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SDG - revelation
- John the Apostle the son of Zebedee, brother of James
- One of the sons of thunder
- The one Jesus loved
Date of Writing:
- Historically it has been held that John had his vision and wrote Revelation around AD 95.
- An argument has been put forward that John had his vision and wrote this book around AD 68 during the persecution of the Church by Nero. (It should be noted that several second century sources speak of John being in Ephesus and ministering throughout Asia from about AD 70 to 100. It was during this time that these sources say he was exiled to Patmos by the emperor Domitian who intensely persecuted the Christians.)
- We do know that persecution had begun. 2:13 Antipas is named as a martyr for the faith.
- We do know that Christians were being imprisoned as John was on Patmos on account of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. (1:9)
Style of Literature: Apocalyptic
The Greek word translated as Revelation is apokalysis. It can be translated as Revelation or Apocalyptic. It is a category of literature that is highlighted by dream, visions, imagery and number symbolism. It has a definite interest of end-time events.
3 The number of God/Trinitarian; the spiritual world
4 The number of the physical world; north, south, east and west
6 - The number of man
7 The number of perfection; seven days in the first week of creation
10 The number of completion or wholeness; The complete Law is found in the 10 commandments
12 The number of Gods people; 12 tribes of Israel; 12 Apostles
3.5, 42, 1260 are all incomplete numbers
- Use of apocalyptic numbers
Squared and cubed numbers multiply the significance of the number.
12 x 12 = 144 The complete or full set of Gods people.
10 x 10 x 10 = 1,000 Perfect completion; Gods perfect completion
12 x 12 x 10 x 10 x 10 = the perfectly, complete, full set of Gods people!
A Book of Woe or a Book of Joy?
Revelation is often referred to as a book of woe because of the strong theme of judgment.
Revelation is also referred to as a book of Joy or Hope as we read in 2:10, Be faithful unto death and I will give you the crown of life.
Perhaps we should view it as a book of preparation. A book that prepares us and encourages us to look past the struggles, trials and persecutions that are to come and see the victory of Christs death and resurrection in His triumphant return.
1.Jesus also spoke of difficult times that would come. To what did He compare them? Why? (Matthew 24:4-8)
Good vs. Evil
God vs. Satan
Revelation 1:1-7 (Yes, only seven verses! Butyoull see)
2.What does the word revelation or apocalypse mean?
3.Who does this revelation belong to?
4.Where did the revelation come from?
5.What was the purpose for giving this revelation?
6.How was this accomplished?
7.How did John view this revelation? (vs. 2)
8.Verse 3 contains the first of seven blessings in the book of Revelation. Who is it given to?
9.Who did John address this book to? What symbolism is found in this address?
Historical NoteGrace and Peace
Grace is the Christian version of a Greek greeting. Peace/Shalom is a common Hebrew greeting. Put together, this is a greeting to both
Jew and Gentile.
10.Where does Grace and Peace come from? What is meant by this?
11.How is Jesus Christ described? What is meant by these terms? (Vss. 5-6a) Jesus is the:
B) ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
E) ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
F) ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
12.To which of the six descriptions of Christ do the following verses apply?
A) John 18:37 ___________________________________________________
B) Colossians 1:18 _______________________________________________
C) 1 Timothy 6:15 _______________________________________________
D) John 3:16 _____________________________________________________
E) Romans 5:8 ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
F) John 14:6 _____________________________________________________
G) 2 Corinthians 5:21 ____________________________________________
H) 1 Peter 2:9 ___________________________________________________
I) 1 Peter 1:4 ____________________________________________________
J) Matthew 25:34 ________________________________________________
K) John 1:29 _____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
L) Romans 8:37-39 _______________________________________________
M) Galatians 2:20 ________________________________________________
N) Ephesian 2:4-5 _______________________________________________
O) 1 John 4:9 ____________________________________________________
P) 1 John 4:10 ___________________________________________________
Q) 1 John 4:11 ___________________________________________________
R) Ephesians 2:1 _________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
S) Romans 3:23 ___________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
T) Romans 6:23 ___________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
U) Romans 8:34 _____________________________________________
V) Acts 7:55-56 _____________________________________________
W) Revelation 17:14 _____________________________________________
X) Revelation 5:10 _____________________________________________
Y) Hebrews 7:25 _____________________________________________
Z) Hebrews 9:15 _____________________________________________
13.You just finished a rather exhaustive search through the scripture to see the validation of the six descriptions that John ascribes to Jesus. Each one is profound and has serious implications. Together they point out that our Salvation has been won for us. It is not what we have done to earn salvation; but, that we have been redeemed by the blood of the Lamb of God and made heirs of the kingdom through Him. Because of this, what does John rightly say should be done? (Vs. 6b)
14.Forever seems to be a very long time. Why would John say forever and ever?
15.Thinking of your answer to the last question, why did John include the word Amen at the end of verse six?