Responses to the indus rev

12
Ideological Responses to the Industrial Revolution

description

ideological and artistic responses to the Industrial Revolution

Transcript of Responses to the indus rev

Page 1: Responses to the indus rev

Ideological Responses to the Industrial Revolution

Page 2: Responses to the indus rev

What is capitalism?• investing capital with the specific purpose of

making a profit

• production = what people want = market forces

• emphasis on the individual

• competition is important

• wide gaps in social classes

Page 3: Responses to the indus rev

How are prices determined?

• labor

• materials

• demand

• quantity

Page 4: Responses to the indus rev

Socialism: What is it?

• social and economic system

• goal: success for everyone

• production = what people need

• work to eliminate social classes

• How is that done?

• pro modernization, but without competition

Page 5: Responses to the indus rev

Karl Marx• co-wrote The Communist

Manifesto in 1848• condemned exploitation

• extremely poor• atheist

• free education for all

Page 6: Responses to the indus rev

Friedrich Engels• co-wrote The Communist

Manifesto• wrote Conditions of the Working

Class in England (1848)• son of a wealthy factory owner

• helped support Marx

Page 7: Responses to the indus rev

The Communist Manifesto

• workers must unite!• take over “means of

production”• redistribute wealth• end social classes

• did not have a big impact in the 19th c., but that changed in 1917

Page 8: Responses to the indus rev

• working to end social classes (smaller gaps)

• government controls some production

• some private property

• NO social classes

• government controls ALL production = command economy

• NO private property

• True communism has NEVER EXISTED

Socialism vs Communism

Page 9: Responses to the indus rev

Worker Responses

• form unions

• skilled vs unskilled

• “closed” shops

• *collective bargaining*

Page 10: Responses to the indus rev

Extreme Response--Luddites• story of the weaver named Ned Ludd

• modern meaning

Page 11: Responses to the indus rev

Artistic Responses

• realism • goals

• criticism

Page 12: Responses to the indus rev

Evaluating the Industrial Revolution• PROS

• cheaper products

• eventually, higher standard of living

• stable pay (middle class)

• increased efficiency

• new technology can improve life (phones, cars, computers)

• CONS

• exploitation/dehumanization of workers

• growth of slums

• minimum wage

• damage to environment and people