Risalah Jurnal Penelitian Estuari Dan Pantai_ESCO(Estuari and Coastal)_VOL.2-12

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCE EDITORS-IN-CHIEF Eric Wolanski James Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia Donald McLusky University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 2 WATER AND FINE-SEDIMENT CIRCULATION VOLUME EDITORS RJ Uncles Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK SG Monismith Stanford University, USA AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

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Transcript of Risalah Jurnal Penelitian Estuari Dan Pantai_ESCO(Estuari and Coastal)_VOL.2-12

TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 2

WATER AND FINE-SEDIMENT CIRCULATIONVOLUME EDITORS

RJ UnclesPlymouth Marine Laboratory, UK

SG MonismithStanford University, USA

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 2Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 2 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 Water and Fine-Sediment Circulation 1 9 37 53 75 91 123 141 151 171 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Water and Fine-Sediment Circulation RJ Uncles and SG Monismith Turbulence and Stratification in Estuaries and Coastal Seas MT Stacey, TP Rippeth, and JD Nash The Dynamics of Strongly Stratified Estuaries WR Geyer and DK Ralston Small-Scale Surface Fronts in Estuaries RJ Uncles Residual Circulation, Mixing, and Dispersion P MacCready and NS Banas Free Surface Motions: Tides, Seiches, and Subtidal Variations C Li Large Estuaries (Effects of Rotation) A Valle-Levinson Dynamics of Hypersaline Estuaries: Laguna San Ignacio, Mexico CD Winant and G Gutirrez de Velasco Wind Stresses on Estuaries J OCallaghan and C Stevens Waves in Coastal and Estuarine Waters J Wolf, JM Brown, R Bolaos, and TS Hedges Interactions between Estuaries and Coasts: River Plumes Their Formation, Transport, and Dispersal RJ Chant Coastal Circulation D Prandle, A Lane, and AJ Souza Flow Over and Through Biota HM Nepf

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Biological Influences on Sediment Behavior and Transport TJ Andersen and M Pejrup The Physical Analyses of Muddy Sedimentation Processes JC Winterwerp Measurement Technologies: Measure What, Where, Why, and How? AJ Souza, R Bolaos, J Wolf, and D Prandle Modeling of Estuarine and Coastal Waters R Torres and RJ Uncles

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 3

ESTUARINE AND COASTAL GEOLOGY AND GEOMORPHOLOGYVOLUME EDITORS

BW FlemmingSenckenberg Institute, Germany

JD HansomUniversity of Glasgow, UK

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 3Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 3 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Estuarine and Coastal Geology and Geomorphology 1 7 39 73 117 137 171 193 223 245 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Estuarine and Coastal Geology and Geomorphology A Synthesis BW Flemming and JD Hansom Geology, Morphology, and Sedimentology of Estuaries and Coasts BW Flemming Sea-Level Change and Coastal Geomorphic Response AJ Plater and JR Kirby Wave-Dominated Coasts R Davidson-Arnott River-Dominated Coasts CD Woodroffe and Y Saito Tidal Flat Morphodynamics: A Synthesis CT Friedrichs Cliffs and Rock Coasts AS Trenhaile Dune Coasts P Hesp Glaciated Coasts DL Forbes Polar Coasts DL Forbes and JD Hansom Coastal Erosion Processes and Impacts: The Consequences of Earths Changing Climate and Human Modifications of the Environment PD Komar

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 4

GEOCHEMISTRY OF ESTUARIES AND COASTSVOLUME EDITOR

G ShimmieldBigelow Laboratory, USA

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 4Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 4 4.01 4.02 Geochemistry of Estuaries and Coasts 1 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Introduction to the Geochemistry of Estuaries and Coasts G Shimmield Sediment Record and Storage of Organic Carbon and the Nutrient Elements (N, P, and Si) in Estuaries and Near-Coastal Seas JE Andrews, TD Jickells, CA Adams, DJ Parkes, and SD Kelly Tracer Studies of Benthic Communities and Biogeochemical Processes in Coastal and Estuarine Marine Environments G Cowie and C Woulds The Role of Suspended Particles in Estuarine and Coastal Biogeochemistry MF Fitzsimons, MC Lohan, AD Tappin, and GE Millward Redox Metal Processes and Controls in Estuaries G Du Laing Aggregation of Colloids in Estuaries LM Mayer and ML Wells Modeling Organic Compounds in the Estuarine and Coastal Environment RWPM Laane, D van de Meent, P de Voogt, J Parsons, J Hendriks, and J van Gils Submarine Groundwater Discharge: A Source of Nutrients, Metals, and Pollutants to the Coastal Ocean KL Knee and A Paytan Indicators of Anthropogenic Change and Biological Risk in Coastal Aquatic Environments GF Birch The Production of Trace Gases in the Estuarine and Coastal Environment RC Upstill-Goddard Integrated Risk Assessments for the Management of Contaminated Sediments in Estuaries and Coastal Systems SE Apitz

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The Use of Biomarkers as Simple, Rapid Cost-Effective Techniques to Aid in an Integrated Approach to Environmental Management and Risk Assessment with Particular Emphasis on Radionuclides JA Hagger, TS Galloway, and D Copplestone

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 5

BIOGEOCHEMISTRYVOLUME EDITORS

RWPM LaaneDeltares, The Netherlands

JJ MiddelburgUtrecht University and The Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), The Netherlands

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 5Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 5 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 Biogeochemistry 1 7 69 119 163 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Biogeochemistry, An Introduction RWPM Laane and JJ Middelburg Dissolved Organic Carbon Cycling and Transformation JE Bauer and TS Bianchi Particulate Organic Carbon Cycling and Transformation TS Bianchi and JE Bauer Carbon Dioxide and Methane Dynamics in Estuaries AV Borges and G Abril Oxygen Dynamics and Biogeochemical Consequences JM Testa and WM Kemp Phosphorus Cycling in the Estuarine and Coastal Zones: Sources, Sinks, and Transformations CP Slomp Internal Cycling of Nitrogen and Nitrogen Transformations M Voss, N Wannicke, B Deutsch, D Bronk, R Sipler, R Purvaja, R Ramesh, and T Rixen Nitrogen Cycle External Cycling: Losses and Gains TD Jickells and K Weston Estuarine and Coastal Sediments Coupled Biogeochemical Cycling DJ Burdige Coupled C, N, P, and O Biogeochemical Cycling at the LandOcean Interface FT Mackenzie, EH De Carlo, and A Lerman Biogeochemical Budgeting in Estuaries DP Swaney

201 231 261 279 317 343

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 6

TROPHIC RELATIONSHIPS OF COASTAL AND ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEMSVOLUME EDITORS

JG WilsonTrinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland

JJ LuczkovichEast Carolina University, USA

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 6Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 6 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 Trophic Relationships of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems 1 5 23 43 95 127 173 203 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Introduction to Food Webs in Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems JG Wilson and JJ Luczkovich Particulate Organic Detritus and Detritus Feeders in Coastal Food Webs GR Lopez and JS Levinton Primary Producers: Phytoplankton Ecology and Trophic Dynamics in Coastal Waters HW Paerl and D Justic Trophic Interactions in Coastal and Estuarine Mangrove Forest Ecosystems WP Sousa and EM Dangremond Plankton Consumer Groups: Copepods DG Kimmel Gelatinous Zooplankton and Their Trophic Roles LJ Sullivan and P Kremer Meiofauna as Consumers in Coastal Food Webs M Woowicz, A Sokoowski, B Urban-Malinga, and M Szymelfenig High-Trophic-Level Consumers: Elasmobranchs JJ Vaudo and MR Heithaus High-Trophic-Level Consumers: Trophic Relationships of Reptiles and Amphibians of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems J Davenport Ecosystem Studies: Sandy Coastal Ecosystems JG Wilson Trophic Relationships in Salt Marshes of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems TE Pasco and DM Baltz Whole Food-Web Studies: Mangroves UM Scharler Food Web of Intertidal Mussel and Oyster Beds H Asmus and R Asmus

227 251 261 271

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 7

FUNCTIONING OF ECOSYSTEMS AT THE LANDOCEAN INTERFACEVOLUME EDITORS

CHR HeipNIOO, The Netherlands

JJ MiddelburgUtrecht University and The Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), The Netherlands

CJM PhilippartNIOZ, The Netherlands

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 7Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 7 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 Functioning of Ecosystems at the LandOcean Interface 1 5 17 53 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Functioning of Ecosystems at the LandOcean Interface CHR Heip, JJ Middelburg, and CJM Philippart Trends in Estuarine Phytoplankton Ecology C Lancelot and K Muylaert Functional Consequences of Invasive Species in Coastal and Estuarine Systems LA Levin and JA Crooks Physical Ecosystem Engineers and the Functioning of Estuaries and Coasts JL Gutirrez, CG Jones, JE Byers, KK Arkema, K Berkenbusch, JA Commito, CM Duarte, SD Hacker, JG Lambrinos, IE Hendriks, PJ Hogarth, MG Palomo, and C Wild Metabolic Balance between Ecosystem Production and Consumption WM Kemp and JM Testa Connectivity of Estuaries BM Gillanders, TS Elsdon, and M Roughan Use of Stable Isotopes to Understand Food Webs and Ecosystem Functioning in Estuaries S Bouillon, RM Connolly, and DP Gillikin Coastal Monitoring Programs J Carstensen, K Dahl, P Henriksen, M Hjorth, A Josefson, and D Krause-Jensen

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 8

HUMAN-INDUCED PROBLEMS (USES AND ABUSES)VOLUME EDITORS

MJ KennishRutgers University, USA

M ElliottInstitute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies (IECS), University of Hull, UK

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 8Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 8 8.01 8.02 Human-Induced Problems (Uses and Abuses) 1 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Introduction Overview M Elliott and MJ Kennish Estuarine and Coastal Structures: Environmental Effects, A Focus on Shore and Nearshore Structures JE Dugan, L Airoldi, MG Chapman, SJ Walker, and T Schlacher Chemical Introductions to Estuarine and Coastal Systems: Biodegradable Organic Chemicals AA Keller and HM Coleman Chemical Introductions to the Systems: Point Source Pollution (Persistent Chemicals) J-P Ducrotoy and K Mazik Chemical Introductions to the Systems: Diffuse and Nonpoint Source Pollution from Chemicals (Nutrients: Eutrophication) MJ Kennish and VN de Jonge Biological Introductions to the Systems: Macroorganisms S Olenin and D Minchin Removal of Physical Materials from Systems: Loss of Space, Area, and Habitats VH Rivera-Monroy, RD Delaune, AB Owens, J Visser, JR White, RR Twilley, H Hernandez-Trejo, and JA Benitez Removals of the Physical Resources from the Systems: Harvesting Energy AB Gill Removals (Wild Harvesting) of the Biological Resources from Systems SJM Blaber The Culture of Aquatic Species: Approaches, Effects, and Future Developments TF Fernandes, L McWhinnie, and P Tett Climate Change: Effects, Causes, Consequences: Physical, Hydromorphological, Ecophysiological, and Biogeographical Changes JW Day, A Yez-Arancibia, and JM Rybczyk

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Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 9

ESTUARINE AND COASTAL ECOSYSTEM MODELINGVOLUME EDITORS

D BairdStellenbosch University, South Africa

A MehtaUniversity of Florida, USA

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 9Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 9 9.01 9.02 Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Modeling 1 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Modeling: A Synthesis D Baird and AJ Mehta Contemporary Concepts and Models of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: Systems-Based Approaches for Exploring Landscape-Scale Relationships D Raffaelli Ecological Modeling in Environmental Management: History and Applications BD Fath, SE Jrgensen, and UM Scharler Quantitative Methods for Ecological Network Analysis and Its Application to Coastal Ecosystems RE Ulanowicz Spatial and Temporal Models of Energy and Material Dynamics in Flow Networks of Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems D Baird Ecopath Theory, Modeling, and Application to Coastal Ecosystems JJ Heymans, M Coll, S Libralato, and V Christensen Inverse Modeling in Modern Ecology and Application to Coastal Ecosystems N Niquil, B Saint-Bat, GA Johnson, K Soetaert, D van Oevelen, C Bacher, and AF Vzina The LOICZ Biogeochemical Modeling Protocol and its Application to Estuarine Ecosystems DP Swaney, SV Smith, and F Wulff Artificial Neural Network Modeling of Phytoplankton Blooms and its Application to Sampling Sites within the Same Estuary H-Y Kang, RA Rule, and PA Noble Integration of Bayesian Inference Techniques with Mathematical Modeling G Arhonditsis, S Stremilov, A Gudimov, M Ramin, and W Zhang Hypoxia in Waters of the Coastal Zone: Causes, Effects, and Modeling Approaches PM Eldridge and DL Roelke

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Forecasting and Modeling of Harmful Algal Blooms in the Coastal Zone: A Prospectus JJ Walsh, JM Lenes, BP Darrow, and FR Chen Ecosystem Modeling in Small Subtropical Estuaries and Embayments C Buzzelli Material Exchange Processes between Sediment and Water in Coastal Ecosystems and Their Modeling H Asmus and R Asmus Understanding the Nitrogen Cycle through Network Models in Coastal Ecosystems RR Christian, VF Camacho-Ibar, MF Piehler, and AR Smyth Analytical Characterization of Selective Benthic Flux Components in Estuarine and Coastal Waters JN King Effects of Some Ecohydrological Thresholds on the Stability of Aquatic Fine-Sediment Beds AJ Mehta and EJ Hayter Linking Ecology, Modeling, and Management in Coastal Systems BJ Williams

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 10

ECOHYDROLOGY AND RESTORATIONVOLUME EDITORS

L ChcharoUniversity of Algarve, Portugal

M ZalewskiLodz University, Poland

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 10Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 10 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 Ecohydrology and Restoration 1 7 49 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Introduction to Ecohydrology and Restoration of Estuaries and Coastal Ecosystems L Chcharo and M Zalewski Hydrology and Biota Interactions as Driving Forces for Ecosystem Functioning AB Barbosa and MA Chcharo Quantification of Coastal Ecosystem Resilience M Montefalcone, V Parravicini, and CN Bianchi Integration of Social and Cultural Aspects in Designing Ecohydrology and Restoration Solutions RH Richmond, Y Golbuu, N Idechong, and E Wolanski River-Coast Connectivity, Estuarine Nursery Function and Coastal Fisheries RP Vasconcelos, P Reis-Santos, HN Cabral, JL Costa, and MJ Costa Interaction of River Basins and Coastal Waters An Integrated Ecohydrological View N Fohrer and L Chcharo Restoration of Seagrass Community to Reverse Eutrophication in Estuaries AI Lilleb, MR Flindt, P Cardoso, S Leston, M Dolbeth, ME Pereira, AC Duarte, and MA Pardal Restoring Coastal Ecosystems from Fisheries and Aquaculture Impacts MB Gaspar, S Carvalho, J Crdia, MN dos Santos, and P Vasconcelos Restoration Strategies for Intertidal Salt Marshes LA Boorman and A Garbutt The Pressing Challenges of Mangrove Rehabilitation: Pond Reversion and Coastal Protection JH Primavera, RN Rollon, and MS Samson Restoration of Groundwater Quality to Sustain Coastal Ecosystems Productivity TY Stigter Aquatic Ecosystems, Human Health, and Ecohydrology RJ Lara, MS Islam, S Yamasaki, SB Neogi, and GB Nair Ecohydrology Modeling: Tools for Management R Ben-Hamadou, N Atanasova, and E Wolanski

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TREATISE ON ESTUARINE AND COASTAL SCIENCEEDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 11

MANAGEMENT OF ESTUARIES AND COASTSVOLUME EDITORS

HH KremerLOICZ, Germany

JL PinckneyUniversity of South Carolina, USA

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 11Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 11 11.01 Management of Estuaries and Coasts 1 5 31 77 103 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Integrated Management of Coasts in Times of Global Change A SocialEcological System Perspective Introduction and Volume Synthesis HH Kremer and JL Pinckney The Social Dimension of SocialEcological Management M Glaser and B Glaeser Management Case Study: Tampa Bay, Florida G Morrison, HS Greening, and KK Yates Management Case Study: Mississippi River NN Rabalais and RE Turner Management Case Study: Boston Harbor/Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts MS Connor, CE Werme, and AC Rex Practitioner Reflections on Integrated Coastal Management Experience in Europe, South Africa, and Ecuador PR Burbridge, BC Glavovic, and S Olsen ICZM and the Wadden Sea: Management across Boundaries F de Jong Management of the Sustainable Development of Deltas H van der Most and M Marchand Integrated Management in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan T Yanagi Integrated Coastal and Estuarine Management in South and Southeast Asia R Ramesh, A Lakshmi, and R Purvaja Integrated Coastal and Estuarine Management in Arctic Coastal Systems T Potts and AH Hoel Assessing Major Environmental Issues in the Caribbean and Pacific Coasts of Colombia, South America: An Overview

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of Fluvial Fluxes, Coral Reef Degradation, and Mangrove Ecosystems Impacted by River Diversion JD Restrepo and EM Alvarado 11.13 The Coastal and Marine Environment of Western and Eastern Africa: Challenges to Sustainable Management and Socioeconomic Development S Diop, R Arthurton, P Scheren, J Kitheka, K Koranteng, and R Payet

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Eric WolanskiJames Cook University and Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Donald McLuskyUniversity of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom VOLUME 12

ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS OF ESTUARIES AND COASTSVOLUME EDITORS

M van den BeltMassey University, New Zealand

R CostanzaPortland State University, Portland, OR, USA

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 12Volume Editors Editors-in-Chief: Biographies Volume Editors: Biographies Contributors of All Volumes Contents of All Volumes Preface Volume 12 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 Ecological Economics of Estuaries and Coasts 1 15 35 55 79 109 vii ix xi xxi xxxi xxxvii

Ecological Economics of Estuaries and Coasts M van den Belt What Are Ecosystem Services? R de Groot Valuation of Coastal Ecosystem Services M van den Belt, V Forgie, and J Farley Environmental Benefit Transfers of Ecosystem Service Valuation S Liu, R Portela, N Rao, A Ghermandi, and X Wang Integrated Modeling of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystem Services N Videira, M van den Belt, R Antunes, R Santos, and R Boumans Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems and Their Services EB Barbier, SD Hacker, EW Koch, AC Stier, and BR Silliman Ecosystem Services Provided by Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems: Storm Protection as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems ML Martinez, R Costanza, and O Prez-Maqueo The Forgotten Service: Food as an Ecosystem Service from Estuarine and Coastal Zones C Bn, M Phillips, and EH Allison Nutrient Recycling and Waste Treatment as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems I-M Gren and K Limburg Climate Regulation as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems S Heckbert, R Costanza, ES Poloczanska, and AJ Richardson Recreational, Cultural, and Aesthetic Services from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems A Ghermandi, PALD Nunes, R Portela, N Rao, and SS Teelucksingh New Sustainable Governance Institutions for Estuaries and Coasts JB Ruhl and RK Craig

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Enhancing the Resilience of Coastal Communities: Dealing with Immediate and Long-Term Impacts of Natural Hazards JC Pine Scenarios for Coastal Vulnerability Assessment RJ Nicholls, CD Woodroffe, V Burkett, J Hay, PP Wong, and L Nurse A Scenario Analysis of Climate Change and Ecosystem Services for the Great Barrier Reef R Costanza, E Bohensky, JRA Butler, I Bohnet, A Delisle, K Fabricius, M Gooch, I Kubiszewski, G Lukacs, P Pert, and E Wolanski

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12.14 12.15