Practical photography a2

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Page 1: Practical photography a2


Jackson Jarvis

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• This photograph shows hard light. – This is where there is no real natural light so detail is lost in the face.• To create this photo I used someone's face so you can clearly see how detail is lost in the face as the skin appears dark and clearer. • I took this photo in a place where the sun was blocked creating a shadow on the face and taking.

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• This image is soft light. – this is where there is natural light so detail can be seen in the face.• I created this image by taking a photograph when the sun was out using natural light that shows detail in the face and no shadows.

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• This photo shows white balance. – white balance is when you change the settings on the camera to create a different balance of light that gives a different effect on the final photograph.

• The top photo is set on auto, which is the default setting.

• The middle photo is set on shade – in this photo you can see it is similar to the top photo however it is darker and has shadows in it.

• The bottom photo is set on tungsten – this setting gives the image a blue tint.

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• This photo shows the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds is a way to balance the picture to give more interesting shots.• In this photo I used the rule of thirds grid to balance the photo so that the main subject of the image, the band stand, is in the centre of the photograph. • To take this photo I used my iPhone as you can change the settings so a grid appears.

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• This image shows the rule of triangles. Where in an image a natural triangle is created.• In this image I had two people kneeling down with one person standing behind them created a natural triangle between the 3 heads which gives an image a more natural look.• This image also applies to the rule of odds.

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• This photo shows the rule of evens. – a photo with an even number of people creates a less natural look as it is just two people sat next to each other at the same level.• I have created this image by photographing two people sat down at the same level.

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• This image shows the rule of odds - with an odd number of people in a photo it creates more of a natural look.• I have created this image by having two people knelt down at a lower level, with one person standing up in the middle.• This creates a triangle look and appears more natural and relaxed.

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• This photograph shows the rule of space.• I created this by going down to the seafront, where it has a good view, and took a photo of someone standing looking into the distance, with a wide space in most of the picture.• In the bottom photograph I used the landscape of the countryside and had the subject looking into the space.

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• This photo shows symmetry as the picture is consistently the same on both sides.• I took this image by photographing a flower bed that is symmetrical through out as the patterns are the same on both sides of the image. There are other things in this picture that make the image not identical symmetry, like the van in the background, however the flower bed is identically symmetrical. • I also chose to take this photo as the path ways and benches either side of the flower beds also becomes part of the symmetry.

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DEPTH OF FIELD• This photo shows a small or shallow depth of field. – this is where one part if the photo is in focus with the rest of it out of focus.• I created this photo by changing the settings on my camera to focus on the barbed wire to make the background out of focus.• With the barbed wire being in focus attention is drawn to it immediately and you can see the detail in it. • This photo shows large depth of field – this is when the whole photograph is in focus with no one main object.• I created this by keeping the normal settings on the camera to take the photo so it doesn't focus in on one particular object. • For this photo you can see that the background is in focus as well as the barbed wire so there is not main subject in it.

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• This is a portrait photograph. – A portrait photo is an image of person either on their own or in a group that focused on their face and expresses something about the subject.• I created this photo by again using a persons head and shoulders to show that it is portrait and to also have the person smiling to express happiness and staring into the distance to give the image a meaning.

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• Above is the original image and below is the image I have manipulated using Photoshop.• On Photoshop I cropped the image so that the image becomes mainly focused on the flowers and the symmetry.• I also changed the colour and balance of colours in this image to make the colours stand put and make the overall picture look brighter.

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To create the new image I used Photoshop. First of all I changed the brightness and contrast to make the face lighter to take out the defects in the face. Then I changed the camera filter and used the posterize tool to give the image a more cartoon effect. Then I deleted the background and put the image on top of a black background to make the image stand out.

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HEALTH AND SAFETYHealth and safety is important in everything and even though their are not many dangers in a digital photography studio there are still things that need to be looked out for.• The wires – in a photography studio there is usually a lot of wires that could be a potential hazard for someone to trip over or spill water on that could cause an electrical malfunction. This can be solved by the wires being taped to the floor and liquids being kept away from plug sockets.• The heat of the lights – as the lights are very bright and powerful and could be left on for a while they can become hot. This potential hazard could be avoided by simply warning everyone in the studio not to touch the lights directly as they could be hot.• The flash of the camera – the camera flash can be very bright and could damage yours eyes if you look directly at it. This can be avoided by using the umbrellas to cover the flash. • Sharp Umbrellas – the ends of the umbrellas are sometimes sharp and if the screws are loos the umbrella could potential fall on someone. This can be avoided by making sure the umbrella head is properly screwed in. • The camera stands and other stands being wobbly – the stands need to be on a flat surface or need to be taped down to avoid them falling over and onto someone.

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The studio lighting set up in a photography set is very important to get the best possible photograph. There are a number of different lights that need to be set up correctly to ensure the correct photograph taking environment.The different types of lights are:• The Key light – this is the main source of light that is directed at the subject.• The Fill light – this light is to the side of the subject to balance out the key light and to balance out shadows.• The Hair light – this light is up high and points down on the subject separating it from the background and giving the photo a more 3D effect. • The umbrella – this defuses light.