PTSD, Stress, Secondary Trauma & Compassion Fatigue: 14 Steps That Help

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PTSD, stress, secondary trauma (vicarious trauma) and compassion fatigue represent a serious problem for people who care for, hear about or witness the intense suffering of others. Ultimately, this can lead to burnout. Several professions are at high risk including physicians, attorneys, nurses, psychologists, counselors, social workers, hospice workers, adult and child protective service workers. Those who care for people in nursing homes and those who care for patients at home are also at risk. Families who care for suffering relatives are particularly vulnerable to these problems. This information outlines 14 steps that can be taken to increase resilience to this form of stress. Two effective approaches are underscored for desensitizing traumatic stress and calming the emotional midbrain. The presentation provides links to information that explains the nature of the problem and offers practical self-help interventions.

Transcript of PTSD, Stress, Secondary Trauma & Compassion Fatigue: 14 Steps That Help

  • 1. PTSD Stress Secondary Trauma Compassion Fatigue 14 Steps That Help 14 Steps That Help Steve B. Reed, LPC, LMSW, LMFT 1
  • 2. Stress Level Limit Stress Goes Here Psychological Coping Container Whether your capacity for containing stress is small, medium or large, everyone has their limit. 2
  • 3. Two Types of Stress Routine Stress Both Adversely Effect Functioning 0--------------6---------10 Traumatic Stress 0-----------------7------10 3
  • 4. Traumatic Stress Is too Intense To Handle Routed Into the Bottom of the Coping Container 0-----------------7------10 4
  • 5. Traumatic Stress Compartmentalized for Long-Term Storage Does Not Heal Remains Painful 0-----------------7------10 5
  • 6. Routine Stress 0--------------6---------10 With Enough Time, It Can Evaporate, Work its way out 0-----------------7------10 6
  • 7. Routine Stress 0--------------6---------10 Too Much, Too Soon Leads to Spillover Loss of Containment Overwhelm Panic It Feels Traumatic Video 2 min. 0-----------------7------10 7
  • 8. Emotional Midbrain When traumatized or when we Hit cumulative stress overwhelm The midbrain (amygdala) is imprinted With threatening and benign data The alarm is then set and Triggered by any trauma remainder Causing a fight, flight or freeze reflex Midbrain Intro Video # 5 on the Midbrain 11 min. PTSD Symptoms 8
  • 9. Secondary Trauma Viewers of 9-11 Media Coverage Develop Secondary PTSD Trauma resulting from caring for, hearing about or witnessing the intense suffering of others. Over time, the cumulative effect can result in an internalization of trauma, leading to compassion fatigue or burnout. 9
  • 10. 12 Ways to Increase Resilience to Stress & Secondary Trauma 10
  • 11. Boost Coping Capacity Speed Up Offloading Stress 11
  • 12. Walk Laugh Sleep Recreation Social Support Media Diet TV 6 Healthy Habits 12
  • 13. 3 Ways to Manage the Mind Change Your Expectations Expect = Get Expect = Get Develop a Positive Filter Look for Whats to Like Attitude of Gratitude Let the ANTs Go Automatic Negative Thoughts 13
  • 14. 3 Daily Mind-Body Practices Stress-Relieving Breathing Video # 1 11 min. Intro. Video # 2 6.5 min. Exercise Mindfulness Video # 3 7 min. Intro. Video # 4 7.5 min. Exercise Quick REMAP Video # 6 11 min. 14
  • 15. Professional Help 2 Ways To Heal Trauma Clean Out the Container 15
  • 16. Effective PTSD Treatment EMDR REMAP Useful in Healing the Midbrain 16
  • 17. More Links to Info. & Articles Article: Overcoming a Firefighters Trauma Case Study SlideShare: PTSD War Trauma Treatment Case Studies SlideShare : Treating Domestic Violence PTSD Case Study Article: Soothing the Sympathetic Nervous System -- REMAP Research 17
  • 18. Steve B. Reed, LPC, LMSW, LMFT Please Share & Like On Social Media 18