Rural Communities adapting to Climate Change Opportunities for ICTs Rural Communities adapting to...

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Transcript of Rural Communities adapting to Climate Change Opportunities for ICTs Rural Communities adapting to...

  • Rural Communities adapting to Climate Change Opportunities for ICTs Rural Communities adapting to Climate Change

  • Climate Change A Reality

  • Additional adaptation measures would be required to reduce the adverse impacts of projected climate change and variability, regardless of the scale of mitigation taken in the next 2-3 decades. Source IPCCAdaptation is necessary

  • Adaptation Process

  • Planned anticipatory adaptation has the potential to reduce vulnerability and realize opportunities associated with climate changeAdaptationPlanned and anticipatory Autonomous and reactive Source: IPCC TARNeed for proactive approach

  • Source NATCOMM , Survey of India 2001, Times of India. India PortalIndiaPopulation of over a billion peopleNearly 65% in rural India- over 700 million Nearly 40% is illiterateNearly 56% of rural households still un-electrified Nearly 26% of the population lives below the poverty lineOver 7000 km of coastline

  • Key climate sensitive sectorsAgricultureWaterHealth

  • Agriculture vital to Indias development Provides food to over 1 billion people, contributes significantly to the GDP Source of livelihood to manyNearly 2/3 rd of land under agriculture still rainfed Water-scarcityOver-stressed natural resources Lack of primary health facilities High level of illiteracy and poverty

    Key challenges in India

  • Poor & Rural communities

    Unaware about the looming threat which Climate Change imposes

    Low adaptive capacities Direct dependence on climate sensitive sectors and natural resources for livelihood and sustenanceEspecially vulnerable to climate change

  • AgricultureImpactsDecreased crop yield Irrigation demands Cropping pattern Pests and diseases Malnutrition Food security Prices

    AdaptationErosion controlDevelopment of early warning system, tolerant/resistant cropsConservation & management of soil and water Diversification & intensification of food & plantation cropsSource IPCC

  • Water

    ImpactsStress on existing water resourcesReservoirs and wells would be affected-increase in salinityReduced water supplies would place additional stress on people, agriculture, and the environmentAdaptation Integrated Water resource management Water re-use Desalination Irrigation EfficiencySource IPCC

  • Health

    ImpactsIncreased deaths, disease and injury due to heat waves, floods, storms and droughts

    AdaptationDisease surveillance and control systemsAccess to better health facilitiesEmergency relief systemsSource IPCC

  • Integrated natural resource managementEarly warning modelsSurveillance systemDisaster response and relief systemsDecision Support Systems (DSS)Knowledge and information networksCapacity building toolsAdvisory servicesAwareness creation and communicationOpportunities for ICTs

  • Opportunities for ICTsOptions for last mile connectivity Mobile/ portable devicesSmart mobile telecentresSmart cardsLow cost technologies and rugged solutionsEnergy efficient equipmentAlternate sources of energy

  • Indias National Action Plan on Climate Change

    Two out of 8 missionsMission for Sustainable Agriculture Mission on Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change

    Role of ICTsExtensive use of GIS and remote-sensing methodologies for the mapping of vulnerable regions and pest and disease hot spotsDeveloping regional databases of soil, weather, agricultural practice, land-use patterns, and water resourcesLow-cost high-performance computing facility to generate climate projections through sophisticated climate models run for longer time periods and at a high spatial scale

  • Rural CommunitiesMulti-Stakeholder Involvement- PPP ModelImpact and Vulnerability AssessmentCoping MeasuresICT BackboneInternet Radio Mobile Television Satellite TelephoneIntegrated approach Resource CentresTelecentres

  • Pilot projectsI. Develop Information Sharing System (ISS) to Enhance Coping Capacities of Farming Communities in Dealing with Climate Variability and Climate Change in drought prone region in Northern India

    Provide real-time agro advisory services Facilitate rapid exchange and sharing of information among various stakeholders including farming communities, agriculture scientists and agri- extension workers

  • Agriculture CouncilLocal bodiesResearch InstitutesMet DepartmentTERIAgriculture Knowledge CentreFarming CommunityClimatic InfoCropping PatternSoil Condition Pest and DiseaseGround water status

  • Pilot projects

  • Pilot projectsII. Use of existing telecom infrastructure in rural areas for installing automatic weather stations to capture weather parameters such as temperature, rainfall and humidity.

    Provide more accurate agro advisory Feed into regional level climate modelling for impact assessment studies Help in designing weather related insurance products

  • Long way to goReach the bottom of the pyramidDevelop coping measures for the rural poorBuild capacities among the vulnerable communitiesCreate an information and knowledge exchange for wider awareness

  • It is time to act and fast

    It is not time to think

  • "A technological society has two choices: First it can wait until catastrophic failures expose systemic deficiencies, distortion and self-deceptions. Secondly, a culture can provide social checks and balances to correct for systemic distortion prior to catastrophic failures"