask your supervisor.

21. Emergency eyewash facilities meeting the requirements of ANSI Z358.1 shall be provided in all areas where the eyes of any employee may be exposed to corrosive materials.

Disciplinary Policy & Procedures

It is the well-established policy of the Greater Pine Island Water Association that any conduct which in its view interferes with, or adversely affects, employment is sufficient grounds for disciplinary action ranging from oral warnings to immediate discharge. Depending on the severity of the conduct, disciplinary steps may be enforced by the following methods in the listed order:

1. Verbal warnings;

2. Written warnings;

3. Suspensions; or

4. Termination.

Supervisors are provided with the authority to exercise their discretion in applying the appropriate discipline to the situation. There will be an investigation to ascertain what occurred and the presence or absence of the factors listed above. When there is reason to believe that an employee has violated company policy, action is taken. Please remember that these are only examples. As always, you can terminate your employment at any time with or without reason, and the Greater Pine Island Water Association retains the same right.

Please refer to the Greater Pine Island Water Association’s Personnel Policy for full details.

Hazard Communication programREF 29 CFR 1910.1200

Purpose:

This document serves as the Company's Hazard Communication Program. It provides detailed safety guidelines and instructions for receipt, use, and storage of chemicals at our facility by employees and contractors. Reference: OSHA Standard 1910.1200. 

Responsibilities:

1. Management

· Ensure compliance with this program

· Conduct immediate corrective action for deficiencies found in the program

· Maintain an effective Hazard Communication training program

· Make this plan available to employees or their designated representative

2. Supervisor

· Comply with all specific requirements of the program

· Provide specific chemical safety training for assigned employees

· Ensure chemicals are properly used, stored & labeled

· Ensure only the minimum amount necessary is kept at work stations

· Ensure all received containers are properly labeled and that labels are not removed or defaced

· Ensure all shipped containers are properly labeled

· Ensure shipping department employees are properly trained in spill response

· Ensure received Safety Data Sheets (SDS) are loaded into electronic SDS library and that employees understand how to access SDS database

3. Safety Officer

· Maintain a list of hazardous chemicals

· Monitor the effectiveness of the Hazard Communication program

· Conduct an annual audit of the program

· Monitor employee training to ensure effectiveness

· Keep management informed of necessary changes

· Ensure SDSs are available as required

· Monitor facility for proper use, storage and labeling of chemicals

· Notify Compliance Masters, LLC of all new products purchased, including product name, manufacturer, P/N, SKU and/or UPC code so that an SDS can be loaded into the electronic SDS library

4. Employees

· Comply with chemical safety requirements of this program

· Report any problems with storage or use of chemicals

· Immediately report spills or suspected spills of chemicals

· Use only those chemicals for which they have been trained

· Use chemicals only for specific assigned tasks in the proper manner

5. Contractors

· Comply will ALL aspects of this program

· Coordinate information with the appropriate Supervisor and with the Safety Manager

· Ensure contractor employees are properly trained

· Notify the appropriate Supervisor and the Safety Manager before bringing any chemicals into company property of facilities

· Monitor and ensure proper storage and use of chemicals by contractor employees

Definitions:

Chemical: any element, chemical compound or mixture of elements and/or compounds.

Combustible liquid: means any liquid having a flash point at or above 100 deg. F (37.8 deg. C), but below 200 deg. F (93.3 deg. C), except any mixture having components with flash points of 200 deg. F (93.3 deg. C), or higher, the total volume of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture.

Compressed gas: any compound that exhibits:

(i) A gas or mixture of gases having, in a container, an absolute pressure exceeding 40 psi at 70 deg. F.

(ii) A gas or mixture of gases having, in a container, an absolute pressure exceeding 104 psi at 130 deg. F. regardless of the pressure at 70 deg. F.

(iii) A liquid having a vapor pressure exceeding 40 psi at 100 deg. F.

Container: any bag, barrel, bottle, box, can, cylinder, drum, reaction vessel, storage tank, or the like that contains a hazardous chemical. For purposes of this section, pipes or piping systems, and engines, fuel tanks, or other operating systems in a vehicle, are not considered to be containers.

Designated representative: any individual or organization to whom an employee gives written authorization to exercise such employee's rights under this section. A recognized or certified collective bargaining agent shall be treated automatically as a designated representative without regard to written employee authorization.

Employee: a worker who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals under normal operating conditions or in foreseeable emergencies. Workers such as office workers or bank tellers who encounter hazardous chemicals only in non-routine, isolated instances are not covered.

Employer: a person engaged in a business where chemicals are either used, distributed, or are produced for use or distribution, including a contractor or subcontractor.

Explosive: a chemical that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas, and heat when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, or high temperature.

Exposure or exposed: an employee is subjected in the course of employment to a chemical that is a physical or health hazard, and includes potential (e.g. accidental or possible) exposure. Subjected in terms of health hazards includes any route of entry (e.g. inhalation, ingestion, skin contact or absorption.)

Flammable: a chemical that falls into one of the following categories:

(i) "Aerosol, flammable" means an aerosol that yields a flame projection exceeding 18 inches at full valve opening, or a flashback (a flame extending back to the valve) at any degree of valve opening;

(ii) "Gas, flammable" means: (A) A gas that, at ambient temperature and pressure, forms a flammable mixture with air at a concentration of thirteen (13) percent by volume or less; or (B) A gas that, at ambient temperature and pressure, forms a range of flammable mixtures with air wider than twelve (12) percent by volume, regardless of the lower limit;

(iii) "Liquid, flammable" means any liquid having a flash point below 100 deg. F., except any mixture having components with flash points of 100 deg. F. or higher, the total of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture.

(iv) "Solid, flammable" means a solid, other than a blasting agent or explosive as defined in 1910.109(a), that is liable to cause fire through friction, absorption of moisture, spontaneous chemical change, or retained heat from manufacturing or processing, or which can be ignited readily and when ignited burns so vigorously and persistently as to create a serious hazard. A chemical shall be considered to be a flammable solid if it ignites and burns with a self-sustained flame at a rate greater than one-tenth of an inch per second along its major axis.

Flash point: the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off a vapor in sufficient concentration to ignite.

Hazardous chemical: any chemical which is a physical hazard or a health hazard.

Hazard warning: any words, pictures, symbols, or combination appearing on a label or other appropriate form of warning which convey the specific physical and health hazard(s), including target organ effects, of the chemical(s) in the container(s). (See the definitions for "physical hazard" and "health hazard" to determine the hazards which must be covered.)

Health hazard: a chemical for which there is evidence that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees. The term "health hazard" includes chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins, irritants, corrosives, senstizers, hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.

Identity: any chemical or common name which is indicated on the safety data sheet (SDS) for the chemical. The identity used shall permit cross-references to be made among the required list of hazardous chemicals, the label and the SDS.

Immediate use: the hazardous chemical will be under the control of and used only by the person who transfers it from a labeled container and only within the work shift in which it is transferred.

Label: any written, printed, or graphic material displayed on or affixed to containers of hazardous chemicals.

Safety data sheet (SDS): written or printed material concerning a hazardous chemical which is prepared in accordance with OSHA Standard 1910.1200 requirements.

Mixture: any combination of two or more chemicals if the combination is not, in whole or in part, the result of a chemical reaction.

Oxidizer: means a chemical other than a blasting agent or explosive as defined in 1910.109(a), that initiates or promotes combustion in other materials, thereby causing fire either of itself or through the release of oxygen or other gases.

Physical hazard: a chemical that it is a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable (reactive) or water-reactive.

Pyrophoric: a chemical that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 deg. F. or below.

Specific chemical identity: the chemical name, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number, or any other information that reveals the precise chemical designation of the substance.

Unstable (reactive): a chemical which in the pure state, or as produced or transported, will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become self-reactive under conditions of shocks, pressure or temperature.

Use: to package, handle, react, emit, extract, generate as a byproduct, or transfer.

Water-reactive: a chemical that reacts with water to release a gas that is either flammable or presents a health hazard.

Work area: a room or defined space in a workplace where hazardous chemicals are produced or used, and where employees are present.

Workplace: an establishment, job site, or project, at one geographical location containing one or more work areas.

Safety Data Sheet Information (SDS):

Safety Data Sheets are provided by the chemical manufacturer to provide additional information concerning safe use of the product. Each SDS provides:

1. Common Name and Chemical Name of the material

2. Name, address and phone number of the manufacturer

3. Emergency phone numbers for immediate hazard information

4. Date the SDS was last updated

5. Listing of hazardous ingredients

6. Chemical hazards of the material

7. Information for identification of chemical and physical properties

Information Chemical Users must know

Fire and/or Explosion Information

1. Material Flash Point, auto-ignition temperature and upper/lower flammability limits

2. Proper fire extinguishing agents to be used

3. Fire fighting techniques

4. Any unusual fire or explosive hazards

Chemical Reaction Information

1. Stability of Chemical

2. Conditions and other materials which can cause reactions with the chemical

3. Dangerous substances that can be produced when the chemical reacts

Control Measures

1. Engineering Controls required for safe product use

2. Personal protective equipment required for use of product

3. Safe storage requirements and guidelines

4. Safe handling procedures

Health Hazards

1. Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) and Threshold Limit Value (TLV)

2. Acute or Chronic symptoms of exposure

3. Main routes of entry into the body

4. Medical conditions that can be made worse by exposure

5. Cancer causing properties if any

6. Emergency and First Aid treatments

Spill & Leak Procedures

1. Clean up techniques

2. Personal Protective Equipment to be used during cleanup

3. Disposal of waste & cleanup material

Employee Use of SDS

For SDS use to be effective, employees must:

1. Know the location of the SDS

2. Understand the major points for each chemical

3. Check SDS when more information is needed or questions arise

4. Be able to quickly locate the emergency information on the SDS

5. Follow the safety practices provided on the SDS

 

General Program Information:

This written Hazard Communication Plan (HAZCOM) has been developed based on OSHA Hazard Communication Standard and consists of the following elements:

· Identification of Hazardous Materials

· Product Warning Labels

· Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

· Written Hazard Communication Program

· Effective Employee Training

Some chemicals are explosive, corrosive, flammable, or toxic. Other chemicals are relatively safe to use and store but may become dangerous when they interact with other substances. To avoid injury and/or property damage, persons who handle chemicals in any area of the Company must understand the hazardous properties of the chemicals. Before using a specific chemical, safe handling methods and health hazards must always be reviewed. Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that the equipment needed to work safely with chemicals is accessible and maintained for all employees on all shifts.

Employee Training:

1. Initial Orientation Training

· All new employees shall receive safety orientation training covering the elements of the HAZCOM and Right to Know Program. This training will consist of general training covering:

· Location and availability of the written Hazard Communication Program

· Location and availability of the List of Chemicals used in the workplace

· Methods and observation used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the workplace.

· The specific physical and health hazard of all chemicals in the workplace

· Specific control measures for protection from physical or health hazards

· Explanation of the chemical labeling system and use of Pictograms

· Location and use of SDS

2. Job Specific Training

· Employees will receive on the job training from their supervisor. This training will cover the proper use, inspection, and storage, of necessary personal protective equipment and chemical safety training for the specific chemicals they will be using or will be working around.

3. Annual Refresher Training

· Annual Hazard Communication refresher training will be conducted as part of the company's continuing safety training program.

4. Immediate On-the-Spot Training

· This training will be conducted by supervisors for any employee that requests additional information or exhibits a lack of understanding of the safety requirements.

Non-Routine Tasks:

Non-routine tasks are defined as working on, near, or with unlabeled piping, unlabeled containers of an unknown substance, confined space entry where a hazardous substance may be present and/or a one-time task using a hazardous substance differently than intended (example: using a solvent to remove stains from tile floors).

Steps for Non-Routine Tasks

· Step 1: Hazard Determination

· Step 2: Determine Precautions

· Step 3: Specific Training & Documentation

· Step 4: Perform Task

All non-routine tasks will be evaluated by the Department Supervisor and Safety Department before the task commences, to determine all hazards present. This determination will be conducted with quantitative/qualitative analysis (air sampling, substance identification/analysis, etc., as applicable).

Once the hazard determination is made, the Department Supervisor and Safety Department will determine the necessary precautions needed to either remove the hazard, change to a non-hazard, or protect from the hazard (use of personal protective equipment) to safeguard the Employees present. In addition, the Department Supervisor or Safety Department will provide specific safety training for Employees present or affected and will document the training using the Chemical Safety Training Checklist form which shall be marked "Non-Routine Task Training".

Off-site use or transportation of chemicals:

An SDS will be provided to employees for each chemical and each occurrence of use or transport away from the company facilities. All State and Federal DOT Regulations will be followed including use of certified containers, labeling & marking, securing of containers and employee training.

General Chemical Safety:

Assume all chemicals are hazardous. The number of hazardous chemicals and the number of reactions between them is so large that prior knowledge of all potential hazards cannot be assumed. Use chemicals in as small quantities as possible to minimize exposure and reduce possible harmful effects.

The following general safety rules shall be observed when working with chemicals:

· Read and understand the Safety Data Sheets.

· Keep the work area clean and orderly.

· Use the necessary safety equipment.

· Carefully label every container with the identity of its contents and appropriate hazard warnings.

· Store incompatible chemicals in separate areas.

· Substitute less toxic materials whenever possible.

· Limit the volume of volatile or flammable material to the minimum needed for short operation periods.

· Provide means of containing the material if equipment or containers should break or spill their contents.

Task Evaluation:

Each task that requires the use of chemicals should be evaluated to determine the potential hazards associated with the work. This hazard evaluation must include the chemical or combination of chemicals that will be used in the work, as well as other materials that will be used near the work. If a malfunction during the operation has the potential to cause serious injury or property damage, a Safe Operational Procedure (SOP) should be prepared and followed. Operations must be planned to minimize the generation of hazardous wastes.

Chemical Storage:

The separation of chemicals (solids or liquids) during storage is necessary to reduce the possibility of unwanted chemical reactions caused by accidental mixing. Explosives should be stored separately outdoors. Use either distance or barriers (e.g., trays) to isolate chemicals into the following groups:

· Flammable Liquids: store in approved flammable storage lockers.

· Acids: treat as flammable liquids

· Bases: do not store bases with acids or any other material

· Other liquids: ensure other liquids are not incompatible with any other chemical in the same storage location.

· Lips, strips, or bars are to be installed across the width of storage shelves to restrain the chemicals in case of earthquake.

Chemicals will not be stored in the same refrigerator used for food storage. Refrigerators used for storing chemicals must be appropriately identified by a label on the door.

Container Labels:

It is extremely important that all containers of chemicals are properly labeled. This includes every type of container from a 5000 gallon storage tank to a spray bottle of degreaser. The following requirements apply:

· All containers will have the appropriate label, tag or marking prominently displayed that indicates the identity, safety and health hazards .

· Portable containers which contain a small amount of chemical need not be labeled if they are used immediately that shift, but must be under the strict control of the employee using the product.

· All warning labels, tags, etc., must be maintained in a legible condition and not be defaced. Facility weekly supervisor inspections will check for compliance of this rule.

· Incoming chemicals are to be checked for proper labeling.

Emergencies and Spills:

In case of an emergency, implement the proper Emergency Action Plan

1. Evacuate people from the area.

2. Isolate the area.

3. If the material is flammable, turn off ignition and heat sources.

4. Only personnel specifically trained in emergency response are permitted to participate in chemical emergency procedures beyond those required to evacuate the area.

5. Call for Emergency Response Team assistance if required.

Housekeeping:

1. Maintain the smallest possible inventory of chemicals to meet immediate needs.

2. Periodically review stock of chemicals on hand.

3. Ensure that storage areas, or equipment containing large quantities of chemicals, are secure from accidental spills.

4. Rinse emptied bottles that contain acids or inflammable solvents before disposal.

5. Recycle unused laboratory chemicals wherever possible.

6. DO NOT Place hazardous chemicals in salvage or garbage receptacles.

7. DO NOT Pour chemicals onto the ground.

8. DO NOT Dispose of chemicals through the storm drain system.

9. DO NOT Dispose of highly toxic, malodorous chemicals down sinks or sewer drains.

Contractors :

All outside contractors working inside Company Facilities are required to follow the requirements of this program. The Company will provide Contractors information on:

· Location of SDS

· Precautions to be taken to protect contractor employees

· Potential exposure to hazardous substances

· Chemicals used in or stored in areas where they will be working

· Location and availability of Safety Data Sheets

· Recommended Personal Protective Equipment

· Labeling system for chemicals

Bloodborne Pathogen ProgramREF 29 CFR 1910.1030

Greater Pine Island Water Association understands the importance of protecting every worker from occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. This Exposure Control Plan (ECP) is written to increase worker's awareness of, and facilitate the prevention of, the infectious spread of bloodborne pathogen diseases through exposure to blood, saliva, and all other potentially infectious materials. This plan is our company's written policy for implementation of procedures relating to the control of infectious disease hazards.

General:

· This Exposure Control Plan (ECP) will be reviewed annually and updated whenever necessary to reflect new or modified tasks and procedures. This review is the responsibility of the safety officer.

· This plan is available to the Assistant Secretary and the Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health upon their request for examination or copying.

· The supervisors are responsible for identifying all job classifications and their associated tasks, in which the employees’ performance of the job puts them at risk for occupational exposure.

Universal Precautions:

It is the responsibility of the safety officer to require all employees to observe “universal precautions” to prevent contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials. Whenever a differentiation cannot be made between body fluids types, ALL body fluids should be considered potentially infectious material.

Engineering Controls:

A. We provide hand washing facilities throughout our facility. Following are the locations where hand washing facilities can be found:

1.__ RO Plant _____________4._______________________

2.__ Center Office __________5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

B. Employees who are required to handle DISPOSABLE contaminated needles or other contaminated sharps should do so in a safe manner, and should not remove them from the immediate area. All contaminated sharps should be disposed of in a proper puncture resistant container that is correctly labeled as to its contents. These containers are in the following locations:

1.__RO Plant Lab __________4._______________________

2._ Center Office Bathroom___5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

It is the responsibility of the safety officer to ensure that these containers are in good repair and the contents are disposed of in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1030.

C. Employees who are required to handle REUSABLE contaminated sharps are required to place these items in their puncture resistant, labeled, leak-proof container as soon as possible after use. These containers are located:

1._ RO Plant 1st Aid Kit _____4._______________________

2._ Center Office Bathroom __5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

It is the responsibility of the safety officer to ensure that these containers are in good repair and the contents are disposed of properly in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1030.

D. Eating, drinking, smoking, applying lip balm and handling contact lenses in work areas where there is reasonable likelihood of occupational exposure is strictly prohibited.

E. Food items and drinks are never to be stored in refrigerators, freezers or on shelves or in containers, cabinets, counter tops or bench tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials are present.

F. Whenever employees are engaged in work involving blood or other potentially infectious materials, they are required to do their part to minimize splashing, spraying, spattering or the generation of droplets of these substances.

G. Specimens of infectious materials will be placed in leak-proof containers during collection, handling, processing, storage, transport or shipping and the following procedures will be used:

a. All containers should be properly labeled;

b. All containers should be properly closed prior to storage, transport, or shipping;

c. If a container leaks or otherwise becomes contaminated or whenever the specimen being stored could potentially puncture the primary container, it shall be placed in a secondary container to prevent leakage during handling, processing, storage, transport, or shipping.

This secondary container will be properly labeled.

d. Equipment that potentially can become contaminated but cannot be decontaminated either in part or in full will be labeled to identify which portion of the equipment is contaminated. Employees are required to convey this information to all affected employees prior to servicing, handling or other contact with equipment. In addition, employees are required to convey this information to outside service contractors and/or manufacturers prior to any contact with the equipment.

Personal Protective Equipment:

The Safety Officer, in conjunction with the appropriate Supervisor, will provide personal protective equipment to every employee whose job classification places him or her at risk for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

Personal protective equipment made available to employees of our company may consist of:

( X ) GLOVES

( X ) RESPIRATORS

( X ) BOOT COVERS

( X ) EYE PROTECTION

( X ) FACE SHIELDS

( X ) OTHER

The safety officer will be responsible for selecting personal protective clothing and equipment for each job classification and associated task, based on its ability to effectively prohibit the passing of blood or other potentially infectious materials through to the employees’ clothes, undergarments, skin, eyes, mouth, or other mucous membranes during normal work. Further, the safety officer is responsible for conveying to all affected employees the circumstances in which they are required to use the personal protective clothing and equipment.

The Greater Pine Island Water Association requires the use of personal protective equipment by employees whose job classification demonstrates the potential for occupational exposure. If an instance arises where an employee, through his or her professional judgment, deems it necessary to remove personal protective equipment in an effort to provide adequate health care or public safety services, the circumstances surrounding the incident will be investigated utilizing the attached "Personal Protective Investigation" form. This investigation is the responsibility of the employee who made the judgment and is to be turned in to the employee’s immediate supervisor as soon as possible after the incident.

Personal protective clothing and equipment is located throughout the facility in the following areas:

1._ Personal Lockers _______4._______________________

2._______________________5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

Greater Pine Island Water Association will provide cleaning, laundering, repair, replacement and disposal of personal protective clothing and equipment as needed to maintain effectiveness and at no cost to the employees of the company.

Greater Pine Island Water Association requires employees to immediately remove all garments that have been penetrated by blood or other potentially infectious materials. The company further requires removal of all personal protective clothing prior to employees leaving the work area. Contaminated laundry should be handled with a minimum amount of agitation to reduce the likelihood of further contamination. Upon removal of personal protective clothing, employees are instructed to place clothing in their appropriate containers.

It is the responsibility of the safety officer to ensure that all containers are clearly marked for storage, washing, decontamination or disposal. Containers are located:

1._Bio Hazard Bags in BBP Kits 4._______________________

2._______________________5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

Housekeeping:

Greater Pine Island Water Association requires employees to clean and decontaminate all contaminated working surfaces upon completion of their work. Appropriate disinfectants are supplied by the company and can be found at the following locations:

1._ Bio Hazard Bags in BBP Kits _4._______________________

2._______________________5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

Surrounding working areas/surfaces that may have become contaminated must be cleaned and decontaminated at the end of each work shift.

All protective coverings including plastic wrap, aluminum foil and imperviously backed absorbent paper utilized in covering equipment shall be replaced at the end of each work shift, or sooner when required, and the old coverings disposed of in an appropriate container.

Receptacles intended for reuse and having the potential for contamination will be cleaned and decontaminated on a weekly basis. It is the responsibility of the safety officer to ensure this is accomplished. Further, this schedule of cleaning shall be posted at the locations of the receptacles.

In the event a receptacle is contaminated, the receptacle will be cleaned and decontaminated immediately or as soon as possible following the incident.

It is the responsibility of the employee performing the work which caused the contamination to ensure that cleaning and decontamination is performed.

These containers will be easily accessed by employees and maintained in upright positions. They will be replaced on a routine basis to prevent them from becoming overfilled.

Broken glass should never be handled directly. All broken glass should be swept and discarded using dust pan, tongs, or forceps. These cleaning utensils can be found at the following locations:

1.__ RO Plant ____________4._______________________

2.___Pine Island Center _____5._______________________

3._______________________6._______________________

It is the responsibility of the following employee ________ (insert name) ______ to ensure that this takes place:

1. Remove all such containers for storage and prior to removal, immediately close container to prevent leakage or spillage.

2. Place containers into a secondary container if leakage or spillage is detected.

3. Use only secondary containers that are capable of being closed and constructed to contain a primary container and prevent further leakage during handling, storage, transport or shipping.

4. All containers will be labeled as required by law (fluorescent orange or orange / red with letters and symbols in contrasting color).

Sharps’ Injury Log:

If, as an employer, you are required to maintain a log of occupational injuries and illnesses under 29 CFR Part 1904, you must also establish and maintain a sharps injury log for recording percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps. The sharps injury log must contain, at a minimum, the type and brand of device involved in the injury (if known), the department or work area where the exposure incident occurred, and an explanation of how the incident occurred. The log must be recorded and maintained in a manner that protects the confidentiality of the injured worker (e.g., removal of personal identifiers).

22

2

HEPATITIS B VACCINATION &

POST EXPOSURE EVALUATION & FOLLOW-UP

All medical & lab procedures as described in this plan will be scheduled at no cost to the employee, and will be provided during normal business hours by a licensed physician or health care provider. Following is the name of the medical facility utilized by our company for the purpose of providing medical procedures described in this plan:

MEDICAL FACILITY NAME: __ Lee County Health Department __________

MEDICAL FACILITY ADDRESS: __ 83 Pondella Rd, North Ft Myers, FL 33903 __

MEDICAL FACILITY TELEPHONE: __ (239) 461-6100 Three shots $66 each __

Hepatitis B Vaccination:

1.The Hepatitis B vaccination will be made available to those employees who are determined to have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM), and they must comply with the procedures and work practices outlined within.

2. Employees may decline the Hepatitis B vaccination but are required to sign the attached "Hepatitis B Vaccine Declination" form (see Appendix). In addition, the company will make available the Hepatitis B vaccine to those employees, who initially declined the vaccine, but who are still covered under this standard, and have changed their mind and requested the vaccine.

3. Greater Pine Island Water Association will provide the health care professional responsible for administering the Hepatitis B vaccination with a copy of the OSHA 29 1910.1030 regulation.

4. Greater Pine Island Water Association will obtain and provide every employee with a copy of the evaluating health care professional's written opinion which will be limited to whether the Hepatitis B vaccination is indicated for an employee, and if the employee has received such a vaccination.

Post Exposure Evaluation & Follow-Up:

1.Greater Pine Island Water Association will immediately make available a confidential medical evaluation and follow up to any employee who reports an exposure incident. This report can be made on the attached "Post Exposure Evaluation" form (see Appendix) and must include the following:

a.Documentation of routes of exposure.

b.Description of the circumstances surrounding exposure.

c.Identification and documentation of the individual source.

2.The source individual's blood will be tested as soon as possible following the exposure incident and after consent is obtained to determine HBV and HIV infectivity. If consent is not obtained, documentation that legally required consent cannot be obtained must be made. If HBV and HIV status of the source individual is already known, repeat testing is not required.

3.Results of the source individual's testing will be made available to the exposed individual who will be informed of applicable laws and regulations concerning disclosure of the identity and infectious status of the source individual.

4.The exposed employee's blood will be collected and tested, upon consent being granted, as soon as possible after the exposure incident. In the event the employee does not grant permission for HIV testing, the blood sample will be preserved for a period of 90 days, during which period of time the employee may change his/ her mind and request testing.

5.Measures designed to preserve health and prevent the spread of disease, when medically indicated, will be offered and will include counseling and an evaluation of the reported illness.

6.Greater Pine Island Water Association will provide the health care professional responsible for evaluating an employee after an exposure incident with the following information:

a.A copy of the OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1030 regulation.

b.A description of the employee's duties as they relate to the exposure incident.

c.Documentation of the routes of exposure and the circumstances surrounding the exposure incident.

d.Results of the individual's blood testing if available.

e.All medical records relevant to the appropriate treatment of the employee including vaccination status.

This information will be furnished to the health care professional using the attached "post Exposure Evaluation Form".

7.Greater Pine Island Water Association will obtain and provide every employee with a copy of the evaluating health care professional's written opinion which will be limited to the following:

a. A statement that the employee has been informed of the results of the evaluation.

b. A statement that the employee has been told about any medical conditions resulting from exposure to blood or other infectious materials which require further evaluation or treatment. All other medical findings or diagnoses will remain confidential and should not be included in the written report.

Medical Record Keeping:

1.Medical records including employees social security number; copies of employee's Hepatitis B vaccinations status (dates); any medical records relative to the employees ability to receive the vaccination; results of examinations; medical tests; follow-up procedures; and the physician's or health care professional's written opinion will be maintained for no less than 30 years for every employee of the company who is affected by this standard and who has been employed for more than one year.

2.Medical records for employees who have worked for less than one year may be maintained for the duration of employment only, if a copy is provided to the employee upon termination of employment.

3.All such medical records will be maintained by the safety officer.

Access to Medical Records:

1.Medical records are made available to employees or their authorized representatives upon written request utilizing one of the attached Release of Medical Information forms.

a.Authorization for the Release of Employee Medical Record Information form.

b.Authorization of the Release of Employee Medical Information to Authorized Representatives form.

2.Health professionals providing medical or other occupational health services to exposed employees may access medical records on a "need to know" basis for the purpose of research and statistical studies. These individuals are bound to the same confidentiality requirements as medical professionals.

3.In the event of a medical emergency involving the employee where information in the employee medical record is deemed important to the immediate care of the individual, information contained in the record may be released upon request of the attending physician or responsible family member.

4.To preserve the confidentiality of employee medical records, such records will be released only upon written request or authorization of the employee, or as required by law through an order of the court of competent jurisdiction. Before any medical record is released to a government agency without prior written employee consent, the approval of corporate employee relations and the corporate legal counsel must be obtained in order to determine whether such agency request falls within the regulatory authority of the agency.

5.The company may release company-initiated, composite statistical data regarding occupational health matters. In all such instances, the information will not be in individually identifiable form. Employee consent is not required in such instances.

6.Requests for medical records should be directed to the safety officer.

Labels & Signs:

1.All containers of regulated waste, refrigerators and freezers containing blood or other potentially infectious materials and all other containers used for storage, transport or shipping of blood or other potentially infectious materials will be clearly marked with a warning label. This warning label will be fluorescent orange or orange/red with lettering or symbols in a contrasting color.

2.Wherever applicable, red bags or red containers may be used instead of the warning labels.

3.The safety officer is responsible for ensuring that all containers are properly labeled at all times.

4.Individual containers of infectious materials that are placed in labeled containers for storage, transport or shipping need not be individually labeled.

5.Regulated wastes that have been decontaminated need not be labeled or color coded.

6.Signs bearing the Biohazard symbol should be posted at the entrance to all work areas where there is potential for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

Training:

1. Greater Pine Island Water Association will provide training for every employee who, during the normal course of their work, has potential for occupational exposure. Employees are required to take part in this training as a condition of their employment.

2.The safety officer is responsible for providing this training and is knowledgeable in the subject matter covered in the training program as it relates to the workplace.

3.Training is provided at the time of initial assignment to tasks posing potential for occupational exposure and no less than annually thereafter.

4.Employees will receive additional training whenever there are modifications made to their tasks or procedures which affect an employee's risk of exposure.

5.Greater Pine Island Water Association Training program will include the following:

a. A general explanation of how disease is spread and controlled in population.

b. An explanation of how bloodborne pathogens are transmitted from one person to another.

c. An explanation of the company's Exposure Control Plan including how to obtain a copy.

d. An explanation of methods used to recognize tasks and other activities that may place an employee at risk for exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

e. An explanation of the methods and their limitations to be utilized to reduce or prevent exposure. These methods must include engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective clothing and equipment.

f. An explanation of the type of personal protective equipment available; its proper use; location of equipment; and procedures for removal, handling, decontamination and disposal of equipment.

g. An explanation of the basis for selection of personal protective equipment.

h. Information on the Hepatitis B vaccine; its effectiveness; its safety; its method of administration; its benefits; its availability to employees free of charge; and the employees option to refuse the vaccine.

i. An explanation of the appropriate actions to take and the person to contact in the event of an emergency involving bloodborne pathogens.

j. An explanation of the procedures to follow if an exposure incident occurs including the method of reporting the incident and available medical follow up.

k. An explanation of the employee’s responsibility for post exposure evaluation and follow up.

l. Information of signs and labeling requirements.

m. Interactive questions and answers session.

Training Record Keeping:

1.Records of training will be maintained for a period of 3 years from the date of training and will include the following:

a. Dates of training

b. Name(s) and qualifications of the person(s) conducting training.

c. Name(s) and job title(s) of person receiving training.

2.Training records will be made available to the Assistant Secretary of Labor and the Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health upon their request.

Personal Protective Equipment REF 29 CFR 1910 Subpart I / 29 CFR 1926 Subpart E

Purpose:

The Greater Pine Island Water Association provides all employees with required PPE to suit the task and known hazards. This Chapter covers the requirements for Personal Protective Equipment with the exception of PPE used for hearing conservation and respiratory protection or PPE required for hazardous material response to spills or releases.

General Policy:

Engineering controls shall be the primary methods used to eliminate or minimize hazard exposure in the workplace. When such controls are not practical or applicable, personal protective equipment shall be employed to reduce or eliminate personnel exposure to hazards. Personal protective equipment (PPE) will be provided, used, and maintained when it has been determined that its use is required and that such use will lessen the likelihood of occupational injuries and/or illnesses.

Responsibilities:

Management

· Conduct hazard assessments to identify specific PPE for specific tasks

· Train employees in the selection, use, inspection, storage, cleaning, and limitations of specific PPE

Supervisors

· Monitor use of PPE

· Provide replacement PPE when needed

· Identify any new hazards that would require the use of PPE

Employees

· Properly use and care for assigned PPE

· Immediately inform supervisor if PPE is damaged or not effective

General Rules:

1. Design

All personal protective clothing and equipment will be of safe design and construction for the work to be performed. Only those items of protective clothing and equipment that meet National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) or American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards will be procured or accepted for use.

2. Hazard assessment and equipment selection

Hazard analysis procedures shall be used to assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to be present, which necessitate the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). If such hazards are present, or likely to be present, the following actions will be taken:

a. Select, and have each affected employee use, the proper PPE;

b. Communicate selection decisions to each affected employee;

c. Select PPE that properly fits each affected employee.

3. Defective and damaged equipment

Defective or damaged personal protective equipment shall not be used.

Training:

All Employees who are required to use PPE shall be trained to know at least the following:

· When PPE is necessary;

· What PPE is necessary;

· How to properly don, remove, adjust, and wear PPE;

· The limitations of the PPE;

· The proper care, maintenance, useful life and disposal of the PPE.

Each affected Employee shall demonstrate an understanding of the training and the ability to use PPE properly, before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE.

Certification of training for PPE is required by OSHA.

PPE Selection

1. Controlling hazards

PPE devices alone should not be relied on to provide protection against hazards, but should be used in conjunction with guards, engineering controls, and sound manufacturing practices.

2. Selection guidelines

The general procedure for selection of protective equipment is to:

a. become familiar with the potential hazards and the type of protective equipment that is available, and what it can do; i.e., splash protection, impact protection, etc.;

b. compare the hazards associated with the environment; i.e., impact velocities, masses, projectile shape, radiation intensities, with the capabilities of the available protective equipment;

c. select the protective equipment which ensures a level of protection greater than the minimum required to protect employees from the hazards;

d. fit the user with the protective device and give instructions on care and use of the PPE. It is very important that end users be made aware of all warning labels for and limitations of their PPE.

3. Fitting the Device

Careful consideration must be given to comfort and fit. PPE that fits poorly will not afford the necessary protection. Continued wearing of the device is more likely if it fits the wearer comfortably. Protective devices are generally available in a variety of sizes. Care should be taken to ensure that the right size is selected.

4. Devices with adjustable features.

Adjustments should be made on an individual basis for a comfortable fit that will maintain the protective device in the proper position. Particular care should be taken in fitting devices for eye protection against dust and chemical splash to ensure that the devices are sealed to the face. In addition, proper fitting of helmets is important to ensure that it will not fall off during work operations. In some cases a chin strap may be necessary to keep the helmet on an employee's head. (Chin straps should break at a reasonably low force, however, so as to prevent a strangulation hazard). Where manufacturer's instructions are available, they should be followed carefully.

Eye and Face Protection:

1. General requirements

The majority of occupational eye injuries can be prevented by the use of suitable/approved safety spectacles, goggles, or shields. Approved eye and face protection shall be worn when there is a reasonable possibility of personal injury.

· Each employee shall use appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation.

· Each employee shall use eye protection that provides side protection when there is a hazard from flying objects. Detachable side protectors are acceptable.

· Each employee who wears prescription lenses while engaged in operations that involve eye hazards shall wear eye protection that incorporates the prescription in its design, or shall wear eye protection that can be worn over the prescription lenses without disturbing the proper position of the prescription lenses or the protective lenses.

· Eye and face PPE shall be distinctly marked to facilitate identification of the manufacturer.

· Each employee shall use equipment with filter lenses that have a shade number appropriate for the work being performed for protection from injurious light radiation.

2. Typical hazards that can cause eye and face injury are:

· Splashes of toxic or corrosive chemicals, hot liquids, and molten metals;

· Flying objects, such as chips of wood, metal, and stone dust;

· Fumes, gases, and mists of toxic or corrosive chemicals; and

· Aerosols of biological substances.

Prevention of eye accidents requires that all persons who may be in eye hazard areas wear protective eyewear. This includes employees, visitors, contractors, or others passing through an identified eye hazardous area. To provide protection for these personnel, activities shall procure a sufficient quantity of heavy duty goggles and/or plastic eye protectors which afford the maximum amount of protection possible. If these personnel wear personal glasses, they shall be provided with a suitable eye protector to wear over them.

3. Eye / Face Protection Specifications

Eye and face protectors procured, issued to, and used by employees, contractors and visitors must conform to the following design and performance standards:

a. Provide adequate protection against the particular hazards for which they are designed;

b. Fit properly and offer the least possible resistance to movement and cause minimal discomfort while in use;

c. Be durable;

d. Be easily cleaned or disinfected for or by the wearer;

e. Be clearly marked to identify the manufacturer;

f. Persons who require corrective lenses for normal vision, and who are required to wear eye protection, must wear goggles or spectacles of one of the following types.

4. Types of Eye / Face Protection

a. Spectacles with protective lenses which provide optical correction.

b. Goggles that can be worn over spectacles without disturbing the adjustment of the spectacles.

c. Goggles that incorporate corrective lenses mounted behind the protective lenses.

5. Eye & Face Protector Use

a. Safety Spectacles: Protective eye glasses are made with safety frames, tempered glass or plastic lenses, temples and side shields which provide eye protection from moderate impact and particles encountered in job tasks such as carpentry, woodworking, grinding, scaling, etc.

b. Single Lens Goggles: Vinyl framed goggles of soft pliable body design provide adequate eye protection from many hazards. These goggles are available with clear or tinted lenses, perforated, port vented, or non-vented frames. Single lens goggles provide similar protection to spectacles and may be worn in combination with spectacles or corrective lenses to insure protection along with proper vision.

c. Welders/Chippers Goggles: These goggles are available in rigid and soft frames to accommodate single or two eye piece lenses.

i. Welder’s goggles provide protection from sparking, scaling or splashing metals and harmful light rays. Lenses are impact resistant and are available in graduated shades of filtration.

ii. Chippers/grinders goggles provide eye protection from flying particles. The dual protective eye cups house impact resistant clear lenses with individual cover plates.

d. Face Shields: These normally consist of an adjustable headgear and face shield of tinted/transparent acetate or polycarbonate materials, or wire screen. Face shields are available in various sizes, tensile strength, impact/heat resistance and light ray filtering capacity. Face shields will be used in operations when the entire face needs protection and should be worn to protect eyes and face against flying particles, metal sparks, and chemical/ biological splash.

e. Welding Shields: These shield assemblies consist of vulcanized fiber or glass fiber body, a ratchet/button type adjustable headgear or cap attachment and a filter and cover plate holder. These shields will be provided to protect workers' eyes and face from infrared or radiant light burns, flying sparks, metal spatter and slag chips encountered during welding, brazing, soldering, resistance welding, bare or shielded electric arc welding and oxyacetylene welding and cutting operations.

Filter Lenses for Protection Against Radiant Energy

Operations

Electrode Size 1/32 in

Arc Current

Protective Shade

Shielded metal arc welding

Less than 3

Less than 60

7

3-5

60-160

8

5-8

160-250

10

More than 8

250-550

11

Torch brazing

3

Torch soldering

2

Note: as a rule of thumb, start with a shade that is too dark to see the weld zone. Then go to a lighter shade which gives sufficient view of the weld zone without going below the minimum. In oxyfuel gas welding or cutting where the torch produces a high yellow light, it is desirable to use a filter lens that absorbs the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the (spectrum) operation.

Selection chart guidelines for eye and face protection

The following chart provides general guidance for the proper selection of eye and face protection to protect against hazards associated with the listed hazard "source" operations.

Source

Hazard

Protection

IMPACT - Chipping, grinding machining, masonry work, woodworking, sawing, drilling, chiseling, powered fastening, riveting, and sanding

Flying fragments, objects, large chips, particles, sand, dirt, etc.

Spectacles with side protection, goggles, face shield

For severe exposure, use face shield

HEAT-Furnace operation and arc welding

Hot sparks

Faceshields,, spectacles with side. For severe exposure use faceshield.

CHEMICALS-Acid and chemical handling, degreasing, plating

Splash

Goggles, eyecup and cover types. For severe exposure, use face shield.

DUST - Woodworking, buffing, general, buffing, general dusty conditions.

Nuisance dust

Goggles, eye cup and cover type

Head Protection:

1. General requirements

Hats and caps have been designed and manufactured to provide workers protection from impact, heat, electrical and fire hazards. These protectors consist of the shell and the suspension combined as a protective system. Safety hats and caps will be of nonconductive, fire and water resistant materials. Bump caps or skull guards are constructed of lightweight materials and are designed to provide minimal protection against hazards when working in congested areas.

Head protection will be furnished to, and used by, all employees and contractors engaged in construction and other miscellaneous work in head-hazard areas. Head protection will also be required to be worn by engineers, inspectors, and visitors at construction sites. Bump caps/skull guards will be issued to and worn for protection against scalp lacerations from contact with sharp objects. They will not be worn as substitutes for safety caps/hats because they do not afford protection from high impact forces or penetration by falling objects.

2. Selection guidelines for head protection

All head protection is designed to provide protection from impact and penetration hazards caused by falling objects. Head protection is also available which provides protection from electric shock and burn. When selecting head protection, knowledge of potential electrical hazards is important. Class A helmets, in addition to impact and penetration resistance, provide electrical protection from low-voltage conductors (they are proof tested to 2,200 volts). Class B helmets, in addition to impact and penetration resistance, provide electrical protection from high-voltage conductors (they are proof tested to 20,000 volts). Class C helmets provide impact and penetration resistance (they are usually made of aluminum which conducts electricity), and should not be used around electrical hazards.

Where falling object hazards are present, helmets must be worn. Some examples include: working below other workers who are using tools and materials which could fall; working around or under conveyor belts which are carrying parts or materials; working below machinery or processes which might cause material or objects to fall; and working on exposed energized conductors.

Foot Protection:

1. General requirements

Each affected employee shall wear protective footwear when working in areas where there is a danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or objects piercing the sole, and where employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards.

2. Selection guidelines for foot protection

Safety shoes and boots provide both impact and compression protection. Where necessary, safety shoes can be obtained which provide puncture protection. In some work situations, metatarsal protection should be provided, and in other special situations electrical conductive or insulating safety shoes would be appropriate. Safety shoes or boots with impact protection would be required for carrying or handling materials such as packages, objects, parts or heavy tools, which could be dropped; and, for other activities where objects might fall onto the feet. Safety shoes or boots with compression protection would be required for work activities involving skid trucks (manual material handling carts) around bulk rolls (such as paper rolls) and around heavy pipes, all of which could potentially roll over an employee's feet. Safety shoes or boots with puncture protection would be required where sharp objects such as nails, wire, tacks, screws, large staples, scrap metal etc., could be stepped on by employees causing a foot injury.

Hand Protection

1. General Requirements

Hand protection is required when employees' hands are exposed to hazards such as those from skin absorption of harmful substances; severe cuts or lacerations; severe abrasions; punctures; chemical burns; thermal burns; and harmful temperature extremes. Skin contact is a potential source of exposure to toxic materials; it is important that the proper steps be taken to prevent such contact. Gloves should be selected on the basis of the material being handled, the particular hazard involved, and their suitability for the operation being conducted. One type of glove will not work in all situations.

Most accidents involving hands and arms can be classified under four main hazard categories: chemicals, abrasions, cutting, and heat. There are gloves available that can protect workers from any of these individual hazards or combination of hazards.

Gloves should be replaced periodically, depending on frequency of use and permeability to the substance(s) handled. Gloves overtly contaminated should be rinsed and then carefully removed after use. Gloves should also be worn whenever it is necessary to handle rough or sharp-edged objects, and very hot or very cold materials. The type of glove materials to be used in these situations include leather, welder's gloves, aluminum-backed gloves, and other types of insulated glove materials.

Careful attention must be given to protecting your hands when working with tools and machinery. Power tools and machinery must have guards installed or incorporated into their design that prevent the hands from contacting the point of operation, power train, or other moving parts. To protect the hands from injury due to contact with moving parts, it is important to:

· Ensure that guards are always in place and used;

· Always lock out machines or tools and disconnect the power before making repairs;

· Treat a machine without a guard as inoperative; and

· Do not wear gloves around moving machinery, such as drill presses, mills, lathes, and grinders.

2. Selection guidelines for hand protection

Selection of hand PPE shall be based on an evaluation of the performance characteristics of the hand protection relative to the task(s) to be performed, conditions present, duration of use, and the hazards and potential hazards identified. Gloves are often relied upon to prevent cuts, abrasions, burns, and skin contact with chemicals that are capable of causing local or systemic effects following dermal exposure. There is no glove that provides protection against all potential hand hazards, and commonly available glove materials provide only limited protection against many chemicals. Therefore, it is important to select the most appropriate glove for a particular application and to determine how long it can be worn, and whether it can be reused. It is also important to know the performance characteristics of gloves relative to the specific hazard anticipated; e.g., chemical hazards, cut hazards, flame hazards, etc. Before purchasing gloves, request documentation from the manufacturer that the gloves meet the appropriate test standard(s) for the hazard(s) anticipated. Other factors to be considered for glove selection in general include:

a. As long as the performance characteristics are acceptable, in certain circumstances, it may be more cost effective to regularly change cheaper gloves than to reuse more expensive types.

b. The work activities of the employee should be studied to determine the degree of dexterity required, the duration, frequency, and degree of exposure of the hazard, and the physical stresses that will be applied.

3. Selection of gloves for chemical hazards

The first consideration in the selection of gloves for use against chemicals is to determine, if possible, the exact nature of the substances to be encountered. Read instructions and warnings on chemical container labels and SDSs before working with any chemical. Recommended glove types are often listed in the section for personal protective equipment.

All glove materials are eventually permeated by chemicals. However, they can be used safely for limited time periods if specific use and glove characteristics (i.e., thickness and permeation rate and time) are known. The safety office can assist is determining the specific type of glove material that should be worn for a particular chemical.

a. The toxic properties of the chemical(s) must be determined; in particular, the ability of the chemical to cause local effects on the skin and/or to pass through the skin and cause systemic effects.

b. Generally, any "chemical resistant" glove can be used for dry powders.

c. For mixtures and formulated products (unless specific test data are available), a glove should be selected on the basis of the chemical component with the shortest breakthrough time, since it is possible for solvents to carry active ingredients through polymeric materials.

d. Employees must be able to remove the gloves in such a manner as to prevent skin contamination.

GOTO cmreports.us/PineIslandDOCS

Section: “Assessments/Templates/Surveys”

“RO PLANT”

GOTO cmreports.us/PineIslandDOCS

Section: “Assessments/Templates/Surveys”

“DISTRIBUTION”

Confined Space ProgramREF 29 CFR 1926 Subpart AA

Purpose:

The Confined Space Entry Program is provided to protect authorized employees that will enter confined spaces and may be exposed to hazardous atmospheres, engulfment in materials, conditions which may trap or asphyxiate due to converging or sloping walls, or contains any other safety or health hazards.

Responsibilities:

Management

· Ensure confined space assessments have been conducted

· Ensure all permit required confined spaces are posted

· Annually review this program and all Entry Permits

Employees

· Follow program requirements

· Report any previously un-identified hazards associated with confined spaces

Entry Supervisor

· Entry supervisors are responsible for the overall permit space entry and must coordinate all entry procedures, tests, permits, equipment and other relevant activities. The following entry supervisor duties are required:

1. Know the hazards that may be faced during entry, including information on the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences of the exposure;

2. Verifies, by checking that the appropriate entries have been made on the permit, all test specified by the permit have been conducted and that all procedures and equipment specified by the permit are in place before endorsing the permit and allowing entry to begin ;

3. Terminate the entry and cancel the permit when the entry is complete and there is a need for terminating the permit;

4. Verify that rescue services are available and that the means for summoning them are operable;

5. Remove unauthorized persons who enter or attempt to enter the space during entry operations;

6. Determine whenever responsibility for a permit space entry operation is transferred and at intervals dictated by the hazards and operations performed within the space that entry operations remain consistent with the permit terms and that acceptable entry conditions are maintained.

Entry Attendants

· At least one attendant is required outside the permit space into which entry is authorized for the duration of the entry operation. Responsibilities include:

1. Know the hazards that may be faced during entry, including information on the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences of the exposure;

2. Be aware of possible behavioral effects of hazard exposure on entrants;

3. Continuously maintain an accurate count of entrants in the permit space and ensures a means to accurately identify authorized entrants;

4. Remain outside the permit space during entry operations until relieved by another attendant (once properly relieved, they may participate in other permit space activities, including rescue if they are properly trained and equipped);

5. Communicate with entrants as necessary to monitor entrant status and alert entrants of the need to evacuate;

6. Monitor activities inside and outside the space to determine if it is safe for entrants to remain in the space and orders the entrants to immediately evacuate if: the attendant detects a prohibited condition, detects entrant behavioral effects of hazard exposure, detects a situation outside the space that could endanger the entrants; or if the attendant cannot effectively and safely perform all the attendant duties;

7. Summon rescue and other emergency services as soon as the attendant determines the entrants need assistance to escape the permit space hazards;

8. Not to perform duties that might interfere with the attendants' primary duty to monitor and protect the entrants;

9. Take the following action when unauthorized persons approach or enter a permit space while entry is under way:

i. Warn the unauthorized persons that they must stay away from the permit space,

ii. Advise unauthorized persons that they must exit immediately if they have entered the space, and

iii. Inform the authorized entrants and the entry supervisor if unauthorized persons have entered the permit space.

Entrants

· All entrants must be authorized by the entry supervisor to enter permit spaces, have received the required training, used the proper equipment, and observes the entry procedures and permit. The following entrant duties are required:

1. Know the hazards that may be faced during entry, including information on the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences of the exposure;

2. Properly use the equipment required for safe entry;

3. Communicate with the attendant as necessary to enable the attendant to monitor the status of the entrants and to enable the attendant to alert the entrants of the need to evacuate the space if necessary;

4. Alert the attendant whenever; the entrant recognizes any warning signs or symptoms of exposure to a dangerous situation, or any prohibited condition is detected; and

5. Exit the permit space as quickly as possible whenever; the attendant or entry supervisor gives an order to evacuate the permit space, the entrant recognized any warning signs or symptoms of exposure to a dangerous situation, the entrant detects a prohibited condition, or an evacuation alarm activated.

Hazards:

· Explosive / Flammable Atmospheres

· Toxic Atmospheres

· Engulfment

· Asphyxiation

· Entrapment

· Slips & falls

· Chemical Exposure

· Electric Shock

· Thermal / Chemical Burns

· Noise & Vibration

Hazard Control:

1. Engineering Controls

· Locked entry points

· Temporary ventilation

· Temporary lighting

2. Administrative Controls

· Signs

· Employee training

· Entry procedures

· Atmospheric monitoring

· Rescue procedures

· Use of prescribed PPE

Definitions:

1. Confined space

· Is large enough or so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform work.

· Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit (i.e. tanks, vessels, silos, storage bins, hoppers, vaults, and pits are spaces that may have limited means of entry).

· Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.

2. Permit required confined space (permit space), is a confined space that has one or more of the following characteristics:

a. Contains or has a potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere;

b. Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant;

c. Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly covering walls or by a floor which slopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross-section;

d. Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard.

Each Permit-Required Confined Space will be marked "Confined Space - Entry Permit Required".

Entry Standard Operating Procedures (SOP):

A Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) has been developed for each space to standardize the entry procedure. The SOP outlines:

· Hazards

· Hazard Control & Abatement

· Acceptable Entry Conditions

· Means of Entry

· Entry Equipment Required

· Emergency Procedures

 

Permit Required Confined Space Entry General Rules:

During all Confined Space Entries, the following Safety Rules must be strictly enforced:

1. Only Authorized and Trained Employees may enter a Confined Space or act as Safety Watchmen.

2. No Smoking is permitted in a Confined Space or near entrance/exit area.

3. During Confined Space Entries, a Watchmen must be present at all times.

4. Constant visual or voice communication will be maintained between the Safety Watchmen and Employees entering a Confined Space.

5. No bottom or side entry will be made or work conducted below the level any hanging material or material which could cause engulfment.

6. Air and Oxygen Monitoring is required before entering any Permit-Required Confined Space. Oxygen levels in a Confined Space must be between 19.5 and 23.5 percent. Levels above or below will require the use of an SCBA or other approved air supplied respirator. Additional ventilation and Oxygen Level Monitoring is required when welding is performed. The monitoring will check Oxygen Levels, Explosive Gas Levels and Carbon Monoxide Levels. Entry will not be permitted if explosive gas is detected above one-half the Lower Explosive Limit (LEL).

7. To prevent injuries to others, all openings to Confined Spaces will be protected by a barricade when covers are removed.

 

Confined Space Entry Procedures:

Each employee who enters or is involved in the entry must:

1. Understand the procedures for confined Space Entry

2. Know the Hazards of the specific space

3. Review the specific procedures for each entry

4. Understand how to use entry and rescue equipment

 

Confined Space Entry Permits:

Confined Space Entry Permits must be completed before any Employee enters a Permit-Required Confined Space. The Permit must be completed and signed by an Authorized Member of Management before entry.

· Permits will expire before the completion of the shift or if any pre-entry conditions change. Permits will be maintained on file for 12 months.

 

Contractor Entry:

All work by non-company employees that involves the entry into confined spaces will follow the procedures of this program. The information of this program and specific hazards of the confined spaces to be entered will be provided to Contractor Management prior to commencing entry or work.

Training:

Training for Confined Space Entry includes:

1. Duties of Entry Supervisor, Entrant and Attendants

2. Confined Space Entry permits

3. Hazards of Confined Spaces

4. Use of Air Monitoring Equipment

5. Confined Space Entry & Rescue Equipment

Confined Space Hazards:

1. Flammable Atmospheres

A flammable atmosphere generally arises from enriched oxygen atmospheres, vaporization of flammable liquids, byproducts of work, chemical reactions, concentrations of combustible dusts, and description of chemical from inner surfaces of the confined space.

An atmosphere becomes flammable when the ratio of oxygen to combustible material in the air is neither too rich nor too lean for combustion to occur. Combustible gases or vapors will accumulate when there is inadequate ventilation in areas such as a confined