Quotes About Macedonia

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History of Macedonia

Transcript of Quotes About Macedonia

  • QUOTES ABOUT MACEDONIA

    On ancient Macedonian historyAncient Sources

    Geographers

    Afterwards they added races for chariots and pairs of foals, and for single foals with rider. Itis said that the victors proclaimed were: for the chariot and pair, Belistiche, a woman from theseaboard of Macedonia; for the ridden race, Tlepolemus of Lycia. Tlepolemus, they say, wonat the hundred and thirty-first Festival [Olympics], and Belistiche at the third before this.

    o Pausanias, "Description of Greece", 5.8.11

    The Phocians were deprived of their share in the Delphic sanctuary and in the Greekassembly, and their votes were given by the Amphictyons to the Macedonians.

    o Pausanias, "Description of Greece", 10.3.3

    They say that Amphictyon himself summoned to the common assembly the following tribesof the Greek people: Ionians, Dolopes, Thessalians, Aenianians, Magnesians, Malians,Phthiotians, Dorians, Phocians, Locrians who border on Phocis, living at the bottom of MountCnemis. But when the Phocians seized the sanctuary, and the war came to an end nine yearsafterwards, there came a change in the Amphictyonic League. The Macedonians managed toenter it, while the Phocian nation and a section of the Dorians, namely the Lacedaemonians,lost their membership, the Phocians because of their rash crime, the Lacedaemonians as apenalty for allying themselves with the Phocians.

    o Pausanias, "Description of Greece", 10.8.2

    The Amphictyons today number thirty. Nicopolis, Macedonia and Thessaly each send sixdeputies; the Boeotians, who in more ancient days inhabited Thessaly and were then calledAeolians, the Phocians and the Delphians, each send two; ancient Doris sends one.

    o Pausanias, "Description of Greece", 10.8.4

    There remain of Europe, first, Macedonia and the part of Thrace that are contiguous to it andextend as far as Byzantium; secondly, Greece; and thirdly, the Islands that are close by.Macedonia, of course, is a part of Greece, yet now, since I am following the nature and shapeof the place geographically, I have decided to classify it apart from the rest of Greece and to joinit with that part of Thrace ...

    o Strabo, "Geography", VII, Frg. 9, Loeb

  • 2 The Aegean sea washes Greece on two sides: first, the side that faces towards the eastand stretches from Sunium, towards the north as far as the Thermaic Gulf andThessalonica a Macedonian city ...; and secondly, the side that faces towards the south, I meanthe Macedonian country, extending from Thessaloniceia as far as the Strymon.

    o Strabo, "Geography", 7.7.4-5

    Three classes inhabited the city (Alexandria in Egypt): first the Egyptian or native stock ofpeople, who were quick-tempered and not inclined to civil life; and secondly the mercenaryclass, who were severe and numerous and intractable...; and, third, the tribe of the Alexandrians,who also were not distinctly inclined to civil life, and for the same reasons, but still they werebetter than those others, for even though they were a mixed people, still they were Greeks byorigin and mindful of the customs common to the Greeks.

    o Strabo, "Geography", 17.1.12-13

    What is now called Macedonia was in earlier times called Emathia. And it took itspresent name from Macedon, one of its early chieftains. And there was also a city emathia closeto the sea. Now a part of this country was taken and held by certain of the Epeirotes and theIllyrians, but most of it by the Bottiaei and the Thracians. The Bottiaei came from Creteoriginally, so it is said, along with Botton as chieftain. As for the Thracians, the Pieres inhabitedPieria and the region about Olympus; the Paeones, the region on both sides of the Axius River,which on that account is called Amphaxitis; the Edoni and Bisaltae, the rest of the country as faras the Strymon. Of these two peoples the latter are called Bisaltae alone, whereas a part of theEdoni are called Mygdones, a part Edones, and a part Sithones. But of all these tribes theArgeadae, as they are called, established themselves as masters, and also the Chalcidians ofEuboea; for the Chalcidians of Euboea also came over to the country of the Sithones and jointlypeopled about thirty cities in it, although later on the majority of them were ejected and cametogether into one city, Olynthus; and they were named the Thracian Chalcidians.

    o Strabo, "Geography", book 7, Fragm 11

    Historians

    He also buried the Persian commanders and the Greek mercenaries who were killed fightingon the side of the enemy. But as many of them as he took prisoners he bound in fetters and sentthem away to Macedonia to till the soil, because, though they were Greeks, they were fightingagainst Greece on behalf of the foreigners in opposition to the decrees which the Greeks hadmade in their federal council. To Athens also he sent 300 suits of Persian armour to be hung upin the Acropolis as a votive offering to Athena, and ordered this inscription to be fixed overthem, "Alexander, son of Philip and all the Greeks except the Lacedaemonians", presentthis offering from the spoils taken from the foreigners inhabiting Asia".

    o Arrian, "Anabasis Alexandri", I, 16, 7

  • 3 Our enemies are Medes and Persians, men who for centuries have lived soft and luxuriouslives; we of Macedon for generations past have been trained in the hard school of danger andwar. Above all, we are free men, and they are slaves. There are Greek troops, to be sure, inPersian service - but how different is their cause from ours! They will be fighting for pay - andnot much of at that; we, on the contrary, shall fight for Greece, and our hearts will be in it.As for our foreign troops - Thracians, Paeonians, Illyrians, Agrianes - they are the best andstoutest soldiers in Europe, and they will find as their opponents the slackest and softest of thetribes of Asia. And what, finally, of the two men in supreme command? You have Alexander,they - Darius!

    o Alexander the Great addressing his troops prior to the battle of Issus. Arrian,"Anabasis Alexandri", II, 7

    Your ancestors came to Macedonia and the rest of Greece and did us great harm, thoughwe had done them no prior injury. I have been appointed leader of the Greeks, and wanting topunish the Persians I have come to Asia, which I took from you ...

    o Alexander's letter to Persian king Darius in response to a truce plea. Arrian,"Anabasis Alexandri", II, 14, 4

    He (King Philip) wanted as many Greeks as possible to take part in the festivities in honourof the gods, and so planned brilliant musical contests and lavish banquets for his friends andguests. Out of all Greece he summoned his personal guest-friends and ordered the members ofhis court to bring along as many as they could of their acquaintances from abroad.

    o Diodorus Siculus, "Histories", 16.91.5-6

    Every seat in the theater was taken when Philip appeared wearing a white cloak and by hisexpress orders his bodyguard held away from him and followed only at a distance, since hewanted to show publicly that he was protected by the goodwill of all the Greeks, and had noneed of a guard of spearmen.

    o Diodorus Siculus, "Histories", 16.93.1

    Such was the end of Philip (II, king of Macedonia) ...He had ruled 24 years. He is known tofame as one who with but the slenderest resources to support his claim to a throne won forhimself the greatest empire among the Greeks, while the growth of his position was not due somuch to his prowess in arms as to his adroitness and cordiality in diplomacy.

    o Diodorus Siculus, "Histories", 16.95.1-2

    These races, Ionian and Dorian, were the foremost in ancient time, the first a Pelasgian andthe second a Hellenic (Greek) people. The Pelasgian race has never yet left its home; the

  • 4Hellenic has wandered often and far. For in the days of king Deucalion it inhabited the land ofPhthia, then the country called Histiaean, under Ossa and Olympus, in the time of Dorus son ofHellen; driven from this Histiaean country by the Cadmeans, it settled about Pindus in theterritory called Macedonian; from there again it migrated to Dryopia, and at last came fromDryopia into the Peloponnese, where it took the name of Dorian.

    o Herodotus, " Histories", 1.56, ed. A. D. Godley

    Tell your king (Xerxes), who sent you, how his Greek viceroy ( Alexander I) of Macedoniahas received you hospitably.

    o Herodotus, " Histories", 5.20.4 ,Loeb

    Now that these descendants of Perdiccas are Greeks, as they themselves say, I myselfchance to know and will prove it in the later part of my history.

    o Herodotus, " Histories", 5.22.1, ed. A. D. Godley

    Alexander ( I of Macedon), however, proving himself to be an Argive, was judged to be aGreek. He accordingly competed in the furlong race and tied step for first place.

    o Herodotus, " Histories", 5.22.2, ed. A. D. Godley

    The following took part in the war: from the Peloponnese, the Lacedaemonians providedsixteen ships; the Corinthians the same number as at Artemisium; the Sicyonians furnishedfifteen ships, the Epidaurians ten, the Troezenians five, the Hermioneans three. All of theseexcept the Hermioneans are Dorian and Macedonian and had last come from Erineus and Pindusand the Dryopian region. The Hermioneans are Dryopians, driven out of the country now calledDoris by Herakles and the Malians.

    o Herodotus, " Histories", 8.43.1, ed. A. D. Godley

    Men of Athens ... In truth I would not tell it to you if I did not care so much for all Greece;I myself am by ancient descent a Greek, and I would not willingly see Greece change herfreedom for slavery. I tell you, then, that Mardonius and his army cannot get omens to hisliking from the sacrifices. Otherwise you would have fought long before this. Now, however, itis his purpose to pay no heed to the sacrifices, and to attack at the first