Present perfect rules

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Transcript of Present perfect rules

  • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE( P.P.T.)

  • SongsU2Creedence

  • I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For I have climbed highest mountain I have run through the fields Only to be with you Only to be with you I have run I have crawled I have scaled these city walls These city walls Only to be with you But I still haven't found what I'm looking for ( 2X ) I have kissed honey lips Felt the healing in her fingertips It burned like fire This burning desire I have spoke with the tongue of angels I have held the hand of a devil It was warm in the night I was cold as a stone But I still haven't found what I'm looking for ( 2X ) I believe in the kingdom come Then all the colors will bleed into one Bleed into one Well yes I'm still running You broke the bonds and you Loosed the chains Carried the cross Of my shame Of my shame You know I believed it But I still haven't found what I'm looking for

  • HAVE YOU EVER SEEN THE RAIN ?Someone told me long ago There's a calm before the storm, I know; It's been comin' for some time. When it's over, so they say, It'll rain a sunny day, I know; Shinin' down like water.

    CHORUS: I want to know, Have you ever seen the rain? I want to know, Have you ever seen the rain Comin' down on a sunny day?

    Yesterday, and days before, Sun is cold and rain is hard, I know; Been that way for all my time. 'Til forever, on it goes Through the circle, fast and slow, I know; It can't stop, I wonder.

    CHORUS Yeah! CHORUS

  • The formula of P.P.T. is this :Have ______________ Has Past participle+They have been to N.Y.She has eaten frogs leg.You havent studied a lot.

  • past participlesee saw seenbuy bought boughtgo went goneeat ate eatencome came comeswim swam swum

  • Contracted formsIveYouveHesShes seen a ghostitsWeveTheyve

  • Interrogative formYou have traveled to Japan twice. (aff)

    Have you traveled to Japan twice? (interrogative)

  • Have you traveled to Japan twice?Yes, I have.No, I havent.

  • Negative formI have visited the Taj Mahal.I have .... visited the Taj Mahal.I have NOT visited the Taj Mahal.

    I havent seen you for weeks !He hasnt arrived home.

  • Indefinite timeWe use PPT to indicate an action that happened in the past but we dont know exactly when. ( indefinitive time ). The verb in Portuguese is in the past .Eg.:He has bought a car. ( When ? )They have been to Europe. ( When ? )

  • Indefinite TimeI have been to New York. ( When ?? )She has eaten frogs leg. ( When ?? )

  • An action started in the past We use PPT to indicate an action that began in the past and continues up to the present. (the verb in Portuguese is in the present).Eg.:Ive lived in Limeira for three years.She has studied English since January.

  • I have worked here since last year.( How long? )

    She has played tennis for 10 years.( How long? )

  • SINCEFOR I have studied here since 1.999. I have studied here for 5 years.

  • PRESENT PERFECT + for, since

    Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time.

    Since + a point in time:since this morning, since last week, since yesterday,since I was a child, since Wednesday, since 2 o'clock.

  • SINCEIve ridden a bike since I was a child.Ive ridden a bike since I was 12.

  • She has lived here since 1980.

    We have taught at this school since 1965.

    Alice has been married since March 2nd.

    They have been at the hotel since last week.

  • Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time.

    For + a period of time:for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hours.

  • FORTheyve been married for 1 year.Theyve dated for 3 years.

  • She has lived here for twenty years.

    We have taught at this school for a long time.

    Alice has been married for three months.

    They have been at the hotel for a week.

  • Note: For and since can both be used with the past perfect. Since can only be used with perfect tenses, for can also be used with the simple past

  • IVE STUDIED ENGLISH SINCE... FOR.....

  • An action just completedWe use PPT to indicate an action that has just been completed.Eg.:He has just arrived.They have just finished their exercises.

  • JUST

    I have just finished my exercise.He has just had lunch.

  • A time not finishedWe use PPT to indicate an action that finished, in a time that hasnt finished yet.( The verb in Portuguese is in the past )Eg.:Ive been to the movies today.She has done the shopping this afternoon.

  • This / TodayThey are used to identify a time that began in the past and hasnt finished yet.

  • I have watched Harry Potter this year. She has seen Tony this weekend.I have been to school today.Today she has studied a lot.

  • I went to school this morning.

    I have gone to school this morning.Which one is correct??

  • BOTH are correct !! I went to school this morning. ( now is more than midday, the morning has already finished !!) I have gone to school this morning. ( now is still morning, it hasnt finished yet !!)

  • J ust E verA lreadyN everS inceF or Y etPay attention to these words :

  • YET Have you taken a shower yet ? No, I havent taken it yet.

    INTERROGATIVEYET NEGATIVE

  • YET We use yet to show that the speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences.

    Has it stopped raining yet ?Have you finished the homework yet ?Ive written the letter but I havent posted it yet.

  • ALREADY I have already taken a shower.

    AFFIRMATIVEALREADY INTERROGATIVE

  • ALREADYWe use already to say that something happened sooner than expected.

    Dont forget to post the letter ! Ive already posted it.What time is Mark leaving ?Hes already gone.

  • Already refers to an action that has happened at an unspecified time before now. It suggests that there is no need for repetition. I've already drunk three coffees this morning.(and you're offering me another one!)

    Don't write to John, I've already done it.

  • It is also used in questions:Have you already written to John? Has she finished her homework already?

    Position: already can be placed before the main verb(past participle) or at the end of the sentence: I have already been to Tokyo. I have been to Tokyo already.

  • Yet is used in negative statements and questions, to mean (not) in the period of time between before now and now, (not) up to and including the present.

    Have you met Judy yet?I haven't visited the Tate Gallery yet. Has he arrived yet?They haven't eaten yet.

    Position:Yet is usually placed at the end of the sentence.

  • Have you already eaten lobster?No, I havent eaten it yet.

    Have you eaten shrimp yet?Yes, I have already eaten it. MD

  • EVERNEVER

    Have you ever ridden a horse? I have never ridden a horse.

  • EVER AND NEVER Have you ever studied German?No, Ive never studied German.

    Has she ever been to the USA ?No, she has never been to the USA

  • Have you ever seen a witch?No, I havent.Ive never seen a witch.

  • Have you ever sung in a choir?Yes, I have.

  • The adverbs ever and never express the idea of an unidentified time before now

    Have you ever visited Berlin?

    'Ever' is used a. in questions. Have you ever been to England? Has she ever met the Prime Minister?

  • b. in negative questions Haven't they ever been to Europe? Haven't you ever eaten Chinese food?

    c. and in negative statements using the pattern nothing.......ever, nobody.......ever Nobody has ever said that to me before. Nothing like this has ever happened to us.

    d. 'Ever' is also used with 'The first time.... It's the first time (that) I've ever eaten snails. This is the first time I've ever been to England.

  • 'Never' means at no time before now, and is the same as not ..... ever: I have never visited Berlin

    BE CAREFUL! You must not use never and not together: I haven't never been to Italy. I have never been to Italy.

    Ever and Never are always placed before the main verb ( past participle )

  • To fail - failed - failed

  • To dance - danced - danced ballet

  • To drive - drove - driven

  • To have - had - had

  • To fly - flew - flown

  • To receive - d - d

    a love letter

  • Chess set To have - had - had

  • wallet To find - found - found

  • To lose - lost - lostSomething valuable

  • And there are more words...

    Lately / Recently / for a while

    I havent seen him lately.She has practiced tennis recently.You havent tried it for a while.

  • ... and more , Once / twice / 3 times / 4 times / etc.

    We have fought once. He has traveled to Chicago twice. I have had a cold 3 times this year.

  • Have you ever eaten PRETZELS ?No. Iv