S Y B Tech (Mechanical Engg) Syllabus

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Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute Effective from Academic Year 2010-11 1 VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE [ Autonomous Institute affiliated to University of Mumbai ] SYLLABUS FOR S.Y. B. TECH. (Mechanical Engineering) VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, [V.J.T.I.] MATUNGA, MUMBAI 400 019. [ YEAR 2010-2011 ]

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Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute

VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE[ Autonomous Institute affiliated to University of Mumbai ]

SYLLABUSFOR

S.Y. B. TECH.(Mechanical Engineering)

VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, [V.J.T.I.] MATUNGA, MUMBAI 400 019.

[ YEAR 2010-2011 ]

Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute

Scheme of Teaching and Evaluation

S Y B Tech (Mechanical Engineering)(Semester III)

Theory CoursesCourse Code Course Name Hr/Week L T P Credits TA Examination Scheme (Evaluation in % Weightage) IST ESE Total ESE (W) (hrs)

MA0203 Applied Mathematics - III ME0201 Manufacturing Processes I ME0202 Applied Thermodynamics I EE0221 Electrical Machines SE0221 Strength of Materials Total Laboratory CoursesCourse Code Course Name

3 3 3 3 3 15

1 1 1 3

-

4 3 4 3 4 18

10 10 10 10 10

30 30 30 30 30

60 60 60 60 60

100 100 100 100 100

3 3 3 3 3

Hr/Week L T P

Credits TA

Examination Scheme (Evaluation in % Weightage) ESE (O / P) Total ESE (P) (hrs)

ME1201 ME1202 ME1203 ME1204

Machine Shop - I Machine Drawing Java Programming Experimental Engg. Lab I Total -

-

3 3 3 3 12

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 6

50 50 50 50

50 50 50 50

100 100 100 100

Co-curricular ActivitiesCourse Code CC4231 CC4232 Course Name Industry-Academia Interaction E-Library/ Internet Total Hr/Week L T P 2 3 5 A/NA Credits

Total for L T P Total Hours Credits Semester 15 3 17 35 24 Abbreviations: L: Lectures, T: Tutorial, P: Practical, TA: Teacher Assessment, ESE (P): End Semester Practical Examination, ESE (O): End Semester Oral Examination, IST: In Semester Test/s, ESE (W): End Semester Written Examination, ESE (W) (hrs): End Semester Written Examination duration, ESE (O) (hrs): End Semester Examination Practical (duration), A/NA: Attended/Not Attended Notes: TA for Theory and Laboratory courses shall carry 25 marks. IST: One mid semester test (40 marks of two hour duration) and two surprise Tests/Quizzes (5% weightage of each). ESE (W) shall be of 100 marks of 3 hours, ESE (P) and ESE (O) shall be decided as per course requirement. ESE (O) and ESE (P) shall together carry 25 marks. Industry - Academia Interaction: Wednesday afternoon slot will be used. Module or broad subject outline will be decided by the course coordinator. Lectures as per module in the defined areas of eminent personalities from industry or academia will be arranged. Assessment will be done on the attendance of the students for the module. More than 60%: Attended, otherwise: Not Attended. E- Library/ Internet: Every theory course must have at least one assignment or case-study which requires exhaustive internet search/support.

Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute Scheme of Teaching and Evaluation

S Y B Tech (Mechanical Engineering)(Semester IV)

Theory CoursesCourse Code Course Name Hr/Week L T P Credits TA Examination Scheme (Evaluation in % Weightage) IST ESE Total ESE (W) (hrs)

MA0204 Applied Mathematics - IV ME0206 Manufacturing Processes II ME0207 Applied Thermodynamics II ME0208 Theory of Machines ME0209 Fluid Mechanics I CE0221 Environmental Studies Total Laboratory CoursesCourse Code Course Name

3 3 3 3 3 3 18

1 1 1 3

-

4 3 4 4 3 3 21

10 10 10 10 10 10

30 30 30 30 30 30

60 60 60 60 60 60

100 100 100 100 100 100

3 3 3 3 3 3

Hr/Week L T P

Credits TA

Examination Scheme (Evaluation in % Weightage) ESE (O / P) Total ESE (P) (hrs)

ME1206 ME1207 ME1208 ME1209

Machine Shop II Thermodynamics Lab Software Lab. I Fluid Mechanics Lab. I Total -

-

3 3 3 3 12

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 6

50 50 50 50

50 50 50 50

100 100 100 100

Co-curricular Activities Course Course Name Code CC4241 Industry-Academia Interaction Total

Hr/Week L T P 2 2

Credits A/NA -

L T P Total Hours Credits Total for Semester 18 3 14 35 27 Abbreviations: L: Lectures, T: Tutorial, P: Practical, TA: Teacher Assessment, ESE (P): End Semester Practical Examination, ESE (O): End Semester Oral Examination, IST: In Semester Test/s, ESE (W): End Semester Written Examination, ESE (W) (hrs): End Semester Written Examination duration, ESE (O) (hrs): End Semester Examination Practical (duration), A/NA: Attended/Not Attended Notes: TA for Theory and Laboratory courses shall carry 25 marks. IST: One mid semester test (40 marks of two hour duration) and two surprise Tests/Quizzes (5% weightage of each).. ESE (W) shall be of 100 marks of 3 hours, ESE (P) and ESE (O) shall be decided as per course requirement. ESE (O) and ESE (P) shall together carry 25 marks. Industry - Academia Interaction: Wednesday afternoon slot will be used. Module or broad subject outline will be decided by the course coordinator. Lectures as per module in the defined areas of eminent personalities from industry or academia will be arranged. Assessment will be done on the attendance of the students for the module. (More than 75%: Attended, otherwise: Not Attended.

Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute

Programme Name Course Code Course Title

: : :

S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) MA 0203 APPLIED MATHEMATICS III

SEMESTER III

Course Contents Module 1 Laplace Transforms 1.1 Functions of bounded variation 1.2 Laplace transforms of standard functions such as 1, t n , e at , sin at , cos at , sinh at , erf t 1.3 Linear property of Laplace transforms. 1.4 First shifting theorem, Second shifting theoremL tn f t ,L f t ,L f tt

t

,L0

f u du , L d

n

dt n

f t

1.5 Change of scale property: Unit step functions, Heaviside, Dirac delta functions, Periodic functions and their Laplace transforms. 1.6 Inverse Laplace transform using linear property, theorems, partial fractions and convolution theorem. 1.7 Application to solve ordinary differential equations with one dependent variable. Module 2 Matrices 2.1 Types of matrices 2.2 Adjoint (Adjugate) of a matrix. Inverse of a matrix. 2.3 Elementary transformations of matrix, rank of a matrix. 2.4 Reduction to a normal form. 2.5 Partitioning of matrix, System of homogeneous and non- homogeneous equations, their consistency and solution. 2.6 Eigen values Eigen vectors of square matrix. 2.7 Cayley Hamiltons theorem and function of square matrix. 2.8 Brief revision of vectors over real field, Inner product, Norm, Linear dependence and independence, Orthogonality of matrix. 2.9 Characteristic polynomial, values and vectors of square matrix. Module 3 Fourier Series and Integrals 3.1 Orthogonal orthonormal functions, Expression for a function in series of orthogonal functions. 3.2 Dirchlets conditions. 3.3 Fourier series of periodic function with period 2 ,2l ,Dichlets theorem, even and odd functions. 3.4 Half range expansions, Parsevals relations. 3.5 Complex form of Fourier series. Fourier integral. Module 4 Numerical Methods 4.1 Solutions of systems of linear algebric equations. 4.2 Gauss elimation , Gauss Jordan, Crouts(LU) method 4.3 Gauss Seidal and jacobi iteration. 4.4 Differential equation, Taylor Series method, Picard method, Rungakutta method, Euler method. Text Books 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, H K Dass, S Chand & Co. Ltd, 3 rd Edition, 2006 ,2007 2. Higher Engineering Mathematics, Dr B S Grewal, Khanna Publications, 39 th Edition,Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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2005. 3. Theory and Problems in Numerical Methods, T Veerarajan, T Ramachandran, Tata McGraw-Hill, First Edition, 2004. Reference Books 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Erurin Kreyszig, Wiley Eastern Ltd,2000 2. Engineering Mathematics for semester III, T Veerrajan, Tata McGraw Hill.,2005 3. Matrices, A R Vasishtha,2005Programme Name Course Code Course Title : : : S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME0201 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES - I SEMESTER III

Course Contents 1. Ferrous, Non-ferrous metals and Alloys Composition, properties testing and use - Destructive and Non-destructive tests Radiographic, Ultrasonic, Liquid, Dye Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Test. 2. Heat Treatment of Metals and Alloys Annealing, Normalizing, Hardening, Nitriding and Carburizing. 3. Foundry Pattern Materials, Pattern Making, Types of Patterns, Cores, Core Making, Core Boxes, Molding Tools and Equipments; Molding Sand types, contents, additives, preparation and testing. Molding Methods. Molding problems. Furnaces types, Construction and Operation, practices. Die casting methods. Solidification of castings. Casting defects Inspection and testing, Modernization of foundries. 4. Mechanical Working of Metal Rolling, Forging, Extrusion, Wire Drawing, Spinning Forming and Powder Metallurgy. 5. Molding of Plastics Engineering Plastics types, properties and uses. Molding Processes Injection, Blow, Transfer, Extrusion, Calendaring and Thermoforming. 6. Metal Surface Treatments Electroplating, Galvanizing, Anodizing, Metal spraying, Plastic and Ceramic coating. 7. Welding & Joining Welded Joints types, Position, Edge preparation, IS-Representation of welds. Welding processes Gas, Arc, Inert Gas, Resistance, Thermit, Solid state, Electron Beam, Laser Beam, welding equipment, welding defects inspection and testing. Weld ability. Soldering, Brazing, Riveting, Fastening and Adhesive Bonding. 8. Lathes Types, specifications, construction, working, operations, tools, attachments and accessories. Capstan and Turret Lathes. Fundamentals of C. N. C. Lathes. 9. Shaping and Planning Machines Parts, tools, accessories, construction, working and operations. 10. Drilling Machines Types, parts, tools, accessories, construction, working and operations.Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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11. Milling Machines Types Horizontal, Vertical, Universal Tools, Accessories and operations. Compound Indexing. 12. Boring Machines Horizontal, Vertical and Jig Boring Machines Parts, tools and operations.

Simple and

13. Grinding Machines Parts, Types, Operations, Grinding Wheel Specifications, selection, truing and dressing. Lapping, Honing and Super finishing. Text Books 1. Elements of workshop Technology (Vol I & II) by Hajra & Choudhary. 2. Production Technology (Vol I & II) by Lal & Prakash Dhanpatrai Publications. 3. Text Book of Production Technology by Jain & Gupta Khanna Publishers. Reference Books 1. 2. 3. 4. Manufacturing Processes and Materials for Engineers by Doyle and others. Manufacturing Processes by Roy A. Lindenburg. Manufacturing Technology by P. N. Rao TMG. Text Book of Production Technology by P. C. Sharma - S. Chand Publishers.

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

: : :

S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME0202 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS I

SEMESTER III

Course Contents 1. Thermodynamic Concepts Basic Definitions: Thermodynamics, Working Substance, System and its types, Boundary, Surrounding, Universe, State, Property- Intensive and Extensive, Path, Process, Reversible and irreversible process, Cycle. Path Functions like Work, Heat. Thermal Equilibrium and Zeroeth law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic Equilibrium. Pressure Volume diagrams for processes and cycles. Perfect Gas Laws and various relations between constant pressure specific heat, constant volume specific heat, specific gas constant, universal gas constant, specific heat ratio etc. 2. First Law of Thermodynamics First law applied to cyclic processes. First Law applied to non-cyclic non-flow reversible processes. Internal energy, First Law applied to Steady State Steady Flow reversible processes. Flow Energy, Enthalpy, Application to many open systems like Compressor, Turbine, Boiler, Condenser, Heat Engines, Nozzles, Diffusers etc Causes of Irreversibility. Irreversible processes like Free expansion, Throttling. Joules porous plug experiment. Joule Thomson coefficient, 3. One dimensional Flow of Compressible Fluid Nozzles and Diffusers, Energy Equation, Continuity Equation, Perfect Gas Equation, Isentropic Process Equation, Momentum Equation. Sonic speed, Mach Number. Subsonic, sonic and supersonic Flow. Area variation in Convergent and Divergent passages. Area Ratio, Critical ratios for temperature, pressure, density etc. 4. Second Law of Thermodynamics Limitations of first law of thermodynamics. Concept of Heat engine and its thermal efficiency, Concept of Reversed Heat Engine, viz. Refrigerator and Heat Pump, coefficient of performance, Second Law Statements: KelvinPlanck Statement, Clausius Statement, their equivalence, Carnots theorem, Thermodynamic temperature scale. Clausius Equality and Inequality, Concept of Entropy, Entropy changes for an ideal gas during reversible processes. Temperature- Entropy diagrams for various processes and cycles, Entropy of isolated system. Principle of increases of entropy. 5. Availability Available and unavailable energy. Avaialble energy when heat is withdrawn from an infinite reservoir and from finite reservoir. Availability of closed system and steady flow system, irreversibility. 6. Properties of SteamEffective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Dryness fraction, Use of Steam Table and Mollier Chart to find out specific volume, enthalpy, entropy and internal energy for wet, dry-saturated and superheated steam. Pressure-Volume, Temperature-Entropy and Enthalpy-Entropy diagrams for processes and cycles. First law of Thermodynamics applied to various steam processes, Basis of Carnot cycle and Rankine Cycle. Text Books 1. Thermal Engineering - P L Ballaney , Khanna Publishers 2. A course in Thermal Engineering Domkundwar and others, Dhanpat Rai Publication 3. Engineering Thermodynamics P. K. Nag McGraw Hill 4. Theory and Problems in Thermodynamics - Y. V. C. Rao Reference Books 1. Thermodynamics J. P. Holman, McGraw Hill 2. Engineering Thermodynamics J. B. Jones & Dugan 3. Thermodynamics & Heat Engines R. P. Yadav Vol I and Vol II 4. Engineering Thermodynamics R. K. Rajput , Laxmi Publications 5. Engineering Thermodynamics Through Examples Y. V. C. Rao

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

: : :

S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) EE0221 ELECTRICAL MACHINES

SEMESTER III

Course Contents 1. Transformer 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Construction, principle of operation properties of ideal transformer. Equivalent circuit & phasor diagram of practical transformer. Different losses efficiency & regulation. O.C & S.C test and its calculation Distribution & power Transformer, current & potential transformer

2. Three phase induction motor 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Construction, principle operation, equivalent circuit, torque equation, torque -slip characteristics, different losses and calculation of efficiency No load test and blocked rotor test Load test on 3 phase I. M. Different methods of Speed control of 3 phase I. M. Starter use for 3 phases I. M. Applications of 3 phase I.M.

3. Single Phase I. M. 3.1 3.2 Double field revolving theory, analysis of motor equivalent circuit Split phase, capacitor start and capacitor start run I. M, testing of single phase I. M. Applications of different single phase I.M.

4. Synchronous Machine 4.1 4.2 Text books 1. Electrical machine by J. B. Gupta. 2. Bimbhra P.S. Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publisher 3. Nagrath I. J. & Kothari D. P., Electrical Machines, TMH Publications. Reference books 1. 2. Electrical machine by M. G. Say. Electrical machine by Broson, Haydon. Alternator: Construction, emf equation, winding factor, armature reaction, synchronous impedance, load characteristics voltage regulation. Use of alternators in power plants. Synchronous Motors : Principle operation, method of starting, V and inverted V curves, applications of Synchronous motors.

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) SE0221 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

SEMESTER III

Course Contents 1. Simple Stress and Strain Stress, strain modulus of elasticity, modulus of rigidity, bulk modulus, yield stress, ultimate stress, factor of safety, shear stress, Poisson ratio, bars of varying sections, composite sections, and temp stress. 2. S. F. and B. M. in Beams Axial force, shear force and bending moment diagrams for statically determinate beams including beams with internal hinges for different types of loading, relationship between rate of loading, shear force and bending moment 3. Simple Theory of Bending Flexure formula for straight beams, Moment of inertia, Product of inertia and Polar moment of inertial of plane areas, principal axes of inertia, moments of inertia about principal axes, transfer theorem, simple problems involving application of flexure formula, section modulus, moment of resistance of a section, flexural stresses in beams subjected to oblique bending, bending of unsymmetrical sections, beams of uniform strength, leaf springs 4. Shear Stress in Beams Distribution of shear stress across plane sections used commonly for structural purposes, shear connectors, shear stresses and flow in beams of thin walled open cross sections, shear centre of thin walled sections such as angle, Tee channel and I section. 5. Simple Theory of Torsion Torsion of circular shafts solid and hollow, stresses in shaft when transmitting power, close-coiled helical springs under axial load 6. Bending moment combined with Torsion and Axial Loads Application to members subjected to eccentric loads, core of a section, problems on chimneys, shaft etc 7.Principal Stresses General equations for transformation of stress, principal planes and principal stresses, maximum shear stress, determination using Mohrs circle, maximum principal and maximum shear stress theory of failure.

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8. Deflection of Beams Deflection of cantilevers, simply supported and overhanging beams using double integration and Macaulays methods for different types of loadings 9.Strain Energy Strain energy due to axial force and bending moment, stresses in axial members and simple beams due to impact loading 10. Stress and strain in thin Cylinders and Sphere subjected to internal pressure 11. Bending of curved bars Flexural stresses in beams with initial curvature. Application to crane hooks, chain links and rings. 12. Theories of failure Maximum principal stress theory, Maximum shear stress theory, strain theory, maximum distortion strain energy theory. Text Books 1. Mechanics of Structures, S.B. Junnarkar, Charotar Publishers. 2. Mechanics of Materials, E. P. Popov, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. 3. Strength of Material, S.S Bhavikatti, I.K International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. Reference Books 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Mechanics of Materials, Timoshenko & Gere, Tata McGraw Hill Book Publishing Co. Ltd. Engineering Mechanics, Timoshenko & Young, Tata McGraw Hill Book Publishing Co. Ltd. Mechanics of Materials, James M. Gere, Brooks/Cole. Strength of Materials, G.H. Ryder, Mac Millan. Mechanics of Materials, Peter & Singer, McGraw Hill. Strength of Materials, Schaums Outline Series, William A. Nash, McGraw Hill Book Co. Mechanics of Materials, Beer & Johnston, McGraw Hill Books Publishing Co. Ltd.

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

: : :

S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1201 MACHINE SHOP - I

SEMESTER III

Title of the Experiment 1. One Job on plain & taper turning 2. One Job on precision turning kind screw cutting, 3. One Job on shaping machine 4. One Job on forging & grinding to make a combined parting & V- 1001 for Lathe One Job on WeldingProgramme Name Course Code Course Title : : : S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1202 SEMESTER III

MACHINE DRAWING

1. Solid Geometry Intersection of surfaces and solids: Intersection of prisms or cylinders with prism, cylinder or cone, both solids in simple position. Primary Auxiliary views, projections of simple machine parts. 2. Machine Drawing Free hand sketches of Machine Elements Nuts, bolts studs washers with different types, locking arrangements of nuts. Conventional representation of threaded parts in external and internal views with sections and assembly. Types of keys Parallel, sunk, woodcut, saddle feather etc. Types of bearings: Simple, Solid, bushed, I. S. conventional representation of ball and roller bearings. Pipe Joints: Different types of pipe fittings like sockets, nipples, plugs, bends, Tees, elbows, crosses etc. Power transmission elements Flat belt, V belt, gears, chains, ropes, sprockets, types of pulleys- fast & loose Oil seals, O rings, circles etc. 3. Detailed and Assembly Drawings Types of bearings II: Plummer block, foot step bearings etc. Pipe Joints II: Flanged joints, spigot and socket joint, gland and stuffing box, expansion joint etc. Power transmission elements II: Fast and loose pulleys, built up pulley Types of Couplings: Simple, mutt flanged, protected, Oldham, universal. Types of Valves: Gate Valve, stop valve, non return valve, needle valve. IC Engine parts: Piston, connecting rod, crankshaft etc. Types of Pumps: Centrifugal and gear pumps Mechanism for Types of Gear Boxes: worm and worm reduction gear box, helical gearbox, synchromesh gearbox etc. Clutches and Brakes: Single and multiple clutch, internal shoe brake, rope brake etc.Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Jigs and fixtures 4. Limits, Fits and Tolerances Dimensioning with tolerances indicating various types of fits, as applicable to assembly and detailed drawing covered above Assignments Course Topics Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Titles Intersection of Solids Auxiliary views Keys Bearings Pipe Joints Belts, chains ,gears, Fits & Tolerances Plummer Block Joints Pulleys Couplings Valves I.C. Engine Parts Gear Box Pumps Clutches/Brakes Jigs/Fixtures

TA for the above laboratory course must consist of following assignments ( Based on the topics mentioned above) e.g. Assignment No. A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 Title Intersection of Solids Auxiliary Views Assignments on Topic 3 to 6 Assembly to Details on Topic 7 to 16 Details to Assembly on Topic 7 to 16 Total Scheme of evaluation of internal assessment (TA): a) Students must solve all assignments as mention above using drawing sheet first & then the same using computer software. b) All the solutions must be evaluated as per the following weightage e.g. sketching/drawing 40% and computer display- 60% c) Students must submit the above assignments at the end of semester. Scheme of Examination for ESE (50 Marks) 3 Hours : 1. A maximum of THREE questions must be set as per the following pattern:Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

Marks 10 05 05 15 15 50

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Q.NO. Assignments No. 1. A-1 to A-3 2. A-4 3. A-5 Total

Marks 20 15 15 50

2. Students must sketch/draw the solutions on drawing sheet first and then the same using computer software. 3. Students must submit above solutions at the end of examination. Scheme of Evaluation for ESE: All the solutions must be evaluated as per the following weightage e.g. solution sketching/drawing 40% and computer display - 60%. Text Books 1. Machine Drawing by N. D. Bhatt Charotar Publishing House, Edition 2009 2. Machine Drawing Solid Geometry N. H. Dube, Nandu Publishers Mumbai Edition 2009 Reference Books 1. A text book on Machine drawing by Laxminarayan and M. L. Mathur. ( Jain Brothers, New Delhi) 2. Machine Drawing by Kamat and Rao. 3. Machine drawing by M. B. Shah 4. A text book of machine drawing by R. B. Gupta ( Satya Prakasham Tech India Publictions) 5. Machine drawing by Parkinson.

Programme Name Course Code Course Title

: : :

S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1203 JAVA PROGRAMMING

SEMESTER III

Course Contents 1) 2) 3) Introduction:- Java special features such as platform independent, JVM, JDK, purely object oriented, multiuser, garbage collection etc. Java Tokens:- program construct, literals, names, data types, operators, variables and constants, automatic type conversion; Control structures:- selection and looping, break and continue. Object Fundamentals:- Concept of object and class, package concept, static data, storage class, access control parameters; Methods:- returning non returning, sending arguments, recursive methods, static methods, method overloading, using this, finalize() method; Constructors:- empty, parameterized and default constructors, constructor overloading. Arrays, Strings and Vectors:- methods from classes Array, String and Vector. Implementation of

4)

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these methods using single and two dimensional arrays. 5) Packages:- Declaring package, import statement; Classes from predefined packages such as System, Math, Scanner, BufferReader, InputStreamReader, String, Date, Calender etc. Wrapper classes. Inheritance and Interface:- Super and sub classes, types of inheritance, multiple inheritance and interfaces, method overriding, dynamic method dispatch, using finally, abstract method and class, toString() method. Exception Handling:- exception and error, default and manual handling, Exception class and its sub classes, try-catch-finally, multiple catch and nested try, throw statement, throws clause, Using own Exception class and toString() method. Multithread Programming:- extending Thread class, implementing Runnable, main() thread, child threads, life cycle of thread, Thread methods, thread priority, synchronization. Applet Programming:- Concept, applet life cycle, Applet methods, Graphics class and windows programming, HTML basics, applet tag, colour, fonts, images, creating menu, input through text box, animation. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 1) 2) 3) 4) Programs on array and matrix manipulations. Students database program, maintaining data name wise and marks wise. Program on vectors. Creating an application using package. Programs on inheritance and interfaces. Use of multithreading in some of the above programs. Graphics programs using applets. The Complete Reference Java J2SE 5 Edition:- by Herbertz Schildt; Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing; Sixth reprint 2005. Programming with JAVA (3e) A Primer:- by E. Balguruswamy; Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing; Second reprint 2007. Java Programming: by G. T. Thumpy Beginning with Java 2, JDK 1.3 edition; by Ivor Horton; Shroff Publishers & Distributors; Third Indian Reprint 2007.

6)

7)

8) 9)

Term Work

Text Books

Reference Books

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

: : :

S. Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1204 EXPERIMENTAL ENGINEERING LAB - I

SEMESTER III

Strength of Materials Title of the Experiment1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Tension test on mild steel bars (stress-strain) behavior, Young's modulus determination) Test on tor steel bar ( tension, bend & re-bend) Test on cast iron (transverse, tension) Shear test on mild steel bar / cast iron bar Torsion test on mild steel, cast iron bar Brinell Hardness test Rockwell hardness test Izod impact test / charpy test

Electrical Machines Title of the Experiment1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

O.C. / S.C. test on single-phase transformer. Load test on transformer. Load test on 3 phase I.M. O.C. / S.C. test on 3 Phase I.M. Load test on single phase I.M. Speed control of 3 phase I.M..

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) MA 0204 APPLIED MATHEMATICS - IV

SEMESTER IV

Course Contents Module 1: Statistics 1.1 Review of measures of central tendency, measures of variation and probability. 1.2 Discrete and continuous Random variable. 1.3 Binomial, Poison and Normal distribution. 1.4 Random sampling, sampling distribution, standard error, Central limit theorem. 1.5 Estimation of parameters, point estimation, interval Estimation, confidence internal. 1.6 Testing of Hypothesis, large sample and small sample, testst test and F test, Chi-square test. 1.7 Correlation and regression. 1.8 Coefficient of correlation and Rank correlation 1.9 Regression analysis, curve fitting, method of least square 1.10 Statistical quality control and control charts. 1.11 Analysis of variance (One way & Two way). Module 2: Vector Calculus 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Text Books 1. Mathematical Statistics, Kapur and Saxena, S Chand & Co. Ltd, 2009 2. Engineering Statistics, T Veerarajan, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company 2nd Edition.2005 3. Advance Engineering Mathematics , H K Dass, S Chand & Co., 3rd Edition, 2007. Reference Books 1. Computational Mathematics for Semester-IV by G V Kumbhojkar, C Jamnadas & Co.- 2005, 5th Edition. 2. Engineering Mathematics by S.S. Sastri- Prentice Hall of India, 2005, 4th Edition. Scalar and vector point functions. Directional derivative Curl and Divergence. Consecervative, Irrotational and Solenoidal field. Line integral and its properties. Grrens theorem, Stokes theorem, divergence theorem and its applications.

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y.B.Tech. (Mechanical) ME0206 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES - II

SEMESTER IV

Course Contents 1. Press Tool Design Press Types, classifications, operations, specifications and selection. Press tool components. Types of Dies Piercing, Blanking, Progressive, Compound and Combination. Cutting Action in shearing of metals in Press Tool operations. Effect of clearance. Cutting force calculations. Methods of reducing cutting forces. Blanking and Piercing Die Design. Design principles of Bending Dies. 2. Jigs and Fixtures Parts, construction, types and operations on Jigs and Fixtures. Principles of Jigs and Fixture design location, clamping, clearance, stability and handling. Design of Jigs and Fixture of simple components. 3. Metal Cutting Theory Features of commonly used machining processes and machining parameters. Cutting Tools types, materials, properties and tool geometry. Mechanism of chip formation, orthogonal and oblique cutting, chip flow direction in turning, shaping, drilling and milling with force analysis. Measurement of cutting forces, dynamometer power calculation and efficiency of machine tools. 4. Tool Wear, tool life and Machinability Tool wear types, mechanisms and measurement. Tool life equations. Effect of machining parameters on tool life. Machinability criteria and its measurement. Coolants functions, types, selection, effect on cutting forces, tool life and surface finish. 5. Economics of Machining Costs associated with machining operations. Calculation of optimum cutting for minimum cost and maximum production rate. 6. Gear Manufacturing Gear materials and methods of gear manufacture. Form and generation methods of gear cutting milling, shaping, planning and cutting of spur, helical and straight bevel gears. Gear finishing operations shaving, grinding, lapping and honing. 7. Non conventional Machining Processes Principles, operations and applications of EDM, ECM, EBM, LBM, AJM and Ultrasonic machining. 8. Tool Geometry Tool signature of single point cutting tools ASA, ORS, MRS and NRS systems. Tool geometry of drills, reamers, milling cutters, broaches, gear hobs. 9. Metrology Concept of precision and accuracy. Properties of measuring instruments. Types and sources of errors. Introduction to linear measurement rules, vernier calipers, micrometers, surface plates, vee blocks, bench centres, slip gauges. Use of angular measurements sine bars, clinometers and optical dividing heads. Use of comparators. Metrology screw threads, measurements of gear parameters, flatness and surface finish. B. S. and I. S. specifications of limits and fits. Types of gauges. Principles of gauge design. Text Books 1. Introduction to Production Engineering by P. C. Sharma S. Chand & Co. 2. Fundamentals of Metal Cutting and Machine Tools by B. L. Juneja & Sekhon New Age Intl. 3. Tool Design by Donalson Tata McGraw Hill 4. Engineering Metrology by R. K. Jain Khanna PublishersEffective from Academic Year 2010-11

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5. Elements of Workshop Technology Vol-II by S.K. Hajra Choudhury & others 2009 Media Promoters & Publishers, Mumbai Reference Books 1. Production Technology Handbook by H. M. T. 2. Metal Cutting Theory and Practice by Amitabha Bhattacharya 1984 Central Book Publishers , Calcutta 3. Die Design Fundamentals by J. R. Pacwin II Edition Industrial Press, New York 4. Introduction to Jigs and Tool Design by M. H. A. Kempster 1974 Hodder and Stoughton London 5. Introduction to tool Design by Donaldson 1986 Tata MacGraw hill Co.

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y.B.Tech. (Mechanical) ME0207 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS - II

SEMESTER IV

Course Contents 1. Compressors Applications of Compressed Air. Classification of Air-Compressors Reciprocating Air Compressors: With Clearance, without clearance, Single-acting, Doubleacting, Single stage, Multistage Reciprocating Air Compressors. Minimum Work Conditions: general (when index of compression is different in each stage, intercooling is not perfect and complete) and specific. Minimum Work required. Free air delivered, volumetric efficiency, isothermal and adiabatic efficiency. Rotary Concepts of Roots and Vanes Type blowers. Centrifugal and Axial flow compressor. Comparison for merits and demerits. 2. Fuels and Combustion Types of Fuels, Higher Calorific value and Lower Calorific value, Calorimeters to measure the calorific values Bomb and Boys calorimeters. Calorific value at constant pressure and constant volume. Combustion reactions- Mass and Volume basis, Stoichiometric Air : Fuel ratio, Exhaust Gas Analysis Orsat Apparatus and Gas Chromatography. Actual A/F ratio, Excess Air supplied. Gravimetric analysis and volumetric analysis. 3. Steam Generator Classification of Boilers, Ideal requirements of a Boiler. Fire tube and Water tube boiler, Low pressure and high pressure boilers, Important features of HP boilers, Mountings and accessories. Layout of a modern HP boiler. Equivalent evaporation of boilers. Boiler performance. Boiler efficiency. 4. Steam Turbine: Steam Nozzle Isentropic flow of Steam through Convergent and Convergent-Divergent Nozzles. Nozzle efficiency, Velocity Co-efficient. Use of Steam Tables and Mollier Chart. Basic of steam turbine. Classification, Pressure and Velocity variation along the flow direction. Compounding of turbine, Impulse turbine velocity diagram, condition for max efficiency. Reaction turbine velocity diagram, degree of reaction, Parsons turbine. Condition for maximum efficiency. 5. Gas Turbine Power Plant Application of Gas Turbine Power Palnt, Air standard and Actual Brayton cycle, open and closed cycle gas turbine power plants, methods to improve efficiency and specific output, open cycle with intercooling, reheat, and regeneration. Effect of operating variables on thermal efficiency and work ratio. Text Books 1. Thermal Engineering by Ballaney Khanna Publishers 2. Thermal Engineering by Domkundwar and others Dhanpat Rai Publications 3. Thermodynamics by P. K. Nag Tata McGraw Hill Reference Books 1. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics by Sontag, Bougnakke & Van Wilen 2. Thermodynamics by Robert Balmer, Jaico Publication 3. Thermodynamics Yunns Cengel, Michel Boles McGraw Hill 4. Thermal Engineering by R. K. Rajput Laxmi PublicationsEffective from Academic Year 2010-11

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5. Gas turbine by V Ganeshan Tata McGraw HillProgramme Name Course Code Course Title : : : S.Y.B.Tech. (Mechanical) ME0208 THEORY OF MACHINES SEMESTER IV

Course Contents 1. Basic Kinematics Structure, Machine, Link and its types, Kinematics pairs, Kinematic chain and mechanism, Grublers criteria, Inversions of kinematic chains, inversions of - four bar chain, single slider crank chain and double slider crank chain. 2. Special Mechanisms Straight line generating mechanisms, Exact straight line generating mechanisms Mechanism Peueillier, Hart Approximate straight line generating mechanisms Watts, Roberts, Evans, Tchiebicheff. Offset slider crank mechanism, Pantograph, Hook joint single and double, Steering gear mechanisms Ackerman, Devis.

3. Velocity Analysis of mechanisms Velocity analysis by instantaneous centre of rotation method (Graphical approach), Velocity analysis by relative velocity method (Graphical Approach). Analysis is extended to find rubbing velocities at joints, mechanical advantage (graphical approach), ( mechanisms upto 6 links) 4. Acceleration analysis of Mechanism. Velocity Acceleration analysis by relative method (mechanism upto 6 links) including pairs involving coriolis acceleration (Graphical approach) Velocity acceleration analysis of mechanisms (upto 4 links) by complex variable method (Analytical approach) 5. Static and dynamic force analysis Static and dynamic force analysis in slider crank mechanism neglecting mass of connecting rod and crank. Turning moment diagram, fluctuation in energy, function of flywheel estimating inertia of flywheel for reciprocating prime movers and machines. Static and dynamic force analysis- in linkage mechanism (upto 4 links) by virtual work method. Dynamic equivalent system to convert rigid body to two mass system with and without correction couple. 6. Flexible connector mechanisms Belts Types of belts, velocity ratio, slip, length of belt, tension in the belts, Power transmission, condition for max. Power transmission. Chains Types of chains, chordal action, variation in velocity ratio, chain length 7. Spur gear mechanism Types of gears, Law of gearing, Involute and cycloid gear tooth profile. Path of contact arc of contact, contact ratio for involute and cycloid tooth profile. Interference in involute gears. Critical Numbers of teeth for interference free motion. Methods to control interference in involute gears. 8. Gear Trains Kinematic and dyanamic analysis of simple gear trains, compound gear trains, reverted gearEffective from Academic Year 2010-11

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trains with spur or bevel gear combination. 9. Cam Mechanism Cams and its Classification, Followers and its Classification, Motion analysis and plotting of displacement time, velocity time, and acceleration time, jerk-time graphs for uniform velocity, UARM, SHM and Cycloid motions (combined motions during one stroke excluded), Motion analysis of simple cams R-R cam, D-R-R and D-R-D-R cam operating radial translating follower, Pressure angle and methods to control pressure angle Text Books 1. Theory of Mechanisms and Machines by A. Ghosh and A. Kumar Mallik 2. Theory of Machines and Mechanism by Shigley 3. Theory of Machines Ballaney Reference Books 1. Kinematics of Machines by R. T. Hinckle - Prentice Hall Inc. 2. Kinematics by V. M. Fairs - McGraw Hill 3. Mechanism Design: Analysis and Synthesis Vol. I - A. Erdman and G. N. Sander Prentice Hall 4. Kinematics and Dynamics of Planer Mechanisms - Jeremy Hirsihham McGraw Hill. 5. Mechanics of Machines Elementary theory and Examples by J. Hannah and R.C.Stephens Arnold International students edition.

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y.B.Tech. (Mechanical) ME0209 FLUID MECHANICS - I

SEMESTER IV

Course Contents 1. Fundamental concepts Introduction, Definition of a fluid, Newtons law of viscosity, Types of fluids, Methods of description: Continuum Hypothesis, Molecular description, Lagrangian description, & Eulerian description. Fluid properties. 2. Fluid Statics Pressure at appoint, Basic Equation of Fluid Statics, Manometers, Forces on plane Areas, Force Components on curved Surfaces, Buoyancy Force, Stability of Floating & Submerged bodies. 3. Fluid Kinematics The fluid velocity field, Fluid Acceleration, The substantial derivative, Fluid Translation, Fluid Rotation, Fluid Deformation, Classification of flows, Definition of stream lines, Stream tubes, Path lines, & streak lines. 4. Fluid Dynamics Integral Analysis: The concepts of system and control volume, The Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT) for a Control Volume , Application of RTT to Mass, Energy, and Momentum. Applications of the Linear Momentum Equation. Differential Analysis: Differential equations for a control volume, Continuity Equation, Eulers Equation of Motion along a Streamline, The Bernoullis Equation, The steady state energy equation, Differential Momentum Equation, Navier - Stokes Equations. 5. Dimensional Analysis and Similitude Buckingham Theorem, Significant Dimensionless Groups in Fluid Mechanics, Similitude; Model Studies 6. Internal Incompressible Viscous Flow Fully developed Laminar Flow between infinite parallel plates: Both plates stationary, Upper plate moving with constant speed , Fully developed laminar flow in a pipe Flow in pipes: Resistance to turbulent flow in open and closed conduits, Major losses, Friction Factor, Moodys Diagram, Minor losses in pipe systems, Steady incompressible flow through simple pipe systems. Flow measurement: Venturimeter, orifices, Flow Nozzle, Rota meter, Electromagnetic flow meters Hot Wire Anemometer, Laser Doppler Anemometer (LDA), Turbine meter, Pitot-static tube. 7. Ideal Fluid Flow Eulers Equation of motion, velocity potential functions, Stream functions, Rational and irrotational flows in two dimensions. Definition of source and sink, vortex, Circulation, Combinations of flow patterns- eg. Flow past Rankine full body, and Rankine half body, Doublet, Flow past cylinder with and without circulation, Kutta Joukowsky law.Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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8. Boundary Layer Flows The Boundary layer Concept, The Boundary Layer thickness, Displacement thickness, Momentum thickness, Growth of Boundary Layer, Laminar & Turbulent boundary layers. Momentum Integral Equation. Use of Momentum Integral Equation for flow with zero pressure gradient: Laminar flow & Turbulent flow. Pressure gradients in Boundary Layer Flows. Fluid flow about immersed bodies: Flow over flat plate parallel and normal to the flow, friction drag, pressure drag, flow over sphere and cylinder Text Books 1. Fluid Mechanics 2. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Reference Books 1. Fluid Mechanics 2. Fluid Mechanics Frank White McGraw Hill David Pnueli & Chaim Gutfinger South Asian Edition Victor L. Streeter (McGraw- Hill) Robert W. Fox, Alan T. McDonald (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Fifth Edition, 2004,)

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) CE0221 ENVIORNMENTAL STUDIES

SEMESTER IV

Course Contents:Unit 1: The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies Definition, scope and importance, Need for public awareness. Unit 2: Natural Resources Renewable and non renewable resources: a) Natural resources and associated problems Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies, Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people. Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams benefits and problems. Mineral Resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies. Food Resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and over grazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizers- pesticides problems, water logging, salinity, case studies. Energy Resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, case studies Land Resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induces land slides, soil erosion, and desertification. b) Role of individual in conservation of natural resources. c) Equitable use of resources for sustainable life styles. Unit 3: Eco Systems Concept of an eco system Structure and function of an eco system. Producers, consumers, decomposers. Energy flow in the eco systems. Ecological succession. Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids. Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following eco systems:Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Forest ecosystem Grass land ecosystem Desert ecosystem. Aquatic eco systems(ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) UNIT 4: Biodiversity and its Conservation Introduction-Definition: genetics, species and ecosystem diversity. Biogeographically classification of India. Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values Biodiversity at global, national and local level. India as a mega diversity nation. Hot-spots of biodiversity. Threats to biodiversity: habitats loss, poaching of wild life, man wildlife conflicts. Endangered and endemic spaces of India. Conservation of biodiversity: in-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. UNIT 5: Environmental Pollution Definition Causes, effects and control measures of:a. Air pollution b. Water pollution c. Soil pollution d. Marine pollution e. Noise pollution f. Thermal pollution

g. Nuclear hazards Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes Role of an individual in prevention of pollution Pollution case studies Disaster management: Floods, earth quake, cyclone and land slides Unit 6: Social issues and the Environment Form unsustainable to sustainable development Urban problems related to energy Water conservation, rain water harvesting, water shed management

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Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies Environmental ethics: issues and possible solutions Climate change, global warming, acid rain , ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. Wasteland reclamation Consumerism and waste products Environment protection Act Air(prevention and control of pollution)Act Water((prevention and control of pollution)Act Wildlife protection act Forest conservation act Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislations Public awareness Unit 7: Human population and the environment Population growth and variation among nations Population explosion- family welfare programme Environment and human health Human rights Value education HIV/AIDS Women and child welfare Role of information technology in environment and human health Case studies Unit 8: Field work Visit to a local area to document environment assets river/ forest/ grassland/ hill/mountain. Visit to a local polluted site-urban/rural/industrial/agricultural. Study of common plants, insects, birds. Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hills lopes, etc(field work equal to 5 lecture works) Text Books 1. Textbook of Environmental studies, Erach Bharucha, UGC 2005 2. Fundamental concepts in Environmental Studies, D D Mishra, S Chand & Co Ltd 2010Effective from Academic Year 2010-11

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1206 MACHINE SHOP - II

SEMESTER IV

Assembly job/s involving following specifications: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Turning, Precision turning, screw-cutting Shaping, milling, grinding. Practical Examination: End Semester Examination Two jobs, one each of the following subgroups Turning, Precision turning & Screw cutting. Shaping, milling, & grinding.

Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1207 THERMODYNAMICS LAB

SEMESTER IV

Title of the Experiment

1. Study of air compressors 2. Trial on Two-Stage Reciprocating Air Compressor 3. Study of Boilers: Models of Cochran Boiler, Babcock- Wilcox boiler. Mountings and Accessories. 4. Study of an Actual Boiler Plant. 5. Study of Gas Turbine Power Plant 6. Study of Power Plant models 7. Visit to a Plant : optional Assignments Numerical problems based on the topics covered in the theory course in Thermodynamics-II 1. Compressors 2. Fuels and combustion 3. Boilers 4 Steam Turbines 5. Gas Turbines

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Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1208 SOFTWARE LAB. - I

SEMESTER IV

Course Contents 1. Visual Basic basics GUI basics, Main window, Form design window, tool box window, project explorer window, properties window, form layout window, Visual Basic over view. 2. Designing Interface Form design; using controls, properties, events and procedures, menu bar, toolbar, project explorer, form layout etc. Grouping controls, event driven programming, manipulating colors and pixels, use of dialog boxes. Multiple document interface, use of Microsoft active controls. 3. Visual Basic Language Variables, constants, arrays, collections, functions and procedures, control statements, nested control statements. 4. Sharing Data and Code Working with Projects, Introduction to basic language, Making component available in Visual Basic, creating and using classes-Objects and classes-the collection class, visual basics built in collections-windows common controls- ActiveX Components dynamic data exchange, object linking and embedding 5. Database programming Data base basics, Visual Basics database tools- designing the database Programs Main FormODBC-ADO RDO-OLE DB-Relational databases-the Data Object Model forms and fields. 6. Data base concepts and Systems Introduction- Purpose of Database Systems, Views of data, Data Models, Database language, Transaction Management, Storage Management, Database Administrator, Database Users, Overall System Structure, Different types of Database Systems. E-R Diagram, normalization of database. 7. Relational Model: Structure of Relational Database, SQL- Background, Basic Structure, SET operations, Null Values, Nested Sub queries, Views, Modification of Database, Joined Relations, DDL and DML statements and other SQL features. 8. SQL SERVER 7.0 Use of software SQL Server 7.0 to implement database concepts. Term work : At least two of the following database application with GUI to be developed as a part of the course using Microsoft SQL server 7 and Microsoft Visual Basic 1) Student Mark sheet problem 2) Engineering admission Software 3) Income Tax calculation problem 4) salary sheet preparationEffective from Academic Year 2010-11

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5) 6)

Library software Software for student (including alumni)database management

Text Books 1. 2. 3. 4. Database Systems and Concepts, Henry F. Korth, Sliberschatz, Sudarshan, McGraw Hill SQL Server 2000 Black Book, Patrick Dalton, IDG Books India Pvt. Ltd. DBMS by Date Visual basic 6 Programming Black Book, Steven Holzner, IDG Books India

Reference Books 5. Visual Basic 6 programming Bible, Eric Smith, IDG Books India Pvt. Ltd. 6. GUI Design for dummies, IDG books. 7. The Essentials of User interface Design, Alan Cooper IDG Books India 8. Visual Basic6 Programming Blue Book by Peter G. AitkenTechnology Press 9. Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 Bjeletich,S.: Mable. G. Techmedia

Programme Name Course Code Course Title

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S.Y. B. Tech. (Mechanical) ME1209 FLUID MECHANICS LAB. - I

SEMESTER IV

Title of the Experiment [ Any Ten ] 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Calibration of pressure gauge Calibration of vacuum gauge Hydrostatic forces on surfaces Stability of a Floating body Verification of Bernoullis theorem Verification of Momentum Equation Calibration of Venturimeter Calibration of Orifice meter Friction losses in a pipe Valve characteristics Water Hammer & Pipe Surge Cavitation Demonstration Drag & Lift Measurement of NACA2412 Aerofoil with variable Flap Pressure distribution around the cylinder Pressure distribution around the NACA2412 Aerofoil

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